Twice today, and several times recently, I have had a sudo command rejected with the dreaded message "<user> is not in the sudoers file..." It's because my user -- which is the main user, the one you create on Ubuntu installation -- has "fallen out of" the admin group. I can fix it because there are other users defined which are still in the admin group and I can su to one of them and add myself back.But why is it happening? I'm doing software development, and use sudo mainly to do benign things like copying new versions of Perl programs into the application library: I'm not going anywhere near the security subsystem, for instance. I'm worried that one day whatever-it-is will choose to drop all the users out of admin and then I'll have to resort to live CD hacking to fix it.
After freshly installing Lucid Lynx and tinkering for some time to get everything just how I like it, I managed to somehow remove myself and all other users from all groups. Now, obviously, I've restarted and I don't have root privileges as I am no longer a member of admin group. So I am somewhat stuck. I've looked at this page: [URL]. But annoyingly, there is no grub menu appearing on boot up (unlike previous Ubuntu versions). So I'm appealing for your help to either:
a) Show me how I can bring up the grub menu so I can access ubuntu in safe mode
b) Show me another way of accessing the system with root privileges. (Would using chroot from the Live CD work? I just thought of that now so I'll try it).
Original HOWTO can be found at: [URL]... So the other day I was in IRC and someone had brought up a problem where they created a new Administrative user, but didnt have rights to use sudo. Looked into the problem a little bit to figure out what was wrong, and it turns out that when you create a new user through the user manager (in kubuntu, anyways. Havent tested in Gnome.) the user gets added to the adm group, however, a quick look at the sudoers file shows that its looking for users in the admin group to allow the use of sudo. So, to solve the problem we do the following: If youre on the new admin user (which Im assuming you are) use the following commands:
Code: su [insert username of old account without brackets] sudo usermod -G admin [username of new admin account without brackets] exit
Then simply logout, and then log back in (not always necessary, but the easiest way to flush the permissions.)
Code: su [insert username of old account without brackets] Means were going to Switch User to the old admin account Code: sudo usermod -G admin [username of new admin account without brackets] This simply adds the admin group to the secondary group list for the new user Code: exit Pretty self explanatory
I forgot the root passwd for linux (via the "single" mode) and, according to all confirms, did so successfully! I then try to log on to Centos as root, and I can't....it says "incorrect passwd"! So then I log on as another, regular, but not root, user, with that passwd, and boot up into Centos. if I try to "su" to root, with the new root passwd, again it says its incorrect. there is no "system admin" passwd set. I checked!. I need root access within Centos!
I have four users in my red hat linux 9. I want that all these four users should add in a group i.e "Marketing". please guide me that using terminal which command may i write so that the users should added in the group.I does't want to use GUI interface to do it.
I am doing rhce course but i am very confused to answer these user and group permissions.the questions are like this...the owner of the /data must be user tom.primary group of /data must be the group sysadmins.the members of the group test must be able to write and create files in the /data.the members of the group web have no access to these directory.the user jack not belong to any of these gropus must have to edit files created in /data.the user tim can only list the contents.
the questions are always like these..i am okay with sgid and sticky bit.but i dnt know where to set default acl and other permissions.
I'm beginning to deal with more than one user on my system (it's a VPS serving some sites) and I need to make sure I understand how group permissions work. I have an account named "admin" .. it's basically the primary account that is used for serving most of the sites that I control myself. Now, I added a second account named "Ville" as one of my users wants to be able to administer that site. So, I can do this the easy way and just chown their domains folder under the ville user, they have permission to do whatever they need be and so forth. However, let's say I want to also give the admin user access to the files (modifying and all) .. how can I put both users into the same group and give them both permission?
I've tried doing: sudo usermod -a -G admin ville To add the ville into the admin group, but ville still cannot edit files by admin. Permissions for the primary directory for the ville user are read/write for both owner and group, and the current group for the files is admin:admin .. But ville still can't write into the directory. So, what should I be doing here to get this right and secure at the same time?
im trying to implements mercurial repositories using ssh access.The problem is that if a login via ssh with the user "userA" all file upload vi that user are created with the owner: userA:userA and i need to use the group of the parent directory... is that posible ?For example:
repos ( root:repo) -> project1 ( root:repoPrj1 ) -> file1 ( userA:usearA ) -> here i want userA:repoPrj1
If user1's main group is genetics and one wants to add him/her to group biochem and to assign biochem as his/her secondary group will the following suffice ?
