General :: Debian 6 Can't See Partitions On SATA?

Jun 15, 2011

I just installed debian 6 on PATA 80 Gb and it recognizes disk not as /dev/hda(as it was on previous system) but as /dev/sda. I also have SATA 250 Gb disk, which is partitioned(9 parts) but new system recognizes it as /dev/sdb and there is no /dev/sdb1,...,/dev/sdb9 partitions. After doing

Code:
#partprobe /dev/sdb
#ls /dev/sdb*
/dev/sdb /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdb2/dev/sdb3 /dev/sdb5 /dev/sdb6 /dev/sdb7 /dev/sdb8 /dev/sdb9

[Code]....

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Debian :: Check If Mainboard Supports SATA-I Or SATA-II?

Jun 1, 2010

My motherboard supports SATA but I do not know which version: SATA-I or SATA-II. I want to buy a SSD so it would be pointless to buy a fast SSD if my motherboard only suports SATA-I

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Hardware :: 3 SATA HDs Installed - Drive 2 Shows No Partitions In F12

May 2, 2010

I have three sata drives installed in my machine. 1 is my boot drive, contains a windows install, and a linux install. All is well here. Drives 2 and 3 are simple fat32 volumes, I store my data on drive 2, and periodically sync it to drive 3. I do this simply for backup reasons. It was only recently that I setup this scheme. Previously I had all 3 drives in a fakeraid setup. Raid 5. I broke the array to set things up as I've described. All is well in windows, all 3 drives work as expected. However, in linux (fedora 12), drive 2 shows no partitions! If I do an fdisk -l, it shows sdb1, but if I attempt to mount it, I'm told that /dev/sdb1 does not exist, and in fact, /dev/sdb1 does NOT exist. sdc1 however, does exist, and is mountable.

A few things I've noticed with seem relevant.
Gnome reports a raid5 drive, which if I try to interact with it, fails.
Gparted shows sdb as a standard drive.
Dmesg shows the following, I've grepped out sdb and sdc for comparison, as they should be identical.

Code:
[root@azure ~]# dmesg | egrep 'sdb|sdc'
sd 2:0:0:0: [sdb] 1250263728 512-byte logical blocks: (640 GB/596 GiB)
sd 2:0:0:0: [sdb] Write Protect is off
sd 2:0:0:0: [sdb] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00
sd 2:0:0:0: [sdb] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA ....

Seems to me that the lines:
Code:
raid5: device sdb operational as raid disk 1
disk 1, o:1, dev:sdb
have something to do with it.

I did play around with mdraid while my array was apart, but I cant seem to find any method of testing sdb to see if something is somehow still configured on that drive. I've re-written the partition table, and even performed a low-level format on the drive, nothing seems to restore its function in linux.

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Ubuntu :: Auto Mount Partitions Or SATA HDDs On Startup?

Mar 12, 2011

Is there a way to auto mount partitions or SATA HDDs on startup, using 10.10?

I have no problems reading the drives.

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Hardware :: Two SATA Disks:counldn't Find Partitions In The Second Disk?

Sep 1, 2010

I have two SATA disks, 80G and 1T. Using "df" command we can see the all partitions:

/dev/sda3 6.7G 2.5G 3.9G 40% /
tmpfs 1.7G 0 1.7G 0% /lib/init/rw
udev 1.7G 220K 1.7G 1% /dev

[code]...

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Hardware :: Can SATA 3 (SATA III) Hard Disk Be Run On Motherboard Which Only Support SATA II

Aug 13, 2010

Can SATA 3 (SATA III) Hard disk be run on motherboard which only supports SATA II, except sacrificing the speed (throughput)?

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Ubuntu :: SATA II / Error "ata4: Limiting SATA Link Speed To 1.5 Gbps" - Allowing The SSD To Run At SATA II Speeds?

