General :: Zip -x For A Directory - Subfolder Contents Not Being Excluded Recursively?

Dec 9, 2010

I am attempting to use the zip command with the '-x' option to exclude a folder e.g. 'zip upload.zip public_html -x public_html/jquery/*'. However, parts of this folder are still being added to the archive. I made a shell script (saved as 'compress.sh' and ran as '. compress.sh') to do the archiving so I could test adding nested wildards for multiple subfolder levels.

Code:

#!/bin/bash
rm -f upload.zip
zip -r upload.zip public_html
-x public_html/jquery

[code]....

Each new line I added here that has the nested wildcards made the archive file size a bit smaller. Adding more /*'s than this didn't affect the file size. Even after all this though, there were still a couple megabytes of files and folders from the 'jquery' directory that were added to the archive.

Here's some examples of files and folders that were created after I unzipped the archive:
public_html/jquery/js/tablesorter/addons/pager/icons [folder]
public_html/jquery/js/tablesorter/addons/pager/.svn/entries [file]
public_html/jquery/js/tablesorter/build/.svn/text-base/js.jar.svn-base [file]

Why is it that despite all the -x lines, the files and folders like these were still being added to the archive? How can I simply recursively exclude the entire public_html/jquery folder from the archive?

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CentOS 5 :: Move Contents Of A Directory Recursively Including Hidden?

Mar 9, 2010

I have a directory: /var/www/html/something/

and it's got tons of files and directories, some containing hidden files.

I want to move all the contents of something including hidden files up to the site root at: /var/www/html/

What is the proper command for this?

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Jan 22, 2011

What I would like to do is to print the contents of all text files in a particular directory, recursively. Problem being that there are directories and possibly binaries scattered around in the filesystem as well.

Trying cat * works as long as there are no directories in there, but when there are it gives an error instead and prints nothing.

I'm sure it's easy using file -f or something but I can't figure it!

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Apr 25, 2011

I moved to Mac OS X recently and bumped into the "feature" of Mac where copying files from an external drive resets the file modification/update date/timestamp to the current date (which Windows does not), causing a disaster for my 10+ years of backup work files where date is important. So, before I learned how to avoid that (e.g. using the -p "preserve" flag in the "cp" copy command) I have in the meantime added to my new Mac hard drive many more files as well as updating existing old files.

I have a backup external hard drive with all my old data and proper modification dates. I have a Mac hard drive with reset modification file dates (a single or two particular days). The Mac hard drive has all the "true" and "current" file contents with files modified and added. I need to Copy all the original files from the external harddrive, preserving file metadata (really only modified date), but ONLY overriding the new internal Mac hard drive IF

The file contents (md5 or whatever) is the same or The file was updated after the day (which of course I can see on all files) on which the original disasterous cope was performed (implying the file is new or modified) Ensure the copy leaves all the new and modified files completely intact on the Mac internal hard drive. "No prompting/stopping of the copy of any kind (i.e., not verbose) is required but is o.k". "Recursive copy - obviously I would like to copy all* files folders and subfolders found in export".

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Feb 3, 2010

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Oct 12, 2010

I have a really deep directory tree on my Linux box. I would like to count all of the files in that path, including all of the subdirectories.

For instance, given this directory tree:

/home/blue
/home/red
/home/dir/green
/home/dir/yellow
/home/otherDir/

If I pass in /home, I would like for it to return 4 files. Or, bonus points if it returns 4 files, 2 directories. Basically, I want the equivalent of right-clicking a folder on Windows and selecting properties and seeing how many files/folders are contained in that folder.

How can I most easily do this? I have a solution involving a Python script I wrote, but why isn't this as easy as running ls | wc or similar?

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May 23, 2011

I have a system where the permissions of many files are messed up. I have another system that has the same files, if I put that hard drive in, without simply overwriting the files, is there a way where I can recursively set the permissions of each file to that of this other directory?

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May 28, 2011

How can I get the last time any of the files in a directory or its subdirectories has changed?
e.g

Dir - changed 1/1/1
Sub Dir 1 - changed 2/1/1
Sub Dir 2 - changed 3/1/1
File 1 - changed 10/1/1
File 2 - change 5/1/1


The output for this for Dir should be 10/1/1 (File 1 was the last modified one). Getting the last file name to be modified is a bonus but isn't necessary.

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Oct 12, 2010

How would the command for recursive search in LDAP look like when I'm searching for "cn" or "ou"?

