Debian Configuration :: Changing Fonts In GRUB2?

Aug 12, 2010

After removing a hard drive I (thought I)wasn't using, GRUB failed to load(turns out stage1 was on that drive) and it refused to install to a new drive(even after I kexec'd into the system - which was fun, considering the LiveCD used a different name for the hard drive). I finally threw in the towel and installed GRUB2, which worked after removing a second, incorrect root=. However, I can't find out how to switch the font from the fugly default to something that doesn't try to gauge my eyes out with a rusty spoon.

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Debian :: LXAppearance And Changing Fonts?

Mar 30, 2010

I can't change fonts with lxappearance, it's always stuck on Helvetica 8 after I close lxappearance. I can't change from gtkrc-2.0 or gtkrc.mine either, it won't use the new font.

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Debian Configuration :: How To Install Ttf Fonts In 8.0 With XFCE4

Jan 16, 2016

I have problem to install my fonts in my Debian. I used this guide but it not worked for me, i just could right click on the font and install it with font viewer.

Ubuntu Linux searches for fonts in specific locations as listed in the /etc/fonts/fonts.conf file.

A look at the contents of /etc/fonts/fonts.conf file indicates the following directories which are searched by Ubuntu Linux for fonts. They are :


So if you want to install new fonts in Ubuntu Linux or Debian for that matter, you can copy the fonts to any one of the 4 directories listed above.

The last directory ~/.fonts is a local hidden directory in every user’s Home folder. If you install the new fonts in this directory, the fonts will be available only for the person logged into that particular user account.

If you want your new fonts to be available system wide, to all users, then you should install them in any one of the first three directories listed above.

Once all your fonts are copied to the specific font directories, you have to make Ubuntu Linux aware of the new fonts so that it can make use of them. This is done by running the following command in the console :

$ sudo fc-cache -f -v


sepanta@dhcppc1:~$ sudo fc-cache -f -v

/usr/share/fonts: caching, new cache contents: 120 fonts, 6 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/X11: caching, new cache contents: 0 fonts, 6 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi: caching, new cache contents: 358 fonts, 0 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi: caching, new cache contents: 358 fonts, 0 dirs
/usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1: caching, new cache contents: 8 fonts, 0 dirs

[Code] ...

Red are my fonts in two different folder.

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Debian Configuration :: Fonts Are Present But Cannot Be Displayed

May 12, 2011

I originally installed Debian and configured it the way I want it without any problems. It was working perfectly and I was happy. I then tried openSuse. I did not like it and re-installed Debian five hours later. Now I have a strange problem. This is the third re-install. With the first two, after installing a few fonts the system says the fonts are present, but they cannot be displayed. I only get empty rectangles. The fonts are not available in office and there is no text at all on the internet. Only photographs and a few icons. This forum for example, only has lines separating the posts.

I do not know why there is a problem, because I am configuring the system the same as the first time; install scim and add a few fonts. The founts are not in packages, but I need them for some of the work I do in office. Since Debian uses this strange permissions system where the user is not considered the owner of his or her computer, I use gksu nautilus. I makes no difference if I leave the permissions of the fount folder as root or change it to me. I am completely at a loss. As I mentioned, I am doing the same thing I did the first time, so there should not be any problems.

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Debian Configuration :: 32 Bit Apps On Wine Cannot See System Fonts

Oct 23, 2015

I've just installed Debian 8.2 KDE 64bit, installed wine, and found that a 32-bit Windows program (Agent newsreader) could not see the linux system fonts. (This worked fine on Kubuntu 14.04)

Since this is the first time that I've installed Debian, I'm not sure if I'm missing something obvious or if this is an actual bug.

Steps to reproduce:
Fresh install of Debian 8.2 KDE 64bit.
apt-get install wine
wine wordpad # this is a small word-processor for wine that is supplied with wine
menu -> format -> font
all linux fonts are visible -- so far so good

Because I want to use a 32bit program, I now have to do this, I understand:
dpkg --add-architecture i386
apt-get update
apt-get install wine-bin:i386

But after that,if I run "wine wordpad" and look at the fonts, all the linux system fonts are gone. The only fonts visible are the nine that are built into wine (Courier, Fixedsys, Marlett etc..) So installing the i386 wine support seems to have broken something.

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Debian Configuration :: Xtide Tide Predictor Fonts?