May 1, 2011

I keep getting this error in my log viewer every 2 seconds: Code: ata4: limiting SATA link speed to 1.5 Gbps I have a dual boot SSD and I have run many SMART tests in windows and linux, (using smartmon tools and the disk utility) and the reports are all 100% healthy..... My research shows that this error represents one of the following:

1. Problem with SATA controller
2. Changing BIOS to allow SATA
3. Changing SATA mode to PATA or AHCI
4. Replacing the SATA cable
5. Allowing the SSD to run at SATA II speeds, i.e. 3 Gbps

- Does anyone know how to try number 5, i.e. allowing the SSD to run at SATA II speeds? I am lost here and this problem has caused my machine to crash twice when watching a movie in linux/ ubuntu. (It is worth noting that the crashes have only occurred in linux and I have never had an issue in windows, so it does seem to be a linux setting somewhere, hence why I think it is a "allowing SATA II to run at correct speeds issue")

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General :: Debian Installer Not Recognizing Partitions

Jul 6, 2010

I am currently running an Asus EEe PC 1000H with Windows 7 installed on it. I am trying to set up a dual boot with Debian. My problem is: I boot the netbook via an SD card with the netinstaller image. When it comes to create partitions, the installer tells me, that my HDD is completely empty, which is not true. I have 3 partitions, one with w7, one with stuff (fat32) and one empty, where debian should go. Because it doesn't recognize my partitions, it only wants to create a new partition on the supposedly empty HDD, which is not what I want. Why does it not recognize my HDD? It always worked with Ubuntu, LinuxMint etc.

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Ubuntu :: SATA Libata Verses Silicom Images SATA Module

Jun 21, 2010

I installed Ubuntu 10.04, and happened to have an Silicom Images PCXpress card plugged in, and it kindly added the sil_sata module.This is fine for this chip set.I think that my earlier installation of Ubuntu 9.04 used Libata, which does support NCQ and also has good legacy support for the Intel Intel ICH7 chipset I have inside my Sony Vaio SZ notebook. Also, libata also support Silicon Image chipsets as far as I can tell from URL...I wish to remove the Silicom Images SATA modules and replace this with libata and then test the performance between the two device drivers.

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General :: Debian System Drive Upgrade: Copy Filesystems From MBR Partitions To GPT?

Jan 23, 2010

My home server runs Debian Lenny, and I'm about to upgrade the system drive to a larger drive.In the process, I want to take the opportunity to reorganize the partitions and resize them. For learning purposes, I'm planning to migrate from an MBR partition table to GPT.Because of those two changes, I can't just run "dd if=/old/drive of=/new/drive" (well, not without lots more work afterwards). I could use the debootstrap process to get a fresh installation on the new system drive, but I used that technique during the last system upgrade and it's probably overkill for this.Can I just copy the partitions from the old drive to the new?Will "dd if=/dev/hda1 of=/dev/hdb2" work, assuming /dev/hdb2 is larger than /dev/hda1? (If so, the filesystem can be resized to take advantage of the new larger partition, right?)Would parted (or gparted) be a better tool for copying the contents of the partitions?

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Debian :: Add New Sata Drive Without Reboot

Feb 4, 2011

We have an external raid box connected to a debian squeeze server.Every new volume set I have created will be detected (as /dev/sdx) after a reboot. As this is our file-server I cannot reboot the server every-time a new volume set is created.Is there a way to make this new device visible.I tried already 'partprobe' and restarting udev didn't work eather.What is a good way to do this?

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General :: LVM Partitions Are Equals To OS Partitions?

May 26, 2011

When we install a linux OS, we've an option to create partitions. In my laptop I've create partition for /opt, /home, / and /tmp. Are these partitions the same type of partitions as the partitions created by LVM?

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Debian :: External Raid Sys Using E-Sata - Slow

Jul 5, 2011

Have Lian Li Ex 503 External Raid System, using 4x2TB, using Raidmode 10 for good performance [ Just for those who are interested: http://www.lian-li.com/v2/en/product/pr ... ex=115&g=f ]

[Code]...

