General :: How To Swap Alt And Windows Keys With Xmodmap

May 2, 2011

I have a Mac keyboard where the Alt/Win (i.e. Option/Command) keys are inverted compared to a regular PC keyboard, and I'd like to swap them. I haven't had any luck with xmodmap so far. The standard configuration is as follows:

shift Shift_L (0x32), Shift_R (0x3e)
lock Caps_Lock (0x42)
control Control_L (0x25), Control_R (0x69)


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Ubuntu :: Swapping Keys Using Xmodmap?

Jun 6, 2010

I am using an Apple Keyboard (DK-layout) on my PC running Ubuntu 10.4. The problem: My key used to type <, > and is swapped with the key used to type and If I connect a standard PC-keyboard with DK-layout using USB, it works just fine. The problem exists both in the console and X. I solved the problem in the console by installing the console-keymaps package, made a copy of dk-latin1.kmap.gz and swapping keycode 86 with keycode 41 and loading the new keymap with the loadkeys command. I only need to figure out how to load the new keymap at boot time.

However, in X, I want to do exactly the same. I suppose I have to use Xmodmap. I simply can't figure out how to do it.

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Fedora :: F10, F11- Remap Keys ( Disable Caps Lock And So On With Xmodmap )?

Jun 20, 2009

In Fedora 10 they decided to change to "evdev", so if you used xmodmap in F9, these mapping have changed in F10 and F11 for that matter. In order to find the new key values start


xev and press a button you would like to know the keycode for. Write this value down. When done, make a file ".xmodmap" and put in the values. "man xmodmap" explains the format. Not easy to understand! So here is how mine looks like.

clear Lock
keycode 112 = Caps_Lock
keycode 118 = Delete
keycode 119 = Home


This layout is MUCH more logical than the original. Now Delete is the key just to the right of the Backspace key. Back spaces deletes to the left, and Delete deletes to the right, so these keys shoudl of course be next to each other Page Up, Page Down, Home, and End now have the same structure as the arrow keys below. This layout makes it much easier to navigate without looking at the keys, because now the layout makes sense And why shouldn't 0 be to the left of 1? of course it should. 0 is lower than 1.

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General :: Keyboard - Swap Fn (function) And Control Keys In System On A Macbook Pro?

Jan 24, 2011

I don't care if this is done in the bios or a kernel module or software. Is there any way at all to do make the 'fn' key act as 'control' and the 'control' key act as 'fn' in linux running on a macbook pro?

PS. You can do this with software in OSX with the application KeyRemap4MacBook.

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General :: Use Windows Pagefile.sys (swap) As Swap?

Feb 19, 2010

I know it's possible, but does anyone have a URL or tutorial on how to do this?

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Debian Configuration :: How To Swap CapsLock & Control Keys

May 14, 2011

On my Debian machine I have no InterNet connection.

Hardware: --
HP Pavilion DV8000 laptop,
-- 2GHz AMD Turion CPU,
-- 4 gb ram,
-- 150 gb hd,
-- (non-working non-free) BroadCom BMC-4318 wireless chip
-- Debian 6.0.1a, "Squeeeeeeeze"
-- KDE (soon to be replaced with LXDE, much sweeter and cooler apps).

Here's da problem...(thanks to stinky 1983 Macro$haft & IBM collusion to wipeout WordStar), how do I swap CapsLock & Control keys?Its gotta work in both terminal & X apps

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General :: Windows - Find The Shortcut Keys Of All The Applications?

May 7, 2010

Is there any website that has complete list of all the shortcuts of applications/softwares of Windows, Mac, Linux Platforms. If Atleast for popular and veryuseful softwares.

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General :: Remapping Characters In Xmodmap?

Jun 9, 2010

I am using a Swedish keyboard, and I want to be able to type braces easier.

I planned to map AltGr + to '}' and AltGr + to '{'. However, nothing really changes. I have some other stuff in my .Xmodmap so I know that it gets loaded allright. Here's what I have so far:

keycode 35 = slash asciitilde dead_ogonek section dead_ogonek section
keycode 49 = asciicircum onehalf
keycode 66 = F10
clear Lock


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General :: How To Map Ctrl-p To Up Arrow Using Xmodmap

Feb 20, 2011

I did read the grammar section of xmodmap but still couldn't figure out how I could do it.

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General :: Enable Modifiers Via Xmodmap

Jan 2, 2010

I recently got a Logitech G11-keyboard for my Ubuntu 9.10 64-bit box. My question is xmodmap related and not restricted to this particular keyboard, nor to the distro I am using. The keyboard has a.o. 18 G-keys. These have been successfully defined in /usr/share/X11/XKeysymDB as per [URL] and I have a ~/.Xmodmap file that matches keycodes to the names in XKeysymDB.

