General :: In What Order Are Files And Directories Copied When Using Cp -R?

Jun 26, 2011

If I execute the following command:
cp -R /myfiles /mydestination


If myfiles contains several sub-directories and files, in what order will they be copied? For example, directories might be named 0123a, 9993c, myfolder, xfolder.

They are not copied in alphabetical order OR in date order OR in the order they appear when using a standard ls command as far as I can tell, so what actually does determine the order?

Edit:
I am trying to determine the order that the cp command uses in order to determine how far along my copy command made it before it stopped. For example, I was hoping to be able to determine it copied 3 of the 4 directories successfully.

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General :: Comparing Directories To Check All Stuff Copied?

Jul 4, 2010

I have recently backed up all my documents photos etc to an external hard drive. What is the best way to check that everything has copied? I have tried diff but it was not very clear.

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General :: Create A Backup Directory And 3 Directories Within That And Some Files Within The 3 Directories And Then Back Them Up Ot Restore Them?

Dec 19, 2009

i am in need of linux help. iam at college and i need this back/restore script to pass this final part of an assessment. i require a backup script that will not only backup but also restore files to the relevent directories. e.g. users are instructed to store all wordprocessor files in a directory named wp. so i am needing to create a backup directory and 3 directories within that and some files within the 3 directories and then back them up ot restore them. l know i should/have to do this myself by been trying to get/understand info for the last few days and came up with zero.

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Ubuntu :: Copied Backup Disk (3.2 GB) Onto Hard Drive Using 10.4 In Order To Reorganize Storage, But Then Could Not Trash It?

Jun 30, 2010

I copied my backup disk (3.2 GB) onto my hard drive using 10.4 in order to reorganize my storage, but then I could not trash it.In "file browser" a lock icon appears next to the folder name, and I always get the error message that it can not be put into trash in one step, would I like to delete it? I click on "delete" and no help.Further trial led to an error message that I don't have "permission." I'm the only user.I don't know anything about terminal and not one command, and usually when I ask for help, people provide "code" but no instructions on how to enter it or where.I'm the rawest beginner at terminal,

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General :: Files Not Getting Copied Fully To Usb Drive?

May 10, 2011

I tried copying files from my ubuntu computer to a usb drive. But the file transfer doesn't complete and gets stuck at some point.

Ex: If I try to copy a file having a size of 622MB, the files transfer runs smoothly till maybe 617MB and then doesn't proceed at all.

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General :: How To Store Files / Directories In Different Different Directories?

Mar 23, 2011

I am writing a script, in that my requirement is, if all the fill types stored in one directory from that we need to separate different different directories based on the file types.

for example in a directory(anish). 5 different types files
1- directory
2- .txt files
2- .sh files

like that and my requirement is the (1- directory is moved to one new directory(dir) which we are given in the script)and (2 .txt files are moved to another new directory(test) which we are given in the script)and ( 2 .sh files are moved to another new directory(bash) which we are given in the scrip)finally the directory anish should be empty..using bash script.how it is possible !!

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General :: Can't Rename/move Files From OSX That Were Copied From NTFS

Jun 29, 2010

I recently had data recovered and it was sent back to me on what I think is an NTFS drive. I copied all the files over to a file share I have on a Linux box, that's ext4. Now I have that share mounted on my OSX machine, and I can't move or rename most of the files. However, in a couple cases I was able to rename a folder after the third try. Another time I was able to rename a folder once, but not again. All the permissions are showing up the same on the command-line -- I can't see any differences between the permissions on any of the files/folders. Note that I can create new folders and add files no problem, and then rename and move those all I want.

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General :: Cannot Browse Files Downloaded Or Copied Across Network

Jan 9, 2010

I have ran into a permissions problem. It seems that any file I have created with Fedora I can browse to in Firefox. I cannot browse to files that I have downloaded from the internet or copied locally across our network. I changed file permissions to 755 and 777 for these files. I even thought that maybe it was the php file content that was causing the issue. So, I copied the file content from file 2 into file 1. File 1 was the file I could always browse to since I created it in Fedora. I could still browse to file 1 after it had file 2's content.

