OpenSUSE Install :: Set The System To Keep Multiple Kernels ?
Oct 27, 2010
I can't find the place to set the system to keep multiple kernels. For the first time in a long time, updates are giving me grief. I've kept the last working nvidia driver in case I need it.
Now I would like to keep one old kernel when I update to the new one. I had a lab rat that never got rid of old kernels and that was too much. It is possible to keep the last working kernel when you update, isn't it?
After I upgraded Jaunty to Karmic, I found that my grub menu has two pairs of OS options and that the kernel is slightly different between the two. The highest numbered kernel seems to be a working OS release but the next choice in the list does not work correctly - its mouse pointer is invisible!I originally had installed Intrepid in a partition and I used it for a while. Then I decided to upgrade to Jaunty so I put that release in a different partition. I had major troubles getting the system going after the upgrade but I eventually succeeded.Later, I decided to try out Karmic so I created a Live CD of it and tested that. It seemed to be good so I decided to do a standard upgrade. At this point I still had the original Intrepid version on disk in its own partition. The release notes suggested that a network upgrade was the preferred way to upgrade to Karmic so I did that, even though I had the CD. The process seemed to complete OK. I was getting some X windows complaints and X was running in low graphics mode so I uninstalled and reinstalled the fglrx driver; X was happy afterwards. That seemed to be the only significant problem with the upgrade.I noticed that my grub menu now had three fairly new selection pairs, as well as the memtest and the original Intrepid software. I had gained two pairs during the Karmic upgrade. I could not tell which was which by the kernel numbers. I decided that three sets were inappropriate and I decided to remove one set. I was hoping to remove whichever set was superfluous or unnecessary. I picked the oldest of the three (i.e., the one with the smallest kernel number) and used Synaptic to abolish it.
Now, I had two pairs left. The topmost pair is a working Karmic version which I am using right now. The other pair seems to be a broken version of Karmic. By that, I mean that it starts up exactly the same as the working version but when it gets to the login screen then there is no cursor! Actually, the cursor is there but it is invisible. I found that I could run the cursor all the way to the top right corner, click the left mouse button, and get the shutdown/restart/etc. menu. The keyboard's arrow keys could then be used to select a menu item and the mouse button would activate it. But all the while, the cursor was invisible! Of course, this makes the system useless.So, I think that I need to use Synaptic to remove the malfunctioning pair. Questions: why did the upgrade give me two kernels? Would it be safe to remove the earlier one?What I would really like is to have both Karmic and Jaunty available from the grub menu. I am afraid that I will have to do a new install in a different partition to get Jaunty back onto the system, and then will have to repeat all of the customizing and software installations that I have applied during the last year or so. Does anyone know of a shortcut around that?
Installation used default options. Discovered that my "standard" Desktop kernel isn't likely PAE enabled... Have had various FF windows open for a long time even with no network connection which resulted in memory leaks (understandable). Eventually the machine slowed to a crawl with numerous FF processes running (each about 8% of CPU) and 4GB memory map (4GB physical RAM) exhausted but surprisingly the 2GB swap was totally untouched. Searching the Forums there are numerous anecdotal opinions that PAE should be or was enabled automatically at least for Desktop kernels. Viewing the OpenSuSE repository, there are kernel-pae packages for this kernel version which aren't installed.
So before I start installing packages willy-nilly, is there an authoritative published source that documents what is is in an OpenSuSE kernel package, and what combination of packages plus if necessary additional manual configurations to achieve desired goals? BTW - I'm somewhat surprised that today PAE is not automatically included in today's kernels considering how cheap hardware is... I don't know if PAE typically should be a noticeable performance hit on low resource machines(like netbooks) and would be necessary for anything configured with more than 4GB total (physical plus swap) memory.
Is there a description of the features and differences between the Desktop and Default kernels? Did "Desktop" arrive with 11.2 and 2.6.31? I did not notice it at first. I loaded 11.2 on a desktop machine and both default and desktop kernels were loaded to system, with Desktop set as default in grub. I have been working thru several "strange" behaviors ever since loading 11.2. At the top of my list has been the ability to shutdown the system from remote logins. I normally connect to the system via a Xwindows package (Xmanager). X works fine and I could shutdown via the GUI (Application Launcher - Leave-Shutdown).
