General :: Back Up Scrip - Find / Cp / Md5sum / Rm - Move All Files And Directories

Oct 22, 2010

I want to move all files and directories that are 1 month old out to back up into a separate folder. There will be a lot of files and I want to make sure it copies properly. The problem I'm having is integrating a MD5SUM into it to check integrity. MD5SUM is not recursive, so I figured it would work in a loop when it copies each individual file, I'll do a md5sum on each file and delete that md5 once its verified it copied ok.


I also need some sort of error handling to output all md5's that didnt pass the hash check.

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General :: Create A Backup Directory And 3 Directories Within That And Some Files Within The 3 Directories And Then Back Them Up Ot Restore Them?

Dec 19, 2009

i am in need of linux help. iam at college and i need this back/restore script to pass this final part of an assessment. i require a backup script that will not only backup but also restore files to the relevent directories. e.g. users are instructed to store all wordprocessor files in a directory named wp. so i am needing to create a backup directory and 3 directories within that and some files within the 3 directories and then back them up ot restore them. l know i should/have to do this myself by been trying to get/understand info for the last few days and came up with zero.

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General :: Cannot Move A File Into My Archives Directory In Bash Scrip

Apr 12, 2010

I cannot move a my file into my archives directory in my bash scrip.

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General :: Creating A Script To Move Or Copy Files Into Multiple Directories Below The Files?

Aug 25, 2009

How can you create a script to move or copy files from a main directory into multiple directories below the main directory.

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General :: Move Some Of The Files From Multiple Directories To One Location?

Jun 17, 2010

I'd like to move a selection of files from all the sub-directories within an overall directory to a single destination. I don't want any of the directory structure, just the files themselves. This is what I tried so far:

mv /dir1/*/igs*.sp3.Z /dir2

There are other .sp3.Z files in the * directories within /dir1 but I just need the ones that start with igs..

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General :: Files Don't Move Back To /var/log And Keep Getting Renamed?

Mar 15, 2010

I have this script that I use to find log files in the /var/log directory that are 2 days old, move them to /var/log/tmp, rename them to the system date.filename and move them back to /var/log. Everything seems to work as planned, except that the files don't get moved out of temp, and they keep getting rename. This leads to very long filenames such as:


What is it about this script that isn't moving it back to /var/log? Also, is there a better way of doing this than what I'm doing? Basically, I'm just trying to set up an audit trail on some of the files in /var/log, so that at the end of the month I can tar them, and then have our syslog server pick up the one giant monthly log.

# Create variables.
hostname="$(uname -n)"


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General :: How To Use Find To Copy All Found Files To A New Name In Their Same Directories

Feb 23, 2010

I've got a simple command that does almost what I want.

The following will locate all files with a suffix of '_compressed.swf' and copy each into its same directory with a '.bak2' appended:

However, I need to replace '_compressed.swf' with '_content.swf' I'd like to use find, rather than recursive flag on cp for consistency.

In: /content/somefile_compressed.swf
Out: /content/somefile_content.swf

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General :: Script To Find New Files And Copy Them Into Different Directories?

Oct 29, 2010

I have a question which has been in part answered many times but nothing I found relateds completely to my situation. I am sure there will be people who will say RTFM but believe me I did, and searched as well but to no avail. I have a situation where I want to copy files created withing last hour in one directory into another one. The problem is that that the directories are on different levels in the dir tree so the absolute path is different. But I want to keep the relative path the same.

I want to copy new files from /mnt/path_to_webdav/user to /home/user. so if there is new file /mnt/path_to_webdav/user/doc/xy.txt I want it to be copied to /home/user/doc/xy.txt. Also if there is a new dir, say /mnt/path_to_webdav/user/newdir I want a new dir to be created in /home/user/newdir with all the files in it, should there be any. I can do find with exec and copy all the files into one directory.This is not what I want though. How do I preserve the relative path and get the files copied into their corresponding directories?

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General :: Make All Files Non-executable Recursively Using Find Without Affecting Directories?

Sep 26, 2010

I need to strip the executable flag from all files within a certain directory and sub directories. Right now I'm doing it with a 2 step process

find /dir/ -type f -exec chmod ugo-x {} ;
find /dir/ -type d -exec chmod ugo+rx {} ;

Is it possible to modify the first line so that I can strip exec flag from all non-directory files? Since this needs to be done on a fairly regular basis across a lot of directories and files, I'd prefer not to use a bash script which would slow it down.

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General :: Find And Move Files Greater Than 15GB?

