Ubuntu :: How To Spin Down Sata Hard Drives

Aug 13, 2011

(Ubuntu 10.10) I went to System->Preferences->Power Management and checked spin down hard disks whet possible. I have two internal sata hard drives. One is for the OS and the other is for media. Neither Hard disk is being spun down. Is there something else I need to do?

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Ubuntu :: Spin Down Idle SATA Drives?

Dec 30, 2010

I realize this has been asked many times before, but I'm fairly certain I've read through the majority of those threads and haven't found a working solution yet. I recently built up a Ubuntu Server 10.10 x64 box for backups, serving up files, and development activities. The server is running SATA drives in AHCI mode. Because this is a file server I have quite a few hard drives installed, which are currently a mix of WD 1TB Black and Green drives. I'm attempting to get my non-boot/data only drives to spin down after 10 minutes. I've tried the following:

1. Edit hdparm.conf with the following, replacing 'b' with the identifier for each disk:

Code:

/dev/sdb {
spindown_time = 120
}

This fails, and based on my research I'm pretty sure udev isn't properly running the hdparm configuration anyway.

2. I've also tried manually setting the spin down time with hdparm as follows (via command line and through rc.local):

Code:

hdparm -q -S 120 /dev/sdb

Which states that it successfully set the spin down timer to 10 minutes, but this also fails as the drive never spins down.

3. Finally, I just forced it to spin down immediately with:

Code:

hdparm -y /dev/sdb

This worked! Unfortunately, that approach isn't terribly useful. The drive stayed spun down for 20 minutes (thus far), so I haven't bothered to run iostat, etc to try and figure out if something is keeping the drives active. I don't believe there is because one of my drives isn't even mounted currently and it also won't spin down automatically.

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Hardware :: How To Spin Down External (USB/Firewire) Hard Drives On Idle?

Oct 19, 2007

Most external hard drives will respond to an sdparm command to stop the drive. However, it's inconvenient to run the command(s) manually every time, especially if the drives are used off-hours by cron jobs. I created the attached script, idleDrive, which will let you spin down external drives automatically after they go idle. To use the script, add a cron job (usually on root) to run idleDrive, and specify the drive to be idled by either label, vendor or UUID. For example, to spin down a drive with the label "Videos" after five minutes of idle, you would add the cron job (assuming idleDrive is in /usr/local/bin/).

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Jul 21, 2010

I have two drives one is a 500 gig SATA drive running Vista SP 2 now the other Maxtor 160 Gig drive is empty. I would like to install Ubuntu on that drive. Now I just though of installing from the setup however would this screw up my Vista partition ?

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Ubuntu :: 640GB Sata Hard Drives - Put Into A Raid 5 Configuration?

Jan 7, 2011

I have three 640GB sata hard drives that I would like to put into a raid 5 configuration. I would like to opt for a software raid 5 so its hardware independent. I was trying to follow these instructions, but they seem a bit dated.

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General :: 3TB SATA Hard Drives Will Work Into An Old System

May 14, 2011

I have a 3 year old PC with 4 internal SATA ports. My old SATA hard drives, all smaller than 2TB, work fine. If I buy a 3TB SATA hard drive, will it work in Linux? Will Linux with GRUB be able boot from such a hard drive without a BIOS upgrade? With a BIOS upgrade? It's fine for me to upgrade my Linux to the newest kernel.

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Hardware :: Slackware Install DVD/LiveCDs Can't See SATA Hard Drives

Apr 18, 2008

[EDIT]The more I search on this problem, the more lost I am. Does anyone here know (or think they do) whether this is an issue of kernel support, needing a module, needing a driver, or what? Whatever it is, I am still stuck with the issue of having a stock Slackware 12 install DVD with kernel 2.6.21. Though I can set my BIOS for Slack to detect the SATA hard disk, I still get an error during the setup at the point when I actually attempt install (see details below). If I should just use a different kernel available on the DVD, please let me know, because there is no option to list them all (it only gives a couple examples).

Will I be relegated to a network install? I'm trying to figure out what I should install before I even go that route. (That's assuming the install DVD will recognize my on-board Gigabit Ethernet, which Windows did not.) Again, if there is some way I can download some driver and/or module to my laptop, then copy the ISO off my current DVD and somehow combine the whole thing to get a new, special DVD for my desktop, what is it? Details on my problem below. Sorry so long. I'm off to school in a few minutes (will have to do my homework in class). I have a Slackware 12 DVD (iso) with the 2.6.21 kernel and some LiveCDs with, I'm guessing, 2.4.x (Knoppix, another Knoppix put out with an O'Reilly "Knoppix Hacks" book, etc.), plus a Sabayon LiveCD (based off Gentoo).

