Hardware :: Determine The UUID Of 2 Disks That Are Assembled In A RAID1 Array?

Feb 17, 2011

I just experienced a HDD failure and while reorganizing the drives inthis machine I realized the benefits of UUID instead of /dev/sdX nomenclature. I am trying to determine the UUID of 2 disks that are assembled in a RAID1 array. right now they are /dev/sde & /dev/sdf with each only one partition. I tried ls -l /dev/disk/by-uuid but I get only the UUID of other disks, not the ones currently ID'd as sde & sdf. my mdadm.conf assembles several raid arrays all by UUID, but somehow, I cant recall how I got the UUIDs of the other HDDs at first...

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Ubuntu Servers :: Raid Array Incorrectly Assembled On Boot

Feb 20, 2011

I've got a couple of new hard disks that I have partitioned (3 partitions per disk) and set up in a mirrored software raid array using mdadm. They've synced, I've put file systems on them (1 x ext4, 2 x luks + ext4) and I can mount them. I've checked the partitions using fdisk. I've checked the filesystems using fsck. So far so good. Next step is that I'd like mdadm to automatically assemble them on boot. (Not bothered about mounting and crypttabing yet.)

I've used sudo /usr/share/mdadm/mkconf to generate a new mdadm.conf with the appropriate UUIDs for the new partitions. I've checked that this matches the output of sudo mdadm --detail --scan

The new lines in this file are:

ARRAY /dev/md9 level=raid1 num-devices=2 UUID=470fb8a6:45561fe0:ebda4a02:9ba7a1ed
ARRAY /dev/md10 level=raid1 num-devices=2 UUID=f351fbba:c704a4b2:ebda4a02:9ba7a1ed
ARRAY /dev/md8 level=raid1 num-devices=2 UUID=c6ccec17:2274588e:ebda4a02:9ba7a1ed

To check that the mdadm.conf is fine I have stopped the new arrays:


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Server :: Raid 10 Not Assembling Mdadm Assembled From 2 Drives - Not Enough To Start The Array?

Feb 20, 2011

This is message I get when I try and start itmdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 2 drives - not enough to start the arrayBelow is the information I've collected about any help on how I can get the raid back up and going to I can get the data off of it would be awesome

sudo mdadm --examine --scan -v
ARRAY /dev/md0 level=raid10 num-devices=4 UUID=91c36708:a7cbb532:5b51dc92:ba008491


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General :: New Disks (RAID1) Not Enough Space?

Jan 13, 2011

I recently followed this guide to create a RAID1 [URL]... First I partitioned the disks with fdisk. I made the RAID array with

mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1. Then I created the filesystem with mkfs.ext3 /dev/md0.

I then mounted md0 at /Video with mount /dev/md0 /Video/ All according to the guide.. Today I made a samba-share out of /Video/Rorschach to easily put files in there from my windows7-machine (the plan is to steam from my CentOS-server to my HTPC which hasn't arrived yet). I started to put movies in there. It went just fine for a while but then I got this message: [URL]... How is that even possible when df -h looks like this?:


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CentOS 5 :: New Disks (RAID1), Not Enough Space?

Jan 13, 2011

I recently followed this guide to create a RAID1 [URL]First I partitioned the disks with fdiskI made the RAID array with

mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1

Then I created the filesystem with

mkfs.ext3 /dev/md0

I then mounted md0 at /Video with

mount /dev/md0 /Video/

Today I made a samba-share out of /Video/Rorschach to easily put files in there from my windows7-machine (the plan is to steam from my CentOS-server to my HTPC which hasn't arrived yet).I started to put movies in there. It went just fine for a while but then I got this message:


How is that even possible when df -h looks like this?:

[root@Rorschach Rorschach]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
446G 70G 354G 17% /


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Debian Configuration :: Duplicate Disks With Same Uuid Under Fdisk

Jan 19, 2016

I am running Debian 3.2.0-0.bpo.2-amd64 on hyper-v, my / volume ran out of space and is sitting at 100%, I have extended the disk size on hyper-v, however when I go to Fdisk I see duplicates of each disk.

I have total of 2 vhds on the vm, so I see 4 disks under fdisk. Here is the output of fdisk

root@apachevm:~# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 107.4 GB, 107374182400 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 13054 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0009bfe8


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OpenSUSE Install :: 11.3 Installation With RAID1 On Two Disks?