Jan 23, 2010

I have a Ubuntu NAS set up with two 1.5TB in a mirrored array. We recently needed more storage and will constantly be adding to this machine. We added 2 2TB drives in a striped array. What I'd like to do is find all directories totaling 10GB+ on the mirrored array and move them over to the striped array to increase storage on the mirrored array for smaller, more important data. I've tried:

find /mirror -maxdepth 1 -size 10G
find /mirror -size 10


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General :: Find Files With Specific Extension And Move To A Directory?

Apr 18, 2011

I need little help. I want to find all files with extension "*.tar" "*.gz" and "*.zip" and move all those files into "/opt/old" directory. I've tried this command:


find . -type f -name "*.tar" "*.gz" "*.zip" -print0 | xargs -0 -r mv /opt/test

It's not working, something wrong after "mv" i guess.

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General :: Find A Proper Command To Move A Certain Set Of Files According To Date/time Range?

Mar 18, 2009

I'm trying to find a proper command to move a certain set of files according to date/time range. I am thinking that the command should be something like:

ls -l | grep 'date/time range' | mv /folder

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Ubuntu :: Generate MD5SUM Of Entire Directory Including Sub-directories In Single File?

Apr 23, 2011

As I'm gonna transfer large amount of data folders from one hard drive to another, I wanna make sure that the transfer has not corrupted the data. how could I generate MD5SUMs of entire directory including sub directories, in a single file and later, how could I verify with the data I've just transferred.

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General :: Detect Duplicate Files Using Md5sum ?

Feb 21, 2011

What i am trying is to check the file duplication in a folder and remove a file if it is a duplicate of another file ie the contents are duplicate; but names may be same.

Basically i am using md5sum to calculate the md5sum values of each file and redirecting to a file. And i am thinking of comparing the md5sum values.But i am finding it hard to decide how to complete the code after redirecting the output of calculation of md5sum to a file.

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General :: Package Versioning And Difference Of MD5Sum On Files?

Jun 20, 2011

I noticed something a little odd I'm hoping someone can enlighten me on. I noticed in a couple of cases that a package has the proper version, but differs in two regards.

1. The package ends up with a .el4 on the end of the version for Red Hat 4.

2. The actual MD5Sum of the files the package provides differ.

An example below:


[root@RH4ES32-MCE bin]# for i in `rpm -ql GConf2`;do md5sum $i;done;
md5sum: /etc/gconf/2: Is a directory
9f90335546f7c57ae6fb552cc2b919c5 /etc/gconf/2/path
md5sum: /etc/gconf/gconf.xml.defaults: Is a directory


So my package changed slightly to now show .el4 versus just 2-2.8.1-1 I've indicated in the first output above that the first couple of lines differ. I stopped my comparison at that point as they truly are different.

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General :: Commands To Save Md5sum Of Files In A Folder Into A Text File?

Sep 14, 2010

I've found these commands in [URL]:


find -type f -print0 | sudo xargs -0 md5sum | grep -v isolinux/ | sudo tee md5sum.txt

But I don't understand these commands, even after reading their manuals.

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Ubuntu :: Nautilus Action To Find Files In Directories

Aug 27, 2010

When I am in Nautilus, I want to be able to select a directory, then right click (or some other action) to do a file find on that directory. The gnome-search-tool would be a good candidate for this, if it could be an action in Nautilus. I know I can do a file find through other means, but Nautilus seems to be where I am when I want to search directories.

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Ubuntu :: Find Files With Directories And Sort By Mod Time?

Dec 4, 2010

what i wanted to do was find all the files with a specific name from a tree, sort them by modification time and have their directory appended to them so that i knew where they were (because they all have the same name). i tried a whole bunch of different things and finally did this:

find . -type f -name world.sav -exec ls -l '{}' ; > ~/dfsaves.txt; gawk '{$1=""; $2=""; $3=""; $4=""; $5=""; print}' ~/dfsaves.txt | sort -n > ~/dfsavessorted.txt

this did the trick pretty well, but as you can see it is far from elegant and i think i'm doing some things wrong and kludgy

first thing i tried was "ls -lRt | grep world.sav" which worked except i couldnt distinguish the files because there were no directories. that took a lot of looking till i accepted i couldnt make ls print directories as well and append them to the files somehow that their relationship would be clear. i tried piping ls to find, doing it in reverse, passing them from grep etc. etc. until i read some more stuff online that got me using gawk and sort. the questions:

1. is there some other, more elegant and simple way to do this kind of detection and sorting?

2. is there any way to use a pipe after using exec? the semicolon seems to prevent this entirely, forcing me to use an intermediate file as above. i could just remove it later, but i'd prefer a straight piping.

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General :: How To Store Files / Directories In Different Different Directories?