I am trying to install Slackware 12 on a brand-new computer I built. This is my hardware:

Motherboard: Gigabyte MA74GM-S2H with AM2/AM2+ socket, RTL on-board audio, ATI on-board video, 1 IDE interface, 6 SATA ports, RAID controller
CPU: AMD Athlon 64 X2 5200+ 2.7 GHz dual-core

[code]....

All drives are correctly configured for master/slave and show up correctly in the BIOS. I installed one drive, wrote down the identifying number from the BIOS, then installed the other one, so I know which was which (they are similar models of similar capacities, so the numbers were very similar). Slackware would not detect my SATA drives until I changed "OnChip SATA Type" to "AHCI" and "OnChip SATA Port 4/5 Type" to "As SATA Type". I am not using RAID. (The defaults are "Native IDE" (and "IDE" unchangeable).) Then Slackware correctly detected each drive and its size and I was able to partition both drives with fdisk.

However, while Slackware 12 setup detected my partitions correctly, as soon as I started the actual install, it said it couldn't read off the source disk, and that the files may be corrupt! But I know they are fine. I have installed several times on many computers with them (this laptop I am on included), and I actually have a 2nd DVD also...both get the source file error! I would think that Slackware was getting the SATA and IDE confused, except that it so obviously can read off the DVD when it is booting! So I tried using the WindowsXP CD (I have to install Windows for school, and also for now to access my compressed backups which I haven't seen for months). Maybe Slack will be less confused if it can see a partition and some OSs (long shot, but worth a try). Windows, however, does not recognize the SATA drive unless the settings for the SATA are at their defaults (Native IDE and IDE).

Without a bootable CD or DVD inserted, the AHCI/RAID controller seems to load before hardware detection is complete, or at least loads so fast that it interrupts the list of drives being output to the screen. To even enter BIOS setup I have to keep hitting "<del>" over and over so my keystroke gets detected at the right time, after the AHCI prints stuff to the screen and before BIOS gives me error message...whereas I have more time when AHCI controller is not activated. So for Windows install, I changed them back. Windows recognized only the first 137GB of each drive (have to have SP1+ to see more, my CD is not). Created a 30GB partition, installed, patched, then was able to see the correct capacities and partitioned with windows (left the partitions for Linux unformatted).

Slack DVD still won't see the drives unless I change BIOS settings back again (AHCI and As SATA Type). OK. I look at the partitions in fdisk, which are correct, but get a warning that the partitions do not end on cylinders or something like that. Nevertheless, setup goes fine again until I actually start the install. So neither approach got me any further, but I don't want the partition/cylinder error, so I repeat the process, except I only use Windows to create the Windows partitions, and fdisk in Slackware to create the others. Of course I still get the source file error when I attempt to install Slackware.

As for bootable CDs, they have the same problems seeing hard drives as Slack. Both fdisk and cfdisk have this problem. I also have an MS-DOS (Win 98) floppy disk...DOS can see the disk and detects it as "large", of course. In fact, I was testing with DOS when I still had the original partitions created with Slack, and it had no problem seeing them all. That's not gonna help me install Slackware, though!

So, a couple of problems to sum up:Windows CD only boots if settings are "Native IDE" and "IDE".Slackware DVD only boots if settings are "AHCI" and "As SATA Type".The installed Windows OS only boots if settings are "Native IDE" and "IDE", or else I get an error.
When Slackware DVD is able to boot, the setup program says it can't read the source files during the install and that the media may be corrupt, even though both DVDs are known good and work everywhere else.

Now, I did a search and everyone suggested entirely different approaches, and it may have been kernel-revision- or hardware-dependent. I cannot copy "lspci" since I can't install Slack, and anyway, when I am able to get Slack to see the hard disk, it cannot copy the source files from the DVD for the install. I have kernel 2.6.21 and I think the kernel is up to 2.6.4 or 2.6.5 now. It looks like a new Slack is not yet released with this kernel.

