General :: What Kinds Of Files Are Stored In The Directories

Mar 12, 2010

3.State what kinds of files are stored in the following directories. Give any ONE file that can be found in these directories.

a. /etc/
b. /proc/
c. /sbin/

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General :: Directories That Often Stored On Their Own Partitions?

Jun 14, 2011

What directories are often stored on their own partitions?

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General :: Create A Backup Directory And 3 Directories Within That And Some Files Within The 3 Directories And Then Back Them Up Ot Restore Them?

Dec 19, 2009

i am in need of linux help. iam at college and i need this back/restore script to pass this final part of an assessment. i require a backup script that will not only backup but also restore files to the relevent directories. e.g. users are instructed to store all wordprocessor files in a directory named wp. so i am needing to create a backup directory and 3 directories within that and some files within the 3 directories and then back them up ot restore them. l know i should/have to do this myself by been trying to get/understand info for the last few days and came up with zero.

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General ::anything Special About Home Directory Before Users' Home Directories Are Stored There

Jun 19, 2010

Is there anything special about a home directory before users' home directories are stored there, or is just as typical as any other "empty" folder?Let me just cut to the chase, but please no ear ringing about the folly of messing around as root, particularly with directories at root level. I know it's considered stupidity, but I deleted my home directory.

Is there an easy way to restore a working home directory? I tried copying /etc/skel under root, but I'm not sure what a home directory should look like once it has been restored. Besides . & .., there were .screenrc & .xsession in my home directory when I copied /etc/skel. Are these files suppose to be in "/home" or "/home/~" or both?

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General :: How To Store Files / Directories In Different Different Directories?

Mar 23, 2011

I am writing a script, in that my requirement is, if all the fill types stored in one directory from that we need to separate different different directories based on the file types.

for example in a directory(anish). 5 different types files
1- directory
2- .txt files
2- .sh files

like that and my requirement is the (1- directory is moved to one new directory(dir) which we are given in the script)and (2 .txt files are moved to another new directory(test) which we are given in the script)and ( 2 .sh files are moved to another new directory(bash) which we are given in the scrip)finally the directory anish should be empty..using bash it is possible !!

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Ubuntu :: Creation Date For Directories Isn't Stored Or At Least Couldn't Find It?

Feb 19, 2010

i'm trying to make a script that gives one output if a directory in /home is older than one month, and another if the directory is less than one month old. I looked around and saw that the creation date for directories isn't stored, or at least i couldn't find it? How is this possible to do then?

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General :: Syslog Allow Organizing Stored Simple Log Files

Sep 15, 2010

Syslog is used to store simple log files or we can manage them too? Well, the thing is, that I need to run a software (like syslog) to collect my logs and put them in order and organize them so it makes them "understandable". I have been told that syslog can do the job and that it doesn't need a complex configuration to work.

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General :: Use Bacula To Make Backups Of The Files Stored On The Server?

Apr 14, 2010

I have an ubuntu (8.04.3) server where I use bacula to make backups of the files stored on the server. Ive been trying to find a solution (with no luck) trying to succesfully implement the following:-

A Backup tape for each day of the week besides Thurs which is resused on a weekly basis. For the thursday tapes we have a backup tape corresponding to the week number that the thursday falls so for the first thursday of the month it would be ThursOne For example. These tapes are resued on a monthly basis. We then have a monthly tape that is used on the last thursday of the month. These tapes will be resused on a yearly basis.

Another requirement is just in case a tape is accidently not changed a backup should still occur regardless of what tape is in the drive (so if its tuesday and mondays tape is still in the tape drive it should rewrite that tape).

I did have this successfully set up where the tape was appended after each use rather than being recycled after the nightly backup. But then after a few weeks I would have to manually purge tapes when they became full (which isnt ideal - as Im not always in the office so in my absence it may be that a backup may not take place), so have been playing around and have now got the tapes to be marked as used after a max of 2 jobs (so the backup of the files and the catalog of the night). I also added this line 'Recycle Current Volume = yes' so that it would hopefully recycle the volume in the drive.

However what I am finding is that the tape that should be recycled is not, but in yesterday case the Mondays tape was recycled rather than the Tuesday although Mondays was the last written so Im not even sure why it choose to recycle this tape.

