General :: Dd Copy - Hard Drive Clone Fails When Mounting Root Androotblock - /newroot Failed

Oct 27, 2010

I am trying to replace an old, smaller, and dying laptop hard drive with a newer one, using a USB external drive. I first tried cloning disk to disk with Clonezilla, but it failed after cloning my root, swap, and /home directories it froze when it tried to reinstall grub. After 2x trying, I switched to dd, which I have never really used (I am fairly new to Linux in general). The actual command I used was:

Quote:

dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb bs=4096 conv=notrunc,noerror

All seemed ok and after approximately 2 hours my 80GB drive had been cloned onto my new 250GB, with dd giving what appeared to be a satisfactory closure summary. I tried to mount and access the drive from my external USB enclosure but could not view it, though the data is there, I believe, as the size and bytes show... The error that Dolphin is giving me is:

Quote:

error - wrong fstype, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sdb1 Missing codepage or helper program or other error. When I installed the new drive directly into my laptop, it begins to boot (Sabayon 5.4, 2.6.35 kernel) but almost immediately I get (handwritten down, but this is close):

Quote:

detected real_root
mounting /dev/sda1 on /newroot failed: input/output error
!! Could not mount specified ROOT, try again
!! Could not find the root block device in .

[code]....

I am assuming that my issue has something to do with grub, and maybe specific UUIDs that don't match (?) but I'm not really certain. I have both Grub Legacy 0.9x and the newer Grub 2 installed (Sabayon is already moving over) but I still boot with Legacy, not with the new 2, as I don't know how to switch, and am not sure if I should yet. I thought that dd copied bit for bit, and I added the noerror´ just to try to get it all transferred, so I don't know what went wrong exactly, though something seems wrong with grub and the bootloader, I guess...

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Jan 16, 2011

I have a very specific issue that I am having trouble resolving. I have an old laptop and a new laptop with a smaller HDD. I want to copy the windows partition from the new lappy to the old bigger HDD so I have room for Ubuntu. All of my files are on a Maverick install on the old lappy. How can I get all my files and windows to the old HDD and into the new laptop. I am a little stuck on this one because of my limited options.

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General :: Ubuntu 6.06: Mounting /root/sda1 /root Failed: No Such Device

Jan 22, 2010

An old machine in our office, running Ubuntu 6.06 all of a sudden will not boot up. I get the following info during boot:

Uncompressing Linux... Ok Booting the kernel
mount: Mounting /root/sda1 /root failed: No such device
mount: Mounting /root/dev on /dev/.static/dev failed: No such file or directory

[code]....

I haven't changed anything on the system as far as I'm aware, and I ran some HD diagnostics and everything seems fine. however when I try to mount the drive with the following command:

sudo mount -t ext3 -o rw /dev/hda1 /mnt

I get the following error:

mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad
superblock on /dev/sda1, missing code
page or helper program, or other error
In some cases useful info is found in
syslog - try dmesg | tail or so

I ran fdisk -l and it says the partition type is Linux. The output after running dmesg | tail :

[12207.483801] init_special_inode: bogus i_mode (101)
[12207.483809] EXT2-fs: corrupt root inode, run e2fsck
[12260.427078] init_special_inode: bogus i_mode (101)

[code]...

Update: After running e2fsck -p /dev/sda1, I get the following info:

/dev/sda1: clean, 142449 / 9584640 files, 5402711 / 19161520 blocks

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Then is says some of the files are not found including a encryption signer key not found.

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Jun 23, 2010

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Jul 29, 2010

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May 29, 2011

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Jan 7, 2010

i'm trying to clone a hard drive using dd & netcat.

Quote:

on target:
nc -l -p 1333 |dd of=/dev/sdb
on source:
dd if=/dev/sdb |nc 192.168.0.5 1333

However after a while since the process was initiated I get a

I/O error in filesystem ("....") meta-data dev ...block 0x..... ("xfs_read_buf") error 5 buf count 512 XFS: size check 2 failed

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Oct 28, 2010

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Option 2: Use PartedMagic to set up 3 partitions to the sizes I want, then use Clonezilla to copy to the new partitions.