My .Xmodmap definitions are rather simple, e.g. 'keycode 175 = G1'. So I do not define any value for modifier combinations, nor do I know how to do this.

And here's my real question. How should I define these keys so that the Crl-, Alt-, Meta-, Super- etc modifiers work with these keys?

With the current setup, the modifier versions of these keys do only work for the second keypress, e.g. the first Ctrl-G17 is perceived as a G17 keypress, and the second and remaining Ctrl-G17 presses are correctly received as a Ctrl-G17.

I would be happy to read an explanation of this behaviour, and even more so, about how to properly define them so that the base key as well as the modifier versions would be available.

If the odds are a million to one against something occurring, chances are 50-50 it will.

[URL] and go2 places!

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General :: F3 - F5 Keys Incorrectly Behaving As Audio Keys / Remap Them To Original Meaning?

Apr 17, 2010

I don't know if this is a configuration issue or a hardware issue, but I have a Kinesis Advantage USB keyboard and for some reason the F3-F5 keys aren't responding as they used to. They don't respond to anything and, when I tried using F5 on Emacs, it said <XF86AudioNext> is undefined, so I guess it's a weird mapping problem.

Any idea how I could remap them to the original meaning?

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General :: Re-mapping Non-standard Keys To Modifier Keys?

Apr 7, 2011

I'm running Debian (Squeeze) and I have a toshiba portege m700. It has five buttons on the front just under the screen, which are the only ones accessible when you flip the screen over into tablet mode. One of them is for rotating the screen, and another is for switching to external display. I want to remap the remaining three to control, alt and super so that I can use shortcuts with the stylusThe problem is, when I used showkey to find out the key codes, I found out that each button generates more than one key code:Button 1:

key 126 press >> super_r, although this is distinct from the actual super key (125)
key 7 press >> 6
key 7 release
key 126 release

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Ubuntu :: Can't Boot Windows Anymore Because Of 'keys'?

Aug 4, 2011

I need to use bluetooth, but for some yet unknown reason I don't seem to be able to switch on the bluetooth-card (it should be as simple as to press the Fn+F6 buttons on the keyboard to switch it on though and then the bluetooth indicator should light up, which is not happening, but I don't know if this is because of (X)ubuntu) and Ubuntu says it can't find the bluetooth card. That's not what I wanted to discuss now, but I think some history is always welcome when trying to do fault-finding I thought I maybe might be able to do it from Win7 . So after months of not having booted Win7 I thought to give it a try, but I get stuck right after the grub boot-screen. All I get is a blinking cursor for minutes and there's no HD activity. Then I booted Xubuntu again and it needed to do some check, which I passed and Xubuntu started as normal. This check was done by "Keys". I don't really know what this Keys is, but since a couple of days I always get this word below the word Xubuntu in the boot-splash-screen. This is only after I installed WinFF or DVD::RIP. There was some error during install telling me that it needed something with 'keys', so I entered the command quoted, something was installed and then the rest of the installation went okay. I've been looking in the bash_history files (user and root) but I can't find the command which I entered to install this keys-thing anymore, which is of course strange on itself.

Now I've got the idea (I'm not sure though) that I can't boot Windows because of this keys thing, but I have no clue how to get rid of it. Or could there be other problems causing Windows not to boot?

I really hope someone can help me getting back in Windows again, because losing the Windows partition really is not fun, even though I hardly use it. I can enter the Windows partition from Linux with a file manager though, so it's not vanished. Just wish to be able to boot Win7 when I need it.

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General :: Map "Ctrl+1" To Another Key Via Xmodmap?

Jun 23, 2010

What about "Ctrl+Shift+1"?

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Ubuntu :: Accessibility Equivalent For Sticky Keys And Mouse Keys?

Jun 27, 2011

Just wondering if Ubuntu has an Accessibility equivalent for sticky keys and mouse keys.

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Debian :: 8.1 - Xmodmap Script On Startup

Oct 22, 2015

I recently installed Debian 8.1 on an old (2008 maybe?) macbook. I would like to use the right hand side apple/command key as a right click. I've been using xmodmap commands in the terminal, but I'd like to write a shell script to do it automatically on boot or on login.

I've tried init.d, I've tried crontab, I've tried rc.local.

The xmodmap commands I am calling are Code: Select allxmodmap -e "keycode 134 = Pointer_Button3" and then Code: Select allxkbset m

my shell script is as follows
Code: Select all#!/bin/bash
xmodmap -e "keycode 134 = Pointer_Button3"
xkbset m

I've modified keymap to be executable, just typing /usr/keymap into the terminal will map the keys correctly. I've tried with and without the .sh suffix. I've tried adding sh before the file path in crontab. I've also tried adding sleep 20 inside the shell script as well as inside crontab joining the two commands with &&

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OpenSUSE :: Setxkbmap And Xmodmap Always Conflicting

Jan 26, 2010

To reeanable CTRL-ALT-BKSP (since 11.2), you use:

setxkbmap -option terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp

It works. However if you map keys with xmodmap, it's gone. In whatever order you use them, setxkbmap and xmodmap are always conflicting. Running xmodmap immediately disables CTRL-ALT-BKSP, while running setxbbmap reverses key mappings to their default.