Dec 14, 2010

I fail to install OpenSuse 11.3 with Raid-1. What I do: Partitioning -> Expert. sda1 type RAID do not format / mount, sda2 /(root) type RAID do not format / mount, sda3 /home type RAID do not format/mount. Clone disk to sdb. Raid -> add md126p1 type swap mount to swap, add->md126p2 type etx4 mount to /(root), md126p3 type ext4 mount to /home. Bootloader: GRUB, boot from MBR enabled, boot from / disabled. After installation the system does not boot and grub reports error that the specified filesystem can not be found.

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Ubuntu Installation :: Anyway To Re-partition Disks To Use RAID1

Aug 1, 2011

I just installed Ubuntu server edition to my computer (brand new, no OS) and finished installation. In the terminal I used apt-get ubuntu-desktop to install a desktop interface.In my rig, I have two 500GB HDDs. I set them up through my computer BIOS as RAID1 drives, yet as I understand I still need to configure the Ubuntu software raid for it to work correctly. Unfortunately, I already partitioned my drives! I used the easy way (guided with LVM or whatever) and let it do it for me. Now, RAID1 is very important to me! Is there anyway to repartition the disks to use RAID1, or do I need to wipe my computer and reinstall Ubuntu?

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Fedora :: Can't Mount RAID1 Array?

Dec 29, 2010

I have just upgraded to Fedora 14 from an older version. I now have problems mounting my RAID1 array, which was operating correctly until now. This is a software RAID which was initially built under Fedora 10.The array is md0, and is made of 2 SATA drives (sdc and sdd) which have only one partition. The underlying filesystem is NTFS. The array is assembled correctly and active, as reported by /proc/mdstat and mdadm -D.When I try to mount the array, I get this:

[root@Goofy ~]# mount /dev/md0 /mnt/raid
mount: you must specify the filesystem type


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Ubuntu :: RAID1 Array Fails On Reboot?

Sep 8, 2010

I did a search and couldn't find anything pertaining to this - if I've missed something please direct me in the right direction We have an Ubuntu box set up as a headless office server (latest desktop install of Ubuntu) and we recently set up two 1TB HDDs in a RAID1 array using mdadm - as far as I can tell it worked successfully and created /dev/md0 with an ext3 file system. After sharing the drive I can see it from the other office computers and could transfer data to and from the RAID array just fine.

I didn't figure out how to get it to automatically mount on boot so I restarted it to see if it would do so by default - however, when I restarted I couldn't see the RAID array any longer on the desktop and it came up as a 0.0kb RAID array in Disk Utility, saying it was broken. It wouldn't let me check it until I stopped and restarted the array.

After restarting I hit "check array" and it appears to be repairing the drives. What have I missed? What happened here? How can I fix it? What other info can I provide to assist:

sudo blkid shows:

/dev/sda1: UUID: "<snip>" TYPE="ext3" (system HDD)
/dev/sda5: UUID: "<snip>" TYPE="swap"
/dev/sdc1: UUID: "<snip>" TYPE="linux_raid_member"
/dev/sdb1: UUID: "<snip>" TYPE="linux_raid_member"
/dev/md0: UUID: "<snip>" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3"

disk utility: RAID Array: Mirror (RAID-1), Metadata version 0.90.0, Partitioning: Not Partitioned, Components: 2...

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Hardware :: Intermittently Clicking HDD On A RAID1 Md Array

Mar 13, 2011

One of my HDD on a 2 drive RAID1 md (linux software raid) is intermittently clicking. When this occurs, I can hear a loud clicking noise at uniform intervals and then it stops. Its like "click..click...click..click...click..click...click..click". You know what I mean

It does it about 4 times per hour. I believe this drive is about to die.

Until I find a replacement drive, can I run into problems with the data on the array? I believe the mdadm utility would tell me if the drive was faulty and once I replace the drive, it would auto rebuild the array (re=copy the data to the new drive)?

I have over 1.2TB of data on this array I really dont want to lose everything...

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General :: Create RAID1 Array With Given/fix HD Labels?

Aug 19, 2010

I have two HDs (let's say sda and sdb). Both are the same size and have the same partitions already (sda1/sda2/sda3 and sdb1/sdb2/sdb3). Basically they are ready to make a RAID1 array.

Writing with new udev rules, I could create and give fix HD labels with /sbin/scsi_id.

Example: For sdb1 I have a fix device name created under /dev as hd2_boot1, for sdb2 I have /dev/hd2_boot2 and finally for sdb3 I have created the device /dev/hd2_boot3.

With using the command "mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 ....", I could create a RAID array.

