Debian :: Partitioning The HD During Installation?
Dec 15, 2010
I am trying to install Debian Lenny on my iMac. When the installer menu comes to the partitioning scheme, I have no choice other than "manual partitioning".
Based on what I have read so far, I think I need to have at least two partitions:
- a root partition (/) but for how much space I am not so sure yet
- a swap partition equal to the amount of my RAM (which in this case is 2 GB DDR3): is this correct?
I wonder if I should furthermore make a "free space" (around 1 GB) and a boot partitions as well. Should I make any further partitions?
I want to devote some 50 GB of space to Debian so how the rest of this space should be partitioned: that is, when I am done with root, swap, free space, and boot, I am still left with a considerable amount of space.
This has now happened with 3 computers. I boot the i386 iso on a usb stick and I enter my name fine and create an account with a password, and then after the time is checked, the installation gets halfway through the hard disk bar and then suddenly it freezes. Sorry if i'm a little unspecific, I've forgotten what the name of the process was exactly and I don't want to have to try again if unnecessary.
So, I've got as far as partitioning the hard disks on my Sun Ultra 450 Enterprise system, but it always fails with:
SILO (Sparc Linux Loader) can only boot the kernel off of a disk with the "sun" partition table. In the current partitioning scheme the kernel is going to be installed on the /boot partition located on a disk with the partition table of type "msdos".
What is this error message trying to say in its ambiguous way?
I selected automatic partitioning, but it got me to the same place as manual partitioning before it failed in the same way.
I installed four used hard drives in this system - they may have come from PCs for all I know. However, they are SCSI SCA drives, which makes it hard for me to believe they came from a PC environment.
If they did, do I need to to a low-level (or high-level) format of these drives to wipe out the "msdos"ness of them? If so, how do I do that in the SILO installer?
So I am helping a friend (computer n00b) to install Debian Squeeze over the telephone, since his Vista had crashed, and after we set up the partitions like so:9 GB /1GB swap 150 GB /homeIt "hangs" for a while, i.e. nothing happens, and then it says that it "failed to partition disks". It did not give any error codes, and I did not see the message first hand, since I was doing it over the phone, but I was thinking that there is something wrong with the hard drive (causing Vista to crash perhaps?) so could this be circumvented by just using the first (or last) 10-15 GB of the disk?
I have downloaded the latest version of Debian for PPC to run on my iMac G3 600MHz 1GB ram. The problem is, is when it is partitioning the HD the computer just shuts down and restarts from the beginning. I don't understand this. I chose it to erase and use the entire disk. The HD is 80GB. I really want to install this OS!
I'm fairly new (an absolute newbie ) to Linux and Debian. I've downloaded Etch (stable Debian 4.0) and have burnt CD's for installation. My machine has XP home pre-installed. My plan is to keep XP on this machine and enable dual boot with my wife using (for now at least) XP and I would be using Debian. I read the installation documentation by Debian (downloaded from the debian.org website). one thing that really confused me was the hard drive partitioning. Here are my questions:
1: Do I first partition the hard drive (I have one large 120GB hard drive) using Windows utility? If yes, what size partitions and how many should i create?
2. Debian documentation says that installing Grub will enable dual-boot. Should this be installed before installing Debian?
3. Is the Debian installation as easy as putting in the CD and let the installer guide the me through the installation process, creating partitions, installing Grub and doing most of the other stuff for me? I wish it was like this but would like to hear from the gurus before jumping in the installation process.
I want to use this system as a web and database server and would also like to install GNOME or KDE on it
How to best manage partitioning when install programs not from debian repositories?I just discovered that Debian installs applications not from repositories to /opt and /lib. Both directories or folders reside in root (/) partition.Having made my root (/) partition (which is only around 500MB) -- more than sufficient for holding a couple of linux images but NOT good for holding application.What is the best solution for resolving this? It's annoying and worrying that my system always reminds of a close to full capacity root partition.
