General :: Where Are Programs That Use CUSE (character In User Space)

Nov 11, 2010

cusexmp, the example of CUSE program, works. Is there real programs that makes use of it? For example, a thing that just mirrors other character device or thing that allows networked character devices.

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General :: Division Of Logical Memory Space In To User Space And Kernel Space

Jan 4, 2010

Logical Memory Space of 4GB is divided in to 3GB User Space and 1GB Kernel Space. Always. Correct?

1. How can we change it? (just changing value of PAGE_OFFSET is okay?)

2. If system have only 256MB of memory (embedded system) and suppose Kernel Modules eat away all the memory during boot. User space will be left will no memory. Is this case possible?

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General :: Use The Man / Info / Apropos Pages - Character Instructed The Shell To Interpret A Special Character As An Ordinary Character?

Mar 27, 2010

1.What character instructd the shell to interpret a special character as an ordinary character?

2.What directory contains some of the utilities available on the system in the form of binary files?

3. What command is used to search the location of a utility?

4. What command is used to instruct the editor to write the file and quit the editor?

5. What key quits the more utility and displays the shell prompt?

6. What command starts a child shell as the super user, taking on root's identity and environment?

7. Which wildcard characters can be used for searching all the files in the system that start with "A"?

8. The user name or login name of the super user is????


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General :: Calling User Space Callback Function From Kernel Space?

Sep 22, 2009

I am writing device driver in which i have to call callback function from kernel space, which are saving my data. But the callback functions are in userspace. While accessing them i am getting segmentation fault.

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General :: Virtual Space Seen By Each New Process In User Space?

Jun 21, 2010

In a 32-bit system, max memory addressable is 4GB. Now Linux kernel does memory mapping division of 1GB for kernel address space and 3GB for user address space. That means 4GB of virtual address space is divided between kernel (1GB) and user (3GB).

Q1. All virtual mapping utilizes the available physical RAM without any division? I mean to say that if RAM is 512MB then a page in kernel space can lie any where RAM (leave aside old PCI dma accesses)? (How this fits to fact that kernel memory is non-pageble)

Q2. If a process is created in user space, it has visibility 4GB address space or 3GB address space?

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General :: How To Find Which Programs Are Using Up Swap Space

Jun 10, 2010

How can I figure out which programs are using up swap space? My current memory usage is 2.9GiB out of 3.0GiB used(and I though I had 4GB, I need to check into that) and 1.3Gib of swap used.

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Programming :: Check Whether The First Character Is TAB Or Space?

May 11, 2011

I have a file with one line. I want to check whether the first character is TAB or space, how can i do this.? using "cut" wont as it "bypasses the tab and space characters"

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Ubuntu :: Output From Find Has No Space Esc Character

Mar 9, 2011

I'm trying to copy all my photos from a windows drive to my Linux partition. So i created this small one-liner:


the output from find has no space esc-character, i.e. /path/sub folder should be /path/sub folder.

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General :: Measure Kernel Space Time And User Space Time?

Nov 28, 2010

measure kernel space time and user space time?

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Programming :: Passing Data Between Kernel Space To User Space In Asynchronous Way

Dec 13, 2010

I am developing a I2C CDROM client driver. The CDROM firmware supports TOC information read through a I2C command. It sends the TOC information in burst ( Interrupts a GPIO pin when it is ready ) and my CPU does a I2C read to read the TOC. When the CDROM firmware finishes sending the last data burst , it informs my CPU that it is done with the TOC, by a flag in the last data burst. I would like to know, which is the most efficinet way I can send these TOC information to userspace?

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Programming :: Function In Kernel Space Called Form User Space

Jul 7, 2009

I wanna write a file in kernel space but from my searching I can to know that instead of writeing file in kernel space ,I can write data to user space by copy_to_user space.

But link is missing ...I dont know how will my user space will access kernel space means my function in kernel space which will do copy_to_user /....How my user space function will call my kernel level function ..

Can any one of you provide me with some example file which are doing this .I know every char driver is using it ...but i could not trace back how user level function is accessing it ...i m confused between user space and kernel space.

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Programming :: Call Socket Prog Code Written In User Space From Kernel Space?

Jul 14, 2009

How to use execv from kernel space to call a user space program writtenfor socket prog.

