Server :: MDADM Raid 5 Array - OS Drive Failure?

Jun 7, 2011

I have 4 WD10EARS drives running in a RAID 5 array using MDADM.Yesterday my OS Drive failed. I have replaced this and installed a fresh copy of Ubuntu 11.04 on it. then installed MDADM, and rebooted the machine, hoping that it would automatically rebuild the array.It hasnt, when i look at the array using Disk Utility, it says that the array is not running. If i try to start the array it says :Error assembling array: mdadm exited with exit code 1: mdadm: failed to RUN_ARRAY /dev/md0: Input/output error

mdadm: Not enough devices to start the array.I have tried MDADM --assemble --scan and it gives this output:mdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 2 drives - not enough to start the array.I know that there are 4 drives present as they are all showing, but it is only using 2 of them.I also ran MDADM -- detail /dev.md0 which gave:

root@warren-P5K-E:~# mdadm --detail /dev/md0
/dev/md0:
Version : 0.90

[code]...

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Server :: Mdadm Acting Oddly With RAID 5 Array?

Dec 21, 2010

I have been having some odd issues over the last day or so while trying to get a raid 5 array running in software under Kubuntu. I installed 3 1TB drives and started up, my sd* order got all messed up( sda was now sdc and so on). This wasn't entirely unexpected, so I fixed up fstab and booted again. I found all three of the drives I installed, set them to raid auto-detect and used mdadm to create /dev/md0. I then created mdadm.conf by piping the output of mdadm --detail --scan --verbose into /etc/mdadm.conf.At this point, everything was still going swimmingly. I copied over a few hundred GB of data from another failing drive and everything seemed ok. I went to reboot once the copy was done and everything just went weird. All of the sd* drives went back to the original. Of course, this meant that the mdadm.conf was wrong. I tried to just change the device list, but that didn't work. I then deleted mdadm.conf and rebooted. The drive list stayed in the original order this time, so I just tried manually starting the array.

By erasing the partition table of the 3rd drive, I've been able to get it to the status of spare, but it says it is busy when I try to add it to the array. A grep through dmesg makes me think that md has a lock on it. I'm not sure where to go with it now. If anyone has any pointers, I would like to hear them.

Device List(original):
/dev/sda => boot drive, /home /
/dev/sdb => 1.5TB media storage, failing

[code]...

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Server :: Mdadm Create,, Raid Array Is Not Clean?

Nov 16, 2009

mdadm --create /dev/md1 --level=1 --raid-disks=2 missing /dev/sdb1and I getmd1: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstructionWhy is it not clean?Should I be worried?The HD is not new it has been used in before in a raid array but has beenrepartitionated.

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Server :: Raid Array Metadata Info (mdadm)?

Feb 3, 2011

When we assemble a raid array, from where does it load configuration information for that array? I thought it refers to /etc/mdadm.conf file, but in my system, mdadm.conf file doesn't even contain all information. Still it is able to successfully assemble previously created device.

# cat /etc/mdadm.conf
DEVICE /dev/sd[bcdjkl]1
DEVICE /dev/loop[012345]

[code]...

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Server :: Creating Backup Disk Image Of RAID 1 Array (MDADM)?

Oct 27, 2010

We have some servers that run in very harsh environments (research vessel) that need to have high-availability.We have software RAID 1 for some measure of resiliency, along with proper data backups (tapes etc), however we would like to be able to break out a new server and re-image it (including RAID setup) from a known good copy if the hardware completely fails on the production box. Simplicity of the process is a big plus.I am interested in any advice on the best way to approach this. My current approach (relatively new to Linux administration, totally new to MDADM) is to use DD to take a complete gzipped copy of one of the RAID'ed devices (from a live CD): ode:
dd if=/dev/sda bs=4096 | gzip -c > /mnt/external/image/test.img then reverse the process on the new PC, finally using Code:mdadm --assemble to re-create and re-build the array.

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Server :: Raid 1 - Resync The Drives In The Array Hda Primary And Hdc Secondary Using Mdadm?

Nov 30, 2010

I am learning software raid 1 with centos 5.5. I created the raid with out any problems and removed the first drive to check there was no problems and it booted. I have installed the old drive back in the system as hdc and need to resync the drives (used old drive as partitions correct) I thought I could use raidhotadd but id does not seem to exist anymore. how I resync the drives in the array hda primary and hdc secondary using mdadm

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Server :: Raid 10 Not Assembling Mdadm Assembled From 2 Drives - Not Enough To Start The Array?