I see a lot of questions and problems posted here, but no flurry of people saying, "I have the 2.6.5 kernel, no problems with SATA drives like earlier kernels!" I am wondering if I should build a new kernel? If so, how do I make an install DVD with old Slackware DVD and new kernel? (I would have to make a DVD on my laptop and then create the DVD to use on my desktop.) Or is there some module I need to install? Something else I need to do? Is the corrupted source file error during Slackware install a related issue? I can boot from it and perform other setup tasks up to that point, including series/package selection.

I don't want to enable RAID, just get my SATA drives working. [EDIT] I only have 1 network connection right now, because my router is downstairs (where the lights don't work right now) and I have Powerline Ethernet upstairs, so I can connect my laptop or the new system, but not both at the same time. If it will be necessary to have network support to fix any of this, however, I can dig out my old router and call the manufacturer to get them to do a factory reset and get rid of a forgotten password on it, and plug that into the Powerline Ethernet upstairs...then I can have my laptop and new desktop connected at the same time.

So if I need to do something like burn a couple CDs or put a different kernel on a CD, or get the kernel off the network, maybe that will work. A note of warning, though: I have Gigabit Ethernet directly on the motherboard, not an Ethernet card. Windows XP wouldn't see a local connection until I installed the drivers off a CD that came with the motherboard. I don't know if networking would even come into play here. But if I need to paste any output in this thread for any reason, I will. That's why I didn't post any lspci info here...if you still need it at all...again, it depends, do newer kernels resolve the SATA issue? (Newer than 2.6.21?)[/EDIT]

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Jan 11, 2011

I have three Linksys NSLU2s each running nearly identical setups: SlugOSBE 5.3 with two USB SATA hard drives in enclosures. One partition on each drive is used for software RAID 1. The third NSLU2 which has two identical 500gb Western Digital Blue Scorpion SATA drives and two identical USB enclosures (Flexmate) is giving me issues. The second hard drive keeps getting booted from the RAID array - looking into it I noticed that, for some reason, Linux is reading both RAID partitions as having an identical UUID. I thought maybe that was the issue so I've set about trying to fix it.

SlugOSBE doesn't have tune2fs, so I removed the drives and used tune2fs to create new UUIDs for both partitions (which usually show up as /dev/sda3 and /dev/sdb3) on my Kubuntu 10.10 machine. tune2fs reports the correct new UUID under Kubuntu. But when I plug the drives back in to the NSLU2, it still shows the old UUID for both drives. I've deleted /etc/blkid.tab, but that doesn't seem to do anything.

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Mar 31, 2011

My new WD Caviar Blue 500 GB SATA 6 Gb/s Hard Drive (WD5000AAKX) is not being detected on Fedora 14 live.

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General :: Merge Four 230GB SATA Hard Drives On An Already Running Fedora 9 OS?

Dec 18, 2010

I recently finished installing Fedora 9 on a Prolient ML 330 G6 Server, but i configured the SATA hard drives to be viewed as four seperate hard drives. I was asked to merge the drives to be seen as one 800GB hard drive, my biggest fear is that we had set up Samba to share folders between fedora 9 giving specific users access to specific files saved on the Prolient server, will those settings be lost.And could you call that a File Server or do you have to enter any more settings And also if anyone could point me to a tutorial on Logical Volume Management and Raid specifically for fedora 9

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Jan 8, 2010

I am using Dell Inspirion 1545 core 2 duo T6600, 3 gb ram,320 gb sata hddand in my bios i got 4 option (1) disable which disable sata and hdd is not detected (2) ATA where in my M$ is working(3) AHCI which mode will work. also i am using vm-ware to installed redhat linux 5.my hdd did not detected. do u need any information tell me i will post it on the same any command out put or log by which we can solve this problem.

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Aug 2, 2010

I just finished a build of a new GNU/Linux boxen with openSUSE 11.2. I have a MSI Big Bang Xpower X58 motherboard which has two SATA controller chips, one is the standard Intel ICH10R chip for SATA 3.0 Gb/s and one is the Marvell 9128 chip for SATA 6.0 Gb/s. The BIOS recognizes the Western Digital Caviar Black 6.0 Gb/s drive on either SATA controller chips, /however/ I am unable to install (and boot) when the drive is connected to the Marvell controlled ports. As you can guess, I'd like to boot from the faster interface!

1. The BIOS allows me to select the Western Digital drive as a secondary boot device, so I know, at least at the BIOS level, it's there. This is true whether I have the drive connected to the Intel or Marvell ports. (The DVD drive is the primary boot device.)

