Debian Configuration :: Is There Preferred / Better Method For Setting Up Alsa?

Apr 30, 2011

Would like to know the best way (or the pros and cons of different ways) to set up Alsa. I did a search for information on how to setup alsa on my system. I found a lot of out-of-date information even on the alsa wiki. What I did finally locate was two different methods for setup, both seemed somewhat up-to-date. One method at the alsa wiki said to put part of the information in the modprobe directory in a conf file and set up certain aliases. Earlier suggestions for putting information in modprobe.conf or conf.modprobe appear to be outdated and a directory with separate files for each device and a conf extension to the files is currently used. The second method from a thread on the Debian forum said to use alsactl init, set sound levels the way you want and then use alsactl save and restore functionality. Older methods using alsaconf instead of alsactl init appear to be outdated as well. Not sure where to put the call to alsactl restore though. Didn't notice that in the documentation.In case it matters, I'm running Debian Stable and have a built-in sound card on the motherboard with AC97 compatibility. It's a Realtek ALC882.

Is there a preferred or better method for setting up alsa? Is there a good pointer to instructions that are not out-of-date somewhere? Would be very interested to hear how others set sound up on their machines. What do others recommend as best steps to do this?

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Debian Multimedia :: Preferred Method Spam Reporting?

Jun 15, 2009

Which method of spam reporting do the moderators prefer?

Using the spam reporting thread? Using the "Report this post" button? Or both?

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Ubuntu :: Preferred Method For Slimming Down Alternate Install CD?

Nov 30, 2010

What is the preferred utility for removing a significant quantity of packages from the alternate installer and adding a few, without going through the more full-featured, start to finish customizers?

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Networking :: Block Specific Websites - Preferred Method ?

May 19, 2010

I'm trying to block specific websites, preferably using a portion of the url.

For example, if blocking [url], [url] would also be blocked. This implies that simply blocking a single IP using iptables would not work well.

The names to block will be somewhat dynamic, so a list specification would be ideal.

In my case, the LAN has a mix of linux and ms machines, and they all use a linux gateway currently running dnsmasq.

I find suggestions from using /etc/hosts (might work with yp, but not ideal) on the gateway machine, through to using squid on the gateway machine.

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Debian Configuration :: Preferred Resolv.conf Fix For Bind9?

Dec 30, 2010

I "fixed" my Lenny home server bind9 configuration because my resolv.conf was always overwritten loosing configuration. The fix involved adding the following to /etc/resolvconf.resolv.conf.d.base.

##base file at /etc/resolveconf/resolveconf.d/base
nameserver 127.0.0.1
nameserver 192.168.1.4

[code]....

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Programming :: Preferred Method For Obtaining Harvard Style Referencing In LaTeX Document?

Mar 30, 2011

What is the preferred method for obtaining Harvard style referencing in a LaTeX document?

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Debian Configuration :: How To Configure The ALSA

Jun 16, 2010

I am using Debian testing. If I install the gnome-desktop-environment then the sound driver defaults to HDA but since I just installed gnome-core (for a more stripped-down version of gnome) the default is the OSS driver. How do I get ALSA to default to the sound driver HDA?

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Ubuntu :: Thunderbird Preferred Application Setting Changed After Update

Nov 7, 2010

I have to go back to System->Preferences->Preferred Applications and reset Thunderbird as my preferred email program after most updates. It usually gets set to custom after an update, which does not work right with Firefox alt-F E to send link to email recipient. I sure would like to know how to make this setting stick.
Ubuntu 10.04 32bit on Dell Inspiron 1501 - AMD Turion - 2GB ram 80GB HD

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Debian Configuration :: ALSA Sound Setup To Use Card1

May 13, 2011

Alsa is currently using my HDMI port to play sounds through using card0 "ATI R6xx HDMI". I'm on a laptop and I want to be able to use my laptop speakers and headphone jack so how do I set alsa to use card1 which is "Conexant CX20582"?

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Debian Configuration :: Installing Audio Firmware And ALSA Config

Oct 28, 2015

I know very little about Debian but have an ASUS T100TA tablet which runs fairly well under Debian 8 Jessie (kernel 3.16.0-4-686-pae). I used the following guide successfully to activate the wireless but am having trouble with the audio section of it.URL...

First, I went here and downloaded the file called 'NEW T100_B.state'.URL....

Then I copied it to /var/lib/alsa/asound.state and ran 'alsactl restore' which reported that i had no soundcards.I then downloaded and expanded linux-firmware-master-intel.tar.gz but am not sure what to do with these files. I copied them to /lib/modules/3.16.0-4-686-pae/kernel/drivers/firmware as they are specific for this kernel, but they don't seem to be doing anything and 'alsactl restore' still tells me that I don't have a soundcard. What do I need to do with these files?

