Ubuntu Security :: Aes-xts - Aes-lrw - Aes-cbc - Set Up Encrypted Volumes With Dm_crypt And LUKS?
Jan 3, 2010
I'm just wondering - what is the best way to set up your encrypted volumes with dm_crypt and LUKS?
My understanding was that aes-lrw ws better than aes-cbc - and then I stumble upon [url] which says that LRW has some problems, and XTS is better? I dont know enough about encryption theory to be able to say anything, so i'm hoping some folks more enlightened will be able to say something here.
I was previously using aes-lrw-benbi to set up a volume. If xts is truly better - should i be using '-c aes-xts-benbi' then?
I've had everything but /boot on LVM LUKS encryption since I installed 11.4 on my netbook. Suddenly it won't accept my password and boot. Nothing had been updated since the last successful boot. The only possibly different thing that occurred was that I had plugged in my Android phone to charge before it booted up. Anyway, the specific error it gives when I enter the password (and I'm absolutely sure it's the correct password):
Code: No key available with this passphrase. Here is everything else on the screen: Code: doing fast boot Creating device nodes with udev [number (not sure if relevant/unique)] fb:conflicting fb hw usage inteldrmfb vs VESA VGA - removing gen Volume group "system" not found
and I'm dumped into recovery mode. However, if I remove these mounts from /etc/fstab via comments, I can wait for the system to boot (which it does very quickly) then mount the mapper devices myself. So what is going on? Has something changed wrt logical volumes, or is this just systemd? I can live with manual mounting, but any advice on resolving the automatic mounting situation would be great.
I'm trying to have a LUKS encrypted partition mounted at startup and to have GDM ask for my key so it will decrypt. Now I followed [URL] to the letter. Except for now, I have it just mounted into /mnt/cryptohome so I'm not messing with my system. My problem is the one everyone mentions in the comments, ubuntu isn't asking for the LUKS key in the X display, it's asking in the first terminal (Ctrl-Alt-F1). This will not do. I need it to ask to mount my drive before I'm even asked to login, so eventually I can encrypt my /home.
I run fedora 13 on my laptop (dual boot with Windows 7) and I just created a new partion to hold sensible data, encrypted with LUKS. I followed this tutorial for creating it.Now, everything went well and the new partition works well. But I needed something a little different from what the tutorial suggested, because I don't want the partition to be mounted on the system each time it boots, but I would (unlock and) mount it manually when I need it.
To do so I just didn't follow the Tutorial steps from 7 to 13, thinking that without the changes to crypttab and fstab the partition wouldn't be even touched by the start up process. And that's partially true: the partition isn't mapped nor mounted in the system when I boot, but the problem is that it however keeps asking for the passphrase to unlock it even if it doesn't get mounted or mapped.It just asks for it before the system loads all it's parts (udev, filesystems, etc) and I can't understand why, what it uses it for if it doesn't unlock it.So my question is: why does it ask for the passphrase to unlock luks if I haven't set crypttab and fstab to mount the partition on start up?
I need a FREE solution that can image an entire Luks system encrypted volume and the rest of the used HDD, the MBR and /boot partition. Note: MBR and /boot are not encrypted. Note 2: I want to be able to restore entire drive from image with only a couple of steps. Note 3: Destination HDD space is a factor. Image file must be compressed and the image file must be around 40 to 50 GB or less. The smaller the image the better.
I have used clonezilla live cd before but not for encrypted volumes. I know you can install it in Linux. But, I don't know how to configure it after installation. I would be very happy if someone could tell me how to configure clonezilla in Fedora. How to guides are also welcome. I have one more question. If I image the encrypted volumes and all the stuff I mentioned above while logged in to Fedora, and I restore the drive from the image, will the recovered drive still be encrypted?
I can't seem to get an encrypted partition to recognize a keyfile. It is a backup partition that I would like to keep unmounted until a cron-script runs once a week to backup my sensitive data. In order for the script to run without my assistance, I thought I'd use a keyfile to authorize the mount.
So far I've created a keyfile and have added it to the partition using "luksKeyAdd". It didn't really say it was successful, but when I do a luksdump, it shows that another key slot has been enabled, so I believe it worked. After that I created a /etc/crypttab file with the following:
Code: backup_sdd1 /dev/sdd1 /root/backup luks /dev/sdd1 being the backup partition, and /root/backup being the keyfile
After rebooting, I am still prompted for a password when trying to mount the encrypted partition (sdd1), and there is no device "/dev/mapper/backup_sdd1" created like I believe there should be. I haven't added any entries to fstab, as I don't want this partition to mount at boot.
I have a really tricky and may be intresting problem with a encrypted disk partition (cryptsetup luks...) which was fine until it accidentally got re-formatted by an instance of Windows 7. Most of the data on that 1TB-disk will probably still exist, only the LUKS header at the very beginning of the partition is - of course - gone.
So when I try to open the container, it gives no verbose, just the return value 234.