I've got 4 identical 1 TB drives and would like to use them in a software RAID configuration on my home server. I'm running Debian Linux using 'mdadm' utility to manage the software RAID. I don't know how much I've read is fact or dated or even false so I decided I would ask here to get help from people who know more about this than I do. This is essentially just a file server machine to store all my data so being that I've got four identical SATA hard drives, I was thinking about doing RAID level 5. I guess I'll start here and ask if that is the recommended level of RAID. I think RAID level 5 will be fine for my general server usage. My second issue is partitioning the four individual drives to get maximum performance / space from them. Basically just asking here how would you or you recommend I partition the drives? I was thinking about doing three seperate partitions per drive:
/dev/sda1 = 4 GB (swap)/dev/sda2 = 1 GB (/boot)/dev/sda3 = 995 GB (/Now from that partition schema above, obviously all the types will be 'fd' for RAID and the partition for /boot is going to be bootable. My confusion is that I read Grub doesn't support booting from RAID 5 since Grub can't handle disk assembly. If /dev/sdx2 (sda2, sdb2, sdc2, sdd2) are partitioned for /boot (bootable), how would you guys configure this RAID to match up equally? I don't think I do a RAID level 1 on 4 identical partitions, right?
I am trying to install 2 or 3 versions of linux on my hardisk of 500GB capacity. The configuration of my machine is Intel Dual Core, 4 GB Ram, 3.0 Processor Windows XP is not installed on this. I tried to use a tool called GParted but was unable to use as it was not able to bring up the XServer So I booted the machine with fedora14 installation CD and chose "Custom Layout" After reading about the partitions needed by Fedora I created 3 partitions in /dev/sda /dev/sda1 the boot of 500MB formated as ext4 /dev/sda2 the swap of 6096MB formatted as swap /dev/sda3 / size 150GB formatted as ext4
The installation went well and fc14 runs well on this. However when I went to install the other linux version ....the installer was not able to recognize the unallocated space of nearly 350 GB on the hard disk.....So I am not able to create new partitions and then install the new linux on the newer partition. As a result I am unable to make use of the remaining space on the HDisk. I think I should have created /dev/sda4 /dev/sda5 etc when I installed fc14 itself....
I have a pc that has 500GB of hard disk space, I want to install centos and use it has a dev box for java/web applications. Keeping in mind the end us of the box, what partition structure makes the most sense?
I was thinking:
/ -- 150 GB* /var -- 10 GB /data -- 340 GB**
*Since there will be a bunch of apps i.e. apache, mysql, vsftpd, postfix, trac, samba, alfresco, and icescrum or agilefant
**For all other files i.e. java/war/jar files, svn directory, backups, samba share
I just purchased a new MSI WindTop AE2220 with a 320 GB hard drive running Windows 7. I want to dual boot until I know I have found all of the appropriate drivers. The confusing part is that the computer came with 4 partitions as displayed in the attached screenshot jpeg. How would you recommend I resize and partition my drive?
Current Partitions (in order): Recovery Partition 14.65GB / 14.45 free Active Recovery 100 mb / 100 mb free OS-Install (c) 68.36GB / 42.06 GB free Data (D) 214 GB / 213 free
I am installing UNR 10.04 but I get stuck at the partition because I want to dual boot with windows and I am afraid to go far without professional advice. What i want to do is install ubuntu on my D:/ drive and keep xp on my C drive. This is the current state of my hard drives at the moment (screenshot.png). I don't know what all the boxes to the right are for either. Also my D drive (which I want ubuntu on) has ext4 on it from a previous failed attempt to install linux mint. Because of this when I go to install ubuntu it shows xp on the C drive and linux mint on the D drive although the installation was botched and I cant really boot into linux mint. I have provided a screenshot of this too (screenshot-1.png). How to install UNR on my D drive properly. Iknow I need to add a swap partition how do I do that?
i use to play around with linux some time ago(slackware 8.2 i believe). i recently wanted to get back into it after windows vista was running to sluggish for me. so i ordered a Slackware disk online cuz the internet here sucks so download was out of the question.. 3 weeks later i get it in the mail, put in the cd in rebooted, slack welcome(#) tryd to use cfdisk to partition my hda1 but it says i don't have permission ti write.... then i tryd fdisk /dev/hda and samething i don't have permission ti write.. i then used a dos start up disk to format hda, i manage to. but i still can't write to it from the linux??? is it cuz if vista? what should i do? i know have a computer with no operating system?