I look at the permissions and they appear the same for both files. I am not sure why I cannot open the other files. I downloaded phpMyAdmin. I cannot hit any of these files in a browser. I also copied some files from a a backup location we have internally. I cannot browse to any of these files either. I used chmod 777 filename. Even after doing that I could not hit any of the files. I moved the files into my document root directory ( /var/www/html ) and I still cannot browse to these files.

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General :: Copied Files In Nfs Does Not Show The Right Time-stamp?

Mar 3, 2011

I have two systems running on linux. system one is running with RHEL 5.4/X86_64 hardware, system two is running with RHEL 5.3/i686 hardware. One filesystem is shared from system two and mounted as NFS on system one. Now when i do a copy from local filesystem to the NFS share from system one,it shows as follows

Quote:

-rw-r--r-- 1 xkinved rbak1 30 Mar 3 2011 king

But if i do copy with -p option then it shows right time stamp. Both machines are running with slight(minutes) different in time. Does this could be cause for this problem? The problem is happening while i do FTP from some other machines too.

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General :: Detect Which PC (IP Address) Copied Files In A NFS Folder?

May 17, 2011

I have iomega appliance, which is based on Debian distribution. There is an NFS share that I have created which is without password. Since it is without password, there are some viruses copied. I want to find out which IP address is the source of these files. In other words, I want to know which PC is copying these infected files on the NFS share

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General :: Set Default Permissions For Files Moved Or Copied To A Directory?

Jan 25, 2011

How to set the default file permissions on ALL newly created files in linux - but differs in important ways:

I want all files created in (or copied to or moved to) a certain directory to inherit a set of default permissions that is different from the system default.

Rationale: The directory in question is the "intake hopper" for an application. Users in a group place files in the directory, and the app (running under another user id in the same group) takes them and processes them. The problem is that the owner of each file placed in the directory is the user that placed it there, and the permissions are defaulting to "rw-r--r--"; I want to change that to "rw-rw----". The app doing the intake can't do that explicitly, because the user id the app is running under doesn't own the file in question, and the default permissions don't allow the app to chmod on the file! Obviously, the user could do a chmod after putting the file there - but I want to keep the "drop" by the user as simple as possible. (These folks are not linux-literate, they just drag and drop the files from their windows desktop to a (Samba) network share - i.e. they don't even know they are interacting with a linux system.)

umask seems too powerful: I don't want to set default permissions for every file created anywhere by these users - just those created in (or placed in) this directory.

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General :: Scp With Range Of Files To Be Copied To - From - Or Between Different Hosts - Error - No Such File Or Directory

Jun 27, 2011

Working fine: ==> scp my_log-bin.01393[0-9] root@192.168.103.66:/backup/ error - No such file or directory: ==> scp my_log-bin.0139[30-99] root@192.168.103.66:/backup/

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General :: Creating A Script To Move Or Copy Files Into Multiple Directories Below The Files?

Aug 25, 2009

How can you create a script to move or copy files from a main directory into multiple directories below the main directory.

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General :: Recursively Cp All Directories, Files And Hidden Files?

May 17, 2010

Ubuntu 10.04

I want to copy all directories, files, and hidden files and hidden directories with one command. I want these items to replace any same items in the target directory.

I have tried several things, such as:

cp -r *
cp -aR *

but I only seem to get visible files and directories. Obviously, I am missing something. (A brain, probably....)

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Ubuntu :: Can't See Files Copied In Terminal?

Apr 3, 2010

I copied several folders over to a thumbdrive in Terminal, but I can't see the folders when I view the thumbdrive on any other system (tried a machine with xp and another with Ubuntu).I went back to the original machine where I did the coping and viewed the thumbdrive's contents in Terminal, and it shows everything to be there that I had copied. Is there a step I'm missing? I copied using cp -r. The reason I'm doing this is that the Ubuntu installation on the original machine is freezing up and I just want to backup some of the files before reinstalling Ubuntu.

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Ubuntu :: Copied Mp3 Files Are Corrupted

Aug 18, 2011

I have all of my music in mp3 form on an external HD. When I copy it to my home folder for use in Banshee 2.0, some of the music files become corrupted.When these copied mp3s are played, they have annoying, intermittent distortion throughout some of the songs. In an effort to try and isolate the problem, played one of the distorted songs directly from the file on the external HD, and it played flawlessly. I then downloaded Clementine and had the exact same distortion on the playback from the copied file, and then no distortion from the external HD file.

