S.M.A.R.T.tells me my primary fedora drive has lots of bad blocks,so I ordered a used identical drive from ebay.I want to do the very basic process of making a full backup of my existing drive - so as to replace it with a more or less identical replacement. Logically identical - not necewsarily sector to sector identical.im not literate in unix and its children - and seem to find a plethora of descriptinos of how to do what I want to do. which is
1. format the drive - what you may call low level format - ie op sys independent.
2. create a partition system compatible with my existing disk.
3. copy everything from my existing disk to the new disk.
4. put existing disk on the shelf as a backup and start to use new disk.
i have amd athlon x2 3gb RAM ddr2 two hdd one 80gb other 1tb in this computer i got only ubuntu all disk in EXT4.i want to copy 10gb many file of 700mb or 1gb ( many linux ISO )the transfer is 1mb/s this is SOOO SLOW.i did a touch /forcefsck just in case but nothing happen it is still slow!!what might be the problem ??
I have a 160GB harddrive which I installed a F12, would like to upgrade to a bigger drive, but I hate to have to re-install everything.
Recommend a good disk copy utility? The utility should be able to not only copy files, but boot sector and everything. So I just need to make a copy, change my BIOS to boot from the new drive and run everything as before.
Does anyone know if this is possible? I am attempting to copy one "master" hard drive to two or more "destination" drives. I hope to use the DD command because the master drive is encrypted and I need to make exact copies to "destination" drives.
I have used dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sda and it works for one-to-one operations. I tried dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb of=/dev/sdc but the command skips the of=/dev/sdb and copies to sdc....I knew that was going to be too easy
I am not a programmer so, with scripts I am cold.I need this.When I plug in USb external disk, a files and folders are automatically copied from one folder on fedora, to my USB disk. And if files or folder are already on USB disk, it skips copying. So it copies only new files and folders.
Imaging-copying a working remote share on WindowsNT to a local Linux disk target is needed . Is that possible with dd command(how if remote share is connected as smb://ipnumber/share) and do you need root privilleges on local and remote machine for that?Perhapson source machine:dd if=/dev/hda bs=16065b | netcat targethost-IP 1234on target machine:netcat -l -p 1234of=/dev/hdc bs=16065borrsh 192.168.xx.yy "dd if=/dev/sda ibs=4096 onv=notrunc,noerror" | dd of=/dev/sda obs=4096(any difference to dd/privilleges if you use it as windows dd version since remote is running windowsNT)?
I've got a CentOS 5.4 box and the following disks connected: # parted /dev/sda print Model: ATA WDC WD1600BEKT-0 (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 160GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos
Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 32.3kB 107MB 107MB primary ext3 boot 2 107MB 160GB 160GB primary lvm
# parted /dev/sdb print Model: ATA WDC WD1200BEVT-0 (scsi) Disk /dev/sdb: 120GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos
Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 32.3kB 107MB 107MB primary ext3 boot 2 107MB 120GB 120GB primary ext3 lvm the OS, data and programs are on /dev/sda.
I'd like to copy the full directories and files to the newly added /dev/sdb wich has, as you can see, less space. Also note that /dev/sda has only about 3.6Gigs uses, so it will no doubt easily go into /dev/sdb. How can I do the full copy, and yet make /dev/sdb bootable just like /dev/sda (just as if it was cloned by Ghost)? I've checked dd, but AFAIK, it needs that both source and target devices be the same in size.
I recently installed Linux to run a few Linux based tools on a disk images I have, and I can't seem to copy the disk image over to my ext3 partition.
The particular distibution I'm using is BackTrack 4 r2, which is Ubuntu based. I can't seem to find specifically which version of Ubuntu is being used. The disk image is 108GB. It is currently located on a NTFS partition on a SATA hard drive connected directly to the computer. The ext3 partition is located on a second SATA hard drive connected to the same computer. It has 200GB total. I do not remember exactly how much free space it had but "df -h" showed a lot more than 108GB. The computer has 4GB of RAM and I gave it 8GB of swap space.
At this point it has been running for more than 12 hours. This is far longer than I would expect it to take had I been copying the file under Windows. How ever I do not have much experience with Linux, so if it's supose to take this long please let me know. I am planning on letting it run until I wake up tomorrow.