But, when I check the status one of the RAID devices, like with the command "mdadm --detail /dev/md2", it still shows me as part of the RAID array the sdb* devices, not the hd2_boot* devices. Something like this:

I would like to see basically as member or the RAID array always the /dev/hd2_boot3 not the /dev/sdb3 (like above), is this possible?

Bottom line, I would like to keep the order of the RAID arrays depending their scsi ids, not depending their scsi numberings which is given by the kernel, since the scsi numberings (sda, sdb, sdc and etc.) can change depending the physical connection.

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General :: Recover A RAID1 Array Using Mdadm

May 12, 2010

I'm looking to recover a RAID1 array hopefully using mdadm. Ive not really used Linux much befor but I'm keen to learn to get my data back. Basically one of the disks in my Maxtor Shared Storage II (2x500GB sata) died and I could do with either rebuilding the array or getting the data off another way.

I have a spare machine I could use for recovery process. It has a spare drive but its only 120Gig, I also have a bigger 320gig disk but thats IDE not SATA. Do I need to purchase another 500GB sata drive or can I use either of my spares? If i do need to buy a new drive could I use a 1TB or 1.5TB or will it have to be 500? Next question is what is that best version of linux to use, I have knoppix 6.2 and Ubuntu (not sure on version) already. I noticed that mdadm isn't installed by default on Ubuntu.

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Ubuntu :: Raid1 Array Won't Start On Boot

Jan 2, 2011

I created a raid1 disk with Disk Utilities on with Karmic, then upgraded my system to Lucid then Maverick. This Raid disk is just a data store, I'm not booting off of it. when I reboot the raid1 disk does not start. I have to go into Disk Utilities, stop the array and then start it. Then it comes up and I can mount it. I ran dpkg-reconfigure mdadm and it created a valid entry in mdadm.conf. but the array still does not start on boot. I want to have it auto mount with fstab but need to make sure the array starts first.

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Ubuntu :: Unable To Boot Due To Changed UUID In RAID Array

May 9, 2010

I'm running 64bit Lucid. I've recently had a severe problem with my softraid (5) array, and have had to recreate the array to fix it. However this now means that something is up with GRUB/initramfs, and booting times out while waiting for the root device (md0) to be ready. /boot is on a normal partition, not the raid array itself. A friend of mine has rebuilt my initramfs file with the new UUID, but now I get the message: 'Kernel panic not syncing: VFS: unable to mount root fs on unknown-block (9,0)'.So my question is either how do I sort this error, OR how do I rebuild initramfs/grub in a way that will boot?

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General :: Commercial NAS RAID1 Disks Moved To Software Raid System?

Feb 14, 2011

I've got a couple of commercial NAS boxes and I'm wondering if they (ReadyNas duo, DLink DNS-323) or any other NAS is suitable for having their RAIDed disks moved to a software-based NAS. To be specific, I'm a big fan of the (largely) Debian-based Ubuntu. Can the aforementioned NAS drives be migrated to Ubuntu (e.g. using the mdadm Linux command)?

Secondly, is there any commercial NAS that can be migrated over? Incidentally, here is a link to somebody who succeeded in a migration:URL...My specific scenario I'd like to prepare for, is the eventual (sudden) death of one of the NAS motherboards.

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Ubuntu Installation :: Booting When RAID1 Array Is Present?

Feb 24, 2011

I'm sorry if this is the wrong section and if there is another thread on the matter. I searched but couldn't find threads with my specific problem. I've just installed Ubuntu 10.10 Server 64 bit which I intend to use as a internal file server.

The hdd setup is:
500gb system disk
1tb storage
2tb storage (2*2tb using built-in motherboard hardware RAID1) When the installation was complete and the computer rebooted I got an error message saying "error: no such disk". After re-installation I got the same message and I then tried disconnecting all the storage devices and it booted perfectly. I then tried connecting up the 1tb drive and again it booted as it should. But when I re-connected the RAID:ed disks the error message re-appeared.

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CentOS 5 :: Permanently Remove Drive From Md Array (RAID1)

May 14, 2011

I installed a distro based on CentOS 5.5 (FreePBX distro FYI). It used an automated kickstart script to create an md RAID1 array of all the hard drives connected to the machine. Well, I installed from a thumb drive, which the script in interpreted as a hard drive and thus included in the array. So, I ended up with three md arrays (boot, swap, data) that included the thumb drive. Even better, it used the thumb drive for grub boot so I couldn't start up without it. I was able to mark the USB drive as 'failed' and remove from each array, and even change grub around to boot without the usb drive, but now each of the arrays is marked as degraded:


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Ubuntu Installation :: Hard To Install The RAID1 Array In Brand New PC?