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Debian Configuration :: Checking For Directory With ALSA Kernel Sources

Jan 22, 2011

I followed this doc for the "debian method" for building the kernel: [URL]. I installed the source in /var/tmp/src/linux-2.6-2.6.32 , configured it, and tried make-kpkg modules-image. The error I get is:

checking for current directory... /usr/src/modules/alsa-driver
checking cross compile...
checking for directory with ALSA kernel sources... ../alsa-kmirror
checking for directory with kernel top-level makefile... /var/tmp/src/linux-2.6-2.6.32
checking for directory with kernel headers... failed
make[2]: *** [configure-stamp] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/modules/alsa-driver'
make[1]: *** [kdist_image] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/modules/alsa-driver'
Module /usr/src/modules/alsa-driver failed.

I tried some hacks such as setting KBUILD_SRC or ln -s linux-headers-2.6.32-5-amd64/ /usr/src/linux - but these fail too.

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Debian Configuration :: How To Install Alsa Drivers Along With Asus Xonar Dgx Sound Card

Oct 2, 2015

how to install alsa drivers along with Asus xonar dgx sound card. I followed these instructions. URL....And until "Setting up modprobe and kmod support" instructions were clear. I should put something in /etc/modules, but I dont down exactly what.

Code: Select allroot@SERVER:~# aplay -lL;
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: PCH [HDA Intel PCH], device 0: ALC887-VD Analog [ALC887-VD Analog]
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

Code: Select allroot@SERVER:~# lspci -nn | grep -i audio;
00:1b.0 Audio device [0403]: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family High Definition Audio Controller [8086:1c20] (rev 05)
02:04.0 Multimedia audio controller [0401]: C-Media Electronics Inc CMI8788 [Oxygen HD Audio] [13f6:8788]

[code]....

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Ubuntu :: Preferred Configuration For Dual Boot?

Apr 29, 2010

I got a new laptop having windows 7 preinstalled. Now I want to dual boot it by installing ubuntu as second os. I will be using ubuntu as primary, and windows 7 only if its absolute necessary. How can i make home folder common for both os? I mean (Users/mithun in windows 7 should be mapped to my home folder in ubuntu). I would also like to know what others do (hd partitioning etc) while dual booting.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up A Mail Server?

Jan 5, 2011

I would like to run a mailing daemon on my system that would receive incoming mail and forwards it to my Gmail account. I have no experience in mail services and forwarding mail at all. where to start reading and/or look for clues?

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up A Network Bridge?

Apr 9, 2011

I have two ethernet NIC's on my debian server. One built-in Realtek [eth0] (attached to internet), and a PCI Nvidia ethernet card [eth1] (attached to my Win7 netbook). I used this guide to setup the bridge: url. It worked when I was behind a router. But when I moved the computer in front of the router, to direct connect to the internet, the internet stopped functioning on any device that I plug into my Nvidia NIC. The name of my bridge is 'br0'. Does anyone know how to fix it, so I can route the internet to my second NIC?

My Win7 netbook displays this at an 'ipconfig' command:
Windows IP Configuration

Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:

Connection-specific DNS Suffix:
Link-local IPv6 Address.....: fe80::143e:4cab:f802:8611%12
Autoconfiguration IPv4 Address..: 169.254.134.17
Subnet Mask.......:255.255.0.0
Default Gateway......:

My Debian interfaces file:

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).
# The loopback network interface
auto lo br0
iface lo inet loopback
# Set up interfaces manually, avoiding conflicts with, e.g., network manager
iface eth0 inet manual
iface eth1 inet manual
# Bridge setup
iface br0 inet dhcp
bridge_ports eth0 eth1

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up / Adding To Network

Jun 22, 2011

I just installed Debian 6 squeeze on a P3, 632 MB RAM, 20 GB HD, and am trying to get it on-line. Ran lspci and lsusb on it (advice from another forum). Got the following results:

[Code]....

Exactly what I am trying to do: Existing network is as follows: Comcast internet to cable modem to Belkin N Wireless Router Model F5D 8236-4 v3. That router is wired to one desktop (running Windows XP)and has 4 wifi notebooks (two running Windows 7 and two running Mint 9 Isadora) and two Wii consoles running off of it. I am seeking to add another desktop to the network in another room without having to drill some holes and run about 40 feet of cable. Seems like it shouldn't take much to get the two routers to "talk" to each other so I can do this. The router I am trying to hook to it is either a Belkin F5D 9230-4 wireless router or a NetGear N150 WNR1000 v2 Wireless router.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Wireless Device As A Hotspot

Sep 18, 2015

I have a problem activating the hotspot on my debian 8. The issue is that I can't activate the hotspot to give other devices wifi connection.

I have the correct driver packages from the non-free repositories (firmware-realtek) and this service (hotspot) worked fine on distros like Ubuntu, Mint and Fedora .