Jul 14, 2010

I recently moved to the east coast, and thought to myself : "Self, you need a tool to get tide charts.Happily I found the Xtide app in the repo, seems to work great.However there is no menu bar with things like "preferences", and this app isn't following the rules I've set in System>>Preferences>>Appearance>>Fonts.There is a file /etc/xtide.conf which contains single line "/usr/share/xtide".Can I add something to this file to get fonts large enough for my old man eyes?I don't see any sort of .xtide file in /home , would I need to create something like that?Also the Xtide page mentions the Xtide control panel,but I don't see any way to access that in the open app window???

There is mention of the ~/.xtide.xml (control panel)Which I apparently get with the installation.Can I just create that file and copy the example on that page? Would I have to also add an entry somewhere else to point xtide to that file?I don't know anything about the "config.hh, in your X resources database" mentioned below in an excerpt from their page. XTide is customized by changing its settings. The most convenient way to do this is generally through the control panel that is documented in a previous section. However, you can also change these settings in config.hh, in your X resources database, or on the command line. The order of precedence, from least significant to most significant, is: 1. config.hh 2. Xdefaults (X resources) 3. ~/.xtide.xml (control panel) 4. command lineUpon reading the tide manpage, I see mention of setting evironment variables in the /etc/xtide.conf mentioned above, but I don't know how to construct these variables. The manpage mentions setting my prefered location with

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Debian Configuration :: Make Xterm To Use Trurtype Fonts?

Apr 4, 2011

How can I make xterm to use truetype fonts by default,out setting it every time i start it?

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Debian Configuration :: Why /etc/fonts/local.conf Doesn't Take Effect

Dec 21, 2010

I have used /etc/fonts/local.conf to control how the fonts looks like in my laptop, which runs a Gentoo. In particular, I don't want anti-aliasing. I copied the file to my Debian desktop, but it seems the file doesn't take effect, even after reboot. Do I need to do something else to make it take effect?

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Debian Configuration :: Use Grub2 To Boot Windows XP

Mar 28, 2010

how to use Grub2 to boot Windows XP and Linux.


there were no entries in the Grub 2 menu after booting. I don't really understand the numbering of hd0,0 to like sda, but I changed "root (hd1,0)" to "root (hd0,0)" if Windows is on hd0, but after rebooting, I still didn't see it. I read somewhere that Grub2 starts partitions at 1, but wasn't sure that was true because in menu.lst they start with 0 sometimes. know entry-level steps to solve this?

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Debian Configuration :: Grub2 Won't Boot Windows 7 ?

Oct 27, 2010

I upgraded a while back to Windows 7. I run two separate HDDs, with debian on sda and windows on sdb. Everything worked fine, up until i upgraded to windows 7. The installer forced me to unplug sda. After installing I repositioned the HDDs and was stuck with a "NTLDR is Missing" message. After removing the search -fs--uuid tag from grub.cfg, Windows 7 booted for a good 0.5 sec and then rebooted. All that flashed was the "Starting Windows" page. I see similar bugs reported in the launchpad, but nothing that directly parallels this.

Here's my windows entry in grub.cfg:

Changing ${root} to (hd1) makes no difference. Also, I've been using Windows 7 for moths now without a problem, it's only when I try and boot it form grub2 that I get a problem. Physically removing sda lets Windows 7 boot fine.

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Debian Configuration :: Squeeze: GPT Support In Grub2?

Feb 14, 2011

I have just upgraded from Lenny to Squeeze, and followed the D-I recommendation to upgrade to Grub2. However, the server will no longer boot - giving a 'missing operating system' error, so it's not getting very far in the boot loader process. I have read, in various location that Grub2 supports GPT, but my efforts to fix the situation have met with little success.

I have managed to boot the system using SuperGrub2 (recovery live cd) and can start up successfully from there. However, when I try to fix the grub installation using the Debian wiki recommendation, I'm met with:

<host>:/# grub-install /dev/sda
/usr/sbin/grub-setup: warn: This GPT partition label has no BIOS Boot Partition; embedding won't be possible!.


The attached disk is 4.5TB of RAID 5 disk behind an Adaptec 5405 if that's useful.

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Debian Configuration :: Grub2 Multi Boot With XP ?

Jun 29, 2011

I recently upgrade my grub to grub2 and had problem to boot debian. After trying to fix it myself, I played around with grub-image-ntldr, my debian now works ok, but I cant boot my XP anymore.

Now when I try to boot XP, I got "No grldr" message. If I copy my ntldr and rename it to grldr, my XP will boot ok. So it seems that when I try to boot XP it doesn't chainload ntldr anymore, it is looking for grldr.