Nov 19, 2010

Like it says in the title, I am thinking it should be this hard to install the RAID1 array in my brand new PC. Here is what is happening. I have two brand new 1TB drives that I am attempting a new, fresh install of 10.10 on (in fact, the entire box is new). I am attempting to use the alternate desktop install so that I can have access to the manual partitioning (which is required to setup RAID 1, correct?).

I tried to use the guide here: [URL]... I followed the steps, but when I got the the very end (after selecting and creating the MDs) I get an error message stating that there is no root file system defined. I went back and checked all the steps and I am sure I followed everything in the guide.

Here are some quirks (not sure if they are bugs or not) In step 5 of the disc partitioning, it says to select the bootable flag and set it to yes (I am assuming). I press enter over that options, the screen flashes really quickly to a progress bar, but then comes back to the options screen and it still says bootable flag is off. No matter how many times I do it is says "off".

Also, and here is the bigger problem I think. - So the guide says to select the free space in each drive and then select Automatically Partition the free space, which I do, and it comes back and looks formatted accordingly - has 975.6 GB ext4 / and 24.6 GB swap swap. No Problem there.

BUT - whenever I do the same thing to the second drive, the partitions on the first seem to disappear. Meaning, it doesn't say free space, and has two partitions listed, but the / and the swap (last items in each row) have moved to the second drive partitions. I am not sure if this is how it is supposed to be since the pictures in the linked guide to not show what it looks like after that. THis is driving me crazy and I have to have it set up in RAID 1 and unsure as to what it is I am missing.

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General :: Create A RAID1 (mirroring Only) Array With 3 Live Drives?

Jun 16, 2010

I'm not entirely a newbie, but this seems like such a simple question I'm not sure where else to ask it. I checked through the various HOWTOs and searched already and didn't find a clear answer, and I want to know for sure before we start investing in hardware. Is is possible to create a RAID1 (mirroring only) array with 3 live drives, rather than with 2 live plus a spare? Our goal is to have 3 drives in a hot-swap bay, and be able to pull and replace one drive periodically as a full backup. If I do:


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CentOS 5 Hardware :: HDD Dma _intr Errors After Rebuilding Raid1 Array

Sep 2, 2009

I've got a mailserver set up in a raid1 array.I shut down the system to install a CD-ROM drive but forgot to change the master/slave settings (I know, don'tt say anything) and didn't realize it before Centos started booting up, so it booted the hdc drive from the array.I rebuilt the array using mdadm without any apparant issues but on subsequent bootup, I get the following error :

kernel: hdc: dma_intr: status=0x51 { DriveReady SeekCompleteError }
kernel: hdc: dma_intr: error=0x84 { DriveStatusError BadCRC }
kernel: ide: failed opcode was: unknown


There doesn't seem to be any side effects to this but since that didn't happen prior, I figure there's probably something I didn't do properly since I'm fairly new to the linux world.My raid array was originally set up by the Centos instal software and is set up like this :

hda1 + hdc1 = md0 (boot)
Hda3 + hdc3 = md2 (/)

The other partitions are of the same size on each drive and are swap partitions.

PS : The drive is SMART capable and no errors appear during a self-test.

edit : Clonezilla also fails to boot properly although I don't know if its due to a software raid array in the first place or the errors in the filesystem. When only one drive was detected because of the jumpers, it booted properly.

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Hardware :: Determine Speed Of RAID Hot Swappable Disks?

Mar 4, 2009

I'm trying to to determine the speed of my Raid Hot swappable disks. I need to determine if each disk is ether 10,000 rpm or 15000 rpm. I know that each disk is 72GB in size: I have tried to find this information ind/proc/diskinfo and using dmesg but no luck.