Feb 20, 2011

This is message I get when I try and start itmdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 2 drives - not enough to start the arrayBelow is the information I've collected about any help on how I can get the raid back up and going to I can get the data off of it would be awesome

sudo mdadm --examine --scan -v
ARRAY /dev/md0 level=raid10 num-devices=4 UUID=91c36708:a7cbb532:5b51dc92:ba008491
devices=/dev/sdd1,/dev/sdc1,/dev/sdb1,/dev/sda1

[code]...

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Server :: Software Raid Mdadm Can't Bring Up Drive

Jul 27, 2011

I have a raid 5 array that appears to have died. I was just routinely looking at /var/log/messages and noticed that a drive in the array was complaining (via SMARTD).

This is the /home directory, and so is backed up, so it's not critical, but I'd like to get some things that changed after the last backup (the week before I noticed the failure)

Let me start by outlining what I know :

It's a 2TB array spread over three disks (mdadm software RAID5), here are the drives:

MDADM gives the drives :

Now, the array *WAS* up ok, but I umounted it. (in which /dev/md0 was mounted to /home) Yes,I know - I didn't want any changes being made to the array by anything - at least that was my thinking at the time. In hindsight... I would have killed any processes, locked out the server, backed up again and 'then' unmounted it.

But we are where we are, I'm sure there'll be time for recriminations later.

When I try to remount it, I get :

Ok - looks like it's lost the type - it's normally worked, maybe we'll give it a little hint - it's ext3 with a journal.

When I tell it it's an ext3, I get :

Now, before I go charging off specifying superblocks further along the disk, but I can't remember where they're stored.

Neither can I recall what the blocksize I originally created the array as (I have a feeling I specifed 4K, but I could be wrong).

debugfs is only telling me :

I should also point out that this server is hosted, so it's 150 miles away from me at the moment, so I can't just whip them out and dd a copy.

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General :: Bad Sectors On Mdadm Raid 5 Array?

Aug 14, 2010

I'm running a Debian homeserver, with a 3-disk (1GB each) raid 5 array using mdadm (the OS is on a separate disk).Now, smartmontools noticed some bad sectors on one of the disks, and I'm not sure what to do next (except for backup of valuable data).I found some articles on how to fix these sectors, but I'm unaware what the result on the whole array will be.

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Software :: Creating New Mdadm Raid 1 Array?

Mar 2, 2011

a server that was running a hardware isw raid on the system (root) disk. This was working just fine until I started getting sector errors on one of the disks. So, I shutdown the system and removed the failing drive and installed a new drive (same size). On reboot I went in to the intel raid setup and it did show the new drive and I was able to set it to rebuild the raid. So, continuing the reboot everything came up just fine except the raid 1 on the system disk. I have tried many times to get the system to rebuild the raid using dmraid, but to no avail it would not start a rebuild. In order to get the system back up and make sure that the disk was duplicated I was able to 'dd' the working disk to the new disk that was installed.At present when I look at the system it does not show up with a raid setup on the system disk ( this comprises the entire 1TB disk with w partitions sda1 as / and sda2 as swap).Problem:I have decided to forego the intel raid and just use mdadm. I have a test system setup to duplicate (not the software, but the disk partitions) the server setup.

Code:
[root@kilchis etc]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

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Software :: RAID Mdadm Cant Add Disks To Array?

Sep 10, 2010

I have a 7-drive RAID array on my computer. Recently, my SATA PCI card died, and after going through multiple cards to find another one that worked with linux, I now can't assemble the array. The drives are no longer in the order they were in previously, and mdadm can't seem to reassemble the array. It says there are 2 drives and one spare, even though there were 7 drives and no spares. I know for a fact that none of the drives are corrupted, because one of the non-working RAID cards was still able to mount the array for a short period, but would loose the drives during resyncing (I later found out that the chipset on the card was had extremely limited linux support). I have tried running "mdadm --assemble --scan" and after the drive is partially assembled, I add the other drives with "mdadm --add /dev/md0 /dev/sdc1". These both return errors and will not complete on the new raid card.

Code:
aaron-desktop:~ aaron$ sudo mdadm --assemble /dev/md0
mdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 2 drives and 1 spare - not enough to start the array.

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Ubuntu :: MDADM Raid 5 - OS Failure?

