General :: Create A Backup Directory And 3 Directories Within That And Some Files Within The 3 Directories And Then Back Them Up Ot Restore Them?

Dec 19, 2009

i am in need of linux help. iam at college and i need this back/restore script to pass this final part of an assessment. i require a backup script that will not only backup but also restore files to the relevent directories. e.g. users are instructed to store all wordprocessor files in a directory named wp. so i am needing to create a backup directory and 3 directories within that and some files within the 3 directories and then back them up ot restore them. l know i should/have to do this myself by been trying to get/understand info for the last few days and came up with zero.

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General :: Multiple Users To Create Directories Over SFTP So The New Directories Keep The Same Permissions?

May 15, 2011

I want to make a webserver with multiple users allowed to login through SFTP to a specific folder, www.Multiple users are added, lets say user1 and user2, and all of them belonging to the www-data group. The www directory has an owner www-data and a group www-data.

I have used chmod -R 775 on the www folder, but after I try to create a folder test through my SFTP server (using Filezilla) the group of the directory created has only r and x permissions, and I am not able to log in with the second user user2 and create a directory within www/test due to a lack of w permission to the group.

I also tried using chmod 2775 on www directory, but without luck. Can somebody explain to me, how can I make it so that a newly created directory inherits the root directory group permissions?

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General :: Viewing Backup Files But Only In Some Directories?

Oct 26, 2010

I backed up my Laptop with a script, as follows:


#! /bin/bash
growisofs -Z /dev/dvd -dvd-compat -r -v /home

I then installed a new version of Ubuntu 10.04 from disk and copied the files in /home from the cd to the hard. I am able to open, view etc. all the files in most directories except those in /home/documents. There are text files created by gedit, OOWP and several PDF files. I cannot open or view these files, depending: gedit and pdf files gets a Err.Msg. "Don't recognize file type" (it is clearly marked PDF) . The OO files look like rows of 'high bits' and a dialogue box opens giving me the options to change Char. Set, Font, Language, Paragraph break.

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General :: How To Store Files / Directories In Different Different Directories?

Mar 23, 2011

I am writing a script, in that my requirement is, if all the fill types stored in one directory from that we need to separate different different directories based on the file types.

for example in a directory(anish). 5 different types files
1- directory
2- .txt files
2- .sh files

like that and my requirement is the (1- directory is moved to one new directory(dir) which we are given in the script)and (2 .txt files are moved to another new directory(test) which we are given in the script)and ( 2 .sh files are moved to another new directory(bash) which we are given in the scrip)finally the directory anish should be empty..using bash it is possible !!

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General :: Back Up Scrip - Find / Cp / Md5sum / Rm - Move All Files And Directories

Oct 22, 2010

I want to move all files and directories that are 1 month old out to back up into a separate folder. There will be a lot of files and I want to make sure it copies properly. The problem I'm having is integrating a MD5SUM into it to check integrity. MD5SUM is not recursive, so I figured it would work in a loop when it copies each individual file, I'll do a md5sum on each file and delete that md5 once its verified it copied ok.


I also need some sort of error handling to output all md5's that didnt pass the hash check.

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General :: Parse A Particular String In Files In Particular Directory And Its Sub-directories?

May 4, 2010

I want linux command to parse a particular string or pattern in files that are in my home directory and its sub-directory.

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General :: If Some Users Modify/delete/create Files/directories?

Oct 25, 2010

i've been wondering how do i know if some users create/modify/delete file/directory in linux, i've been using pyinotify in python script.this script like the example from the manual:

import pyinotify, os, time


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OpenSUSE :: Rsync Backup *cache* Directories And Files?

Mar 4, 2010

I'm creating a backup scheme with rsync.

It is pretty clear not to include these:


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General :: Permissions To Backup Some Directories?