I'm having trouble installing Ubuntu on a brand new HP DL380 G6 server. Any time I go through the install, it freezes at 33% of formatting the first partition. I have tried 9.04 server disk, 9.10 server disk, and 9.10 desktop (all AMD64). I'm running out of ideas to troubleshoot. The server is listed as supported by Ubuntu 9.04. Here's more of the hardware:
2x quad-core Intel Xeon X5550 procs 16GB of RAM 5x 300GB SAS drives in RAID-5 array (1.2TB useable)
I just finished installing with the 9.10 alternate install disk (AMD64), and after reboot, it doesn't seem to find the boot partition and just sits there after attempting to boot from CD and hard disk.
Deleting, Adding, Moving, and so on.I need a software that does that, (freeware or shareware) for ubuntu 8.04 Must handle Windows partitions too.The only one I know of is gpartion or something like that.
I need to make a fresh new installation of KDE Fedora 11 where some partitions are formatted using XFS. The installer's partitioning wizard has no option for XFS. I've been able to load the XFS module as root (modprobe xfs) but it looks like the XFS tools are completely missing. Two of these partitions are / and /home so it'd be quite hard to do the "switch" after the installation.
I have read the FAQs at [URL] as well as the XFS thing by Colin Charles. But as I am new to Fedora I don't understand the sentence "At the installer prompt, type this ...". If the installed is the bootloader, then adding the xfs in the end of the boot line won't help. If the installer is the iconized program I see on the desktop after the end of the boot, the it's name is "liveinst" and adding the xfs option won't help.
I have a laptop running Ubuntu 8.04 LTS and I need to upgrade to the new Ubuntu, I order to get complete use of my hardware. Usually when I install a new version of Ubuntu, I have the opportunity to use my old partitioning, but now I can only use the entire disk or create a new partition table.
The laptop has other partitions that is a data and a Windows partition as I want to preserve.
How can I install the new Ubuntu on the old Ubuntu partition and preserve the data on other partitions?
Whenever I try to install Ubuntu 9.10 x64 from a Live CD the installer freezes or quits when trying to partition the drive. I tried booting into the Live environment and using GParted but that would only let me make a ReiserFS partition without crashing. With the Reiser partition I tried the installation program again but this time the installer froze when trying to install the files.
My system specs are: AMD Athlon 64 X2 6000+ (3.0GHz) 4GB RAM 500GB SATA2 HDD ATI Radeon HD 4770
Currently it also has a second SATA2 HDD with Windows 7 installed but I disconnect this during installations
I would like to know if using VHD (Virtual Hard Drive) is a better method instead of resizing Hard Disks / partitioning etc....What I was thinking of is a method whereby I creeate a VHD file and link it to Windows 7 Boot Loader .. I am actually not in favour of either Virtual Box or VmWare as I have to load into an OS and launch it and I dont personally like the "host" --"guest" way of functioning wherein you have to keep toggling ...Also you dont get a real feel of a virtualized Application or Distro....
It is safe , but you cant test the real potential of a distro in terms of Hardware recognition ..It is a shadow of some existing OS whiin which resources are shared.. For instance my wireless adapter is used as a "wired" connection in Virtual Box.i dont know if the distro per se recognises my wireless.Also RAM is shared so speed is reduced.. So I read that in Win 7 you can create a VHD and also use BCD edit to invoke it at bootup...I am thinking it is in the same manner as a Virtual Box /Vmware way of functioning but with advantages like
1. Quicker bootup 2. Ease of Use ( no need for partition hassle)..Just create / delete HD files 3. Full Hardware resource utilization 4. Independent functioning 5. Dynamic storage
1. 2 TB limitation for files...But that is way too much for me!! I hardly use even 40 GB! Is this advisable or is there a basic flaw in my assumption?....I can have one permanent OS - either Linux or Win 7 and operate my system without bothering about file systems , resize etc
I need to upgrade a machine to F10 (64-bit), and I need to make a decision on whether to start using LVM or stick with the classical partitioning mode. I have used RedHat/Fedora for quite some time, and always used the standard partitions. Fedora documentation says that LVM (Logical Volume Management) partitions provide a number of advantages over standard partitions. Also, numerous contributors on these forums seem to favor LVMs. In order to make an educated decision I need answers to some questions:
1. What are these advantages that Fedora documentation refers to? 2. Is it easier to work with LVMs than with classic partitions? 3. For those of you who have experienced working with LVM partitions, what were the advantages/disadvantages to working with LVM partitions?
