Networking :: Broadcast Packets Failed To Receive - Socket Beginner

Feb 24, 2011

I am working on uClinux/almost same as Linux. I am new to socket programming. I have two micro controllers running on same code. Simple run with arguments mean send merged string.
run 1st micro controller (Send): ./Name "anystring"
run 2st micro controller (Recive):/Name

My code is:
int receive() {
// Create socket
int sock_fd;
struct sockaddr_in addr;
char buffer[kBufferSize];
int bytes_received=0;
int addr_len = sizeof(addr);
printf("receive start ");
sock_fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if ( sock_fd == -1 ) {
printf("receive Create ");
// Error occurred return 0; }
printf("Res Create sucee ");
// Create address from which we want to receive, and bind it
memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr));
addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
addr.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
addr.sin_port = htons(kPortNumber);
if ( bind(sock_fd, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0 ) {
printf("receive bind "); // Error occurred return 0; }
printf("Bind Succeful sucee ");
while ( 1 ) {
// Receive a message, waiting if there's nothing there yet
bytes_received = recvfrom(sock_fd, buffer, kBufferSize-0, 0,
(struct sockaddr*)&addr, &addr_len);
if ( bytes_received < 0 ) { // Error occurred
printf("receive bytes "); return 0; }
printf(" bytes_received succeful ");
printf("Ressocketstring : %s ",buffer);
memset(Ressocketstring,0x00 , sizeof(Ressocketstring));
strcpy(buffer,Ressocketstring); printf("Ressocketstring : %s
",Ressocketstring); printf(" ");
printf("Hello Receive finished");
// Now we have bytes_received bytes of data in buffer. Print it!
fwrite(buffer, sizeof(char), bytes_received, stdout); } }
int transmit(char * data, int length) {
int sock_fds[kMaxSockets];
// Obtain list of all network interfaces
/* struct ifaddrs *addrs;
if ( getifaddrs(&addrs) < 0 ) {
// Error occurred return 0; } */
// Loop through interfaces, selecting those AF_INET devices that support broadcast, but aren't loopback or point-to-point
struct sockaddr_in addr; int number_sockets = 0; struct hostent *he;
/* const struct ifaddrs *cursor = addrs;
while ( cursor != NULL && number_sockets < kMaxSockets ) {
if ( cursor->ifa_addr->sa_family == AF_INET
&& !(cursor->ifa_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK)
&& !(cursor->ifa_flags & IFF_POINTOPOINT)
&& (cursor->ifa_flags & IFF_BROADCAST) ) {
// Create socket*/
sock_fds[number_sockets] = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if ( sock_fds[number_sockets] == -1 ) // Error occurred {
printf("Error Create "); return 0; }
he = gethostbyname((char *)BCASTADDRESS) ;
if (he==NULL ) {printf("Error gethostbyname ");
herror("gethostbyname"); printf("Error host "); exit(1);
} printf("Res He ");
// Create address from which we want to send, and bind it
memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr)); addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
addr.sin_addr = *((struct in_addr *)he->h_addr);//((struct sockaddr_in *)cursor->ifa_addr)->sin_addr; addr.sin_port = htons(kPortNumber);
if ( bind(sock_fds[number_sockets], (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0 )
{ // Error occurred printf("Error bind "); return 0; }
// Enable broadcast int flag = 1;
if ( setsockopt(sock_fds[number_sockets], SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST, &flag, sizeof(flag)) != 0 ) // Err occur { printf("Error Enable "); return 0; }
number_sockets =1; printf("Succes 1 "); printf("transmit Create ");
// Initialise broadcast address memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr));
addr.sin_family = AF_INET; addr.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_BROADCAST;
addr.sin_port = htons(kPortNumber);
// Send through each interface int i;
for ( i=0; i<number_sockets; i++ ) {
if ( sendto(sock_fds[i], data, length, 0, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0 )
{ printf("Error Send "); // Error occurred return 0;
} printf("Succes 2 "); } return 1; } void MergeMessage( ) {
",Tmeg.s1,Tmeg.s2,Tmeg.s3,Tmeg.s4,Tmeg.s5,Tm eg.s6,Tmeg.s7,Tmeg.s8,Tmeg.s9,Tmeg.s10,Tmeg.s11);
printf(" MergeSocketMessage : %s ",socketstring); }
int main (int argc, char** argv) {
int fd=0,bdc=0; struct ifreq ifr; printf("Tsarting man ");
fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, "eth0", IFNAMSIZ-1);
ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFADDR, &ifr); close(fd);
strcpy(MYIP, inet_ntoa(((struct sockaddr_in *)&ifr.ifr_addr)->sin_addr));
printf("Etho: %s ,len:%d ", MYIP,strlen(MYIP));
for(bdc=strlen(MYIP);MYIP[bdc-1]!='.';bdc--) {}
strncpy(BCASTADDRESS,MYIP,bdc-1); strcat(BCASTADDRESS,".255");
printf("BCASTADDRESS: %s ,len:%d
printf("Initial Broad Cast message "); {
/*s0"0" (id=76)
s1"500" (id=77)s2"100" (id=78)s3"100" (id=78)s4"startVD" (id=79)
s5"lighting" (id=80)s6"reading" (id=81)s7"Anna" (id=82)s8"0" (id=76)
s9"";s10"" (id=64)s11"" (id=64)*/
strcpy(Tmeg.s0,"0"); strcpy(Tmeg.s1,"500");strcpy(Tmeg.s2,"100");strcpy(Tmeg.s3,"100");
strcpy(Tmeg.s7,"anna");strcpy(Tmeg.s8,"0"); }
MergeMessage (Tmeg); if( strlen(argv[1]) ) {
if(transmit(socketstring, strlen(socketstring) ) ) {
printf(""%s" transmitted. ", socketstring); } else {
printf("Error occurred: %s ", strerror(errno)); return 1; } }
else { for( ; ; ) {
if ( argc < 2 ) // No argument: Just listen {
printf("Listening... "); if ( !receive() ) {
printf("Error occurred: %s ", strerror(errno)); return 1;
} return 0; } } } printf("Finished "); return 0;
} //////////////// .h file is /////////////
//#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN// Exclude rarely-used stuff from Windows headers
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#define SubLen50
//#include <ifaddrs.h>
#include <errno.h>
char MYIP[20];
typedef struct {
char s0[SubLen];
char s1[SubLen];
char s2[SubLen];
char s3[SubLen];
char s4[SubLen];
char s5[SubLen];
char s6[SubLen];
char s7[SubLen];
char s8[SubLen];
char s9[SubLen];
char s10[SubLen];
char s11[SubLen];
msg_struct Sendmsg;
msg_struct Tmeg; //Recivemsg;
Boolean pri[6];
char socketstring[SubLen*12];
char Ressocketstring[SubLen*12];
int kBufferSize = (SubLen*12);

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