General :: Initializing Run Level 4 At Inittab Default Level

Jan 15, 2011

hello everyone, im having a problem when my computer enters in the run level 4 as the default when i start slackware. The strange thing is that it not seems that is a X window problem, it looks like more like a configuration problem in some part of the kde script to initialize the log in, because if i manually start the X service it works fine, i dont know what is the source. Thank you in advance for the help.

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Fedora :: No Inittab - How To Set Run Level In FC12 Live

Mar 22, 2010

How to set the run level now in FC12 Live?
inittab not present at /etc/inittab
# updatedb
# locate inittab
not found

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General :: Delete Top Level Directory And Have Contents Simply "move Up A Level"?

May 27, 2010

I have a directory that has a another directory inside it. The top directory is rather redundant since it only contains the one other one. Is there a way to delete the top level directory and have the contents simply "move up a level"?

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OpenSUSE :: Move Transparently Between Run Level 3 And Run Level 5 As Autologin User?

Aug 10, 2010

I've been able to kludge a kill script which finds the correct pid for the kdeserver (or gnome server) after my system comes up in run level 5 so I can drop back to run level 3 mode. Lots of experimentation showed me that using telinit 3 and telinit 5 would occasionally leave the video memory in a mess and I would have the black screen of death.

I set the security parameter setting to autologin for me since I am the only user of my machine, but I still have to kludge the default setting under sysconfig (the DEFAULT_WM) under Window Manager to pick a certain window manager, so it takes time to manually switch the desktop.

Right now I can leave the gui and drop back to cli, but painful experimenting showed me that killing the X server is a no no. Right now I kill the kde server, which sends the SIGTERM to the X windows manager, which then figures out that it has to shut down.

Questions: Is there a better way of doing this? Apparently openSUSE figures that we have multiple users logging into the gui desktop, so the gui is always kept running and a login window with the desktop manager option forces the user to login in. With autologin, this never happens, but no choice of desktop is possible on the fly.

Can some type of script be set up to painlessly enable this to happen? And what is the best way of bringing either the Gnome or KDE desktop manager down gracefully? I do get lots of error messages as the system attempts to recover and X shuts down. It appears that apparently the single user with autologin is left out in the cold.

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OpenSUSE Install :: Admin Level Software To User Level?

Feb 6, 2010

I want to install a software called TinyOS which is an operating system designed for wireless sensor embedded networks in my account. The problem is it has instructions to install the software as an administrator since i'm not an admin of the department network i can not able to install. Is there any method to install this software as an user level rather than admin level.

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Ubuntu :: Adjust Level At Which Battery Criticality Level Is Triggered?

May 8, 2010

How can I adjust the levels at which the battery is considered to be critically low?ight now it seems this is set at 5 or 10%. I want to make it 20 or 25%This is for Gnome. I am using Lucid x86

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Programming :: Accessing SPI From Kernel Level And User Level

Jan 6, 2009

I want to know what are the advantages and disadvantages for accessing spi(serial peripheral inerface )from kernel level and user level. like methods of doing it, speed ,memeory utilization etc

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OpenSUSE Network :: "iwlist S" Output - Quality / Signal Level And Noise Level Mean?

Jul 21, 2010


you can find a cutout of an output generated by "iwlist s" command for a cell. Does anybody know what Quality, Signal level and Noise level mean? What is the definition of them? I searched for it and could not find good information on it. What do these Extra:*** fields for? What does it show in the example above? How were those values computed?


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Fedora :: Can't Switch To TTY Or Run Level 3 From Run Level 5

May 12, 2009

Hi Guys,
here is my scenario:

I am running F10 x86_64 with Nvidia Quadro FX 3400.
I installed the drivers and it worked just fine. No errors generated according to Nvidia log files.
However, while in run level 5 when I try to switch to run level 3 by typing "telinit 3" or "init 3" the X server goes down and I get a blank screen. Same thing happens when I try to switch to a different tty session by <ctrl>+<alt>+F2 (or any F key for that matter).
I also noticed that when I shut down my system I can't see any more the screen where services are shutting down and their status ([OK] or [failed]).

Would appreciate your help on solving this issue.