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Ubuntu :: Xmodmap In Xinitrc Not Sticking

Sep 8, 2010

So I run "xmodmap" in my xinitrc to make caps lock a second control button, but for some reason its not sticking. I'm not using a desktop environment, just running xmonad.If I run "xmodmap ~/.Xmodmap" once X is started, it works fine, but it won't run in my xinitrc.

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Ubuntu :: Xmodmap Config File?

Jun 24, 2011

I'm trying to learn swedish, and I want to remap some of my key to be able to write the special chars. xmodmap -pke" gives me the current config, and most of lines are like that (6 keysyms) :

keycode 24 = a A a A adiaeresis Adiaeresis
But I actually can't access 2 of them, the #3 and #4.


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OpenSUSE Install :: Swap Partition : Need To Check Swap File System?

Mar 20, 2011

Does one need to Check the Swap filesystem, from time to time

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Ubuntu :: Unity Alternatives - Can't Use Alt-Tab To Switch To Apps As VirtualBox Captures The Keys For Windows

May 3, 2011

When working in an XP VirtualBox I can't use Alt-Tab to switch to my Linux Apps as VirtualBox captures the keys for Windows. So I tended to make a lot of use on the Application list on the old System Tray/Taskbar. I could click on the application's entry in the taskbar and that application would come up. When I needed to return to the Windows App, I clicked again and the application would then minimise so I can see the Windows app. Also I have been using the SUPER button in conjunction with 'E' to raise the Home Directory (just to keep it consistent with Windows).

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Ubuntu :: Swap Space Shows 0k But Have Volume Formatted As Swap

Dec 7, 2010

Lucid on an Acer Travelmate800.Can anyone tell me why I have 0k for swap space? I allocated swap which I can see in my Disk Utility's 'volumes' display.

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Debian Multimedia :: Xmodmap Periodically Resets

Jan 3, 2016

I have a custom .Xmodmap file to change the keyboard layout. The problem is that sometimes the keyboard layout changes back to the default. I have seen the lights on the keyboard blink at times, so I tried unplugging and reconnecting the keyboard and yes - that reset the layout. I can see keyboard removed/detected entries in the logs as well, so I guess my keyboard reconnects sometimes, I don't know why. However the solution from the post earlier (to rename the xmodmap file to ~/.Xmodmap) did not work. So is there another default filename I should use? Or do I have to enable xmodmap to run when a keyboard is plugged in somehow?

The only thing I can think of right now is to monitor /var/log/Xorg.0.log for "Adding input device USB Keyboard" and running xmodmap when that happens... but I'm really hoping for a better solution.If I can't fix the xmodmap problem, maybe I can fix the usb disconnects.I read something about power saving settings for usb. After some digging, I found that those settings are in /sys/bus/usb/devices/.../power/. However, disabling autosuspend for the hub did not seem to work (it was already disabled for the keyboard).

But I found something else in kern.log. Perhaps the keyboard disconnects has something to do with static electricity?

Code: Select all[ 7078.175830] usb 1-10-port3: disabled by hub (EMI?), re-enabling...
[ 7078.175888] usb 1-10.3: USB disconnect, device number 4
[ 7078.624349] usb 1-10.3: new full-speed USB device number 6 using xhci_hcd
[ 7078.729012] usb 1-10.3: New USB device found, idVendor=04d9, idProduct=0125
[ 7078.729014] usb 1-10.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=2, SerialNumber=0
[ 7078.729016] usb 1-10.3: Product: USB Keyboard

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Ubuntu :: Swap Or Swap File On Flash Memory?

Aug 16, 2010

RAM for older machines like I use is fairly cheap these days. But flash memory is just as cheap or cheaper. So I'd like to ask about the feasibility of expanding my system's memory using flash memory. And about whether creating a partition for swap on the flash memory, or whether a swap file on the flash device, is the better way to go.

By flash memory I have in mind mainly USB sticks or what are sometimes called "pen drives." But I do also have CF and SD cards that, with the proper cheap adapter (one of which I already own for adapting CF) could be used to create extra swap space. So, what is the current consensus on the feasibility/advisability of using flash memory for swap? I've read about the limited write cycles of flash being an argument against using it for swap. But recent reading indicates to me that the limited write cycles problem applies mostly to older, smaller-capacity flash memory. Some will come out and say that, for larger-capacity flash memory, the life of the device is likely to exceed the amount of time your current computer will be useful (I think I've seen estimates in the range of 3-4 years life--minimum--for newer, higher-capacity flash memory).