"cp -v" hasn't been very verbose at all. The only sign I have that indicates the computer is still trying to do something is the HDD light on my chasis that has stayed lit this whole time.
I have a PC with OpenSuse 11.1. Beside root there are two other users on the system. Now I have installed a new PC with OpenSuse 11.2. Only one user is set up until now. I installed the hard disk from OpenSuse 11.1 into the new PC on IDE Primary Slave, because I wanted to copy some files from the old system. OpenSuse 11.2 has mounted the old disk automatically in /media/disk and /media/disk-1. The problem is that I can't find any files or directories from the users. I could find only one file from root in /media/disk-1/root/Desktop. Why can't I see the files? Does it have anything to do with UID or SUID?
I got an USB hard disk, which is formatted in VFAT32 in window. I try to back up my file.tar to this hard disk. i got this error: writing `/media/PD03/xxx.tar': Input/output errorand the mount point is disappeared by itself.mount point: /dev/uba1the file I tar as a root... i copy the file as a root user as well.mount point info:/dev/uba1 on /media/disk type vfat (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,shortname=winnt,uid=500)
I own a web server (centos 64bit with cpanel on it) and my datacenter add me a second hard disk and i want first to locate from ssh where is it (the path) and then to copy my mysql folder /var/lib/mysql to the new disk and have it like this /new/mysql on the second disk.
I plan to reformat & reinstall my linux (centos).Before doing this, I got to backup my files into my USB external hard disk from Seagate (FreeAgent). The problem I faced is that I could not copy file into the hard disk even I was in root user. It prompted me that it is only read-only. I just wonder why.I have tested with my thumb drive. It worked. May I know why I could not copy file to the USB FreeAgent hard disk. Due to file system?
my Fedora 11 system is not starting anylonger. It stops with the message:
VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem on dev dm-0
The system told me since a while, that a lot of the sectors of one disk of the (software) RAID compound are failed already. So tried to disconnect each of the disks and start them separately. Unfortunaltly this is not working (for one its is not working at all, the other wents the same far as with both), when I tried to recover the system with the Fedora DVD, it said no distribution found. I am quite new and do not know so much about linux system, so i do not know what further information you could need. Maybe it can be important, that both disks are encryped (the system wents so far, that I can type in the password).
I have xp/fc8 on an older ide drive and just installed a new sata 1T and planned to put fc10 on it but in the process I killed my fc8 installation. I told the installer that the other disks were off limits but it was somewhat confusing at the bootloader page. So, I suspect that I told it boot off the fc8 disk. If that is the case is there a way to restore the fc8 install by somehow rescuing the /boot partition on the fc8 disk?
I need little help on live disk creation and disk image backup.
Can I create live disk using my hard drive installation? If yes then, can I restore the fedora from the live disk to the hard drive. I mean to say that from that live disk can I install fedora again in my hard drive.
Second question is, if I create the disk image of my hard drive( including ntfs & FAT32 partition) , can I restore it in a blank drive. If so , then can os will be restored also?
I have a 2 TB disk in an external SATA dock, formatted with a single ext3 (Linux) partition, which doesn't show up in the Windows 7 Computer Management->Disk Management utility, even as a raw/blank disk. I've verified that there's nothing wrong with the disk by connecting it to my Linux machine and mounting it, and I've verified that the dock is functioning properly by connecting a different FAT32-formatted disk, which mounts flawlessly as expected.I realize that I can't actually read the ext3 partition without additional software (e.g., Ext3IFS), but why doesn't the disk show up at all? Is there some sort of stupid anti-Linux filter built in? Is there any way to force Windows to recognize the disk, so that I can at the very least use direct block access with it?
Background: I want to clone an identical 2 TB disk onto this one. Due to my hardware layout, it's much easier to have the source disk attached to one machine and the destination disk connected to another, and do the clone over the network (the network is not a bottleneck with switched gigabit ethernet), than it is to hook them both up to one machine.(1) I did this once before when both machines were running Linux, but I've since upgraded the destination machine and decided to switch back to Windows for regular desktop use. I've got Cygwin installed, and have verified that the same basic method (dd + nc) will work, but I can't do anything if Windows doesn't even consider the destination disk to exist.I only have one eSATA port on each machine. Opening them up just to do this clone is a rather large annoyance. Also, since this is my backup disk, I'd like to eventually automate the cloning from the active disk to another one that I regularly swap with a third disk that I store off-site.