Jun 5, 2011

I have 4 WD10EARS drives running in a RAID 5 array using MDADM.Yesterday my OS Drive failed. I have replaced this and installed a fresh copy of Ubuntu 11.04 on it.I then installed MDADM, and rebooted the machine, hoping that it would automatically rebuild the array.It hasnt, when i look at the array using Disk Utility, it says that the array is not running. If i try to start the array it says : Error assembling array: mdadm exited with exit code 1: mdadm: failed to RUN_ARRAY /dev/md0: Input/output errormdadm: Notenough devices to start the array.I have tried MDADM --assemble --scan and it gives this output:mdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 2 drives - not enough to start the array.I know that there are 4 drives present as they are all showing, but it is only using 2 of them.I also ran MDADM -- detail /dev.md0 which gave:

root@warren-P5K-E:~# mdadm --detail /dev/md0
/dev/md0:
Version : 0.90

[code]....

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CentOS 5 :: Software RAID - Starting Array With Mdadm

Jul 15, 2010

I've been having troubles with software raid. In particular, the raid array becomes un "assembleable" after reboots. The config is CentOS 5, 4 sata discs (one by 160 containing OS, no raid and 3 2TB disks configured as a RAID 5 array - no spare drive). These drives were configured in anaconda and all seemed to go well (the drive and its lvm partitions worked and it finished rebuilding overnight). A couple of reboots later the drives cannot be assembled anymore and the machine won't boot. The error message says:

mdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 1 drive and 1 spare - not enough to start the array.

Of course there are 3 drives and no spares in the array as configured. Manually starting the array with mdadm --assemble --scan gives the same message as does assembling the drive by specifying the individual parts. /proc/mdstat does recognize the 3 drives and when I look at the partition tables in fdisk, they show as being software raid. What could be wrong or steps to diagnose? I tried configuring the raid drives manually before going the anaconda route. Also, does anyone know I can edit the /etc/fstab file to disable them so the machine will at least boot. The (Repair filesystem) shell has the / drive mounted r/o.

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Ubuntu :: Slow Write Speeds On Mdadm RAID 5 Array

Mar 3, 2010

I have a 4 drive RAID 5 array set up using mdadm. The system is stored on a seperate physical disk outside of the array. When reading from the array its fast but when writing to the array its extremely slow, down to 20MB/Sec compared to 125MB/Sec reading. It does a bit then pauses, then writes a bit more and then pauses again and so on.The test i did was to copy a 5GB file from the RAID to another spare non-raid disk on the system average speed 126MB/s. Copying it back on to the RAID (in another folder) the speed was 20MB/s.The other thing is very slow several KB/s write speed copying from eSATA drive to the RAID.

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Ubuntu :: Mdadm Raid 5 Single Disk Failure

Feb 2, 2010

Recently, one the SMART utility said that one of the drives had failed and another drive was about to fail. I downed the box and hooked them up to my windows machine to run sea tools on them (They are all seagate drives). Sea Tools said that the drives were fine, while ubuntu said they were failing/dead. Yesterday I decided to try to fix one of the drives in the raid. I turned the server off, took the failed drive out, and restarted. Of course the raid didn't work because only 2 of the 3 drives were there, however it had been working w/ only 2 of the 3 drives for a couple months now (I'm a lazy college student). I turned it back off and back on with the drive there just to see if I could get the raid up again, but I havn't been able to get it to go. So far I've tried:

Code:

mdadm --assemble /dev/md0 /dev/sd[b,c,d]
mdadm: no recogniseable superblock on /dev/sdb
mdadm: /dev/sdb has no superblock - assembly aborted

[code]....

I'm looking for a way to trick the raid into working with just 2 drives until I can warranty the seagate and buy an external 1.5 TB drive to use as another backup. how to remove the bad drive from the array and replace it with a fresh drive, without data loss.

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Ubuntu :: MDADM RAID 5 Disk Failure And Recovery?

Jun 18, 2010

I have a fileserver which is running Ubuntu Server 6.10. I had a RAID5 array consisting of the following disks:

Code:
/dev/sda1
/dev/sdb1
/dev/sdd1
/dev/md0 -

the raid drive for the above three disks. The sda1 disk has failed and the array is running on 2 of 3 disks

/dev/sdc (OS disk)
/dev/sde (new 2tb disk - unused)
/dev/sdf (new 2tb disk - unused)

My plan was to rebuild the array using the two new disks as RAID1. Would the best way to do this be to create a new RAID1 disk on /dev/md1 then copy all data over from /dev/md0? Also - this may sound stupid but since all 3 drives in md0 are identical i'm not sure physically which disk is bad. I tried disconnecting each disk one-by-one then rebooting but the system doesn't appear to want to boot without the bad drive connected. I've already failed the disk in the array with mdadm but i'm unsure of how to remove it properly.