So at this point, it seems like the mp3 are getting messed up when they are being copied from the external HD to the computer.I am using a USB 2.0 port for the file copying.

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Ubuntu :: Command To Check Files Where Copied?

Oct 23, 2010

I am trying to write a script to copy all of my photos to my backup drive, to finish it i want to scan the backup and check that all of the folders and photos are there. is there a command in linux to do this (theres one (or two) for everything else!!!)

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Ubuntu :: Some Flac Files Not Copied Properly

Feb 23, 2011

Lately I've tried rsync for backing up my home partition to an external drive, but I've run into some problems with some flac files (there might be other problematic files though, these are the ones I know of). The external drive is formatted in ntfs. Now, when adding my whole music directory (within my home directory) first as a library to VLC and then copying to the playlist, some files are not playable. I discovered this at work in windows, and resaved all the flac files using ex falso to skip windows incompatible characters. The problem persisted though. I tried the same thing in VLC in Ubuntu, and got again a set of non-playable files, partly, but not completely, overlapping the set of files that were not playable in windows. The original files (on my internal drive) are playable in VLC in Ubuntu. What to do (except to go back to cp instead of rsync, rsync is faster, but if it doesn't copy correctly, it's not worth it)?

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General :: Order Of Transfer All Files Under A Directory By Rsync

Sep 25, 2010

If transfer all files under a directory by rsync, what is the order that rsync determines to transfer the files one by one?At first it looked like rsync transfers files in alphabetical order, but later I found rsync skipped some files in the first sweep through the alphabetic order, and then went back to transfer files that were skipped in the first time and this time still in alphabetic order.

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General :: Merging Two Files From Two Different Directories?

May 14, 2011

I'm totally new to Linux and this website. I was wondering if anyone had or could help me create a shell script that would merge two files from two different directories and then have that new merged file in a third differnt directory.The merged file would need to eliminate duplicates and sort the contents.

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General :: Remove Directories That Only Contain .txt And .log Files?

Aug 8, 2010

I'd like to remove all directories of a certain depth that don't contain .txt or .log files -- is this possible? So far I have: find ~ -mindepth 3 -maxdepth 4 -type d -exec rm -r '{}' ; Is it possible to add in "only if the directory doesn't contain .txt and/or .log files"? Or do I have to start learning perl to do that?

For example:
dir 1:
hello.txt
runme.sh
dir 2:
runme.sh
oct12.log
[Code]....

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OpenSUSE :: Cloning Files - Copied To The Other System Automatically?

Mar 8, 2010

I have multiple OpenSuSE 11.2 systems. With some files being on one system I would like to have another computer to have the files as well. Is there a way to have the files copied to the other system automatically? FTP is one way but it is too cumbersome. I am thinking of something like disk or directory mirroring. Does OpenSuSE have something like that?

If it was real time mirroring that would be better. I.e if a write to one file on one system is done, then this would be done on the other system with the same directory/file.

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Ubuntu :: File Permissions For Copied Files On External HDD?

Mar 24, 2010

I'm sure that the issue I'm having is easily solvable once I gain some understanding about copying files - and file permissions in Ubuntu. Here's my situation:

I have an external HDD where I like to back up some files (I mess around with distros on my main machine and feel less stressed knowing the important stuff is backed up). I have an ext4 partition on the external drive where I have copied files, both through the terminal (cp 'filename' /dev/sdc3) and by drag and drop (gnome-terminal).

The problem is, once the files are copied, most are inaccessible. I can view them, but some directories and individual files say I do not have permission to open them. Others are accessible. This is from the same user profile that copied them.

How do I see what's going on? More importantly, how do I make files on external drives available to any user or OS (that can handle ext4)? I want to make sure that if my whole system gets effed that I could still do a reinstall of my OS and then access those backup files.

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Ubuntu :: Picasa Doesn't Read Ini Files Copied From XP?

Sep 9, 2010

I have about 20 000 photos in XP which have mostly been tagged, cropped, etc using Picasa. That Picasa is working OK.

I am shifting my activities from XP to Ubuntu & am just getting to the Photo part.

In Ubuntu, I have the current Picasa (3.0.5744-02) & that is working OK with any new photos I download to Ubuntu & modify in Picasa there.