I hope someone can help me here. I have a Win7 laptop 64bit OS & I'm trying to dual boot it with Ubuntu 10.04.3....I've done this many times without error on Vista machines, but with Win7, there must have been something I missed. In the process of dividing the HDD & setting up 100GB to use for Ubuntu, I believe that I deleted an important part of what Windows needs to run. (There was a small section there called "Vista loader" that is no longer there due to my error).. As it sits right now, the dual boot screen is fine, Ubuntu loads fine, but Windows will not load at all. I have tried all of the repair options including using a recovery disc and all "bootrec" commands that I would know to bring this back. All files on the Windows side seem intact & unharmed.
I have tried installing Ubuntu 9.10, 64 and also 32 bit versions, neither works. During the install, I get to the step where the installer wants to bring up and show the partitions but the partitions never appear. If I quit, I am show the Ubuntu live screen where if I bring up Gparted and choose to install on the unused partition (second half of a data drive), the install proceeds but stalls at about 15% partitioning of that space.
I have installed Ubuntu many times before, have used gparted live to resize and create partitions in the past, something seems really amiss this time. And all I can think of is that I now have Windows 7 Ultimate 64 bit (quad core AMD processor, 64 bit, 8GB ram; two hard drives, Win7 on the first drive, second drive is data on a partition and an empty unused partition to which I unsuccessfully try to install Ubuntu 9.10.
Is it just Win 7 messing this up? If it is Win7, that is very very disturbing.
I was not even able to get Wubi to work-- in installed, but then when I rebooted and chose to boot into Wubi I got an endless jam up of errors windows on the screen saying there was no "/" root partition.
I attempted to install windows 7 to the partition where vista was installed. The install failed, think it's a dodgy burn, and obviosuly took grub with it. However it's also somehow screwed up the partitioning of an extended partition where instead of two ubuntu's, a partition for my media files and test partition for chrome all is left is a big chunk of 'unallocated' and swap. I found a recovery tutorial here but the instructions are little vague.
trying to manually partition while installing 10.04, unfortunately from an old windows os, which came w/ the computer. i probably shouldn't bother to save it, but i wanted the practice w/ partitioning. the book i'm using is a good one, but maybe too advanced, and didn't specify. when i shrank the old win os into a smaller space on the drive, it gave me the option to check a box for format or leave it unchecked. which should i do, so as not to delete what's already on the drive? and do i mount it anywhere? in /windows, or i think the other option was msdos? what results in each case?
At the end of this week I'm going to get a new PC. It will have a 80GB SSD ( 2.5" SSD INTEL X25-M 80GB) and a 1TB HD. I want to dual boot Windows 7 and Ubuntu on it.The SSD will be for fast bootup and should also contain the core OS stuff. I will partition it for both Windows 7 and Linux but I'm not certain how big I should make both partitions. I was considering going with 60GB for Windows and 20GB for Linux but is that big enough for keeping the core Ubuntu on?
I am trying to put together a customized automatic installation of Ubuntu 9.10 Desktop for a set of computers I manage at work. Since there are other servers in my department that are Red Hat based, I was introduced to Kickstart so I have been using that exclusively.
I have almost my entire installation automated using Kickstart with the exception of the partitioning, which is as follows:
My problem that I am asking for help on is that the Kickstart automates everything until the clearpart, where it then asks 2 questions which I would like to figure out how to automate the answers to (preferably within my Kickstart script)
The first question is the install process telling me about my currently configured partitions and mount points. Asking me if i want to "Undo changes to partitions" or "Finish Partitioning and write changes to disk" which I of course want to finish partitioning.