Hardware spec:
dl380 with P400 raid controller
/dev/cciss/c0d3: (Smart Array P400) RAID 1 Volume 0 status: OK.
/dev/cciss/c0d3: (Smart Array P400) RAID 1 Volume 1 status: OK.
/dev/cciss/c0d3: (Smart Array P400) RAID 1 Volume 2 status: OK.
/dev/cciss/c0d3: (Smart Array P400) RAID 1 Volume 3 status: OK.
[root@smstcatp11 cciss_vol_status-1.03]# df
Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/cciss/c0d0p6 29134940 2806224 24848732 11% /
/dev/cciss/c0d1p1 59122668 20567660 34972516 38% /apps
/dev/cciss/c0d0p1 101086 11353 84514 12% /boot
/dev/cciss/c0d3p1 56616620 102716 53056720 1% /cdr
/dev/cciss/c0d3p2 2466732 61816 2279612 3% /home
/dev/cciss/c0d2p1 59122668 626432 54913744 2% /data
none 2073896 0 2073896 0% /dev/shm
/dev/cciss/c0d0p2 16516084 78820 15598272 1% /tmp
/dev/cciss/c0d0p3 16516084 198828 15478264 2% /var

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OpenSUSE Install :: Mdadm - Change Spare To Active In RAID1 Array?

Aug 7, 2011

I'm convinced that mdadm is going to be the death of me. I've wasted numerous hours on this so far without luck.

OpenSuse 11.4 on an old Supermicro box, creating a software RAID1 array across 2 x IDE 500GB disks. Creating /dev/md0 as a 250MB partition across /dev/sda1 and /dev/sdd1 for /boot, another 465GB partition across /dev/sda2 and /dev/sdd2 as an LVM partition to hold volumes for the various other OS filesystems. After the initial installation and configuration there were a series of mishaps with faulty IDE cables that had drives failing to show up at boot. Somehow, /dev/sdd2 got configured to array /dev/md1 as a spare drive. And nothing I've done so far gets it to show up as an active drive.

The obvious step of failing the partition, removing it, then adding (or re-adding) will bring it back as a spare. I've tried roughly a dozen different permutations of those same steps. The latest was to 'dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdd2' to clear the partition. Thought this might be the trick - after the zero, mdadm -E /dev/sdd2 reported 'no superblock' and no md1 configuration.

So 'mdadm --add /dev/md1 /dev/sdd2' and it still comes back as a spare. Here is mdadm -D /dev/md1

Version : 1.0
Creation Time : Sat Jul 9 10:26:01 2011
Raid Level : raid1
Array Size : 488119160 (465.51 GiB 499.83 GB)

I can't stop this array, the OS is running from there. I can't easily boot from CD to repair, all IDE ports have disks attached.

Does anyone have an incantation to promote a spare to active?

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Hardware :: Raid1 Mdadm Repair Degraded Array With Used Good Hard Drive?

Jun 27, 2009

I have a used but good harddrive which I'd like to use as a replacement for a removed harddrive in existing raid1 array. mdadm --detail /dev/md00 0 0 -1 removed1 8 17 1 active sync /dev/sdb1I thought I needed to mark the removed drive as failed but I cannot get mdadm set it to "failed". I issue mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --fail /dev/sda1But mdadm response is:mdadm: hot remove failed for /dev/sda1: no such device or addressI thought I must mark the failed drive as "failed" to prevent raid1 from trying to mirror in wrong direction when I install my used-but-good disk. I want to reformat the good used drive first right? I believe I must prevent raid array from automatically try to mirror in the wrong direction.

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Software :: Programatically Determine Device In RAID Array?

Oct 30, 2009

I'm writing a bash script that needs to know whether or not a device node is part of a RAID array. I'm just curious if anyone knows of a good way to determine if a device node is in a RAID array. I know that you can run mdadm -Q or mdadm --examine on the device node and that will tell you. But I don't want to rely on screen scrapping and would rather have something that would return a boolean. Any ideas?

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Software :: RAID Mdadm Cant Add Disks To Array?

Sep 10, 2010

I have a 7-drive RAID array on my computer. Recently, my SATA PCI card died, and after going through multiple cards to find another one that worked with linux, I now can't assemble the array. The drives are no longer in the order they were in previously, and mdadm can't seem to reassemble the array. It says there are 2 drives and one spare, even though there were 7 drives and no spares. I know for a fact that none of the drives are corrupted, because one of the non-working RAID cards was still able to mount the array for a short period, but would loose the drives during resyncing (I later found out that the chipset on the card was had extremely limited linux support). I have tried running "mdadm --assemble --scan" and after the drive is partially assembled, I add the other drives with "mdadm --add /dev/md0 /dev/sdc1". These both return errors and will not complete on the new raid card.

aaron-desktop:~ aaron$ sudo mdadm --assemble /dev/md0
mdadm: /dev/md0 assembled from 2 drives and 1 spare - not enough to start the array.