2. When trying to install openSUSE 11.2 from DVD, the installer says that it can't find any hard drives on my system when I have the drive connected to the Marvell port. The installer finds the drive fine when it is connected to the Intel port.

3. I installed everything with the drive connected to the Intel port. I switched the drive to the Marvell port afterward and the system refuses to boot completely, stalling at some point where it starts to look for other filesystem partitions. This led me to conclude that perhaps the problem is with openSUSE and not hardware weirdness with the system having two separate SATA controllers?

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Can SATA 3 (SATA III) Hard disk be run on motherboard which only supports SATA II, except sacrificing the speed (throughput)?

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Server :: File Server Machine To Store All Data So Being That Have Got Four Identical SATA Hard Drives?

Jan 25, 2011

I've got 4 identical 1 TB drives and would like to use them in a software RAID configuration on my home server. I'm running Debian Linux using 'mdadm' utility to manage the software RAID. I don't know how much I've read is fact or dated or even false so I decided I would ask here to get help from people who know more about this than I do. This is essentially just a file server machine to store all my data so being that I've got four identical SATA hard drives, I was thinking about doing RAID level 5. I guess I'll start here and ask if that is the recommended level of RAID. I think RAID level 5 will be fine for my general server usage. My second issue is partitioning the four individual drives to get maximum performance / space from them. Basically just asking here how would you or you recommend I partition the drives? I was thinking about doing three seperate partitions per drive:

/dev/sda1 = 4 GB (swap)/dev/sda2 = 1 GB (/boot)/dev/sda3 = 995 GB (/)Now from that partition schema above, obviously all the types will be 'fd' for RAID and the partition for /boot is going to be bootable. My confusion is that I read Grub doesn't support booting from RAID 5 since Grub can't handle disk assembly. If /dev/sdx2 (sda2, sdb2, sdc2, sdd2) are partitioned for /boot (bootable), how would you guys configure this RAID to match up equally? I don't think I do a RAID level 1 on 4 identical partitions, right?

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Jun 21, 2010

Ubuntu is not spinning-down my external hard drive when idle. How can I enable this?

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Sep 28, 2010

GNOME has an option "Spin down hard disks when possible"; is it ever possible? I'm using a netbook so I only have one drive and the operating system is on it. Is the operating system ever idle for more than a few seconds? If I spin down my SATA drive with sdparm it spins back up immediately. It's a 320GB 7200RPM drive; just wondering if I could save some battery life.

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Mar 20, 2011

I tried installing Red Hat linux on my Sata hard disk . As soon as the hardware detection phase starts it generates the error "No hardware detected".roblem? (I have also tested RHLE 5, CentOS 5.4, but none of them detect the hard disk and I can not install anyone).I have installed Windows 7 on one of my disks and I have not any problem with it.I also changed storage configuration in Bios as AHCI, IDE,

My Hardware config is as below:
Mainboard: ASUS P6X58D premium,
CPU: core i7 950,
HDD: two 1 TB WD SATA3
Ram: 6 GB (3*2 GB cruciall[/U][/U][/B]

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Jan 20, 2010

I asked this on an Ubunut forum about a year or so ago but got no response. I have an Asus M2NE-SLI motherboard. All my HDD's are Sata. I have 2 burners - both IDE. For windows, it see's my hard drives in the order I have them setup according to their cable placement on the motherboard (Sata ports 1-3, Sata 4 I have set for external sata). However within Linux - and I mean any linux distro I've tried (Gentoo, Sabayon, Ubuntu, Mint, Fedora, even Gparted) see's my Sata drives completly out of order.

For example:

Sata Port 1 - Primary HDD - 500GB
Sata Port 2 - Secondary - 500GB
Sata Port 3 - Secondary - 250GB

Windows see's them as drives C:, D:, E: Respectivly Linus see's:

Sata Port 1: SDB
Sata Port 2: SDC
Sata Port 3: SDA

Or something like that. Its really messed up. Does anyone know what could be causing this? This causes all sorts of problems setting up a dual boot environment because Windows will place its boot loader on the Primary boot drive (Sata Port 1), Grub will install anywhere i tell it to, but because the drive order is messed up it breaks - unless I completely mess around with the drive order in the bios. I've resorted to putting Windows on one HDD, and Linux on an old external Sata for the time being, and use the Bios's Drive Boot Manager to select which drive to use. This is not the ideal way to run it.

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May 13, 2011

Just what the title says ... I'm trying to install Ubuntu 10.10 and it does not detect either 300G SATA drive in my system. One of them is /home for my non-OS software and the other is used for data storage.

