General :: How To Store Files / Directories In Different Different Directories?

Mar 23, 2011

I am writing a script, in that my requirement is, if all the fill types stored in one directory from that we need to separate different different directories based on the file types.

for example in a directory(anish). 5 different types files
1- directory
2- .txt files
2- .sh files

like that and my requirement is the (1- directory is moved to one new directory(dir) which we are given in the script)and (2 .txt files are moved to another new directory(test) which we are given in the script)and ( 2 .sh files are moved to another new directory(bash) which we are given in the scrip)finally the directory anish should be empty..using bash it is possible !!

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General :: Create A Backup Directory And 3 Directories Within That And Some Files Within The 3 Directories And Then Back Them Up Ot Restore Them?

Dec 19, 2009

i am in need of linux help. iam at college and i need this back/restore script to pass this final part of an assessment. i require a backup script that will not only backup but also restore files to the relevent directories. e.g. users are instructed to store all wordprocessor files in a directory named wp. so i am needing to create a backup directory and 3 directories within that and some files within the 3 directories and then back them up ot restore them. l know i should/have to do this myself by been trying to get/understand info for the last few days and came up with zero.

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General :: Where To Store Tars And Source Directories

Jun 8, 2011

organizing where I put source directories:

1) Is there any convention or best practice as to where to store source tars for packages that you have to build yourself, as well as for where to store the source directories that are extracted (the ones containing the generated Makefile)? I'm getting to a point where there are tars and source directories all over my home directory and elsewhere, and it's becoming disorganized very quickly.

2) Are the entire source directories needed to be kept around, or could simply the Makefile be enough to perform a 'make uninstall' if necessary?

3) Is there any problem with moving around the source folders after a package has been built and installed? Meaning if I install a package, move the source directory, then do a 'make uninstall' from that new location, would it successfully remove the package?

4) Now that I think about it is there any reason to keep around the tars after installing a package? As long as you have the source directory, what point would there be?

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General :: Multiple Users To Create Directories Over SFTP So The New Directories Keep The Same Permissions?

May 15, 2011

I want to make a webserver with multiple users allowed to login through SFTP to a specific folder, www.Multiple users are added, lets say user1 and user2, and all of them belonging to the www-data group. The www directory has an owner www-data and a group www-data.

I have used chmod -R 775 on the www folder, but after I try to create a folder test through my SFTP server (using Filezilla) the group of the directory created has only r and x permissions, and I am not able to log in with the second user user2 and create a directory within www/test due to a lack of w permission to the group.

I also tried using chmod 2775 on www directory, but without luck. Can somebody explain to me, how can I make it so that a newly created directory inherits the root directory group permissions?

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Server :: Use The NAS Storage Device To Store The Home Directories Of User?

Jun 15, 2011

we have purchased the Dell PowerVault NF 500 NAS Storage Box with Window Storage server 2003 is Installed.we have LDAP server for authentication the user in network for accessing network resources.All ubuntu users on client side use ubuntu(LDAP server )for user authentication.when a user logon on client side machine his home directory is created on client machine .

but we want to use the NAS storage device to store the home directories of user.we want to implement that ,whenever a user logon his home directory is created on powerValut NF 500 storage device so that all user data is stored centrally for taking the backup .we want to mount NAS storage device so that user uses when they login and create user profile.

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General :: Creating A Script To Move Or Copy Files Into Multiple Directories Below The Files?

Aug 25, 2009

How can you create a script to move or copy files from a main directory into multiple directories below the main directory.

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General :: Merging Two Files From Two Different Directories?

May 14, 2011

I'm totally new to Linux and this website. I was wondering if anyone had or could help me create a shell script that would merge two files from two different directories and then have that new merged file in a third differnt directory.The merged file would need to eliminate duplicates and sort the contents.

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General :: Remove Directories That Only Contain .txt And .log Files?

Aug 8, 2010

I'd like to remove all directories of a certain depth that don't contain .txt or .log files -- is this possible? So far I have: find ~ -mindepth 3 -maxdepth 4 -type d -exec rm -r '{}' ; Is it possible to add in "only if the directory doesn't contain .txt and/or .log files"? Or do I have to start learning perl to do that?

For example:
dir 1:
dir 2:

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General :: What Kinds Of Files Are Stored In The Directories

Mar 12, 2010

3.State what kinds of files are stored in the following directories. Give any ONE file that can be found in these directories.

a. /etc/
b. /proc/
c. /sbin/

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General :: In What Order Are Files And Directories Copied When Using Cp -R?