OS: Debian unstable 32bit, kernel 2.6.32-2, grub 1.98 from late january 2010 (only have working net-access from work now, so I am grabbing information from memory). EXT3 and EXT4 support is compiled into the kernel along with chipset/scsi/sata support (not as modules), and I have tested to boot ext3 with it before proceeding. Prereq: my old disk started to have too much S.M.A.R.T errors, so I bought another one, put in a USB cabinet, added swap and ext4 partition/filesystem to it, and copied over all data from the old system to the new that was mounted at /dest using the command "find ./ -xdev -print0 | cpio -paV0 /dest". Swiched disks, so I now have the ext4 disk sitting at /dev/sda (partitions: sda1 => ext4, sda2 => swap), and booted into rescue-mode from cdrom, using /dev/sda1 as root with a shell on. After doing this, I performed the following commands:
mount --bind /dev /dest/dev chroot /dest
modified the /etc/default/grub to instruct the kernel to boot using ext4, ran grub-install --recheck /dev/sda ran update-grub to modify /boot/grub/grub.cfg (which looks as it should) After doing this, grub finds my partition and mounts it. It however stalls with the message: "warning: unable to open an initial console" and does nothing after this point. I have no ramdisk, but my old kernel booted fine from ext3 (and still does if I copy it to a ext3 partition), and since the ext4 support is compiled into the kernel - should I really need a ramdisk?
I don't understand disk sizes in Linux. I have a 500GB drive. It's ext4. I have run "tune2fs -m 0" on it to reserve the amount of space reserved for root to 0.
I'm using Ubuntu 10.04 that comes with a Disk Utility. When I run "System->Administration->Disk Utility (palimpsest)" the disk shows up as 500GB (see picture). But when I run df -h it shows up as 459GB. So, I don't understand the discrepancy.
When I run df I get the following:
Question: Why is Disk Utility showing me something different than "df"?
i have been away from linux for a long while and decided to try it out again. i just received a fedora 10 dvd and went to install it.it wouldn't boot on either my laptop or pc?so i explored the disk and realised its a source disk?
1 = is the dvd disk any good to me? 2 = how can i install fedora from the disk or do i need to get another disk?
I have windows and linux distros on my /dev/sda. I tried to install fedora 13, but after reboot I cannot boot up to any of installed systems. I'm getting: Non-System disk or disk errorreplace and striky any key when readyWhen I use ubuntu 10, boot from first hard disk, I'm able to get GNU GRUB version 1.98...nd boot up to any system. but without ubuntu in a cd-rom I'm getting this error.I tried: grub-install /dev/sdX in one of my installed linux distros, but without any success.
i have an old copy machine (canon gp225). the hard disk makes a whistling noise and i suppose it is just a question of time when it will bust.i do have some stone-aged computers here and i think i could use one of this hard disks as a replacement.how do i get the operating system (probably unix/linux or similar) plus the content of the boot sector plus the software on this new hard disk? i think if i could do a one-to-one copy i might have a chance that i could replace the old hard disk and it will work.
I added another disk to an old Dell Dim2400 that had one HD. It was a blank disk, and instead fo re-loading and re-configuring SuSE, F10, and PCLOS, I did a cp command from another multi-boot computer, like so:
Code: cp /dev/sda dev/sdd sda is an 80G Seagate, with SuSE, F10, and PCLOS. sdd is an 80G Western Digital.
The copy went perfect. It begins to load SuSE in the old Dell, showing new peripheral hardware, but it stops when it realizes it's on a WD and not on a Seagate. The line is something like, 'Looking for dev/by-uid=xxx-123-Seagate-yyy'. It asks if I want to go to the next device to boot up. I enter 'NO', because it will go to Windows.
It then exits to 'bin/sh' prompt (or something close (shell?)).
Can I boot LiveCD and modify this so it completes the load?