I tried to write code for socket in kernel but its not working.

Socket code in kernel is also needed.

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Programming :: Signal From Kernel Space To User Space?

Jul 21, 2011

I have the following requirement in my module. The driver gets some data from the external device. After getting 1MB of data it has to send it to the user space application. What is the best thing to implement for this in driver.? Is it ok to implement like, after getting data, the driver will send a signal to the user space application. Then the user space application sends an ioctl to read the data. Is there any alternate, that the driver directly sends the data without the user space application asks for it.?

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General :: Kernel Module Run In It / User Space?

Oct 25, 2010

I'm pretty new to this whole (micro)kernel architecture story.

Im wondering if a kernel module is running in kernel or in user space?

Is a driver running as kernel module slower than a driver build into kernel?
If so, are there some current articles, benchmarks?

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General :: Getting Notified In User-space On Interrupts?

Jun 27, 2010

I hope this is the right place to post to because I haven't found any other related forums.I'm working on an AMD opteron running Linux I want to preload a hardware performance counter (register) with a value to have it overflow after a number of a specific event counts. As I understand, when the counter in the register overflows, an interrupt will be generated and handled by the appropriate interrupt handler. How can my user-level application get notified whenever the interrupt occurs? I want to obtain information on the instruction that caused the overflow. Is this possible? I think this is different than responding to signals with sigaction().

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General :: Difference Between User And Kernel Space?

Jul 12, 2010

what difference between user and kernel space.

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General :: Install Torrent Client In User Space

Jul 14, 2011

I've been looking to get some torrent downloads running on school servers, but I obviously can't install a torrent client because I don't have root (and by extent, can't run anything requiring root privileges). Servers are running various versions of Red Hat (at least the x86_64 ones are, I don't want to recompile if I don't have to). Google has failed me thus far.

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General :: Shared Buffer Between User And Kernel Space

May 3, 2010

I need a shared buffer between user and kernel space. I read that one way is to allocated buffer in kernel and then call mmap from the user space. I searched for an example but couldn't find something useful. If you know, could you please send me any links or sample code that does this..

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Server :: Illegal Character In User Name?

Mar 7, 2010

I have a SUSE mail server where I have user names like john.doe. And so the email address looks like [URL]..Now I move the server to slackware and I cannot create such users, it shows the error (I use adduser command): User 'john.doe' contains illegal characters (period/dot); please choose another What can be the best (simplest) solution to preserve my email addresses as they are. I also would like to preserve the user-names used for email authentication, because there are lot of mail user clients already using those logins. What is the point in that the dot is illegal in user names? I guess that there is a good reason to this but I would like to know what it is.

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CentOS 5 :: Adding User More Than 30 Character?

Aug 9, 2010

Unable to add user name which contains more than 30 character in Centos 5.4. how to add user more than 30 character.

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General :: Possible To Bypass NFS File Permissions By Using A User-space NFS Client?

Jul 4, 2011

There are some user-space based NFS clients (e.g. NFS Client library). Can I bypass file permissions by using such client? code...

Client1 uses usual NFS client (kernel-mode based) and user1@client1 can read only file1, but not file2.
As I understand, client1 sends uid in nfs request, server1 do a permissions check based on the request data. So, I suggest this is possible to have a client2:

Client2 uses user-space client, and hacker@client2 knows uids of user1 and user2; If he wants to read file1 he can send uid of user1; if he wants to read file2, he sends uid of user2.

Is the scheme possible?

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General :: Mask Local Timer Interrupts In User Space?

Oct 27, 2010

I am trying to figure out how to mask local timer interrupts on a specific core of a multicore system from within user space. The interrupts are causing latency spikes of 3-10u that we would like to remove. We are only running 1 thread on the core h everything shielded except for these timer interrupts. This thread makes no system calls and thus is never getting context switched out. I am not looking to turn them off entirely but rather turn them off, run my code, turn them on in a continuous loop. The thread runs in user space which we are hoping to maintain. We also have no desire to modify the kernel if possible. I've read about using spinlock_irqsave() but it appears (not positive) that it must be used within kernel space.

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General :: Process Control From Boot Loader To User Space

Jun 29, 2010

For the past few days I was putting effort on understanding the software control flow starting from "Boot loader" to "Linux User space".