I tried to change "chainload +1" to "chainload /ntldr", it complains about invalid signature. Does anyone knows why my grub now using grldr instead of ntldr?

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Debian Configuration :: Show Grub2 Menu Only Upon Request?

Mar 23, 2010

Daily updated Debian Testing Because Debian is the only operating system on this laptop and I keep at least two working kernels, I would like to hide Grub2's menu unless I press a key (like one could do with Grub). I can hide the menu if the line GRUB_TIMEOUT=0 is in /etc/default/grub but it doesn't appear after pressing SHIFT, which is a threat if the system cannot boot the selected kernel. Right now, the timeout is set to one second. I've read Grub2's documentation and [URL] and tried various combinations, but I haven't been able to make this work.

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Debian Configuration :: After Upgrading To 2.6.26-2-i686 GRUB2 Cannot Boot

May 26, 2010

I Upgraded the system to 2.6.26-2-i686 doesn't boot:

error message on Grub is:

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Debian Configuration :: Grub2 And Copying Old Lenny Installation

Jul 21, 2010

I just got a new hard drive and figured I might as well do an installation of Squeeze (and was previously using Lenny). That went fine, and then I decided that I should copy over my old Lenny installation to the new disk -- mostly to have a working backup without bothering to do a new installation on a partition of the new drive. My partition scheme was a smaller /boot partition and then a much larger / partition with everything else standard (and a much larger /data partition rather than storing everything under /home). So I copied /boot over to a new partition on the new disk, and the same with /. That was done from the Squeeze installation, so the Lenny install wasn't active at the time. I modified all the appropriate entries in /etc/fstab to use UUIDs rather than partition numbers and ran an update-grub.

It detected everything on the old and new disks without a problem. When I went to try and boot up the transferred Lenny installation, it hung on trying to activate the root file system (I've forgotten the exact messaging). Not entirely unexpected, mind you. I went and took a look at the grub.cfg file. It does list that the transferred Lenny is on partition sda8 (correct), it has the correct uuid for the boot partition... but it seems to be setting the root incorrectly. Specifically, the root is still set for the old disk (though in its new position of hd1 instead of hd0), and the "linux" line sets a root for the old device. Or more specifically, this is the menu entry I get, with a few // comments.

menuentry "Debian GNU/Linux, kernel 2.6.26-2-amd64 (on /dev/sda8)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd1,msdos2)' // <------ This position is the *current* location of my old Lenny disk/partition
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set [the correct /boot UUID]
linux /vmlinuz-2.6.26-2-amd64 root=/dev/sda5 ro vga=795 // <----- that root=/dev/sda5 line is what it was on the old device.
initrd /initrd.img-2.6.26-2-amd64 }

The odd thing there is that it sets the root according to the *current* position of the old install disk (maybe some trickery with detecting the correct UUID before setting the root), but the "linux" line refers to the *old* partition. The two lines will never match up no matter what. Now if I edit grub.cfg manually, I can make it boot (and run) normally, as I've verified. For example, I made a couple manual changes to do this:

menuentry "Debian GNU/Linux, kernel 2.6.26-2-amd64 (on /dev/sda8)" {
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos3)' // <----------- First hard drive, partition sda3 is where I put /boot
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set [the correct /boot UUID]
linux /vmlinuz-2.6.26-2-amd64 root=UUID=[the correct / UUID] ro vga=795 // <--- Changed it to the UUID here; could be /dev/sda8 instead
initrd /initrd.img-2.6.26-2-amd64 }

And that works perfectly, the installation works just fine. Of course, the problem is that those changes will/would be lost every time I run an update-grub. So my question, in a nutshell, is how can I configure things so that update-grub sets things properly to the new devices? Or in other words, where in the copied installation are the variables I need to change? I did note one thing odd -- the existence of a vga=795 line. For the new Squeeze installation, I'm using gfxpayload and there's no vga=anything line anywhere. My old installation, of course, had its own grub installation where I did use vga=795 to set the console resolution properly.

So my first guess was that update-grub (for Grub2) was pulling config information out of the Lenny /boot/grub folder (grub legacy). Unfortunately I tried several changes there and it made no difference. Then I deleted the entire /boot/grub folder entirely from the copied Lenny installation and ran update-grub again (the Squeeze grub version). It changed absolutely nothing. That's very confusing for me, since I have no clue where it could be getting vga=795 from, *except* the now-deleted Lenny /boot/grub folder. Where in the copied Lenny installation, I can change something to make it so that update-grub picks up the correct information?