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Ubuntu Servers :: Mdadm RAID 6 Array With Si 3132 SATA Controller ?

Mar 12, 2010

I've recently started having an issue with an mdadm RAID 6 array that been operational for about 2500 hours.

Intermittently during write operations the array stalls, dropping to almost 0 write speed for 10-30 seconds. When this occur one or both of the 2 drives attached to a 2 port Silicon Image si3132 SATA-II controller "locks up" with its activity light locked on. This just started occurring within the last week and didn't seem to coincide with any update that i noticed. The array has just recently passed 12.5% full. The size of the write does not seem to make any difference and it seems completely random. Some times copying a 5 GB dataset results in no slow down other times a torrent downloading to the array at 50kb/sec does cause a slow down and vise versa.

The array consists of 8 WD 1.5TB drives, 6 attached to the ICH9R south bridge, and 2 attached to a si3132 based PCI express card. The array is formatted as a single ext4 partition.

Checking SMART data for all drives shows no errors. Testing read speed with hdparm reports what i would expect (100mb/sec for each drive, ~425mb/sec for the array).

The only thing i did notice is that udma6 is enabled for all the ICH9R drives while only udma5 is enabled for the si3132 drives. Write cache is enabled for all the disks. Attempting to set the si3132 drive to udma6 results in an IO error from hdparm.

The si3132 drive is using the sata_sil24 driver. Nothing of interest appears in the kern or syslog. During this time top shows very high wait time.

The s13132 controller appears to have the original firmware from 2006 loaded, there are some firmware updates available on the Silicon Image website for this controller that now appear to offer separate firmwares for RAID operation (some sort of hybrid controller/software thing the controller supports) and a separate firmware for standard IDE use.

Has anyone had similar issues with this controller? Is a firmware update a reasonable course of action? If so which firmware is best supported by the linux driver?

I know i'm not using its raid features but i've dealt with controllers that needed to be in raid mode for ahci to be active and for linux to work well with them. I'm bit ify at the idea of just trying it and finding out as it could knock 2 disks of my array out of action.

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Software :: RAID 5 Array Not Assembling All 3 Devices On Boot Using MDADM - One Is Degraded

Aug 31, 2010

I have been having this problem for the past couple days and have done my best to solve it, but to no avail. I am using mdadm, which I'm not the most experienced in, to make a raid5 array using three separate disks (dev/sda, dev/sdc, dev/sdd). For some reason not all three drives are being assembled at boot, but I can add the missing array without any problems later, its just that this takes hours to sync. Here is some information:

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Ubuntu Servers :: Mdadm - Why /dev/sdb1 And /dev/sdi1 Show As Both Ext2fs And Also As Part Of A RAID Array

May 31, 2011

I've been having some problems w/ a my RAID 5 array, and after extensive investigation, I'm fairly sure that my last resort is rebuilding the array. I'd tried --assemble, b/c it's a previously created array, but it didn't seem to like that. So, I checked into --create, and it will re-create the array w/out destroying the data, if the superblocks are persistent, which they seem to be. However, here's what I get:

[Code]....

My question is: why do /dev/sdb1 and /dev/sdi1 show as both ext2fs and also as part of a RAID array?

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Server :: Dual Drive Failure In RAID 5

May 22, 2009

I *had* a server with 6 SATA2 drives with CentOS 5.3 on it (I've upgraded over time from 5.1). I had set up (software) RAID1 on /boot for sda1 and sdb1 with sdc1, sdd1, sde1, and sdf1 as hot backups. I created LVM (over RAID5) for /, /var, and /home. I had a drive fail last year (sda).After a fashion, I was able to get it working again with sda removed. Since I had two hot spares on my RAID5/LVM deal, I never replaced sda. Of course, on reboot, what was sdb became sda, sdc became sdb, etc.So, recently, the new sdc died. The hot spare took over, and I was humming along. A week later (before I had a chance to replace the spares, another died (sdb).Now, I have 3 good drives, my array has degraded, but it's been running (until I just shut it down to tr y.