Apr 30, 2010

I need to backup some Directories but
sudo chmod 777 *
Wont include permissions for daughter dirs

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General :: What Directories Should Be Included In Backup

Jan 5, 2010

what directories/files should be backed up? What are you using for this job?Basic backup: /home, /etc maybe /root and /boot and often you want to backup some parts of /var such as /var/log. I can use cp and scp for simplest backup. tar, cpio for tape etc... I can use dump and restore for whole file system backup. rsync for incremental backup.

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Software :: Create Certain Files And Directories With Specific Owners On The Target Machine

Jun 29, 2010

I'd like to create a tar file on my machine to distribute software to other machines which are all alike (including, usernames, groupnames, etc). I need to create certain files and directories with specific owners on the target machine. In order to do that, I use

tar --create --owner=someone --group=somegroup --file package.tar files. However, for this to work, someone must be in my /etc/passwd and somegroup must be in my /etc/group. Is there a way to fake this so I don't have to create a bunch of users only for that purpose?

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General :: Most Important Directories To Backup On A Server?

May 21, 2010

I'm running an Ubuntu 9.10 Linux server. I'm trying to find a way to backup the machine while it is running and from what I see, this eliminates the disk clone utilities. All of the disk clone stuff I have seen for Linux requires that you reboot into a special live CD.So my question is this, what is the best solution for backing up the system while it is running? Also, I don't really care about the OS config too much, I just want to be able to keep my stored files and my programs that I have installed on it.

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Ubuntu :: Moving/copying Files And Directories To Base Directory Of User?

Mar 12, 2011

How do I copy and/or move files to the base folder of a user? I don't know what is is called, so I do not know what to put in the my file "?" command? I know you would normally put mv filename /directoryname, but what is the base username called?

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General :: Backup - Zip Selected Directories Recursively In Linux

Jun 25, 2011

I would like to zip only selected directories(and its child directories as well)I have many directories in the current folder like app, content, db, library etc.But I would like the zip only app and content and its child folders. I am trying the following.

zip -r ../backups/code/20110625 -i app/* -i content/* . *

But I am getting the following error. zip error: Invalid command arguments (nothing to select from)

What is the correct syntax to achieve this?

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General :: Cannot Create User Home Directories?

Jun 4, 2010

Why when I command "useradd -m barth" do I get the error message: "cannot create directory /home/barth"? It only does this when a partition is mounted to /home.

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General :: Create Directories From A File List?

Jun 30, 2011

I am trying to write a script to pick the directory name from a list of file. Here is a detailed picture.Have a file name LIST which contains the follwing for example/apps/oracle/product/test1/apps/oracle/product/test2/apps/oracle/product/test3I need a script that reads these line from LIST and creates foldersin /apps/oracle/product/test1/backup/date/test1 after reading the first line
/backup/date/test2 after readin the second line/backup/date/test3 and so on.

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General :: Create Separate Partitions For Directories AFTER Installing?

Sep 28, 2010

I want to create a separate partition for /home.inuxMint is *already* installed.PartedMagic be used for the same, NOW

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Programming :: Create A Bash Menu Script For Home Server - Restore Files From A Backup?

Jan 19, 2011

I would like to create a bash menu script for my home server For instance if i were to type ./script It would then bring up 3 options

a. Create a backup
b. Restore files from a backup
c. Quit

If you were to select a or b it should then ask you were you want to backup or restore from. And if i were to type in an incorrect letter i should get an error and take me back to menu. I have attepmted this a view time now and have magaged to get the menu up using parameters

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General :: Virtualbox - Can't Create Directories In Virtual Box Shared Folder?

Jul 28, 2011

I'm mounting a shared folder in an arch linux guest on a windows 7 host in Virtual Box. The shared folder's filesystem is ext3 and is mounted in windows 7 with Ext2Fsd. I mount the shared folder at boot with this fstab:

D_DRIVE /home/tony vboxsf rw,gid=1000,uid=1000,auto 0 0

I believe my user in the guest OS has the right uid and gid:

[tony@kiwi ~]$ id uid=1000(tony) gid=1000(tony) groups=1000(tony),1002,(vboxsf)

I can create files and remove them fine, but I can't seem to create directories.