Option 1 seems to be the easier way. But, is there another option, a better way? Perhaps there's a command option in CloneZilla that I'm just not seeing, which would allow me to do the move in one step?

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Jul 3, 2011

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sda6 Linux Ubuntu ext3 (root)
sda7 Linux Ubuntu ext3 (home)
sda2 other

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Jul 5, 2011

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if I run dd on a running computer, what consequences might there be?

Code:
dd if=/dev/sda | gzip -1 - | ssh user@hostname dd of=image.gz
where /dev/sda is the local IRIX computer and of=image.gz is a free partition else where.

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Mar 13, 2011

sudo ddrescue /dev/sda /home/custom/user/sda_image.img /home/custom/user/logfile

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sudo ddrescue /dev/sda /home/custom/user/sda_image.iso /home/custom/user/logfile

the sda_image.img file is 55gb the other one tht is .iso is 0gb so now trying

dd if=/dev/sda of=/home/custom/usr/sda_image.iso

waiting to see what is going on any body got any advice on how to make the image work?

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Jun 8, 2011

I have a 3 weeks old PC which I've just finished getting set up with Ubuntu 11.04 and W7 in a Virtual Box. Now the drive has started making rumbling noises and doesn't always boot.The engineer from Dell is coming tomorrow to replace the drive, but what can I do about transferring the whole old drive to the new one in full working order, quickly?

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Dec 22, 2010

I need to clone LVM encrypted to a bigger size hard drive.
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Nov 20, 2008

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May 20, 2010

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Apr 19, 2011

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Aug 21, 2010

I installed ubuntu 10.04 from the CD (downloaded from ubuntu website), all worked very well. until today that I decided to run the software updater. It installed all the updates correctly, I restarted ok, but i experienced a mini locks, for example when i was with firefox, firefox had mini hangs for about 15 seconds then run normally. Then all OS got unstable, windows showing no thing, for example when i tried to restart using the button, it didnot do anything. Well i reset my computer and BOOM!, im stuck after Grub showing me this:

mount : mounting /dev on /root/dev failed : No such file or directory
mount : mounting /sys on /root/sys failed : No such file or directory
mount : mounting /proc on /root/proc failed : No such file or directory

[code]....

I'm able to reproduce this. I installed a fresh 10.4 again, then installed propietary drivers (nvidia), restart, all working flawless here, then updating all packages using the update-manager, restart, here not all working well (same sympthoms) so i decided to restart, then BOOM AGAIN.. I did the process 3 times and, the same, so I think something is BROKEN. So im able to reproduce it but don't know what the hell is causing it.

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May 6, 2010

Is there a good way from the shell to copy/clone a usb stick that have several partitions?

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Apr 4, 2010

I have recently experienced a problem that occurred after an automatic update. After the update it said restart system. So I did and proceeded as normal. when after the reboot Firefox suddenly stopped working, crashed and upon clicking it again only a blank box appeared. Then my other apps followed and i soon couldn't do anything so i shut down my computer. Upon restart I got a black screen with tons of text and something around the lines of

mount: mounting /dev on /root/dev failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting / sys/ on root/sys failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting /proc on /root/proc failed: No such file or dirctory

[code]....

So I rebooted and pressed shift to open that grub thing and booted from an earlier kernel. This time it said checking HD for errors and after booted normally. Everything seemed fine but next day it did it again. Starting with Firefox crashing and then everything else. I again booted from a previous kernel and it worked but upon checking with uname -a it did not list the kernel i chose to boot from. So I decided to upgrade 10.04 to 10.10. This upgraded my kernel and deleted the old ones so i am hoping i am good now.