The second question is telling me if I continue the changes listed will be written to the disks, and asks if I want to "Write changes to disks?" which I want to select Yes for automatically.
Like I mentioned before I have searched the web and this forum for any potential way of doing this, but so far have come up with nothing, so I figured I would ask the experts out here and see what suggestions come up. I realize the Kickstart is not completely implemented in Ubuntu, however since I have everything written in Kickstart already I would prefer to stay within the Kickstart script to fix this.
I am building a new MiniITX system and partitioning/mounting points for SSD optimization. The majority of / will be on the SSD, but files that are written to often shouldn't be there as the high write operations will diminish the lifetime of the SSD. I will also have a 450G SATAIII drive where I believe that directories like /tmp and /home should be. I also like the idea of a RamDisk for browser/etc files
Intended system: MoBo: Minix 890GX-USB3 CPU: AMD Phenom II X4 910e Deneb RAM: G.SKILL 8GB (2 x 4GB) DDR3 1333 (PC3 10666) HDA: SSD Corsair SATAIII 2.5" 128GB HDB: Western Digital SATAIII 2.5" 450GB PSU: Pico 160W PSU Case: MiniBox M350 OS: Fedora (with Win7 in VM or DualBoot)
I have a P.C. with Windows XP Pro installed and now I want to put Ubuntu on the H.D. Will the partitioning of the H.D. damage the Windows OS meaning a reinstall of Windows. If it does then I may be a bit stuck as I do not have the Windows install disc. Windows XP was put on the machine by the vendor.
Fedora 14, 64-bit. In installer i came to partitioning, chose option: User Free Space, on hdd i have a partiotion (unformatted) of 40 GB. Still, installer says:
Could not find enough free space for automatic partitioning, please use another partitioning method. What should i do? PS. I don't want to create partitions manually, because I don't know how to do it and installer is going to do it way better itself. I can't use whole hdd either as i have windows and data on it which i cannot lose. PPS. I tried unformatted partition, unallocated space (of 40 GB), options: User Free Space, Create Custom Layout, but i always get an error msg about 'not enough space'. Is it possible, that installer is bugged?
I am going to set up a home server (command line only) with 2 x 1 GB HD and 4G memory. hat partitioning scheme would you recommend? Not more than 5 users Fedora Core only Will host a web page Will run DNS, DHCP, SAMBA, LAMP, NTP, Firewall, etc.. Just normal stuff.The server will host a large amount of video/audio/picture files
I referred to this video, to install ubuntu(NOT on windows partition) and also run windows XP, and im well enjoying ubuntu. i have some hard-disk issues, and i'm going to format the whole hard-disk. I will format and repartition using windows xp installer. I'm leaving 20 GB for ubuntu. So I can install ubuntu in 2 ways...
1) While re-partitioning, i can leave 20 GB unallocated and later put ubuntu there
2) Install windows XP the normal way, and then allocate 20GB for ubuntu using GPART - by shrinking a windows partition. (as shown in video)
I have 3 partitions, all NTFS filesystems, I want to keep them, but change the filesystems on all 3 of them to Ext4. So if i choose "Erase and use all" will I be able to partition later? I'm thinking more about doing like this, but I'm not sure : First partition as my main, system partition, is this correct?
i want to install ubuntu on hdd 1 - 26G partition now when i start the installer in partitions it shows me serial ata RAID pdc_cbac (stripe) ... 498G. i cant chose from dropdown any of the 2 hdd. when i enter manual partitioning it shows me the partition as i listed them, in a raid volume dev mapper pdc_cbac...
now i disabled 1 hdd in bios (2 one); i checked that is disabled trough a dos boot loader... it is... now when i enter install partition, the disabled hdd its still there and the raid volume same, unchanged.
why is this happening? why cant i see my 2 hdd in partitioner drop down menu? how can i install without physically taking out 2-nd hdd? see the picture; the freespace at the mouse pinter is in fact a ntfs partition on hdd2, hdd that is disabled in bios [URL]