But using e-sata my transfer rates are very low (from internal drive to external ex503), around 60-70mb/sec
But hdparm tells me:

[Code]...

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Debian :: Adding 2 New SATA Drives As RAID1?

Feb 8, 2009

i have 2 shiny new 1TB SATA drives. I have a running system already, basic install on a single disk. install both new drives & raid1 them on a single partition - mount them for storage. Seems simple but all i can find are howto's on instaling the whole system & booting on RAID.

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Debian :: SATA DVD Drive Not Detected During Lenny Install?

Nov 17, 2010

I am trying to install Debian 5.0 "Lenny" on a PC with a very new hardware config (i3 processor, DDR3 RAM,LG SATA DVD drive, and Seagate SATA HDD). During the hardware detection phase of installation, I get a message saying the driver for my CD drive is not known, and asking me to select one manually. The options I get are only 'devcdrom', which does not work, and my installation cannot proceed.

I tried the following:

1. I read in a similar query that to use SATA DVD drives, I will have to set some boot options, so tried entering install libatapi_enabled=1 as an install option. This showed 'unknown parameter' error followed by same problem.

2. My Intel m/b BIOS has an option to set the DVD drive to "Native" or "Legacy", default is Native. I also tried changing this to "Legacy". Still same problem.

3. Read that I have to point to different drivers, but don't know how to do this during the installation.

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Debian Hardware :: SATA Disk Not Visible After 8.1 Installation

Jun 20, 2015

Debian 8.1
Kernel 3.2.0
xfce4

I own a secondary SATA disk I used without problems. In the last days I updated to 8.1 and after that I was not able to read the disk. The fdisk -l command has the output:

Code: Select allDevice     Boot Start       End   Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdc1  *       63 117194174 117194112 55,9G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

Disk /dev/sdb: 37,3 GiB, 40020664320 bytes, 78165360 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00087e23

The disk is mounted on:
Code: Select all/dev/sdc1 on /media/stefano/MobileSata type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096,uhelper=udisks2)

When i access to the disk, i always have the error:
Code: Select allstefano@GhilbaDebian:~$ ls -l /media/stefano/MobileSata
ls: impossibile to access to /media/stefano/MobileSata: input/output error

In the dmesg there is no particular message.

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Debian Hardware :: Raid 5 Sata Card Recommendation?

Feb 15, 2011

My "Home" server is getting ful, I've got one 1tera-disk and now I wan't to secure all data with raid 5 config. Can someone recommend a good "fairly"-cheap RAID5 SATA card?

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Debian Hardware :: Sata-controller: Find Out Which One Build In Pc?

Sep 1, 2011

I have a computer and I need to know whether its Sata-controller supports hotplugging. Therefore I (think I) need to know which Sata-controller is used in my computer. Can anyone tell me how I can find that piece of info?

ps. Some info on the environment: It is running an AMD Geode processor which only support IDE and therefore the board has a Pata to Sata converter build in. When I do 'lspci' it only shows the IDE connection:
root@voyage:/etc# lspci

00:01.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] CS5536 [Geode companion] Host Bridge (rev 33)
00:01.2 Entertainment encryption device: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Geode LX AES Security Block
00:06.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6105M [Rhine-III] (rev 96)
00:07.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6105M [Rhine-III] (rev 96)
00:08.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6105M [Rhine-III] (rev 96)
00:09.0 Ethernet controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6105M [Rhine-III] (rev 96)

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Debian :: Sata Disk Write Speed Is Very Slow ?

Sep 14, 2010

I got a new machine with GA-p55A-ud3 mobo and a WDC WD10EARS 1T disk.

When I tried to benchmark the disk IO, I was suprised by the low write speed:

The related output from my lspci:

The related output from my lshw:

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Software :: Turn Off (spindown) SATA HDD On Debian After 10 Min Inactivity?