Jun 26, 2011

If I execute the following command:
cp -R /myfiles /mydestination

If myfiles contains several sub-directories and files, in what order will they be copied? For example, directories might be named 0123a, 9993c, myfolder, xfolder.

They are not copied in alphabetical order OR in date order OR in the order they appear when using a standard ls command as far as I can tell, so what actually does determine the order?

I am trying to determine the order that the cp command uses in order to determine how far along my copy command made it before it stopped. For example, I was hoping to be able to determine it copied 3 of the 4 directories successfully.

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General :: Removing Files Or Directories Recursively

Jan 29, 2010

The rm command man pages discusses removing files or directories recursively. So what is meant by deleting a file or directory recursively? And what are some reasons for doing so?

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General :: Viewing Backup Files But Only In Some Directories?

Oct 26, 2010

I backed up my Laptop with a script, as follows:


#! /bin/bash
growisofs -Z /dev/dvd -dvd-compat -r -v /home

I then installed a new version of Ubuntu 10.04 from disk and copied the files in /home from the cd to the hard. I am able to open, view etc. all the files in most directories except those in /home/documents. There are text files created by gedit, OOWP and several PDF files. I cannot open or view these files, depending: gedit and pdf files gets a Err.Msg. "Don't recognize file type" (it is clearly marked PDF) . The OO files look like rows of 'high bits' and a dialogue box opens giving me the options to change Char. Set, Font, Language, Paragraph break.

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General :: Copying Doc Files From Multiple Directories To One?

Feb 1, 2010

I have 60+ directory's each containing multiple .doc files. I need to move them to a single directory and keep their file name intact. I don't think cp will do that with out listing all the file names. I was thinking of something like: cp -r /dir/*.doc /newdir . Or should I use a combo like find -type *.doc|cp /newdir?

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General :: Remove Files In All Directories Owned?

Jan 8, 2010

Is there a way to do the rm command where I can remove files by owner. I run the standard ls -al command and I want to be able to remove the files that are owned by me in that current directory. One other step how can I remove files in all directories owned by me. I did the google search first guys and a majority of the pages just dealt with the basics like rm -r

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General :: Make A List Of Directories And Files?

Jun 3, 2011

My system is centos 5.5, and I need nobody:nobody's directories and files under data.

There is a directory named "data, and this directory has so many directories and files generated by web program. Most of them is nobody:nobody.

I want to to make a list of these nobody:nobody directories ans files.

Is it possible to make a list of these directories and files?

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General :: System Call To Know Files And Directories In PWD

Mar 3, 2010

I am searching for any system call similar to "ls" command we use in shell. My requirement is knowing the files and directories in curent working directory and process them based on there type. Here as of now I spawn another procees with system command like system
("sh ls -l | grep ^d | awk '{print $9}'").

Instead of this I want to use any system command where I can capture this information directly into my local character buffer. My opinion is that system calls will not spawn another process as a result less time it takes, another reason is once I use the system command again I need to capture the information to a local file then again read it into local buffer. I want to avoid the file manipulation here.

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General :: Recursively Cp All Directories, Files And Hidden Files?

May 17, 2010

Ubuntu 10.04

I want to copy all directories, files, and hidden files and hidden directories with one command. I want these items to replace any same items in the target directory.

I have tried several things, such as:

cp -r *
cp -aR *

but I only seem to get visible files and directories. Obviously, I am missing something. (A brain, probably....)

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General :: Using Chmod(), Function To Set Permissions For My Files/directories?

Feb 16, 2010

I am using chmod(), function to set permissions for my files/directories.How can I set -R flag for it???

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General :: How To Use Find To Copy All Found Files To A New Name In Their Same Directories

Feb 23, 2010

I've got a simple command that does almost what I want.

The following will locate all files with a suffix of '_compressed.swf' and copy each into its same directory with a '.bak2' appended:

However, I need to replace '_compressed.swf' with '_content.swf' I'd like to use find, rather than recursive flag on cp for consistency.

In: /content/somefile_compressed.swf
Out: /content/somefile_content.swf

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General :: Setting Differing ACLs On Directories And Files

Aug 25, 2010

Quick ACL question: I want to set up default permissions for a file share so that everyone can rwx all of the directories and so that all newly created files are rw. Everyone who is accessing this share is in the same group, so this isn't a concern. I have looked at doing this via ACLs without changing all of the users' umasks and such. Here are my current invocations:

setfacl -Rdm g:mygroup:rwx share_name
setfacl -Rm g:mygroup:rwx share_name

My problem is that while I want all of the newly created sub-directories to be rwx, I only want newly created files to be rw. Does anyone have a better method to achieve my desired end-result? Is there some way to set ACLs on directories separately from files, in a similar vein to "chmod +x" vs. "chmod +X"?