When connected via a remote ssh link, either from a windows machine or a different linux machine, attempts to shutdown (shutdown -H now) send the expected messages, close the remote connections but leave the system still powered on but in a no-remote-connectivity state. When I upgraded to KDE 4.3.4 following the Forum Repository guidelines, I could no longer shutdown via the GUI. In searching about, I found that the Desktop kernel was running. Changed grub, rebooted under default, shutdown under GUI works again. So, for starters, I am trying to decide which kernel environment (default or desktop) should be my target for continuing to work thru issues.
Are there any official, almost-official or maybe even reasonably stable kernel repositories with new kernels for opensuse 11.2? I recently changed my laptop for a new one which has some issues, which then again are solved in 2.6.33 (and even in 2.6.32 with some tweaking). I would by any means try to avoid kernel recompilation.
I recently installed ubuntu 9.10 and a day later updated with all the suggested security and recommended updates. Now I notice that in my Grub there are two different kernel versions listed. Are they both necessary? Can I / should I get rid of the older one, and if so, how?
I ask because after all these updates I notice my computer runs much slower, so I don't want it overloaded with unnecessary software.
I am using the latest Nvidia driver from their website on Ubuntu 9.10. I use 2 kernels, the standard kernel for everyday use and the realtime -rt kernel for my music work. On my desktop i have standard ubuntu and ubuntu studio installed but on my laptop its annoying having to have an external hard drive plugged in when i want to record so i just switch between kernels on a standard install. The problem is i have to reinstall the nvidia driver every time i switch between them or if the kernels get updated (which i don't mind so much). Is there any way i can install the driver so that it configures x.conf to work with both kernels without having to reinstall each time?
After I messed up badly with my netbook I have to reinstalll the OS, it is a government property netbook that came up with Edubuntu 7.04 insalled on it. I shouldn't mess with the filesystem but I did and now I have to install Edubuntu from the beginning, but I must be sure that everything will just like I have done no change, so I am afraid that I can make some mistakes at this pointThe first thing that I want to know is: Why there are multiple kernels listed at the GRUB (v 1.5)...this is the full list:
I'm running Fedora 12 - Linux 126.96.36.199 with a boot partion on /dev/sdb3 of a hard disk.
I downloaded a vanilla kernel version 188.8.131.52 and have built it and run it successfully. I built this kernel to play with building device drivers.
My grub configuration uses the same root filesystem for my fedora installation as my vanilla 184.108.40.206 kernel; both use the LVM root filesystem. (/dev/sd4 /dev/sdb5 /dev/sdb6)
When I'm running fedora 12 (220.127.116.11) I can see the files in /boot which contains my kernel, system-map, initramfs, grub directory, etc. I also see my vanilla kernel 18.104.22.168 and it's associated support files (map, initramfs, etc.)
My question is when I boot into my vanilla 22.214.171.124 kernel and I look in /boot, I only see my vanilla kernel and it's associated support files. No grub, no fedora kernel. If I do a df -a, I see that /dev/sdb3 is not mounted like it is when I'm running my fedora kernel. I'm confused as to what is going on here. Can anyone shed some light on this?
Take Red Hat Enterprise Linux for example, it has U1 to U5 editions, and each edition supported several kernels, like U5 supported 2.6.18-194.el5PAE, 2.6.18-194.el5xen and 2.6.18-194.el5.
How can I know all the kernels supported by each edition of various Linux distribution? Like all the kernels supported by Red Hat Enterprise Linux U3 or Debian 5.0, or SUSE 11. Is there any websites providing such information or I have to log in their official site to look for? And how can I be kept posted with such information?
Is it possible to install multiple system languages on ubuntu, hopefully 10.10, since I'll be upgrading pretty soon? I'm a native spanish speaker, so I currently use my system in spanish, but when I see the option at log in to change the language, I'm wondering if that will change the system language as well. Menus, man pages if they exist, etc? I'd like to be able to install numerous languages and switch between them, either at log in or actually from within my system. How's Arabic and Italian support as well, does anyone know?