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General :: What Is The Extension Of Datadbase Files In Clamd Service And Where It Stored

May 10, 2010

Want know the location of the Clamd service database, and also know the extension of these database fies.

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General :: Creating A Script To Move Or Copy Files Into Multiple Directories Below The Files?

Aug 25, 2009

How can you create a script to move or copy files from a main directory into multiple directories below the main directory.

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General :: Recursively Cp All Directories, Files And Hidden Files?

May 17, 2010

Ubuntu 10.04

I want to copy all directories, files, and hidden files and hidden directories with one command. I want these items to replace any same items in the target directory.

I have tried several things, such as:

cp -r *
cp -aR *

but I only seem to get visible files and directories. Obviously, I am missing something. (A brain, probably....)

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General :: Merging Two Files From Two Different Directories?

May 14, 2011

I'm totally new to Linux and this website. I was wondering if anyone had or could help me create a shell script that would merge two files from two different directories and then have that new merged file in a third differnt directory.The merged file would need to eliminate duplicates and sort the contents.

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General :: Remove Directories That Only Contain .txt And .log Files?

Aug 8, 2010

I'd like to remove all directories of a certain depth that don't contain .txt or .log files -- is this possible? So far I have: find ~ -mindepth 3 -maxdepth 4 -type d -exec rm -r '{}' ; Is it possible to add in "only if the directory doesn't contain .txt and/or .log files"? Or do I have to start learning perl to do that?

For example:
dir 1:
dir 2:

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General :: In What Order Are Files And Directories Copied When Using Cp -R?

Jun 26, 2011

If I execute the following command:
cp -R /myfiles /mydestination

If myfiles contains several sub-directories and files, in what order will they be copied? For example, directories might be named 0123a, 9993c, myfolder, xfolder.

They are not copied in alphabetical order OR in date order OR in the order they appear when using a standard ls command as far as I can tell, so what actually does determine the order?

I am trying to determine the order that the cp command uses in order to determine how far along my copy command made it before it stopped. For example, I was hoping to be able to determine it copied 3 of the 4 directories successfully.

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General :: Removing Files Or Directories Recursively

Jan 29, 2010

The rm command man pages discusses removing files or directories recursively. So what is meant by deleting a file or directory recursively? And what are some reasons for doing so?

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General :: Viewing Backup Files But Only In Some Directories?

Oct 26, 2010

I backed up my Laptop with a script, as follows:


#! /bin/bash
growisofs -Z /dev/dvd -dvd-compat -r -v /home

I then installed a new version of Ubuntu 10.04 from disk and copied the files in /home from the cd to the hard. I am able to open, view etc. all the files in most directories except those in /home/documents. There are text files created by gedit, OOWP and several PDF files. I cannot open or view these files, depending: gedit and pdf files gets a Err.Msg. "Don't recognize file type" (it is clearly marked PDF) . The OO files look like rows of 'high bits' and a dialogue box opens giving me the options to change Char. Set, Font, Language, Paragraph break.

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General :: Copying Doc Files From Multiple Directories To One?

Feb 1, 2010

I have 60+ directory's each containing multiple .doc files. I need to move them to a single directory and keep their file name intact. I don't think cp will do that with out listing all the file names. I was thinking of something like: cp -r /dir/*.doc /newdir . Or should I use a combo like find -type *.doc|cp /newdir?

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General :: Remove Files In All Directories Owned?

Jan 8, 2010

Is there a way to do the rm command where I can remove files by owner. I run the standard ls -al command and I want to be able to remove the files that are owned by me in that current directory. One other step how can I remove files in all directories owned by me. I did the google search first guys and a majority of the pages just dealt with the basics like rm -r

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General :: Make A List Of Directories And Files?

Jun 3, 2011

My system is centos 5.5, and I need nobody:nobody's directories and files under data.

There is a directory named "data, and this directory has so many directories and files generated by web program. Most of them is nobody:nobody.

I want to to make a list of these nobody:nobody directories ans files.

Is it possible to make a list of these directories and files?

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General :: System Call To Know Files And Directories In PWD

Mar 3, 2010

I am searching for any system call similar to "ls" command we use in shell. My requirement is knowing the files and directories in curent working directory and process them based on there type. Here as of now I spawn another procees with system command like system
("sh ls -l | grep ^d | awk '{print $9}'").

