Hardware :: Building A PC: Especially On Onboard Graphics Compatibility?

Feb 7, 2010

I'm planning on building a computer, to replace the ten-year-old workhorse I have at the moment. But I'm not all that knowledgeable about current hardware. The objectives are cheap and quiet. And of course everything needs to be Linux compatible.I have a few existing devices that I will want to use, and thus need support for. An IDE hard drive, IDE DVD Writer, PCI Wireless Adaptor, and PCI tv tuner card. The drives are the really important things, the PCI devices less so.

I'm in England, and I'm hoping to bring it in to a budget of �200-250.Usage is going to be web browsing including streaming media, watching video (though probably not HD),office work, maybe some light gaming, but probably the most demanding thing is GIS (Geographic Information Systems). I might want to try running stuff in virtual machines too.

For a processor, I'm thinking of an AMD Athlon II X3 435. Based on a magazine review, this seems to give the ideal price/performance ratio - anything more powerful means a bit of a jump in cost. Alternatively, I could go for a lower end processor and spend the money somewhere else instead. (More RAM is the obvious choice; would the ultra-cheap Sempron 140 and 4GB perhaps be better than the Athlon with 2GB?)

I want a motherboard with onboard graphics, and here's the first question: What's the Linux compatibility of onboard graphics like?. Most motherboards for AMD processors have ATI graphics, but there are some with nVidia chips. Which is better for Linux compatibility?

The second question: Is there much benefit buying any memory other than what's cheapest? I know there will be some performance differences, but are they worth worrying about in a budget machine? Also DDR2 is cheaper than DD3 now, but I expect in future that will reverse, so am I better off getting a motherboard that uses DDR3?

I've read that power supply quality is pretty important; an unreliable PSU can cause issues. And I'll also want to pay a bit extra to get something quiet, though I don't need fanless. Considering my choice of processor (TDP 95W) and other hardware (HDD, optical drive...that's about it), What power rating do you think I'll need?.

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Mar 30, 2010

I am trying to install a PNY GeForce 8500GT HDMI graphics card on an ACER desktop running Ubuntu 10.04. Acer support is nothing.Install card and neither the HDMI or standard monitor work.The fan on the card has power.Remove the card,plug old monitor back in,works fine. Is there a jumper on the motherboard to disable the onboard or something (Command)in terminal? First log is- dmesg, second log is- lspci .

[ 0.008345] CPU: L1 I cache: 32K, L1 D cache: 32K
[ 0.008348] CPU: L2 cache: 1024K
[ 0.008353] CPU: Physical Processor ID: 0

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Jul 14, 2010

Recently i have installed centos 5.3 from a 'CentOS-5.3-i386-bin-DVD.iso' which was downloaded about an year ago.It was conflicting with my graphics card(Intel� Graphics Media Accelerator X4500 integrated graphics subsystem) from the very beginning as i was unable to install it in graphical mode.So i did a text based installation and selected the 'Gnome' mode.But whenever i type 'startx' or Ctrl-alt-F7 ,Linux is unable to open the x-window and show a huge error regarding its inability to detect monitor resolution or graphics card.My hardware's are Intel quad core 2.33Ghz processor,1.96 GB ram,Intel Dg41 rq motherboard and on-board graphics card(X4500).

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I'm a new user of Linux.Recently i have installed centos 5.3 from a 'CentOS-5.3-i386-bin-DVD.iso' which was downloaded about an year ago.It was conflicting with my graphics card(Intel� Graphics Media Accelerator X4500 integrated graphics subsystem) from the very beginning as i was unable to install it in graphical mode.So i did a text based installation and selected the 'Gnome' mode.But whenever i type 'startx' or Ctrl-alt-F7 ,Linux is unable to open the x-window and show a huge error regarding its inability to detect monitor resolution or graphics card.My hardware are Intel quad core 2.33Ghz processor,1.96 GB ram,Intel Dg41 rq motherboard and on-board graphics card(X4500).What should i do to operate Linux in graphical mode?Considering that I'm a beginner and everything i have to do is in the command mode,'detailed'.