Mar 14, 2010

I wold like to know how to turn off (spindown) SATA HDD on Debian after 10 min inactivity (using a script).I wold like to setup a NAS based on Debian. The NAS will be hallways ON but I want the NAS HDD to gos off after 10 of inactivity. When I access the NAS server the HDD should go back ON (after a small delay)

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Ubuntu Installation :: Ubunto 8.04 Cannot Detect Sata Hard Drive Or Sata Drive Cdrw?

May 28, 2011

ubuntu 8.04 server can not detect seagate sata hard drive 2tb or sata Lg dvdrw x22 sata drive .is it possible to install it without buying a pci ide sata card?is it possible to get a driver for sata driver and sata drive that can be recognise by ubunto 8.04 server ?or to get the files for 1.44 floppy diskdoes the late edition of unbutu recognise sate hdd and sata cdrw drive automaticly during the installation of the unbutu?

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Debian :: Internal SATA Disk Slower When Running On Battery?

Feb 5, 2010

I have Etch running in my laptop. I found that if the laptop is only running on battery, the disk seems to performs slower than if I running on a power adapter. How do I possibly check the setting and fix it?

I'm the only user on the system most of the time and I keep it as minimal as possible so it's not other services and programs keeping the disk busy.

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Debian :: SATA Raid, /home Partition Mounting Error?

Nov 9, 2010

I've installed debian squeezy recently and for some reason I have problems with mounting /home partition during startup.

There's an error:Mounting local filesystems...mount: special device /dev/mapper/isw_bbfedcffgi_Volume0p6 does not exist. failed

I've tried using fsck - no result the file system is healthy, I've tried formatting it once again (fresh copy, no user data) and it's not working. What is more mounting the partition manually goes well - I can read the data and write to it. All other partitions are ok.

I have no idea what's going on and why mounting /home fails. I've written this post on Polish debian users forum, but no response - only to give more info, so I'll put it here also:

ls -al /dev/mapper

crw------- 1 root root 10, 59 Nov 9 19:34 control
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root7 Nov 9 19:34 isw_bbfedcffgi_Volume0 -> ../dm-0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root7 Nov 9 19:34 isw_bbfedcffgi_Volume01 -> ../dm-2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Nov 9 19:34 isw_bbfedcffgi_Volume05 -> ../dm-3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Nov 9 19:34 isw_bbfedcffgi_Volume06 -> ../dm-4
code....

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Debian Configuration :: Sata Disk Write Speed Is Very Slow

Sep 14, 2010

I got a new machine with GA-p55A-ud3 mobo and a WDC WD10EARS 1T disk. When I tried to benchmark the disk IO, I was suprised by the low write speed:

[Children see throughput for 1 initial writers = 35962.63 KB/sec
Parent sees throughput for 1 initial writers = 35962.63 KB/sec
Min throughput per process = 35962.63 KB/sec

[code].....

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Debian Hardware :: Sata Errors While Building Mdadm Raid 5?

Oct 13, 2010

I received some errors while running a benchmarking script to determine my ideal raid chunk size. There are several errors in the kernel log regarding the sata link and eventually the two drives i have connected to a pci express x1 sata card were no longer present in /dev/

the script i was using is available here [URL]..system specs 1 500gb western digital drive (system drive)3 2tb samsung f4 drives (2 connected to pci x1 card (sata II) and 1 onto onboard sata port (sata I)) single core amd 64 on SiS chipset debian 64bit testing

[Code]...

I rebooted the machine and everything appears to be happy. What do these errors mean? What steps should i take to prevent them in the future so it doesn't end up corrupting the array?

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Debian Hardware :: Sdparm Not Stopping SATA Disk In Squeeze

Feb 9, 2011

I recently updated from Lenny to Squeeze. In Lenny I used to spin down my internal SATA backup drive like this:

# sdparm --command=stop /dev/sdb

It worked well in Lenny, but it doesn't work in Squeeze:

XXXX:~>sudo sdparm --command=stop /dev/sdb
/dev/sdb: ATA WDC WD2500AAJS-2 01.0

All I can hear is a click indicating drive head movement but the disk keeps spinning.