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Jan 18, 2010

I'm under linux . by default, other user can't read anything under my home directory. let's see my home directory is /home/superman , and I tried to use

chmod +r /home/superman

to let others can acess files under my home directory , but it does not work .

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Feb 11, 2010

I'm able to use the following to remove the target directory and recursively all of its subdirectories and contents. find '/target/directory/' -type d -name '*' -print0 | xargs -0 rm -rf

However, I do not want the target directory to be removed. How can I remove just the files in the target, the subdirectories, and their contents?

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Jul 19, 2011

I would like to overwrite files in a directory tree, recursively. The ones I would like to overwrite match the filename "x_alpha*.png" and have a size exactly 456 bytes. Is there any way to search for these recursively in a directory tree, and overwrite them with a reference file, for example "e:mydirgood.png"

I am using Windows 7, but I have UnxUtils, so I can use those too. What I am looking for is something like this, generated automatically:
copy /y e:mydirgood.png e:mydiracx_alpha0023.png
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copy /y e:mydirgood.png e:mydirhx_alpha0248.png

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General :: Copying Jpegs Recursively While Preserving The Directory Structure?

Aug 9, 2010

So I have a bunch of directories:

dir1
dir2
dir3
etc.

which themselves all contain subdirectories:

dir1subdir1subdir2etc.and at the lowest level they contain all of these jpegs that I need. The problem is that I only need some of them. They're named like this:

pic1.jpg
pic1_med.jpg
pic1_small.jpg
pic2.jpg
pic2_med.jpg
etc.

I want to just grab the ones without the size suffix and copy them all to another set of folders, while preserving the directory structure. The numbering all starts at 1 for each low level subdirectory, so I think that the directory structure is the only way to not get them mixed up.

I know that cp has a recursive option -r but how do I just extract the ones without the underscore? And then how do I preserve the directory structure when I move them over?

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Jan 29, 2011

i would like to find and backup all *.mp4 files from /Pictures and its sub-directories and move them to a single directory on a remote. I can find and move the files but I don't want the directory structure...just the files to be placed in the remote directory.

To find my files I use

rsync -r -a -v -e "ssh -l user" --delete --include '*/' --include '*.mp4' --exclude '*' /home/drew/Pictures/ remoteserver:/Users/drew/mp4

but this creates all the subdirectories

I also tried

find ~/Pictures -name "*.mp4" -exec rsync -r -a -v -e "ssh -l user" --delete {} remote:/Users/drew/mp4 ;

This works but takes forever

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Jul 8, 2011

I have the following content on the source directory:

source/foo.txt
source/bar/another_file.txt
source/bar2/and_another.txt

I want copy those files to a destination directory which, after copy, shall look like this:

destination/foo.txt
destination/another_file.txt
destination/and_another.txt

How can I do this? It seems that "cp" lacks such an option

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Apr 20, 2011

ls -al ../public-back
drwxrwxr-x 4 apache apache 4096 Apr 19 03:32 templates
ls -al ../public-back/templates
drwxrwxr-x 2 apache apache 4096 Apr 19 03:33 content

[code]....

How do I move the contents of /public-back/templates recursively with permissions into /public/templates ?

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Mar 12, 2010

1 List the contents of directory, /dev using a detail listing format and page by page.

2Mount the CDROM to the directory, /media/cdrom.

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Jul 7, 2011

I would like to copy the contents of a directory into another. I don't want to copy the directory and all files and directories under it, but just the contents of the directory just as if it were a regular file. Doing cp -r target dest copies the directory and the entire hierarchy rooted in it. I get error if I do not include the -r option. (I am calling cp from within a C program.)

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Nov 5, 2009

Is there a way to copy a directory (retaining the permissions and owners) without copying the contents of the directory?

If there is no such thing... then I need a way to determine if a target path is a file or a directory, and if it is a directory I need to make a new directory elsewhere that has the same name, owner and permissions.

Basically, I'm trying write a script to copy 200 GB of files over a network to a new server, and I'd like to do it by generating a list with the find command. That way, I can migrate large chunks of the files over the course of a week, and on the day of the migration generate a new list of files that changed in the last week and then copy just the chagned files over minimizing the down time. However, the list will contain directories that I can't just use the 'cp' command on because it will copy all the contents of the directory.

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Mar 23, 2010

I'm facing a little trouble with copying a .txt file(only) from a directory and subdirectory to another directory. -R command don't work I think if I want to do this, since I don't want to copy subdirectory.