I have 11.1 on a computer. I updated it yesterday. Now K3B, VLC, and XDVDShrink are all broken. Possibly other programs broken as well. VLC refuses to uninstall via Yast. These are high-priority programs for this computer. Multiple people use this computer for multimedia and there is not much to entertain ourselves with in our very cold climate. In other words, it is mandatory that K3B, VLC and XDVDShrink return to operational status.
Should I just upgrade to 11.3, try to fix the broken 11.1? I prefer using KDE3, not KDE4, but I can sacrifice.
I have a folder that contain about 2,5gb of debs ranging from vlc, gstreamer, jokosher and audacity etcthose programs I backed up with dpkg repack, now I want to restore them but sudo -i .deb breaks my systemI wonder if there is a to install them and skipping those which dependenciws are not met
I am unable to Install Fedora10 in my system as one of the multiple operating systems and it gets hanged after probing for Hardware devices and so ...I get fedora trademark sought of symbol and even after waiting any amount of time it doesnt go further..neither the keyboard works nor the mouse pointer moves... I am stuck at this screen shown in the installation screenshot...I get this screen however I dont get the options back or next or its that I am unable to see this options on the screen at all and mouse gets hanged and even keyboard doesnt work...
Initially after booting with the media it doesnt even prompt me to press any key to boot from CD or Dvd or I get any screen to select the option for the mode of installation like text based installation or graphical installation..it hardly shows me this screen for even a fraction of second as well...
It takes me to the screen
1) Install or upgrade fedora 2) rescue existing installation... 3) 4) Memory test
when I click on install fedora I am taken to the fedora splash screen and nothing goes ahead... I tried in rescue mode as well... In rescue mode it asks me for language selection...keyboard layout... later it doesnt go ahead as well... I have checked the installation media and it confirmed that the installation media is good... I use Redhat 4.1 version and It works fine except for the message drivers/usb/hid.c core message received at :75 while trying to restart shutdown or access a virtual console... Along with Redhat and while trying to install fedora I have windows server 2008,Windows vista on that harddisk...
My problem is that I need to move a moderately complex system from an old system to a new system. The old system is a core 2 duo running on an asus p5k-se (p35 chipset) M/B, Nvidia 8500 gt, 3 x sata II hard disks, 1 x sata dvd, 1 x ide hd, 4GB ram. It runs opensuse 11.1 kde 4 as a desktop system + samba server, apache server, database server + other non-opensuse software. In addition some of the opensuse software is not the default 11.1 versions as later versions were required. The nvidia driver is from the nvidia repo. There are several file systems, some under LVM.
The new system will be a core5 760, asus p7p55d-e M/b (p55 chipset), nvidia 240, 3 x sata II HD, 1 x sata dvd, 4GB ram and possibly 1 x ide HD. This M/B also includes USB 3 & sata III. I have no USB 3 devices but this may eventually change. I have no plans for sata III and believe that it may be better to attach any sata III SSD to the sata II bus.
What I would like to do is to move the hard disks from old system to the new system. What I would like to know is, if the system is left at 11.1, is the system likely to work with the new hardware. If the answer is no, if the system was upgraded to 11.3, would the transfer of the hard disks then work? In order to upgrade from 11.1 to 11.3 using the DVD i believe I should get rid of all non-default repos. I assume that I should also get rid of anything that was installed from them, e.g. the nvidia driver and any software versions installed manually outside RPM. Also is there any default 11.1 software that should be removed either before or after the upgrade to 11.3
I have two different laptops that I would like to make bootable flash drive installs for, but would then like to have at least /home on a common removable storage (either a big flash drive or USB or ethernet hard drive) to share between the two laptops (I'll only be using one laptop as a Linux box at a time). One laptop (Dell Latitude D410) is only 32 bit capable (Pentium M - I think there's a 64 bit Core 2 CPU available for the socket 479, but I don't know if the BIOS / mobo will support it). If I'm going back and forth between 32 and 64 bits, can I share /home? What else can I share - /usr or anything else?