I tried hostapd but it didn't work. I'm using cinnamon desktop.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up NAT And Firewalling For Both IPv4 And IPv6

Mar 21, 2010

setting up NAT and firewalling for both IPv4 and IPv6. The machine is headless, so everything must be configured via CLI. I've done all IPv4 firewall configuration writing iptables rules in a bash script so far

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up Small Web Server With PHP And SQLite3

Apr 5, 2010

I'm trying to set up a small web server with php and sqlite support. I installed lighttpd, php5, php-sqlite3 and php5-sqlite3. Then, I enabled sqlite and pdo extensions in php.ini:
extension=pdo.so
extension=sqlite.so
extension=pdo_sqlite.so

However, when I try to open a SQLite3 database from php:
$database = new SQLiteDatabase($myDB, 666, $error);
I get the following exception:
SQLiteDatabase::__construct() [sqlitedatabase.--construct]: file is encrypted or is not a database

Some readings in the net make me think that my php settings are not compatible with SQLite3 databases. Is anyone successfully working with SQLite3 databases from PHP5 under Debian? Have you any recommendations? Should I rebuild php maybe?

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up A Server Network For A School?

Nov 26, 2010

I am putting together a server and computer lab at my school for Standardized testing, and am planning on using debian for it. But first, i must prove to the school board that this is a possible and viable option, so right now it is one pc with 1 gig ram (Going to be the server for this experiment), and two others with around 512 mb ram.the problem with all this is, the computers in the lab cannot have hard drives, as there is some sort of licencing issue. So I need to be able to have these two testing computers boot from the server's hard drive.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up Home File Server?

Jan 3, 2011

I have 2 windows pc's in my home and an office computer that have my files strewn about. I wanted to have them all in one central location that keeps a backup copy, so i used an old machine to start building a file server. I installed debian 5.0 on the machine, command line interface only. I have gotten ssh working so that i can do all my work on the box from one of my windows pc's by logging in with putty.my current problem is how to easily use the box hard drive for storing my files in an easily accessible way. i'm still working on getting samba to work so that i could map the /home directory to a drive letter on my two home pc's, but i'd also like to access files from my work pc. Before i do that, though, i wanted to know if this is safe and secure to map a drive on a remote machine through the internet? Are there any other security concerns I need to be addressing by having this file server set up?

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Debian Configuration :: What Can Prevent Setting Up RAID1 On Server

Jan 7, 2011

We have the following server at collocation: [URL]

Provider's technicians were working for 3 hrs but finally were unable to set up hardware RAID1 on it.

What could prevent them from doing it? Is it difficult to set up RAID1? It is mentionned as basic function in specifications.

They said debian not booting after raid configured...

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Permissions For USB Device On Boot?

Mar 23, 2011

I am trying to figure out what needs to be done to automatically set read/write permissions for everyone for my proprietary USB device on system boot. I have created a udev rules file which changes the permissions for the device when it is connected, but it does not change the permissions when the system is booted with the device already connected. The file looks like this:

SUBSYSTEM=="usb_device", SYSFS{idVendor}=="our vendor id", MODE="0666"

Does something else need to be added to the rules file to make it work when the system boots with the device connected? Is there some other script which needs to be created somewhere?

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up A RAID 1 FAt32 Array?

Jul 2, 2011

New to linux in general and am having issues on setting up a Raid 1 array for two disks on an HP Proliant Microserver which I am looking to be accessible from my windows PC. I have installed the latest version of debian succesfully on a 250GB disk that came with the server. I have added 2 2TB disks which I would like to have in a RAID 1 array and to have visible from windows to store music/videos etc on. I have managed to partition the two disks to FAT32 (which I think is best) and have managed to configure the array so that it shows as active when I use cat /proc/mdstat. I have been following the steps in this article [URl]... squeeze-p2 and trying to adapt it to my situation.

I am stuck on the step to create the file systems using the mkfs command. I try mkfs.vfat /dev/md0 and it comes up with the error mkfs.vfat: command not found. I have tried mkfs -t vfat /dev/md0 and it give the error "mkfs.vfat: No such file or directory" So my question is how can I continue with the process of setting up the array? Or maybe I should be asking is it possible to set up an array with FAT32 formatted disks?

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Debian Configuration :: Apache - Setting Up Squeeze Test Box

Jul 16, 2011

Setting up my Squeeze test box, I can't seem to get APache2 to find index.html. It keeps coming up with the initial "It works!" page.

On my Squeeze server, the /etc/apache2/httpd.conf file contains this line:
DocumentRoot /home/www_local
and that box serves the website perfectly.

On the test box, I created the /home/www_local directory and put an index.html file in it, then populated /etc/apache2/httpd.conf with exactly the same DocumentRoot line and restarted Apache. Still the same result -- Apache isn't finding my index.html file. I have grep'ed all the files in /etc/apache2 and /etc/apache2/conf.d looking for 'DocumentRoot' and it's not in any of them.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting IPTables Default Forward Policy?