I now only have one replacement drive (it will take a week or two to get the others).I went to linux rescue from the CentOS 5.2 DVD and changed sda1 to a Linux (as opposed to Linux RAID) partition. I need to change my fstab to look for /dev/sda1 as boot, but I can't even mount sda1 as /boot. What do I need to do next? If I try to reboot without the disk, I get insmod: error inserting '/lib/raid456.ko': -1 File existsAlso, my md1 and md2 fail because there are not enough discs (it says 2/4 failed). I *believe* that this is because sda, sdb, sdc, sdd, and sde WERE the drives on the raid before, and I removed sdb and sdc, but now, I do not have sde (because I only have 4 drives) and sdd is the new drive. Do I need to label these drives and try again? Suggestions? (I suspect I should have done this BEFORE failure).Do I need to rebuild the RAIDs somehow? What about LVM?

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Ubuntu :: Rebuild Md RAID Array After OS Disk Failure?

Dec 19, 2010

I went to setup my linux box and found that the OS drive had finally died. It was an extremely old WD raptor drive in a hot box full of drives so it was really only a matter of time before it just quit on me. Normally this wouldn't be such a big deal however I had just recently constructed an md RAID5 array of 3 1TB disks to act as an NFS mount for basically all of my important files. Maybe 2-3 weeks before the failure I had finished moving all of my most important stuff onto that array. Now I know that the array is intact. All the required data is sitting on those disks. Since only the OS level disk failed on me I should be able to get a new disk in there, reinstall ubuntu and then rebuild that array. how exactly do I go about doing that with mdadm? Do I create the array from the /dev character devices like when I initially built the array?

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Software :: Rebuild/repair Array(Raid 1) With Only "mdadm" Command Slack12.2?

Mar 18, 2010

I wonder how to attach new sata hard disk to software array where are two disk and one is crashed (this is a mirroring mode=Raid 1).Situation like this:I unpluged crashed disk and I buy the similar one and plug in What Next should I do?

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Hardware :: Raid1 Mdadm Repair Degraded Array With Used Good Hard Drive?

Jun 27, 2009

I have a used but good harddrive which I'd like to use as a replacement for a removed harddrive in existing raid1 array. mdadm --detail /dev/md00 0 0 -1 removed1 8 17 1 active sync /dev/sdb1I thought I needed to mark the removed drive as failed but I cannot get mdadm set it to "failed". I issue mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --fail /dev/sda1But mdadm response is:mdadm: hot remove failed for /dev/sda1: no such device or addressI thought I must mark the failed drive as "failed" to prevent raid1 from trying to mirror in wrong direction when I install my used-but-good disk. I want to reformat the good used drive first right? I believe I must prevent raid array from automatically try to mirror in the wrong direction.

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Ubuntu :: Random SATA Drive Is Always Busy / In Use (RAID 5 / Mdadm)

Dec 3, 2010

I have 4 SATA's in a RAID 5 array using mdadm. Yesterday when I started the computer the RAID did not build/mount. When trying to load the array manually I get the message "mdadm: cannot open device /dev/sd(a,b,c,d)1: Device or resource busy" The drives should not be mounted or in use. The output of the drives in mdadm (mdadm --examine /dev/sd_1) looks normal.

The weirdest part is that rebooting often changes which drive is marked as busy, it can be any of the 4 SATA drives. how to figure out why/what is being used and how to disable it? I have tried searching for similar threads here and in google and haven't found anything similar or that worked.

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Ubuntu :: Random SATA Drive Is Always Busy - In Use - RAID 5 - Mdadm

Dec 3, 2010

I have 4 SATA's in a RAID 5 array using mdadm. Yesterday when I started the computer the RAID did not build/mount.

When trying to load the array manually I get the message "mdadm: cannot open device /dev/sd(a,b,c,d)1: Device or resource busy" The drives should not be mounted or in use.

The output of the affected drive in mdadm (mdadm --examine /dev/sd_1) looks normal.

The weirdest part is that rebooting often changes which drive is marked as busy, it can be any of the 4 SATA drives. What is being used and how to disable it?

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Server :: Mdadm Array Migration Between Hardware Upgrades?

Jul 25, 2011

Long time lurker, still a Linux noob but Im learning I currently have a home media server setup with the following hardware specs:

MSI P45 motherboard
Intel Core2Quad Q6600
8GB DDR2 RAM
2x 250GB WD HDD in RAID1 via LVM (boot/swap etc)
8x2TB Hitachi HDD in RAID5 via mdadm (media/data)

The server mainly serves files for HTPCs around the house and runs a few VMs with VMWare server. I have recently picked up the following hardware which I�m thinking about upgrading to:

Gigabyte EX-58-Extreme motherboard
Intel i7 920
12GB DDR3 RAM

My main concern is will I be able to just swap the driving into the new system and everything can just pick up where it left off? More specifically, will mdadm be able to detect the 8x2TB drives attached to the new hardware and re-assemble the array?