[tony@kiwi ~]$ mkdir foo mkdir: cannot create directory `foo': Protocol error

Its weird because the directory looks like its there, sort of.


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Ubuntu :: What Directories Can Safely Restore?

Jun 25, 2010

Just in case I have some kind of error (again) I am wondering what directories I could restore without causing a boot error or force me to play with configure files using a live disk on the next reboot.List of directories I could restore that I know won't cause a boot error.

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General :: Command Line - Create Directories That Don't Exist While Creating A New File?

May 8, 2010

I can do:mkdir messages and then: touch messages/hello.txt Is there a command that will do both - create the directory if it doesn't exist, and then the empty file? Something like: touch -p messages/hello.txt

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General :: Selectively Tar Based On Date Just The Innermost Directories Of A Single Directory?

Jul 28, 2009

selectively archive the subdirectories of a single parent directory in which said subdirectories have creation year-date 2008 and older.

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General :: Creating A Script To Move Or Copy Files Into Multiple Directories Below The Files?

Aug 25, 2009

How can you create a script to move or copy files from a main directory into multiple directories below the main directory.

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General :: Merging Two Files From Two Different Directories?

May 14, 2011

I'm totally new to Linux and this website. I was wondering if anyone had or could help me create a shell script that would merge two files from two different directories and then have that new merged file in a third differnt directory.The merged file would need to eliminate duplicates and sort the contents.

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General :: Remove Directories That Only Contain .txt And .log Files?

Aug 8, 2010

I'd like to remove all directories of a certain depth that don't contain .txt or .log files -- is this possible? So far I have: find ~ -mindepth 3 -maxdepth 4 -type d -exec rm -r '{}' ; Is it possible to add in "only if the directory doesn't contain .txt and/or .log files"? Or do I have to start learning perl to do that?

For example:
dir 1:
dir 2:

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Ubuntu :: What Directories To *not* Back Up ?

Apr 8, 2011

I back up using a small rsync script. I've tried other methods but just keep coming back to it.

I have enough space that I can back up the entire root file system, but for speed and economy there are certain folders I'm not backing up. I understand some are dynamically generated on boot, others are caches.

Anything else I should exclude? How about APT's cache? /var? Any other caches?

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Ubuntu :: Use Rsync To Backup Home Directories To A Nas?

Apr 14, 2010

I'm hoping somebody can find something here that I haven't. I'm trying to use rsync to backup home directories to a nas. First, I NFS mounted the nas and ran an rsync and everything worked out fine. the transfer completed after a few hours and everyting was transferred (lots of stuff!). I then decided that I don't want to leave the nas mounted all the time and I didn't want to automate mounting and unmounting of the nas as I didn't think I could produce a script that would work reliably enough. So I decided to start an rsync daemon on the nas and upgrade via that. I run the following command (results are included. the ^C is me killing it after it hangs).

ryan@server:/etc/backup$ sudo rsync -ax --stats --progress --delete /data root@
root@'s password:
sending incremental file list
data/home/user/Documents/The File.wmv


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General :: What Kinds Of Files Are Stored In The Directories

Mar 12, 2010

3.State what kinds of files are stored in the following directories. Give any ONE file that can be found in these directories.

a. /etc/
b. /proc/
c. /sbin/

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General :: In What Order Are Files And Directories Copied When Using Cp -R?

Jun 26, 2011

If I execute the following command:
cp -R /myfiles /mydestination

If myfiles contains several sub-directories and files, in what order will they be copied? For example, directories might be named 0123a, 9993c, myfolder, xfolder.

They are not copied in alphabetical order OR in date order OR in the order they appear when using a standard ls command as far as I can tell, so what actually does determine the order?

I am trying to determine the order that the cp command uses in order to determine how far along my copy command made it before it stopped. For example, I was hoping to be able to determine it copied 3 of the 4 directories successfully.

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General :: Removing Files Or Directories Recursively

Jan 29, 2010

The rm command man pages discusses removing files or directories recursively. So what is meant by deleting a file or directory recursively? And what are some reasons for doing so?

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