I scanned the whole partition for other LUKS headers with hexedit, none there. But, luckyly I have another partition which is encrypted in the exact same way with the exact same passphrase (which I remember very well!), so I had an idea: I copied the LUKS header (592 bytes) from the other LUKS encrypted partition over to the damaged partition. When I now issue
Code: No key available with this passphrase
Here is the command how I created the container:
How do I get the existing passphrase accepted by LUKS?
I am trying to get Slackware 12.2 running on a system with two identical harddiscs using RAID-1, LVM and LUKS.
Here is what I get:
The system is still the same, however, the results of upgrading or installing 12.2 are different. The system refuses to boot. The screen messages during boot seem to suggest, that the RAID system is "seen" by the system, but the encrypted filesystem is not.
I can boot with the installation DVD, however, and
I'm having a problem auto-mounting a new luks partition. I have crypttab and fstab entries. I already have my primary encrypted partition (root) mounting at boot (from the install), but after creating this one manually, it does not open on boot. It auto-mounts when I run the following command manually after boot: sudo luksOpen /dev/disk/by-uuid/<uuid> mycrypt
I have let the debian installer set up with separate partions forrootusrvarhometmpIt ended up with a huge home partition and little place for the others.So I wanted to give some of home's space to the others and didlvreduce on homelvextend on the others.Following some info on the net it tells you toe2fsck -f partition1 followed by aresize2fs partition1But when I try to fsck the reduced home partition I got the following error:The filesystem size (according to the superblock) is 73113600 blocksThe physical size of the device is 20447332 blocksEither the superblock or the partition table is likely to be corrupt!Abort? yesIs there any way to save this?
sda is what I currently run to write this text, sdb is my former harddrive, connected via USB.
I want to access the root partition on sdb.
The problem is:
Code: Select allcryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sdb5 oldhd Enter passphrase for /dev/sdb5: root@x200s:/home/b# ls /dev/mapper/ control oldhd sda5_crypt x200s--vg-root x200s--vg-swap_1 root@x200s:/home/b# mount /dev/mapper/oldhd /mnt/ [b]mount: unknown filesystem type 'LVM2_member'[/b]
Before all this, both sda and sdb where in the same volume group. I renamed the volume group of sdb to "oldDisk" using
Code: Select allvgrename <UUID> oldDisk
How I can access the data on the root filesystem of my sdb..
I need to access /etc/modprobe.d on an encrypted LVM LUKS partition. I m not sure how to go about it though. Mount usually handles my mounting needs, do I need to decrypt the physical volume first? LIst of commands need would make my day.
I recently installed OpenSUSE 11.4 64 bit with GNOME yesterday and everything is going fantastic. I like it much better than Ubuntu 10.10 64 bit Maverick Meerkat because it is much more stable, reliable, and dependable. I own a heavily modified ASUS N61JV-X2 notebook PC. I installed OpenSUSE using the LVM based method and LUKS encryption. When I turn on the power to my notebook PC, it asks me for my password to decrypt my Intel 2nd Generation 160.00 GB Solid State Drive. I expected this behavior. However, I never get to see the OpenSUSE login screen. After I type in my password to decrypt my SSD, it loads up the desktop immediately. How do I configure my OpenSUSE so that I can see the login screen so that I can select my standard user profile and enter the user password to login?
I am running Fedora 14 with the Gnome desktop and I have a 1 TB external hard drive that is msdos with approximately 200 gbs of data on it. I can unlock it and even read and copy files to my internal hard drive but I cannot add files to it, I use to be able to. I didn;t think i changed permissions.
OpenSuSE 11.1 is by far the best SuSE version in a long time. It's generally up to competition or ahead of it. It's admirable, how thoughtful this system is set up, and how clean and fast it is compared to its predecessors. It ssems, that SuSE is fighting its way back to where they came from before the Novell "merger."
Having said that, it is even harder to understand, IMHO, why the installer doesn't support encrypted root partitions. Of course, there is a manual solution:
However, this HOW-TO doesn't explain how to combine LUKS encryption with LVM on a RAID-1 system, as described for Slackware 12.2 here:
Is there a similar guide anywhere available for OpenSuSE 11.1?
If not: Would it be possible to do all the low-level setup work, like partitioning, setting up the logical volumes and encrypting everything, with Slackware, following the document above, and then install OpenSuSE 11.1 on that system? Would that work?
I am trying to change the splash screen (Lucid 10.4) on an encrypted drive (cryptpo LUKS)
I've used to gimp to modify the png files in /lib/plymouth/themes/ubuntu-logo (both ubuntu_logo.png and ubuntu_logo16.pgn).
These changes show up when the machine is shutting down, but not when it boots (I get the same Ubuntu splash screen that allows me to enter the encryption password). I'm guessing because I'm using an encrypted drive that the plymouth theme and images are stored in an encrypted partition ....maybe /dev/sda1?