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Debian Configuration :: Reorganizing Disks In MD RAID Array

Mar 4, 2010

I'm trying to do some RAID managing with mdadm. I would like to sync my spare disk and then remove it from the array for making a backup out of it with dd command (the best way i can think of to get the current image of the whole system as it can't be done using the active RAID as source, because is constantly in use and changing). So, I have RAID1 array with 1 spare and 2 active disks (configuration listed below). Now I would like to force spare to sync and then remove it from array, although not faulty.

However, mdadm man page states:
"Devices can only be removed from an array if they are not in active use. i.e. that must be spares or failed devices. To remove an active device, it must be marked as faulty first."

So, I'd have to mark a disk as faulty (which it is not) to be able to remove it from array. There seems to be several people reporting that they can't remove this faulty flag accidentally given to a drive. And mdadm does not give direct for such operation. Isn't there a way I could remove and add disks whenever feeling like it?? One way would be open the cover and physically remove the disk. I'm not taking the risk, though. System is almost always in use, so there is not much chance for me to power off for temporary disk removal.

~# mdadm --detail /dev/md0
Version : 00.90.03
Creation Time : Fri Aug 4 17:38:26 2006
Raid Level : raid1
Array Size : 238950720 (227.88 GiB 244.69 GB)

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Ubuntu Installation :: Merge 1TB Disks Into And RAID 5 Array?

Apr 11, 2010

I wanted to merge my 1TB disks into and RAID 5 array, 4 of them in RAID 5 is above 2Terabytes limit of msdos partition tables which grub2 can boot from, so I decided to start up the system from scratch, by building it on GPT partitions, but seems grub2 won't boot from GPT partition because it drops to grub rescue and I can't really do anything from there.

here's my set up:

/dev/md0 (raid 1) - 100MB total:
- dev/sda1, /dev/sdb1, /dev/sdc1, /dev/sdd1
/dev/md1 (raid 5) - 45GB total:
- dev/sda2, /dev/sdb2, /dev/sdc2, /dev/sdd2
/dev/md2 (raid 5) - something bit lower than 3TB:
- dev/sda3, /dev/sdb3, /dev/sdc3, /dev/sdd3

any tips how to have this system up and running? Because I've spent like 3 days jumping over various problems

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Hardware :: Looking For Good Hard Disks To Use In Raid 1 Array

Jan 13, 2010

I'm looking to stock my SuperMicro P8SCi with two 1-2 TB SATA hard discs, for running backups and web hosting. There are reviews of certain disks stating that the low-power disks will get kicked out of the Raid due to their slow response time, and it also appears that there have been quality problems with these newer disks, as if the race to size has lowered their reliability.

Can someone recommend a good brand and specific disks that you've had experience with? I'd rather not need to replace these after putting them in, but I also don't want to pay significantly more for an illusion of quality.

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General :: 2 Disks Failed Simultaneously On A RAID 5 Array?

Apr 15, 2011

I have a home server running Openfiler 2.3 x64 with 4x1.5TB software RAID 5 array (more details on the hardware and OS later). All was working well for two years until several weeks ago, the array failed with two faulty disks at the same time. Well, those thing could happen, especially if one is using desktop-grade disks instead of enterprise-grade ones (way too expensive for a home server). Since is was most likely a false positive, I've reassembled the array:


# mdadm --assemble --force /dev/md0 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1 /dev/sde1
mdadm: forcing event count in /dev/sdb1(0) from 110 upto 122
mdadm: forcing event count in /dev/sdc1(1) from 110 upto 122


Right. Once is just a coincident but twice in such a sort period of time means that something is wrong. I've reassembled the array and again, all the files were intact. But now was the time to think seriously about backing up my array, so I've ordered a 2TB external disk and in the meantime kept the server off. When I got the external drive, I hooked it up to my Windows desktop, turned on the server and started copying the files. After about 10 minutes two drives failed again. I've reassembled, rebooted and started copying again, but after a few MBs, the copy process reported a problem - the files were unavailable. A few retried and the process resumed, but a few MBs later it had to stop again, for the same reason. Several more stops like those and two disks failed again. Looking at the /var/log/messages file, I found a lot of error like these:


Apr 12 22:44:02 NAS kernel: [77047.467686] ata1.00: configured for UDMA/33
Apr 12 22:44:02 NAS kernel: [77047.523714] ata1.01: configured for UDMA/133
Apr 12 22:44:02 NAS kernel: [77047.523727] ata1: EH complete


The motherboard is Gigabyte GA-G31M-ES2L based on Intel's G31 chipset, the 4 disks are Seagate 7200.11 (with a version of a firmware that doesn't cause frequent data corruption).

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