My next step was to copy a folder of photos from XP to Ubuntu & look at them in Picasa. They copy perfectly & Picasa finds them OK. All the tags are there OK.

But the cropping & other editing from Picasa XP is not seen in Picasa Ubuntu.

The ini file is there & looks the same as ini files generated in Ubuntu.

Should I expect my XP edits to be visible in Ubuntu?

How can I get that to work, without re-editing 20 000 photos?

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Ubuntu Multimedia :: Music Files Got Copied Over Without Extension (.mp3)?

May 30, 2011

I got around 6,000 songs that I copied from my ipod to my external hard drive through rhythmbox, but for some reason it didn't copy over any extensions (all of my music files are mp3's) so I was wondering what would be a really simple way to add the extension to all the files in the music folder. My folders are setup like /Music/Artist/Album/song.mp3 (well right now there is no .mp3 but ya get the point

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Programming :: Monitor When Files Are Copied To Another Volume And Log The Date?

Jul 29, 2010

I'm pretty sure I'm in over my head with this one. Here's the situation: My practice has been, after downloading and making changes to files, to use a certain GUI cataloging app to move them to categorized sub-folders inside one "umbrella" folder, then copy them to (what are in most cases) identically-named sub-folders in another one on the same HD. Emulation of this process on the command-line would look like:

Code:
cp holytrousers.jpg /home/metoo/Pictures/fancypants/
mv holytrousers.jpg /home/me/Pictures/pants/

This was in anticipation of making a "twin" of the second, now bigger, "umbrella" folder on anexternal HD and continuing the practice. At some point I intended to get rid of the original 2nd "parent folder" and just keep the first one on the drive with my OS install, using the twin on the backup folder as I'd been doing when it was on that same drive.

I'm very close (a matter of 2 to 3 weeks, it looks like) to getting a backup/external drive in a reasonably-reliable external enclosure. With the backup, originally the "twin" of the bigger "umbrella" folder and its sub-directories, on that other drive, I also anticipate that I will likely go at least a few days between backing up any new files to it.

For the sake of argument, let's say I gave the external the name "tuxs_twin". Is there any way to monitor copying activity from /Pictures/ on the boot HD to /media/tuxs_twin/Pictures/ and log the dates and times, then have something running that checks the log every so many hours and puts up a reminder dialog saying /tuxs_twin/Pictures/ hasn't had any new files copied to it since date X at time Y? I hope this was clear enough. If not, I'll try to break it down further when I know which details are confusing folks.

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General :: Easy Way To Find Out Like Which Items Don't Match Between 2 Files Regardless Of Order

Mar 15, 2011

I have following 2 files

File1
10.1.1.1
10.1.2.1
10.1.3.1

File2
10.1.3.1
10.1.2.1
10.1.1.1

Both are reverse of each other. Now, basically if you see, the contents are same, but in different order. Is there any easy way in which i can find out like which items dont match between 2 files, regardless of order. Lets say i add 10.1.4.1 to File1. Now the result of such comparison should be only '10.1.4.1'. Currently if i am comparing both files using diff, it gives me all the lines.

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General :: What Kinds Of Files Are Stored In The Directories

Mar 12, 2010

3.State what kinds of files are stored in the following directories. Give any ONE file that can be found in these directories.

a. /etc/
b. /proc/
c. /sbin/

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General :: Removing Files Or Directories Recursively

Jan 29, 2010

The rm command man pages discusses removing files or directories recursively. So what is meant by deleting a file or directory recursively? And what are some reasons for doing so?

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General :: Viewing Backup Files But Only In Some Directories?

Oct 26, 2010

I backed up my Laptop with a script, as follows:

Code:

#! /bin/bash
sudo
growisofs -Z /dev/dvd -dvd-compat -r -v /home

I then installed a new version of Ubuntu 10.04 from disk and copied the files in /home from the cd to the hard. I am able to open, view etc. all the files in most directories except those in /home/documents. There are text files created by gedit, OOWP and several PDF files. I cannot open or view these files, depending: gedit and pdf files gets a Err.Msg. "Don't recognize file type" (it is clearly marked PDF) . The OO files look like rows of 'high bits' and a dialogue box opens giving me the options to change Char. Set, Font, Language, Paragraph break.

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