Mar 23, 2011

I am writing a script, in that my requirement is, if all the fill types stored in one directory from that we need to separate different different directories based on the file types.

for example in a directory(anish). 5 different types files
1- directory
2- .txt files
2- .sh files

like that and my requirement is the (1- directory is moved to one new directory(dir) which we are given in the script)and (2 .txt files are moved to another new directory(test) which we are given in the script)and ( 2 .sh files are moved to another new directory(bash) which we are given in the scrip)finally the directory anish should be empty..using bash it is possible !!

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General :: SFTP Chroot - Unable Move Directories To Other Locations Of The System

Sep 26, 2010

I tried setting up sftp for my users. Each of my user have their home directory at "/var/www/public_html/$USER". When my users are using sftp, they can only see their own directories and unable to move to other locations of the system. I followed through the following tutorials: [URL]

The users are able to sftp into the system successfully. However, they are able to see the whole system. Somehow, it appears that the users are not jailed in their home directory although in the tutorial it states otherwise. The difference of my system against the tutorial is that I am using Dropbear for SSH server while it is using Openssh server. Although dropbear does not support sftp, I am able to login through sftp through the use of sftp-server. For the internal mechanics, I am not sure how though.

Assuming that when I tried to SFTP, the sftp-server is ran with the sshd_config, then everything should be working fine right? Do i need to run chroot command at all? The following is the procedure I used to attempt the objective:

1) Add a new user to the group: SFTPonly
2) Chown user:SFTPonly user/home/directory
2) Modify the sshd_config to what is reflected in the tutorial and other paths.

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General :: Find A File In Directories Without Using Find Command?

Aug 3, 2010

am new to linux and trying to find a file in sub directories using find command as:find .-name *.jpg -type fBut I am unable to get the result as find command is not permitted by the server administrator.Is there any way to find files without using find command.

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Ubuntu :: Find And Move Commands On Large Number Of Files ?

Feb 21, 2011

We recovered a large number of files from a HD I messed up. I am attempting to move large numbers of files of a type e.g. .txt .jpg , into a folder by type to more easily sort through them.

Here are the commands I have mainly been trying with various edits:



So far the most common complaint I have gotten "missing arguments to execdir".

This is on Ubuntu 10.04

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Debian Installation :: Can't Find Squeeze RC1 Md5sum

Jan 14, 2011

I must be having a "senior moment".I just downloaded 'debian-sq-di-rc1-i386-netinst.iso' but I can't for the life of me find a list of Debian md5sums.I know I've done it before but I'm stumped. Sorry to be a pain.

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Ubuntu Installation :: Find The Md5sum Checksum For 10.10?

Oct 15, 2010

Where can I find the md5sum checksum for Ubuntu 10.10? They seem to keep it hidden.

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Ubuntu :: Write A Bash Script Which Will Find Files Then Move Them To A Specific Directory?

Sep 1, 2011

I'm trying to write a bash script which will find files then move them to a specific directory.

So far I have:

#script to find and move files
find $src_dir -iname '*.avi' -type f -exec mv '{}' $des_dir_mov ';'

I'd like to have all the possible movie file types then the image file types checked in a loop.

Every time I try to include an array in this script it breaks

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Fedora :: Find The Sha1/md5sum Hashes For Fedora14?

Feb 23, 2011

where would i find the sha1/md5sum hashes for fedora14?

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General :: Excluding Directories With Find?

Jun 10, 2011

I am trying to exclude 2 directories with find and pass it into cpio. I have tried

find . -depth -path '.evolution' -prune -o -path '.gconf' -prune -o -print|cpio -aov > /media/caca/full$date


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General :: Recursively Cp All Directories, Files And Hidden Files?

May 17, 2010

Ubuntu 10.04

I want to copy all directories, files, and hidden files and hidden directories with one command. I want these items to replace any same items in the target directory.

I have tried several things, such as:

cp -r *
cp -aR *

but I only seem to get visible files and directories. Obviously, I am missing something. (A brain, probably....)

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Ubuntu :: Md5sum - Fast Way To Verify Huge Files

Oct 29, 2010

I'm looking for a fast way to verify a copy of a folder with 150Gigs of data, in 33 files. Some of the files are a few kb, while a few are 20-30Gigs. I've done a file count, which is quick, but doesn't verify that all the files are intact. I tried running md5sum on them, which works, but will probably take as long as copying the files in the first place. Diff works too, but is slow too.

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Programming :: Compare Two Md5sum Outputs To See If The Files Match?

Nov 5, 2010

I would like to compare two md5sum outputs to see if the files match. in my script I have


MD5_ORIG=$(md5sum -b "$ORG_FILE")


How do I get just the MD5 hash and not the */.... stuff so I can compare them. i tried Code: JUST_HASH=${$MD5_ORIG:0:32} but All I get is line 79: ${$MD5_ORIG:0:32}: bad substitution

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