Instead of this I want to use any system command where I can capture this information directly into my local character buffer. My opinion is that system calls will not spawn another process as a result less time it takes, another reason is once I use the system command again I need to capture the information to a local file then again read it into local buffer. I want to avoid the file manipulation here.

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General :: Using Chmod(), Function To Set Permissions For My Files/directories?

Feb 16, 2010

I am using chmod(), function to set permissions for my files/directories.How can I set -R flag for it???

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General :: How To Use Find To Copy All Found Files To A New Name In Their Same Directories

Feb 23, 2010

I've got a simple command that does almost what I want.

The following will locate all files with a suffix of '_compressed.swf' and copy each into its same directory with a '.bak2' appended:

However, I need to replace '_compressed.swf' with '_content.swf' I'd like to use find, rather than recursive flag on cp for consistency.

In: /content/somefile_compressed.swf
Out: /content/somefile_content.swf

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General :: Setting Differing ACLs On Directories And Files

Aug 25, 2010

Quick ACL question: I want to set up default permissions for a file share so that everyone can rwx all of the directories and so that all newly created files are rw. Everyone who is accessing this share is in the same group, so this isn't a concern. I have looked at doing this via ACLs without changing all of the users' umasks and such. Here are my current invocations:

setfacl -Rdm g:mygroup:rwx share_name
setfacl -Rm g:mygroup:rwx share_name

My problem is that while I want all of the newly created sub-directories to be rwx, I only want newly created files to be rw. Does anyone have a better method to achieve my desired end-result? Is there some way to set ACLs on directories separately from files, in a similar vein to "chmod +x" vs. "chmod +X"?

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General :: List Directories And Number Of Files Inside Them

Mar 19, 2011

I'm looking for a way to produce a list of all the directories in the current working directory sorted by the total number of files that are contained with them.

Initially I though that Nautilus could be used for this, but then I realised it doesn't count files in the sub directories.

The best I've got for a command line solution so far is this


The use case for this is a situation where a user has a quota applied to their home directory which limits the number of files they are allowed to have and they have exceeded that limit.

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General :: Copy Wildcard Files From Directories For Matching

Feb 11, 2011

I have 2 massive duplicate dirs of the same format as below:

Dir2 is the same, but it has some newer files of the same name. I want to copy all file1's from Dir2 to the same name and folders in dir1. So basically something like:
cp -pr bkpDir1/*/*-big.gif Dir2/*/*-big.gif

This works for singular cases:
cp -pr bkpDir1/uniquesubdir/*-big.gif Dir2/uniquesubdir/*-big.gif

But not for wildcards:
cp -pr bkpDir1/subdir*/*-big.gif Dir2/subdir*/*-big.gif

Anyway the aim is to do the first cp above, I have tried a few options using find. In trying to show an example stumbled upon a way that worked, while in dir2:
find */*-big.gif | xargs -i cp -rp {} ../dir1/{}
Sure there are better ways also...

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General :: Identify Which Files/directories Are Sitting On Each Drive?

Feb 5, 2010

I have two hard drives, sda and sdb. Windows resides on one and Linux on the other. Before I reinstall Linux from scratch, I want to make sure I know which is which so that I don't end up erasing my windows drive. How can I identify which files/directories are sitting on each drive? I.e. how do I find out the mount points of /dev/sda/ and /dev/sdb/?

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General :: Move Some Of The Files From Multiple Directories To One Location?

Jun 17, 2010

I'd like to move a selection of files from all the sub-directories within an overall directory to a single destination. I don't want any of the directory structure, just the files themselves. This is what I tried so far:

mv /dir1/*/igs*.sp3.Z /dir2

There are other .sp3.Z files in the * directories within /dir1 but I just need the ones that start with igs..

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General :: NTFS Mounts But Can't Remove Files/directories?

Feb 9, 2011

this is my first post and I am not sure if this belongs here or in hardware.Now for the main post!

Dell Demension 4400
Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 1.60GHz, 1 cores


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General :: Parse A Particular String In Files In Particular Directory And Its Sub-directories?

May 4, 2010

I want linux command to parse a particular string or pattern in files that are in my home directory and its sub-directory.

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General :: Recursive Delete Specific Files From Sub-directories?

Mar 4, 2011

I would like to be able to recursively delete specific various files from a directory and sub-directories. For example:

|_ _rm *file1 *file2 *file3


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