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Jul 4, 2011

I just did a full install of Slackware64 on my netbook. Everything was sweet until I tried switching to the generic kernel. Even before this, I noticed when I ran the mount command it listed not sda3, which really is the root partition, but /dev/root as the root partition. This also appears in mtab, but not fstab. So yeah, here are the errors when I try booting into the generic kernel:

Code: mounting /dev/sda3 on /mnt failed: No such device No /sbin/init found on rootdev (or not mounted) bin/sh: cant access tty: job control turned off

I've tried rebuilding the mkinitrd_command_generator.sh script several times, as well as lilo.conf. But no success I've looked at some similar old threadss here but most of them are related to slackware 12 and older, so I don't know if these issues are related or not.

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Mar 20, 2010

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My problem arises when I try to replace the 4GB with a 80Gb hard drive. When I disconnect the 4GB drive the system fails to boot up and complains with error 21.

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Nov 26, 2010

I have a very very insane problem with my ssd sata harddisk. I did fill the harddisk, and Thunderbird complained about "no space left on device". But even if I delete some files from the harddisk, df will still say 0 blocks free. But it will decrease the number of used blocks. So it looks like it is freeing the blocks and deleting the files, but it don't put the blocks back to the free pool.

But here is where things get insane: If I log in with my normal user, I get a "No free space" when I try to write to the harddisk. But If i log in as root I can write to the file system, despite the fact that df is saying 0 blocks free. I did try to run fsck -f but it just run its test and then say that anything is fine. But it run for less then 10 seconds, is this expected on a 40GB ssd partition?.

[Code]...

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Feb 9, 2011

After upgrading from 10.04 to 10.10 I have had some problems booting my Ubuntu. It all started when restarting after the upgrade, and I got the error;

Code:

mount: mounting /dev on /root/dev failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting / sys/ on root/sys failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting /proc on /root/proc failed: No such file or dirctory
Target filesystem doesn't have /sbin/init.
No init found. Try passing init= boot arg

BusyBox v1.13.3 (Ubuntu 1:1.13.3.1ubuntu11) built-in shell (ash)(initramfs) After searching the Internet, I found a "solution". I just had to boot with a USB stick with the Ubuntu Rescue Remix (the normal Ubuntu USB won't boot either), and i wrote;

Code:

sudo fsck /dev/sdb5

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Feb 21, 2011

since running update manager on my daughters net running 10.04 netbook on boot up I get the following on the screen

mount: mounting /dev on /root/dev failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting /sys on /root/sys failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting /proc on /root/proc failed: No such file or directory
Target filesystem doesn´┐Żt have /sbin/init.

[code]....

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May 14, 2011

Doesn't seem to matter which version, every time I try to install Software raid on an Ubuntu server system, it blows up with this error. Seems I've had trouble for several versions.

Code:

mount: mounting /dev/disk/by-uuid/f35415ee-4c14-4eb1-995f-f19fbcd760c7 on /root
failed: Invalid argument
mount: mounting /dev on /root/dev failed: No such file or directory
mount: mounting /sys on /root/sys failed: No such file or directory

[code]...

I've done it on Centos Fine, and followed the many different instructions I've seen for Ubuntu. The only luck I've had was with bios raid, but I would much rather let Mdadm handle things.

My build:

ubuntu-10.04.2-server-amd64 CD install
AMD 1055T 6Core
4GB ram
Asus M4A88TD-MUSB3

[code]...

I install both as letting Ubuntu decide partitions for one drive, do the same for the other, and create a raid, and do them from scratch. No dice, same problem. I've tried that one as logical and as primary too. No difference. Something just doesn't like booting from a raid 1 Mirror. I've tried installing grub on both HDDs (sda1 + sdb1)I've tried several CDs, burned from several machines. Re-downloaded from Torrent and from the website. The DVD drives work since I purchased new DVD drives for both one workstation and the server. Things install fine under CentOS, software raid comes up.

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I have a 16GB Ubuntu Webserver running on a Transcend SMART CF chip (Yes I know all the reasons not to). I want to move that entire system (OS, Files and structure) to an external bootable HD that will probably be closer to 100GB. What's the easiest way to do this and have it be plug and play. By which I mean I can then plug the drive into a new system and boot it up just as it was running on the old system.

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