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Debian Configuration :: (GRUB2) Grub_env_find Not Found - Boot Fails

Mar 26, 2010

My evil nemesis Grub2 has decided to make a move on me again! So I rebooted a few minutes ago and got this:

Welcome to Grub
error the symbol 'grub_env_find' not found
Entering rescue mode

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Debian Configuration :: Changing The Domain Name Of A Server?

Oct 13, 2010

I'm having problems when trying to view my web site from inside my firewall and router. The web server works fine and will resolve from IP address on the local network and port forwarding works for external connections. The problem stems from when I orignally setup the server; I left the domain name field blank when going through the installation process.

I've had a look at the man pages and had a search on Google but cannot find an answer that works. I've changed a few things in '/etc/hosts' and '/etc/networks' but when I make changes they have no effect on the problem. My web site is on a no-ip domain which is [URL]..

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Debian Configuration :: Squeeze Grub2 Made Console Font Green

Apr 1, 2010

After an update on squeeze about a week or two ago, my console font turned green. I'm not exactly sure of the timing, because I switch between lenny and squeeze, and some time passed between the update and the reboot in squeeze.

During the update, I was asked if I wanted to keep my altered /etc/grub.d/00_header or take the package maintainer's version. I took the PM's version, knowing I'd lose my edit (set gfxpayload=1024x768x16). When I add that line to the new 00_header, run update-grub and reboot, the console font is the size I want, but it's a dull green. Reminds me of my first computer. How do I get it back to white and keep the 1024x768 resolution?

Currently booting with grub-legacy and chainloading grub2. If I boot entirely with grub-legacy, and pass vga=791, the console font will be white. It doesn't matter which kernel I use. Currently, I'm running 2.6.32-3-686. Same behavior exists if I use 2.6.30-2-686. If I use 1024x768x8 I get a dull gray instead of dull green.

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Debian Configuration :: Changing Keyboard Layout On Console?

Apr 9, 2010

I know there are many threads regarding this topic.I probably read most of them. At installation time I told Debian to use German keyboard layout (since I am from Germany). Now I want to switch it to American keyboard layout. In X this was no problem. But in the tty consoles I cant get it changed. It does not matter to me if it is system wide or user wide because I am the only user. (system wide would be a little bit more preferrable because it would affect the super user too, I think).I tried dpkg-reconfigure console-data
and selecting my desired layout. This changes the Layout to American until reboot

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Debian Configuration :: Changing Grub Splash Image?

Nov 27, 2010

I decided to finally change the grub 1.98 splash image today and found a few tutorials on how to do so. They all pretty much said the same thing. Resize an image to 640 x 480, save it as a .tga, stick it in /boot/grub/images/desktop-base. I did so and opened /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme and changed WALLPAPER="/usr/share/images/desktop-base/moreblue-orbit-grub.{png,tga}" to WALLPAPER="/usr/share/images/desktop-base/56871.{png,tga}". After that I ran update-grub. When it told me the image it found, it said it found desktop-grub. I don't know what I did wrong but it's not finding my image. Like an idiot I forgot to back up the original file but the only thing I changed was that WALLPAPER line, like I said. I had copied that version of the file and pasted it in another document before messing around with different parts of the file to see if I could get it to work. Everything ended in failure so I copied the back up in the other document and simply pasted it over the one I had been tinkering with. However, when I try to update grub I get a syntax error which I didn't before with the exact file I have now. The error reads:

/etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme: 65: Syntax error: end of file unexpected (expecting "}")

Here's my grub file.

#!/bin/sh -e
. /usr/lib/grub/grub-mkconfig_lib
# this allows desktop-base to override our settings


I'm completely lost at this point, both on how to actually change the splash image and why I'm getting a syntax error.

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Debian Configuration :: No Net After Changing DHCP Server Other OS Works?

Dec 15, 2010

I just put a pfSense firewall inbetween my ADSL router and my LAN. It's configured to have a cachng DNS server and a DHCP server. Among other things. For reasons beyond this post the address range served by DHCP changed from 10.0.0.x to 192.168.1.x. The new DHCP server gives as gateway and DNS server name and not the public IP addresses of our internet provider.

After reconnecting our client machines everything worked just fine on the win-xp boxes, but the Debian Squeeze servers and Ubuntu 10.4 clients all started to get network timeouts. If I ping public websites it works but browsing to the same servers fails. Other services like POP3 and IMAP also fails. All machines use WiFi to connect and the access point is the same as before.