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Debian :: Restore User Directory After Trying To Mount A SATA Drive

Jan 21, 2011

This is on Debian Lenny 5.0.7 with a LXDE desktop. Using Root Terminal I have just been trying to mount a SATA drive NTFS file system using the command: mount -t ntfs /dev/sdb1 /dev/

unfortunately the /sdb1 should of been 'sdc1', I think, and what's happened is that my username and files have been moved somewhere else. PCMan File manager has ceased to work and open applications have ceased to be able to save files.

How do I discover where they went, and how do I restore them back to the original place of debian:/home/username/ ?

I'm about 8 hours in to learning Linux/Debian and desperately trying leave behind about 15 years of Windows use for something better. I'm used to troubleshooting electronics/hardware/all manner of things but the syntax here is, at the moment, a slippery slope.

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Debian :: Install Debian Root Into Software Raid Partitions Sda2 And Sdb1?

Mar 2, 2011

I got two harddisks, sda and sdb. Is it possible to install Debian root into software raid partitions sda2 and sdb1 leaving all other partitions 'normal' (not-raid)? do partitions sda2 and sdb1 need to be exact same size and position?

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Debian Installation :: No More SATA - Releases Freeze Up Almost Instantly After Loading The Kernel

Apr 13, 2011

I'm trying to install Debian 6.0.1a (64bit) onto a machine that had Debian 5.08. It freezes up almost immediately after loading the kernel. The last line, about 2.6 seconds in, is where it found a SATA drive. (There are two SATA drives). This is a Tyan S2912 with Opteron 2347HE. It seems to be kernel release related. I tried the 5.08 disc again, and it works OK.

With other distros, such as Opensuse and Ubuntu, I have the same problem. The newer releases freeze up almost instantly after loading the kernel. Am I stuck with IDE drives or older kernels? I wanted to try something newer as the fonts in the 5.0.8 release were barely legible. It gave me nauseating headaches within a couple of hours of looking at it. My wife couldn't stand to see it when she came by. I've tried every bios setting change I could think of without a solution.

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Debian Configuration :: Creating Udev Rule For Specific SATA Port

Apr 19, 2011

I have a trayless SATA hotswap bay that is really terrific for quickly attaching and removing SATA hard drives. I'm trying to write a udev rule to create a symbolic link to the device node for the drive that is attached through the hotswap bay (/dev/bay -> /dev/sdX). This eliminates any ambiguity when performing destructive tasks (fdisk, etc). I'm running squeeze amd64. I've read through several tutorials and have it working somewhat. Here's the output of udevadm info for a drive attached via the hotswap bay.

looking at device '/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:11.0/host7/target7:0:0/7:0:0:0/block/sdb':
KERNEL=="sdb"
SUBSYSTEM=="block"
DRIVER==""
ATTR{range}=="16"
ATTR{ext_range}=="256"
ATTR{removable}=="0"
ATTR{ro}=="0"
ATTR{size}=="156301488"
ATTR{alignment_offset}=="0"
ATTR{capability}=="52" ....

Here is my udev rule
DEVPATH=="/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:11.0/host7/*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", SYMLINK+="bay%n"

This produces the desired behavior and gives me an fdisk-able device node. The problem I am having is that the "host" component of the DEVPATH varies from bootup to bootup. I'm just using on onboard SATA, host2-7, specifically host7. There is also onboard PATA, host0-1. It seems to just be random which "host"s are assigned to which controller. For example, the next time I boot the system, the onboard SATA will be host0-5 and the onboard PATA will be host6-7. In this simple case, I could just write 2 rules, one for each possibility and it would still be correct because of the different PCI addresses of the two controllers. But on systems with more SCSI (uh... libata, actually) controllers, a "host" file can point to different physical ports between bootstraps. This would be bad. Does anyone know of a way to write a rule to tie a device node to a specific physical SATA port on the motherboard/hba?

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