I am consolidating the entire process and putting forth in this forum...It would be great if someone can validate this..It might be useful to other new bees too.

Step 1 : Power up the board

Step 2 : The CPU control goes to EEPROM/storage memory where BIOS resides

Step 3: BIOS gets loaded in RAM and gets executed

Step 4: During execution, the selection of Boot device has to be done with the help of BIOS Menu [Blue screen appearance during start up in normal PC's]

Step 5: BIOS shall access the Bootloader stored in boot device [for eg.,Hard disk]. Boot loader is stored in MBR area.

for explanation purpose I take the following configurations

Bootloader = GRUB
Boot Device = Hard Disk

Step 6: GRUB shall be loaded in RAM and gets executed

Step 7: GRUB shall load the KERNEL image to RAM. Kernel image is stored in Hard Disk.

The question of "How the GRUB knows where the Kernel image is stored".

The answer is
1. In the "Grub.config" file, the location of "Kernel Image" and " Ramdisk Image" [which will be discussed later in the section] is being given.

Step 8: Kernel Image followed by Ramdisk Image is loaded in RAM by GRUB bootloader

Step 9: Kernel Image gets executed...During execution, top portion of the code shall make initial hardware initialization and latter part
of the code shall just decompress the Kernel Image

Step 10 : After decompressing the Kernel Image, it shall decompress
the already loaded Ramdisk Image

Ram disk is just creating a temporary hard disk in RAM. The main responsibility includes it consists of minimal driver files, executables, directory structures to created a TEMPORARY ROOT FILE SYSTEM.

This Temporary Root File system shall be used by Kernel Image

1. Execute the executables to access the Hard disk
2. For creating Permanent Root File System in HARD DISK

Step 11 : Kernel Shall look for the file /Linuxrc in Ramdisk. Linuxrc
is a USER script file [not sure]

Step 12: At the end of script file Linuxrc, the Ramdisk shall give the
control to "USER SPACE" [path for writing the script not known]in Linux kernel

Step 13: USER SPACE is the normal shell

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Ubuntu :: Access User Account 1 Home Directory From User 2 Work Space?

Jun 16, 2011

Do you think there is a way of accessing different user data from another account which I have set up.

Ie. user 1 = account has messed up

user 2 = account works fine

access user account 1 home directory from user 2 work space?

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General :: Any Alternative Source Distro To Gentoo Without Space Taken Up By /user / Portage?

Sep 8, 2010

I sort of asked this question in the arch linux forums since I was interested in arch but I still have yet to get a response (maybe it's too early).I wan't something like gentoo but without taking up unnecessary space like gentoo's portage does (/usr/portage/). I find that to be a serious flaw with gentoo. Yes you can use squashfs-unionfs to help but it requires some work especially when something goes wrong with portage.I was thinking about arch but can you use it completely as a source based distro? Some people seem to have said it requires scripting and some work from the user. I wan't something that'll do it for me so I can set it and forget it.

I heard about source mage linux and exherbo but I'm not sure what to think. I'm thinking about trying arch linux and source mage but perhaps there's other distro's I don't know about. I'd really like some suggestions.

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General :: Script To Alert About Mount Point Space Via Sendmail To User?

Mar 19, 2010

i'm in search of Script that sends a mail to the user if the mount point goes beyond 80% of its full space.
send mail is configured in the system so that it can communicate with mail server.

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General :: Tools To View/edit User Space Memory Of Running Processes?

Nov 2, 2010

Are there any tools to view/edit user space memory of running processes on Linux?

It would be a great learning tool.

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Slackware :: Starting X Programs As A Different User?

Apr 23, 2010

Is there a way to start X programs as root from a root login shell?

I generally get an error about being unable to open the display.

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Ubuntu :: Check User Installed Programs?

Jul 8, 2010

How do check the programs that the actual user of the computer installed. I do not care at all about the default programs that came with your distro of Linux, I only want the user installed programs.

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Debian :: Classifying User Rights To Use Programs

Aug 14, 2009

I want to classify my users, based on what kind of programs/binaries they can use.Users of group Bronze, can use programs
A, B and C

While users of group Silver can use programs of Bronze, in addition
D and E

While users of group Gold can use programs of Silver, in addition
F, G, H

Any Idea on how to do this?I am curious on how is doing this...

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