What could it be that make the debian boxes fail? My laptop runs squeeze too and also fails. But when connecting to various other access points at hotels and such I do not get this problem.

Another weird thing is that the debian server running virtualbox cannot do things online but the virtual windows boxes running on this machine can. Weird! Where should I start looking? How is networking/dhcp clients on Debian different from Windows XP?

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Debian Configuration :: Changing Console Keyboard Layout?

Sep 8, 2011

I just installed Debian 6 and need to change the console keyboard layout (I am not running any sort of gui).I installed 'console-data' and ran:# dpkg-reconfigure console-dataThis assigns my Apple keyboard keys perfectly but it won't survive a reboot, which is really important for entering passwords

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Debian Configuration :: Changing Linux I / O Scheduler For VMware Guest

Mar 22, 2016

Following VMware recommendations on how to change linux I/O scheduler for guests, I'm trying to do it on my VM machine running Debian Wheezy. At the moment I'm running kernel backports:

Code: Select all$ uname -a
Linux brutus2 3.16.0-0.bpo.4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt20-1+deb8u3~bpo70+1 (2016-01-19) x86_64 GNU/Linux

The default I/O scheduler at the moment for device /dev/sda is CFQ, and I can change it on the fly to NOOP:

Code: Select all$ cat /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler
noop deadline [cfq]
$ echo noop > /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler
$ cat /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler
[noop] deadline cfq


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OpenSUSE :: Changing The Settings In The Fonts Menu?

Mar 15, 2011

Not sure if the font by Default in opensuse 11.4 is intended to look "thin" but I want to make it look "standard" I tried setting changing the settings in the fonts menu but its not what I was searching for. How do I make the system font more "round and smooth". If anyone has tried the distro Ubuntu or Fedora, the font is more "plain."

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Slackware :: Changing KDE Fonts Without The KDE Control Center?

Nov 16, 2009

when running XFCE, changing the font in qtconfig fails to change fonts in KDE apps such as ktorrent and koffice. This is rather annoying because default KDE fonts are excessively large and blurry on my monitor. Is there any way to force KDE apps to obey qtconfig settings?

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Debian Configuration :: Unable To Connect To Channels 12 And 13 Even After Changing WiFi Regional Settings

Sep 18, 2015

I have a Dell 1505E with Debian 3.16.7 which is unable to connect to channels 12 and 13 even after changing wifi regional settings to different countries (using iw reg set).12 and 13 are legal to use in the UK. What should I do?

Code: Select allsudo lspci | grep -i wireless
02:00.0 Network controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM4313 802.11bgn Wireless Network Adapter (rev 01)
Code: Select alllspci -vv -s 02:00.0
02:00.0 Network controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM4313 802.11bgn Wireless Network Adapter (rev 01)
   Subsystem: AzureWave Device 2047

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Ubuntu :: Messed Up Colors And Fonts After Changing Monitor Preferences?

Jan 25, 2011

I have this weird problem; When I change the monitor preferences in the 'System > Preferences > Monitors' dialog, the colors and fonts of much of the text on the screen get messed up. The issue is best seen in the attached figure. All applications seems to run as normal, and there is no other trouble than the visual.

It happens in the moment i hit apply. It happens every single time. The desired changes is applied as they should. To turn my PC back to normal I have to restart it, and then it will start again with the new settings without any problems at all.

The problem occurred for the first time yesterday. I think it may have to do with some updates (advised updates through Update Manager) I have done lately (I tend to mindlessly install most updates). Other than that I have no idea what is causing the problem.

Have anybody experienced a similar problem? Does anybody have a clue of what is causing it, and what I can do to solve the problem? PS: I am running Ubuntu 10.10 32bit on a 5 year old Dell Inspiron 630m.

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Ubuntu :: Settings Of Mint 7 Terminal, Changing Colors, Fonts?

Aug 14, 2010

I was playing around with the settings of my Mint 7 terminal, changing colors, fonts etc.After closing, I tried to open it again by clicking on the icon and it shutsdown as soon as it opens. I can't do anything since the preferences require me to have my terminal open in the first place.

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Ubuntu :: Changing The Grub2 Menu Name?

Aug 17, 2010

Can i change the "gnu grub version 1.98-1ubuntu5" shown at the top of the bootloader to something else?

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Ubuntu :: Changing Grub2 To Not Show Memtest

Jan 9, 2010

according to this [URL] I issue this command sudo chmod -x 20_memtest86+ when I do that I get this error chmod: cannot access `20_memtest86+': No such file or directory I know it is something simple but, I don't get it.

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