It does detect the drive (SDC) where I have 9.04 installed, but /home is on one of the SATA drives. Where to start? 9.04 works just fine, but I'm running tio problems with FLASH web sites insisting I have to upgrade Flash and Adobe doesn't have anything for 9.04.

[Code]...

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Vista BTW sees the 320 just fine. I am clueless as to where to begin with this. I gave up in Fedora with my Celeron based machine because of speed issues.... But this new box should have more than enough horsepower to run F!

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Apr 2, 2010

The system is running great in fedora 7 or 12 with 6 sata drives installed. I tried to install 2 more sata drives(total 8 drives), tested some combinations: 6 drives in sata ports and 2 in sas ports, or 2 in sata ports and 6 in sas ports... the BIOS can detect all 8 drives, but the fedora 7 and 12 just detect 6 sata drives. It could be problem of sata/sas drivers of Linus. The chip set: Intel ESB2(6 ports) + LSI 1068E SAS controller(8 sas/sata ports) Linux: Fedora 7 and Fedora 12

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Jul 8, 2010

I am running the 2.6.25.14 kernel on a RedHat 5.3 X64 bit OS. I am booting off a USB compact flash. When I put two hard drives in a test system the OS does not allow me to access either, however if I have one hard drive inserted I am able to mount the hard drive fine. Extremely strange. When both hard drives are inserted dmesg reports a sde and sdf, it just will not let me access them. I am not sure if this is a hardware issue or OS.

fdisk /dev/sde says unable to open. smartctl -i /dev/sde says NO Medium found. When I boot with only one inserted i am able fdisk. mount, etc... /dev/sde just fine. The USB controller has 5 slots to insert various media, but I am just using it for its compact flash slot.Why will the system play nice with one hard drive and not with two?

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NOTE: All BIOS options for SATA are set to "IDE", not RAID or AHCI. The Seagate Seatools software sees both SATA drives and all tests are successful. What now? It seems like this is a major step backwards from F10. It does not seem mere mortals can install with RAID1 on this motherboard.

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Apr 14, 2011

I have recently built a new system which has two internal sata drives. The plan was to install windows 7 one drive and ubuntu 10.10 on the second drive for KVM hosts. I started with the windows install which completed, then I went forward and installed ubuntu 10.10 64bit to my second drive (sdb). During the installation I chose to manually partition my drive. i partitoned the drive (sdb) as follows

/boot - 1gb
/ 40gb
swap 16gb
extended partion of 400gb

I then selected sdb to hold the boot record, as it was set by default to sda (my windows drive). The OS installed fine. I then went to reboot my system so go back into windows, by selecting the first drive in the bios. Once selected the system keeps booting into Ubuntu, no matter which drive I select. Now I checked the grub.cfg file and i see all references to hd1 there is no reference for windows found. I then proceeded to do 'sudo update grub2' this did not pickup any reference to my windows droive to add to the grub menu. When i select the ubuntu drive to boot fom my bios, i get no grub menu appaer it just boots quite happily into ubuntu. Can anyone please provide any resoloution to this, I can provide additonal outputs regarding my partion tables etc. later this evening when I get back from work.

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Feb 14, 2011

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Alert! /dev/disk/by-uuid/ ...<your UUID>.... does not exist,I don't see anything that seems odd to me in my /etc/fstab file.

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.

#
# Use 'blkid -o value -s UUID' to print the universally unique identifier

# for a device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name

# devices that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc nodev,noexec,nosuid 0 0[code]....

I've done the whole use a live disk, chroot into my system and reinstall the kernel to no avail. uname -r gives -- 2.6.32-28-generic

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Fedora :: FC3 Install DVD Fails To Detect SATA Drives?

Aug 25, 2005

I am trying to install FC3 on a Dell Optiplex GX620 with a Seagate Barracuda 7200.7 160GB SATA and a WD Caviar SE 250GB SATA hard disks. When I boot from FC3 install DVD, it cannot detect any of the hard disks. It will proceed as far as partition manager, and that's it since there is no disks to create partitions on.The install media is fine, since I recently installed FC3 on 3 different machines from this DVD.What's very weird is that I could install FC3 from the same DVD on nother computer which has two Seagate Barracuda's identical to the one in the above mentioned computer (this particular computer is also a Dell Optiplex, only a GX280 one).Same install DVD, same hard disks - different results.

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