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Aug 24, 2010

I am trying to get the graphics working correctly on an old HP Compac d220 mt machine that has an Intel 82845G Graphics Controller.

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The latest driver I can find is: Intel(R) Graphics Driver - Linux*[IntelGraphics_060704.tar.gz] dated 12/17/2004 Version 20041217 When I started to install this driver I got a message that said that it was compatible with kernel version 2.4.(+ numbers I don't remember) So I stopped the installation. My question is what will / could happen if I go ahead and try to complete the driver install? Will I hose the entire system? I am fiddling with the kernel if I continue to install the driver.

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I'm running hardware already considered legacy and I was made painfully aware that those drivers, for ATI cards, are only available from Jessie repositories; yet, somehow I was able to have my system configured to run not the stock drivers the system used for installation but, allegedly, proprietary drivers.

I did notice an overall improvement on how the system displays everything on the screen but after fumbling around the system trying to install a game I had a message warning that only software acceleration was activated and not full hardware acceleration, which was what I was aiming at.

After going through a lot of guides on the web I was able to:

a) discover the system is running MESA drivers (or so I have understood)
b) install headers for my system but somehow along the way I fumbled whatever I was doing and I probably now have a lot of loose ends in the system

Being Debian (and rock solid) the system is still running smoothly but I really want to clean up after myself and correct what I can and improve where is possible.

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Oct 12, 2010

In understanding with Fedora logs are trying to tell me and if I need to adjust some settings on my system to address these issues.

The system motherboard (Gigabyte GA-MA785GT-UD3H) has onboard graphics. I understand that some of the system RAM is taken up by the graphics subsystem.

Very occasionally, I am seeing Nautilus and some other apps crash with SIGSEGV errors. Also, on the couple of occasions, parts of the display started going black - minimising and maximising the window redrew the area as before. This appears to be to do with memory access issues. I have already tested my RAM, applied the latest BIOS update on the mobo. I'm trying to understand if this is some sort of memory access violation that is resulting from the Linux kernel going off and accessing the wrong parts of the RAM and if there is a way to tell it that the graphics and system areas of the RAM are separate, through BIOS settings or kernel parameters and such?

Some questions:

1. Is my system using AGP? I don't think so. I understand AGP is on its way out. So what does the below log output mean wrt AGP?

2. Which part of the log is actually describing the memory assignment for the graphics memory?

3. Would it be of any use trying iommu=noaperture here? I am trying this out, but I don't understand if it is helping in anyway.

Have done a Google search and read on AGP, iommu, shared memory for graphics, but their interaction with each other at the hardware level and how Fedora is handling this is not sinking into my dull brain.

I have put up the system configuration, BIOS settings, logs etc for your perusal here [url]. Parts that caught my attention are highlighted.

Now, onto the bits that has my attention:

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No AGP bridge found

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May 2, 2010

I have a Gigabyte GA-MA74GM-S2 motherboard with integrated graphics that shows up on lspci as an ATI Radeon 2100. I also bought a PCI-Express Nvidia graphics card so I could use the VDPAU feature on Linux (plays H.264 in hardware). The BIOS has three settings about which display to initialize first:

Integrated graphics
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I set the BIOS on PEG, but

I cannot get anything, not even a splash screen or POST messages, to emerge from the PCI-Express graphics card. (I'm using a DVI connector; the card also has an HDMI output.)I cannot get the kernel lspci to see the graphics card; the only VGA controller it acknowledges is the integrated one.Running dmidecode acknowledges the existence of an x16 PCI Express slot, and it says

Current usage: Unknown

There is an additional BIOS setting called "Internal Graphics Mode" which is normally set to "Auto" which means it is supposed to prefer a PCI Express VGA card. I set it to "Disabled" which now means I'm getting no output at all. I will soon be learning how to do a BIOS reset!

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Code:
$ alsamixer
AlsaMixer v1.0.20 (Press Escape to quit)

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