A more persuasive argument I've heard against using flash memory for swap is that access times for these devices can be much slower than SATA, and maybe even IDE, hard drives. That would certainly dictate against using flash memory for swap.

So, how about some input on this issue? Anyone using flash memory for swap? If so, what kind (e.g., usb stick or SD/CF)? Are you using a swap file or a swap partition? How's system performance? Likewise, has anyone had flash-memory-used-as-swap die on them? The consequences would undoubtedly be dire. Also, has anyone measured flash memory access times to confirm or refute claims about slow access times? Are some types of flash memory better/worse than others in terms of access times?

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Ubuntu :: Xmodmap Script Does Not Work As A Startup App / Solution For It?

Aug 19, 2010

In previous versions of ubuntu I used to reshuffle the ALT, SHIFT, and TAB keys using xmodmap.

Specifically, I had a file called ~/.xmodmap-mejia which reshuffled the keyboard, and I called that file from the startup applications (I had added it to system>preferences>Startup Applications).

However, in Ubuntu 10.4 it does not work. If I call the script after the computer has loaded, it works perfectly, but it does not have any effect as a startup application. It is as though changes effected by the script that calls ~/.xmodmap-mejia gets overwritten later on by the default keyboard binding.

As things stand right now, I have to run the script manually every time I turn on my laptop. Which, of course, is very annoying.

Any ideas of how to fix this?

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Ubuntu :: Disable Caps Lock With Xmodmap In Natty?

Apr 29, 2011

I just upgraded machine to natty, after which the xmodmap configuration remapping capslock stopped working (as in not doing anything at all). Running xmodmap manually (-e "clear Lock") doesn't have any visible effect either. I haven't tried doing this on another machine (I'm only close to one machine running ubuntu and reinstalling seems rather overkill), but the same config worked before the upgrade, and is working on another machine running arch.

Is anyone else having these issues and, if so, has anybody found a solution? The line of interest is, simply, "clear Lock".

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Software :: Make A Key Print A Different Character While A Certain Other Key Is Pressed Using Xmodmap?

Mar 10, 2010

Is it possible to make a key print a different character while a certain other key is pressed using xmodmap?

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Slackware :: Remapping Keyboard - Xmodmap Doesn't Work

Jun 16, 2011

I have slackware 13.37-64 bit with xfce. I have a "microsoft wired keyboard 600" keyboard and want to remap it to use the right win key as ctrl. With xev i see that the keycode for the specific win key is 134.

Then i run:


But nothing changes. Even if i manually configure the .Xmodmap file in my /home i see no change at all.

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Ubuntu Installation :: Dual Boot With Windows XP On A 1TB RAID-0 Setup - Create A SWAP Partition

Mar 20, 2011

(This is for a 100% Clean install)

Q1) I was wondering if it is possible to Dual boot Ubuntu with Windows XP on a 1TB RAID-0 setup ?

Q2) Also, is it possible to create a SWAP partition (for Ubuntu) on a NON RAID-0 HDD ?

Q3) Lastly... I read GRUB2 is the default boot manager... should I use that, or GRUB / Lio ?

I have a total of 3 HDDs on this system:
-- 2x 500GB WDD HDDs (non-advanced format) ... RAID-0 setup
-- 1x 320GB WDD HDD (non RAID setup)
(The non RAID HDD is intended to be a SWAP drive for both XP and Ubuntu = 2 partitions)

I plan on making multiple partitions... and reserve partition space for Ubuntu (of course).

I have the latest version of the LiveCD created already.

Q4) Do I need the Alternate CD for this setup?

I plan on installing XP before Ubuntu.

This is my 1st time dual booting XP with Ubuntu.

I'm using these as my resources:
- [url]
- [url]

Q5) Anything else I should be aware of (possible issues during install)?

Q6) Lastly... is there anything like the AHCI (advanced host controller interface) like in Windows for Ubuntu?

(Since I need a special floppy during Windows Install...) I want to be able to use the Advanced Queuing capabilities of my SATA drives in Ubuntu.

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Ubuntu Installation :: Dual Boot Partitioning \ What File System Should Use For Windows Swap Partition

Sep 1, 2011

I am about to get a new laptop here soon and I was planning a dual boot like I have on my current laptop (Win7 and Ubuntu), but I have something special in mind. I looked around the forum to see if there was anything like what I had or if it was even possible but I didn't see anything quite like this.I was wondering if this was even possible, and if so, would anyone be able to tell me what filesystem I should use for my windows swap partition?

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