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Jun 16, 2011

This is the script I'm running
tar tf some.tar somefolder_insidetar
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General :: How To Prevent Other Users From Seeing Contents Of Home Directory

Jul 8, 2010

I have a box with multiple users on it and I want everyone to be able to have full access to their home folders, but not be able to see the contents of /home/ or another user's home folder (I.E. bob has full access to /home/bob but cannot access or even see the contents of /home/john)Right now users can see other user's home folders but can't modify what's inside. How do I prevent them from seeing the contents at all?

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May 3, 2011

I've created other users in my machine. now I want to add all my home directory contents and settings to the home directory of other users. how can i do that? Can I do it from /etc/skel directory?

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May 3, 2011

When I run "ls -al somedir*" (I use the "ll" shortcut, actually), Linux not only list files that match, but also the contents of directories whose name also happens to match.Is there a way to limit "ls" so that it will only show names (files and directories) and ignore the contents of the directories?

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Debian :: Backup Purge Script - `/mnt/backup/subfolder': No Such File Or Directory

Nov 10, 2010

This script simply deletes files older than a certain age (in this case 7 days) from a certain location; I use it to purge old backups nightly, and it works as expected:

# delete backups older than 7 days
find /mnt/backup/*  -mtime +7 -exec rm -Rf {} ;

The problem is, every morning I get an email with an error message something like this:

find: `/mnt/backup/subfolder': No such file or directory

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General :: BASH Script To Copy Contents Of Directory So Long As Average System Load Low?

May 26, 2010

For reasons I won't get into, I need to copy directories so long as the average system load is low. Can someone help me write a BASH script that will copy the contents of a directory, but check to make sure the average system load is below X before copying each file, and if not, wait Y seconds and try again?

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Jun 17, 2010

As much as I didn't want to ask a sed question, especially considering there's already one on this page I've looked as best I could and cant find the solution. Id like to use sed to replace occurrences of a pattern but exclude two or 3 specific lines that are not consecutive. For example I know with 1,10 i could exclude the first 10 lines, what is the syntax if I just wanted to exclude line 3 and 7. The sed command I'm working with right now is for rearranging Ethernets.

cat /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules | sed -e '/'"$found1fullmac"'/!s/eth1/'"found1eth"'/' > /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

I would like to replace $found1fullmac with two variables representing line numbers to exclude from the replacement.

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Jan 8, 2011

I need to invert the colors of a lot of images that are in different folders in the same directory, is there a way to use image magic or something to do this in only a few commands?

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Feb 27, 2010

I am new in Linux and I need to extract alot of zipped files (different format (e.g tar.gz, tar.gz2)) which are in subdirs and I do not want to go to each subdir and extract each file because it will take alot of time. Is there away to extract all files that are existing in dirs and subdir with "for loop" or is there a script that can do the job automatically.

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Ubuntu :: Recursively Changed Permissions In Home Directory

May 23, 2010

I did a clean install from Ubuntu 09.04 to 10.04 and restored my files from tar.
Everything worked fine until I tried my weekly rsync backup.
The permissions seemed to be causing problems, so I recursively changed all the permissions in my home directory:

Code:
~/Documents$ sudo chmod -R 644 /home/wolf/
[sudo] password for wolf:
chmod: cannot access '/home/wolf/.gvfs': Permission denied
So now all the directories and files have read permission for everyone:

Code:
~/Documents$ ls -A
ls: cannot open directory .: Permission denied
~/Documents$ sudo ls -lA
[sudo] password for wolf:
total 80
drw-r--r-- 2 wolf wolf 4096 2010-05-22 20:45 career
drw-r--r-- 23 wolf wolf 4096 2010-05-02 17:17 computer_languages
drw-r--r-- 2 wolf wolf 4096 2009-08-09 23:29 .ecryptfs
drw-r--r-- 21 wolf wolf 4096 2010-05-02 17:23 misc
-rw-r--r-- 1 wolf wolf 27298 2010-05-23 13:01 next.odt
drw-r--r-- 3 wolf wolf 4096 2010-05-23 15:46 PC_maintenance
drw-r--r-- 5 wolf wolf 4096 2010-05-08 01:43 software_projects
Now I can't even look at my own directory:

Code:
/home$ cd /home/
/home$ ls -lA
total 20
drwx------ 2 root root 16384 2010-05-07 01:01 lost+found
drw-r--r-- 42 wolf wolf 4096 2010-05-23 15:35 wolf
/home$ cd /home/wolf
bash: cd: /home/wolf: Permission denied
/home$ sudo cd /home/wolf
[sudo] password for wolf:
sudo: cd: command not found
/home$

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