I tried to update one of my home machines with a fresh install. This is far from new to me so I did not expect any problem. But I was proven wrong. First: did install the system as usual. First anomaly: system blocked during the install process but did restart it flawlessly one I tried to eject the DVD from the player. It needed actually that intervention to retake working. It then went to install and froze during the first system start. I rebooted with failsafe settings, it then correctly configured. I reached a beautiful desktop. I performed the updates from the update repository and I joined the nvidia proprietary driver repository (which updated to the G02 driver).
I then rebooted the machine and now I am in trouble. In normal mode the system (dual boot Opensuse, XP) does not boot at all and freezes immediately after hitting enter as before. In safe mode it goes further but does not reach X anymore. It blocks with the following line statement: "system console stolen at line 266". I then tried "startx". But the system goes into a scrolling loop that does not allow me to read the output. how to get at least the error message of the loop? I read some line passing by that the system might have an X11 authorization problem.
Athlon Phenom X4 905e Nividea G7600 graphic card Former system installed and running flawlessly: 11.1
I am trying to install some patches and drivers needed for a wifi card, but im getting an error that says: "build your kernel with CONFIG_LIBIPW=m." How can I recompile the kernel to add that? And can I do it without having to download a new kernel package? (i mean recompiling the existing kernels)
I'm wondering what the stable kernel is for opensuse 11.4 kde because I ran an update and I'm at 2.6.37~ and I remember Ubuntu is at 126.96.36.199~ ; is the 188.8.131.52 kernel considered unstable is that why opensuse is not using it yet? I just started using opensuse KDE and I haven't used other distros/linux so thats why I'm asking.
Since I installed Dropbox every time I insert a usb device nautilus opens a bunch of identical windows. I think my records i 12 so far. All with the error DBus error org.gtk.Private.RemoteVolumeMonitor.Failed: An operation is already pending I cannot eject the device via dolphin or erase anything via dolphin.
I am having a problem with some users who get locked out after more than 3 failed attempts at login. This is exactly what I want to see - they will eventually remember those stronger passwords (maybe?) - but how do I re-enable their access? I haven't tried this on a live box but I can easily recreate the situation via vnc to the server in question and I assume the result would be the same. I like the policy that leads to this but I do need to let them back in - eventually. Where is the blacklist kept and how do I edit/reset it?
Code: #Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: none# title Ubuntu 10.04 booting via symlinks kernel (hd0,6)/vmlinuz root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-ST9500325AS_6VE3ZHX6-part7 ro quiet splash initrd (hd0,6)/initrd.img for Ubuntu for some time. Can this symlinks-booting technique (with the appropriate partition numbers/names) be used for LinuxMint and/or Fedora ?
Currently, I have one PC with Ubuntu's GRUB2 managing multiple distros (openSUSE 11.3 and 11.4, Ubuntu, Linux Mint and Fedora) with Windows 7. I would like to replace it with the openSUSE GRUB, and the Ubuntu, LinuxMint and Fedora are rarely used.
Couple weeks ago my automatic update did not finished properly. It crashed (I'm not sure about the reason). Since then, I'm not able to see installed new kernels in my computers. I can see them in Synaptic package manager as installed but I do not see them when I reboot. I would like to see them and try them.
I'm new to openSUSE, this is the first time i try to install openSUSE version 11.4. on my IBM Thinkpad T43 (on which SUSE Linux version 8.0 has been running before without problems). I have downloaded the ISO images and successfully burned the ISO images on a blank DVD. Having placed my openSUSE DVD in the drive and rebooted my laptop I can see the boot screen.
I then select installation with arrow up/down and press enter. Choosing language and keyboard layout works fine, as well as accepting the license agreement. However, when it comes to 'System Probing' the installation stops at 'Search for system files'. The cursor shows a little turning disk but the rest of the screen is blocked.
I use release 11.2 and this one works very well. I try new release 11.3 and my system crash when I wont to start system on runlevel 5. There is Sempron 2 GHz CPU and nvidia fx550 graphics card. Keyboard PS2 does not responds but mouse on USB work well. When I start "safe" boot option system work well. What I can to do ? What I must change