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Red Hat :: Keyboard Not Working At Run Level 3 And 5, But Ok At Level 2

Jun 17, 2010

Hey Guys, I'am new here and request your help on this:
After installing emacs and a few dependencies on my RHEL 5, on restarting the system, the keyboard was not able to work. I restarted several times in vein.

However, when I start in single mode, it works perfectly. I have tried looking for a solution from google, but in vein.

Kindly help...

Regards, Andrew

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OpenSUSE :: Default Sound Level For Headphones In 11.2

Oct 1, 2010

If I set the level for headphone via Yast/Sound at 50% it is back to 100% after a reboot what gives Pulse-Audio vs. alsa ?I'm running a Dell latitude D830 and the card is 82801 H (ICH8 family) and the driver is snd-hda-intel.

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Server :: Make Run Level 3 As Default Runlevel?

Mar 21, 2011

I am trying to edit /etc/inittab so that I can make run level 3 as my default runlevel but whenever I try to edit it, it opens in read only mode. I am logging in as root still not be able to edit the file. It still shows read only. Also tried chown/chmod to change the file permission but it won't let me change anything related to inittab. Also checked the /boot/grub/grub.conf to see if the file system is mounting as ro. Also tried with rw but didn't work.

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Ubuntu :: Change Default Zoom Level In Evince?

Jan 2, 2010

I need to change the default zoom level for Evince. There must be some way to do this. Besides, can Evince start without any PDF file loaded? Also, what is the command line to execute evince? (I run Linux Mint 8 based on Koala 9.10). Whenever it loads a file for which it assigns a zoom level more than 175% or 200%, the whole PC hangs if I click on the "reduce zoom" icon in the toolbar. This is a very big regression.

This is ridiculous! Even ePDFViewer is better than this. I really would like to stay with Evince for the time being, and not need to move to Foxit.

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General :: What Config File Do You Change To Change Default Run Level?

Aug 5, 2009

What config file do you change to change default run level???

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Ubuntu :: Alsamixer Startup "speaker" Level (and Screen Brightness Startup Level)

May 23, 2010

I just upgraded to the 10.04 and everything works just fine as before (except for skype but that really doesn't matters as it has already been 3 years I'm using ubuntu and I managed to get it to work only once, for miracle I believe ^^). The only real issue I have is this: when I start up my laptop, after the log-in, no sound will be heared as the "speaker" volume level in alsamixer is set to 0; if I raise it from the terminal running alsamixer (as I don't know any other alternative) everything plays just fine, but the next time I boot I do have to do it all over again... So, how can I change the default startup level of the "speaker" in alsamixer?

PS: by the way I do have the very same issue with the screen luminosity but the other way round as is always starts at maximum brightness and I can't manage to get it to start at the minimum, as it did before. At least reducing the backlight if far more quick but a couple of times I forget it and the battery lasted something like half an hour

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General :: How To Know Gzip Compression Level

Apr 12, 2011

Given a gzip compressed file, how do I know what compression level (1-9) was used for it?

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General :: Specify Level Of Compression When Using Tar -zcvf?

Jul 1, 2011

I gzip directories very often at work. What I normally do is

tar -zcvf file.tar.gz /path/to/directory

Is there a way to specify the compression level here? I want to use the best compression possible even if it takes more time to compress.

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General :: Trying To Use Run Level 3 Through Command Line

Mar 30, 2011

I was trying to learn more about xorg configuration and came through an exercise that should be run at run level 3. So, I wrote init 3 in the command line then the x server stopped and the system was trying to enter run level 3 but then it hangs and nothing happens. At that time I was connected to the system via putty and wrote the command init 5 and the x server started again normally. I tried init 3 again and had the same thing.

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General :: Replication Data Os Level From 1 Pc To Other Pc?

Feb 24, 2010

i do wish to read study learn from linux world. sites to refer always for command, practice,tutorials etc.say like replication data os level from 1 pc to other pc,without using any outside linux software, only os level, linux to linux, linux to windows/macchannel bonding, using 2 network ethernet card, double the speed of network card and failover netowkr card alsosyncronize data 1pc to 2pc

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General :: Cannot Set Desktop Effects To 3D Level?

Jun 3, 2010

am using a desktop computer which is having 1 gb ram,ge-force 2 but when I goto set the desktop effect to a 3d level the computer gets hanged/stops responding,is there any way to fic this problem and ya i am using fedora 12.
VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Integrated Graphics Device (rev 03).