May 3, 2010

I'm intending to replace my current router (486DX2 w/16MB running FREESCO which has been faithfully working 24/7 for well over a decade) with a debian box with a bit more grunt and newer features. I'm currently setting up my iptables ruleset and am after a bit of advice re the FORWARD policy. A few example rulesets I have found set the default policy to DROP and the have two lines for each port forward, one to allow the traffic and one to direct the incoming packets to the correct machine.

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i eth1 -p tcp --dport 25 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.0.100.10:25
iptables -A FORWARD -i eth1 -p tcp --dport 25 -o eth0 -d 10.0.100.10 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT

I'm thinking of setting the default policy to ACCEPT to cut down on typing as my default INPUT policy is DROP and unless there is a valid FORWARD rule for a particular port, the packets aren't going anywhere anyway. Or have I misunderstood something. My googling returned heaps of example scripts & not much intelligent commentary. Alternatively, what do you all use to configure & maintain your debian gateways; hand rolled iptables rules, or any toolset recommendations?

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Debian Configuration :: Nvidia Driver Resolution Setting Not Working

Jun 5, 2011

I have installed the Nvidia drivers on my desktop using [URL] according to the Debian way. Everything seems to be fine except the resolution. The best it will let me choose is something like 600x480. I have searched and most of what is suggested around the web is to change xorg.conf. I have tried this using different setting suggested but nothing is working. I did not have a xorg.conf file so I created one with the setting suggested on the Debian wiki.

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Debian Configuration :: WiFi Connection Stuck At (Setting Network Address)

Oct 9, 2015

I have Debian 8.2 with KDE 4.14 and everything runs perfect, except for the internet connection. This problem happens randomly when I turn on my machine. Sometimes when the desktop loads, the connection is already settled.

But sometimes when the desktop loads, the wifi icon is still loading and keeps stuck at "setting network address". Since this problem happens randomly I really don't know what is happening here. My wifi chip is this:

Code: Select all01:00.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation Centrino Wireless-N 130 (rev 34)

This is the problem:

I installed Debian with non-free firmware because of this chip.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Kernel Variable Error. Net.ipv6.bindv6only

Jul 8, 2010

Since I got the liquorix kernel installed on my machine I got an error of setting kernel variable error. net.ipv6.bindv6only at boot time, since it wasnt a big deal I never looked further into it, but now that I had some spare time and I didnt want to see any errors on my machine I found a solution for it, with a little googling all we need to do is read the /usr/share/doc/procps/README.Debian and bingo no more error i hope this help anyone else with the same problem. I did the 3rd suggestion on that file to load the module in /etc/modules cheers.

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Debian Configuration :: Setting Up A CUPS/Samba Shared Network Printer?

Aug 19, 2010

how to get clients connecting to an office printer. during a migration from windows server to debian/samba.

We have:

5 windows XP machines one Windows Server 2003 machine, PDC of the old domain One debian Samba PDC (of TEST domain)/print server (with CUPS installeD) running in a virtual machine hosted by the windows server One Toshiba eStudio 3511 printer

Using the CUPS control panel, I've been able to autodetect and add the printer, and it appears as an available share in SWAT for samba. However, the driver isn't perfect. CUPS could only supply drivers for the 3510c, not the 3511.

However, clients on the TEST domain are unable to access it. Doing so gives an error about a local policy preventing a connection to the print queue. I've tried googling this error and the fix that comes up in every result about changing a point and print policy setting, does not work.

however, I've been able to work around the issue. by first logging in as local administrator, navigating to the domain server, then inputting the domain root account credentials at the prompt. That allows me to attempt to connect to printers, but with a different error

"The server for the printer does not have the correct driver installed...."

I very strongly suspect that the 3510 driver actually will work, but it's just not being shared properly. The printer driver share folder is /var/lib/samba/printers, and that directory contains only a few empty subfolders. CUPS did not place the driver there as I would expect, and that is where clients are looking for it.

The thing is, I have no idea where CUPS DID put the driver.

On the old domain, the printer uses drivers for es4511, and looking on the toshiba site, this seems to be what they provide. The Toshiba Site provides a huge variety of drivers, including several windows ones, a universal driver, and a CUPS PPD. Cups asks for an optional PPD during install and I tried supplying that. It said installed successfully, but didn't change anything.

I've tried pasting the windows drivers into /var/lib/samba/printers/W32X86 too, and likewise with other drivers from toshiba's site. but this doesn't change anything either, so I'm at a bit of a loss.

how to install/setup drivers on a samba PDC, for windows machines?

Also relevant, my smb.conf:
anyone see any possible causes of problems?
# Samba config file created using SWAT
# from UNKNOWN ()
# Date: 2010/08/19 13:03:07

[code]....

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