$ sudo usermod -G biochem user1
I would like for user1 to have genetics as the main group but also belong to biochem. When user1 creates a file, as he/she belongs to main group genetics, I assume the file will be owned by user1 and group owner will be genetics. Ideally files created by user1 should be accessible to users in group genetics(when permissions are tweaked) but not by individuals in group biochem. However, any files with group owner biochem should be accessible to user1 as he/she does belong to biochem as a secondary group. Would having user1 main group genetics, secondary group biochem fulfil this criteria ?
Does anyone know how to change the primary group on a user without changing the password? I've tried updating the /etc/passwd and running usermod -g group userBoth of those does change the group but somehow it messes up the password so the user cannot get in with the same password.
i have a directory ( /dir1) that belongs to a user1:group1. I need to know if this is possible and if so a basic idea of how to. when i copy a file into /dir1 (as root) i would like it to obtain a different user and group. Is this possible?
is it possible to limit the size of a specific folder independent of user or group? I want to restrict /var/log to a total size of 1GB. I don't think that the common approach to create a 1GB partition is the right way since it is possible that I want increase or decrease the limit in the near future.
I have an HP laptop with a recently installed copy of Mint 8 KDE Community Edition. I created the initial admin user account ("joseph") when I installed.
I had an existing home directory under a different name from another installation, so I added a user with that name ("joe") and imported a copy of the original home directory. The user "joe" didn't have the same admin privileges as the initial "joseph" account, so I added "joe" to the sudoers file and the same groups as the initial admin user.
Everything works perfectly under this arrangement, for the most part. Now here's the problem:
I have a T-Mobile G1 phone that uses Android. I've rooted and ROM-modded the G1, and have the microSD card in the phone set up with two partitions. The vfat partition stores all the photos, music and other stuff the phone needs. The ROM mod allows me to store apps on the SD card, so that second partition uses ext3 for its file system.
When I'm logged in as the admin "joseph" account and I insert the SD card in the laptop's card slot (or plug the phone into the USB port), the SD card can be mounted, and I have full access to both card partitions. I can see all folders. I do this to backup the contents of the card to an external drive (especially the apps in the ext3 partition, since that's been trashed on me once before on the phone).
However, when I log in as "joe", I cannot view the contents of the ext3 partition at all. I can see the vfat drive fine, and the ext3 partition mounts, but with user/group "joseph/joseph." When I open Dolphin to view the mounted ext3 partition, I get the error "could not enter folder /media/disk-1" at the bottom of the view window in Dolphin.
Here are the relative entries returned when I run "mount" to view the mounted drives:
/dev/mmcblk0p1 on /media/disk type vfat (rw,nosuid,nodev,uhelper=hal,uid=1001,utf8,shortname=mixed,flush) /dev/mmcblk0p2 on /media/disk-1 type ext3 (rw,nosuid,nodev,uhelper=hal)
Note that the uid listed on the vfat mount is 1001, which is the gid for the "joe" account.
I know there must be a configuration setting somewhere that will allow the ext3 partition to automount under the "joe" user account. I suppose that using the admin account to change the permissions would be the easy way to do this, but there must be something that would do it automagically. I've ripped through all the config files I can find, but can't seem to find anything that would help.
All I'm looking for here is enough access to be able to copy the directories on that mount to my external drive.
What I'm trying to do is to grant my regular user to locally mount partitions and shutdown the machine without a password. Here is what I've done to /etc/sudoers:
Host_Alias LOCAL = localhost Cmnd_Alias SHUTDOWN = /sbin/shutdown Cmnd_Alias MOUNT = /bin/mount, /bin/umount <my_username> LOCAL=(root) NOPASSWD: SHUTDOWN, MOUNT %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL
My user is a member of wheel group and I want to type the password for each sudo command except for shutdown and mount. However I am asked for a password whenever I execute "sudo mount [...]" or "sudo shutdown [...]".
I Want to be able to let my girlfriend view my pictures folder while at the same time keeping my sister out. So I created a group "JessAndI" and made myself and her apart of that group. I changed the group of the directory recursively to "JessAndI" and gave the permissions to 770. She still isn't able to access or even view the directory unless i change the permissions to allow others whether it be 774 or 777. Am i doing something wrong? I've checked and double checked to make sure she is part of the group and the group is the group on the directory and all the sub-directories and files.
i want to set permission type "write" on a file to a particular user in a group of users ( not all users in that group). chown is changing a user to root , but i want to set say permission of "write" only to a user 1 in group staff which contains 10 users 1 , user 2 ...user 10.