Could someone confirm this, or suggest how to change the splash screen for 10.4 if using drive encryption?
I have an external 300GB (Toshiba) disk which I encrypted (using cryptsetup luksFormat) and then installed an NTFS filesystem on (need to be able to use it in both Linux and Windows - using FreeOTFE). The disk mounts fine in windows and on my Fedora 10 system it automounts.
I can manually mount it on the RHEL5.3 system, and gnome-mount gets as far as recognising that it is encrypted and asking for the key, but it doesn't then mount it - I then have to manually mount the /dev/mapper/luks... device.
Does anyone know how to do this - if it works in Fedora 10 it ought to be possible to get it to work in EL5.3 I'd have thought.
How can I get a LUKS encrypted partition on an external USB device automounted with r/w access for non-privileged users?
Background: I just reformatted an external USB device with ext4. The only partition is LUKS encrypted. Now, when I plug the device to my computer, KDE notifies me and asks me to enter the LUKS passphrase. Then it mounts the device. Little snag here: Non-privileged users have read-only access.
My user is a member of group plugdev, but not of group disk, as this was discouraged several times, e. g. by Robby Workman. With non-encrypted disks regular users have read/write access, or can change the filemodes accordingly, as far as I recall (currently I have no more non-encrypted disks left to verify it...)
I'm looking for a way of mounting an encrypted volume - home folder or a separate mount point, using only the standard login authentication (ie KDM or ssh). I thought the pam_mount module provided this, but I still get prompted for a password on the console at boot time. This is inconvenient as both my main desktops are headless HTPCs. I want the login credentials to be passed through, at log in time. I'm guessing this is possible, but to be honest, encryption is one thing in Linux that still completely confuses me.
I installed Ubuntu 10.10 64 on my laptop with the entire 500gb setup as encrypted LVM. This has worked well for several months with no problems. During this time i have been backing up the data to an external usb drive (1tb) on a regular basis. The usb drive was not encrypted. So, I thought it would be a good idea to encrypt the backup drive too. I wiped out the backup drive and set it up as one large encrypted lvm and mbr. This seemed to work fine but immediately afterwards I decided to erase that and set it up as encrypted lvm guid instead of mbr. I couldn't delete it while logged into my desktop so i decided to do it from a bootable gparted usb stick. In gparted i erased the 1TB backup drive once again and planned on setting it up the way I wanted once I was logged back into my ubuntu desktop. Now I cant boot into my desktop with the following errors:
cryptsetup: evms_activate is not available b0d) does not begin with /dev/mapper/
Then after waiting for a few minutes I get an error followed by (initramfs)
When booting from a live version of ubuntu the 250MB boot patition is recognized and 500 partion is there but it is labeled as empty/unused.
Also, I did choose to use the exact same passphrase as what is used on the main bootable drive when I set up the encrypted partition on the external 1TB drive.
I've just started using ubuntu one. However, some of the files I store on there are sensitive so I encrypt them using seahorse. Right click, encrypt etc etc. My question is, is there a way to automatically get the encrypt process to delete the un-encrypted file when it makes the new encrypted copy?
When 10.04 is released I'll encrypt my /home partition using luks. I've read that xts is good for hard drive encryption and aes is good for cipher encryption. I'm looking for something that is fairly secure without sacrificing a lot of speed.
I have a LVM logical volume, that contains a LUKS encrypted volume, on which is an ext4 filesystem. I shrank the partition to the minimum size. Next step is to luksClose the device, and then to resize the LVM logical volume. I suspect that LUKS has overhead. So if the ext4 filesystem was resized from, say 1TB to 500G, I have the idea that resizing the LVM LV to 500G does not take LUKS overhead into account and this might corrupt data on the end of the FS. So, what's the smart move to take? How do I calculate the safe minimum LV size? Or should I just give the 500G disk a few gigabytes extra to be sure?
I am trying to decide whether or not to use LUKS with LVM install for NAS Box, mysql, postfix, ddns, bind, NFS, sshd, Appletalk, maybe samba. I have decided to give LVMs a try but not sure how LUKS will affect access to services. LAN includes Standalone headless web server(not on LVM, no LUKS). Aren't permissions,iptables and firewalls sufficient? Not sure how services are supose to interract if everything is encrypted especially root?
So far what I have read recommends vgOS /, swap, /var, /tmp encription and vgdata /home encryption but no one tells how they did it. The 2 servers I'm working on only have small /home for admin stuff and considering making NAS headless, except i read somewhere that some gui would make it easier to manage mysql which brings me to the question if I don't install X on NAS can I ssh in with my desktop using its gui? I am experimenting with minimal server tagfiles. LUKS and LVMs are new to me. Decided to use LVMs to seperate OS from data, different data types and resizing flexibility. I have read some material on LUKS just wonder if its more complicated than my needs require. Certainly i don't want to leave myself open to someone just distroying my setup for kicks.