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General :: Get Rid Of Terminal Background At Run Level Three?

Jan 4, 2011

If this is documented (I'm sure it is) I can't find it.Being a really OLD UNIX user (35-tty days) I don't like GUI and leave it at RL 3. The background is wallpapered with an undesired image. can't remember where to get rid of it. I have done it B4 but I've slept since then

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General :: Intruders Can Log Into Box Using Run Level 1 Without Using Password

Mar 23, 2010

Well I have been using linux for sometime, and have kept strong passwords for every user account. But recently I noticed when we boot into run level 1, it does not ask for any password.This means that anyone can turn on my computer in my absence, on grub menu press a, then 1 to append 1 to the kernel arguments, which will make my system boot in run level 1.It won't ask for any password. Once in run level 1, the intruder can easily access my files, copy them, change their permissions, change even the root password.

Now how can I make my system more secure? Is there a way to get detailed info of each log in session, like which user, which run level, for how long and things like that?

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General :: What Application Is More 'low Level' Apt Or Aptitude?

Aug 6, 2010

What application is more "low level" - apt or aptitude?

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General :: Can't Install Doom Level Editor

Aug 5, 2010

this is super embarresing. ive made desktop enviroments for my friends but i cant figure out how too install this


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General :: Change Permissions Of Rc.sysinit In Run Level 1?

Apr 6, 2010

While playing with my Linux box, I edited rc.sysinit in /etc/rc.d/ folder. But now when I boot into run level 3 or 5, I get complain that system cannot run /etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit. I boot into run level 1, and checked its permissions, which is rw-r--r-- . It should be rwxr-xr-x. I tried to use chmod to change its permissions, but it responded that "Read Only file system" Now how can I change its persmissions when in run level 1. In run level 3 and 5, machine does not boot. My box has Fedora Core 2 with kernel 2.6.20.

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General :: Open Multiple Terminals In Run Level 3?

Dec 8, 2010

I am using red hat Linux 4 I have two question.

Normally in GUI interface i open multiple terminal at a time like one for log file and one for configuring any file etc etc.
The problem is normally I do work on run level 3 but in that way how can i open multiple terminal at at time ? Is there any way...

2- When I use the command

# tail -f /var/log/messages
in GUI i normally close the windows after viewing the log file messages.Is there any hot key by which I can again see the prompt example [root@localhost ~}# to write the command instead of closing the terminal windows ?

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General :: How To Open Terminal Automatically At Run Level 5

Jun 25, 2010

I want that when ever my Red Hat Linux machine use run level 5 it automatically open terminal. Is there anyway to do it? Normally I see the desktop, Right click on anywhere and click for terminal then it can see terminal.

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General :: Perform Root Level Tasks While In GUI?

Oct 5, 2010

There must be a way to perform privileged tasks in the Gnome desktop (or actually Nautilus, I guess)...similar to using SUDO in a terminal window.

For example I want to change the rights to a file, but Nautilus tells me I can't because I'm not the owner.

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General :: Use Awk To Isolate A Specific Directory Level

Jul 15, 2011

I have used Awk in the past to isolate the file name from a given path..that is to say, I may have a list of files contained in list.txt.Can someone please post the Awk command that would do this? (I assume it will be very similar in form to the Awk command I showed above.)The point is, sometimes I may want to isolate the second directory, sometimes I may want to isolate the third directory or tenth or whatever - so I am hoping that if someone posts the Awk command to isolate the second level directory (to produce the output I showed in Fig.3) it should be fairly obvious by looking at the form of this command how to alter it and so isolate any other directory I want.

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General :: Software Rec - Firewall With Application-level Filtering?

May 20, 2011

Are there any firewalls for Linux that will allow one to block certain ports for a specific application while allowing other programs to use the same port, or block Internet access altogether for specific applications?

Everything based on IPTables apparently can only block ports globally for all applications. SELinux is the only thing I've found so far that might have application-level Internet blocking capability, but it serves a broader array of security purposes and seems too complex for this task.

I don't need interactive popups like with Windows personal firewalls. I'm OK with having to edit a config file. This is for personal desktop Linux use, not a server.

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