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General :: List Directories And Number Of Files Inside Them

Mar 19, 2011

I'm looking for a way to produce a list of all the directories in the current working directory sorted by the total number of files that are contained with them.

Initially I though that Nautilus could be used for this, but then I realised it doesn't count files in the sub directories.

The best I've got for a command line solution so far is this


The use case for this is a situation where a user has a quota applied to their home directory which limits the number of files they are allowed to have and they have exceeded that limit.

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General :: Copy Wildcard Files From Directories For Matching

Feb 11, 2011

I have 2 massive duplicate dirs of the same format as below:

Dir2 is the same, but it has some newer files of the same name. I want to copy all file1's from Dir2 to the same name and folders in dir1. So basically something like:
cp -pr bkpDir1/*/*-big.gif Dir2/*/*-big.gif

This works for singular cases:
cp -pr bkpDir1/uniquesubdir/*-big.gif Dir2/uniquesubdir/*-big.gif

But not for wildcards:
cp -pr bkpDir1/subdir*/*-big.gif Dir2/subdir*/*-big.gif

Anyway the aim is to do the first cp above, I have tried a few options using find. In trying to show an example stumbled upon a way that worked, while in dir2:
find */*-big.gif | xargs -i cp -rp {} ../dir1/{}
Sure there are better ways also...

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General :: Identify Which Files/directories Are Sitting On Each Drive?

Feb 5, 2010

I have two hard drives, sda and sdb. Windows resides on one and Linux on the other. Before I reinstall Linux from scratch, I want to make sure I know which is which so that I don't end up erasing my windows drive. How can I identify which files/directories are sitting on each drive? I.e. how do I find out the mount points of /dev/sda/ and /dev/sdb/?

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General :: Move Some Of The Files From Multiple Directories To One Location?

Jun 17, 2010

I'd like to move a selection of files from all the sub-directories within an overall directory to a single destination. I don't want any of the directory structure, just the files themselves. This is what I tried so far:

mv /dir1/*/igs*.sp3.Z /dir2

There are other .sp3.Z files in the * directories within /dir1 but I just need the ones that start with igs..

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General :: NTFS Mounts But Can't Remove Files/directories?

Feb 9, 2011

this is my first post and I am not sure if this belongs here or in hardware.Now for the main post!

Dell Demension 4400
Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 1.60GHz, 1 cores


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General :: Parse A Particular String In Files In Particular Directory And Its Sub-directories?

May 4, 2010

I want linux command to parse a particular string or pattern in files that are in my home directory and its sub-directory.

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General :: Recursive Delete Specific Files From Sub-directories?

Mar 4, 2011

I would like to be able to recursively delete specific various files from a directory and sub-directories. For example:

|_ _rm *file1 *file2 *file3


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General :: Script To Find New Files And Copy Them Into Different Directories?

Oct 29, 2010

I have a question which has been in part answered many times but nothing I found relateds completely to my situation. I am sure there will be people who will say RTFM but believe me I did, and searched as well but to no avail. I have a situation where I want to copy files created withing last hour in one directory into another one. The problem is that that the directories are on different levels in the dir tree so the absolute path is different. But I want to keep the relative path the same.

I want to copy new files from /mnt/path_to_webdav/user to /home/user. so if there is new file /mnt/path_to_webdav/user/doc/xy.txt I want it to be copied to /home/user/doc/xy.txt. Also if there is a new dir, say /mnt/path_to_webdav/user/newdir I want a new dir to be created in /home/user/newdir with all the files in it, should there be any. I can do find with exec and copy all the files into one directory.This is not what I want though. How do I preserve the relative path and get the files copied into their corresponding directories?

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General :: List Files In Specific Directories Older Than 1 Day Or 24 Hours

Apr 7, 2011

I am trying to write a simple back up script in python where I try to list the files that are 24 hours old in specific directories that I would choose.I read the manual of find and used

find . -mtime 1 > log.dat

to get the list of files in the log.dat however I also get the path information in that list as such


is there a way to exclude the directories and only get the files list.

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General :: Delete All Files (except The Four Newest) Throughout Directories Using A Bash Script?

Aug 16, 2011

I'm looking for a Bash script that will go into a list of directories and delete all but the four most recently created files.

How can I do this?

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