My buddy that helped me set this system up isnt sure so I figured I ask here first, the boards do have the same ICH10R southbridge providing 6 of the SATA ports and 2 more will be run off of the extra controller onboard. I dont have a lot of Linux experience switching out core parts but in Windows Ive had great success moving things between various Intel chipsets and architectures from P965 -> P35 -> P45 -> H55 -> X58.

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Fedora :: MDADM On 12 64bit - Error "mdadm: Cannot Add Disks To A 'member' Array, Perform This Operation On The Parent Container"

Nov 22, 2009

Here's a brief description of my system:

120GB Sata HDD - Primary OS drive
3 x 1.0TB Sata HDD - Raid 5 array

This is on a C2D MSI P35 Platinum board. Anyway, did a fresh install of F12 on the 120GB, which I had problems with - Anaconda refused to see the drive. Fedora Live could see it fine, and it was listed as an 'nvidia_raid_member' - no idea why, but I completely erased the disc under the Live CD and proceeded to install F12.

Once F12 was installed, I loaded up mdadm to re-activate my Raid 5 array, using 'sudo mdadm --assemble --uuidthe uuid) - and it started with only 2 of the 3 drives. My /dev/sdb drive did not activate into the array, due to what mdadm said was a mismatched UUID. Ok, so I erased /dev/sdb, intending to rebuild the array. Erased /dev/sdb, and then attempted 'sudo mdadm --add /dev/md0 /dev/sdb' and I get this error: "mdadm: Cannot add disks to a 'member' array, perform this operation on the parent container" - I can find NO information on this error message.

[Code].....

I don't believe the hard drives are connected in the exact same order they were in before - I disconnected everything in the system and blew it out (it was pretty dusty)

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Server :: Weird With Software Raid-5 Mdadm?

Feb 20, 2011

My only goal is to have a raid-5 that auto-assembles and auto-mounts. Hardware: 4*2TB sata (raid disks), 1*500GB IDE (OS disk), 1*DVD IDE all plugged direct into the motherboard (nForce 750i SLI).

Starting partitions on the raid disks: gpt ext4 The problem occurs when I restart my comp after building it for the first time. I am able to see it assemble, I am able to partition it, I even mounted it Once.This is the second time I've built it so I have watched everything that happened. I don't know if this has anything to do with my problem, but when I created the raid my drive designations were: sda - 500GB(OS), sd[bcde] - 2TB(raid). When I restarted: sd[abcd] - 2TB(raid), sde - 500GB(OS).

[Code]...

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Ubuntu :: Server Was Used To Boot (after MDADM Raid Rebuild)

Feb 1, 2011

My home-backup server, with 8*2TB disks won't boot anymore. Two disks failed at the same time and i rebuilt the raid 6 array without any problem, but now i can't boot the os. I'm using ubuntu server, 10.10. I've made screens of the displays to don't copy everything here. The problem at the boot:

And the Grub config: It's not a production server, but i would like to have it online. I've tried for the lasts 2 days (just a couple hours a day) but without success. I was suggested to do "mount -o remount,rw /" and than edit /etc/fstab, but it get the file don't exist error.

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Server :: Mdadm Continually Accessing Raid Device

Dec 4, 2010

I have an Linksys NSLU2 with four usb harddrives attached to it. One is for the os, the other three are setup as a RAID5 array. Yes, I know the raid will be slow, but the server is only for storage and will realistically get accessed once or twice a week at the most. I want the drives to spin down but mdadm is doing something in the background to access them. An lsof on the raid device returns nothing at all. The drive are blinking non-stop and never spin down until I stop the raid. Then they all spin down nicely after the appropriate time.

They are Western Digital My Book Essentials and will spin down by themselves if there is no access. What can I shutdown in mdadm to get it to stop continually accessing the drives? Is it the sync mechanism in the software raid that is doing this? I tried setting the monitor to --scan -1 to get to check the device just once, but to no avail. I even went back and formatted the raid with ext2 thinking maybe the journaling had something to do with it. There are no files on the raid device, it's empty.

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