Debian Installation :: Swap Space For 64 Bit Squeeze ?
Oct 31, 2010
I am currently running 32 bit ubuntu in my PC with 2.5 GB RAM, Intel Pentium Dual Core inside. I am coming to debian soon. I will be installing 64 bit squeeze. Now I have 3 GB of swap space. I do satellite image processing. Therefore what is the recommended swap space for me with the kind of work I do. RAM is in very small amount but as of now I have to stay with it.
Also I am interested to know would KDE be an overkill for my machine. Will I run short of memory when I start image processing?
I have two disks, sda and sdb. Each has a partition that is part of a mdraid array for /. Each one also has a swap partition, and both are used by linux. I've heard that hibernation won't work with two swap partitions. Is there any workaround, other than only using one swap partition?
During the second OS (CentOS) setup, the shared SWAP partition was formatted and now I get the following under Debian: Code: # free total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 507524 251436 256088 0 11488 78332 -/+ buffers/cache: 161616 345908 Swap: 0 0 0 How to configure Squeeze to use again this SWAP partition?
I am using a Dell Inspiron 580 that I recently recieved as a gift. I wouldn't normally purchase a Dell, but I have no money and it my old computer was WAY past it's prime. After going through a miniature nightmare I now wonder how to create swap space for my ubuntu installation. I am running 10.04, 64 bit. I am having no problems, but I have no swap space. My computer is a new -Intel i3- with 6GB of ram; so I assumed I could worry about getting it installed, then set a swap file later. As I said, it runs well, but i don't feel comfortable with ZERO swap space.
When I installed Ubuntu I already had a problem because Dell had included 2 special partitions that are diagnostic and recovery. This didn't surprise me, but I want to make my system backup less than 100GB, so I shrank the "c:" partition to 100Gb and made the free space "storage":NTFS partition. After backing everything up (before messing with the partitions), I installed Ubuntu. Since I had created the backup that Dell asked me to (the very first time I turned the PC on) as well as my own system image I wasn't concerned.
Using GParted Boot disk I deleted the Dell "Recovery" partition and marked the "C:" drive (COS)) as active. I used a Windows 7 install disk to "repair" the bootmgr problem. Had to run "repair" twice, but it worked.
My question now is: why didn't Ubuntu installation say anything about a swap partition until I had already set up my partitions? I could easily give up a gig or two for swap space but I cannot make a swap partition unless I delete the Dell diagnostic partition (NOT the "recovery" partition; the other hidden one). I don't mind deleting the "recovery" partition because it is backed up, but I would prefer not to delete the "diagnostic/utility" partition, just in case. The 40MB is crap anyway.
It hadn't occurred to me that I would have trouble making swap space. I am used to windows (I am dual booting with GRUB BTW, if that matters) and the swap FILE doesn't need it's own partition. I understand why a separate partition would be better, but unless I can somehow create a logical/extended partition for swap, I need to know what else I can do.
I believe Ubuntu is a better system for many reasons, but little things like this do puzzle me. I am no engineer, or software designer, but I don't understand why I wasn't given an option, such as: You cannot make another primary partition; would you like to use a virtual disk/file as your swap space?"
I was fortunate enough to acquire some old 2u server hardware (from 2005) on which I wanted to learn how to use Ubuntu. Ubuntu fails to mount any partition, in fact gparted cannot detect anything. The installer detects the scsi hdds but then fails when it tries to actually make a partition. I've searched this forum, linuxquestions and google. Nothing relevant was found and the solutions involving probing with commands within linux were irrelevant since zero partitions show.
I've tried Ubuntu 10.4, but settled on trying to install 8.10 since it seems to boot up faster and at least detects the physical hard drives quicker. Also tried windows xp and that says "no hard disk detected". I would've tried windows 7 but the server doesn't have a dvd drive.
I want to convert my swap space 8GB to usable formatHere is the output of sudo fdisk -l command$sudo fdisk -lDisk /dev/sda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylindersUnits = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytesDisk identifier: 0x26af26ae
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 1 2295 18434556 7 HPFS/NTFS /dev/sda2 2296 9728 59705572+ f W95 Ext'd (LBA)
I was trying to install Ubuntu as a dual-boot on my Windows Vista laptop. The hard drive is 250 gb: Vista boot 157 gb partition; a partially-occupied 33 gb partition which was designated as swap-space; a newly partitioned and ext3 formatted 30gb for the Ubuntu installation. I believe there is also a hidden partition ~20 gb with "hidden" system info. During installation I received an error message concerning the swap space partition, which forced me out of the installation and back to the ubuntu partition manager screen. Now in Vista my 33 and 30 gb partitions are missing. Is there anyway I can get back to pre-Ubuntu state?
This weekend, I installed Debian Squeeze on my server. I've formatted all the hard disks to EXT4, and I'm using kernel version 2.6.32-686-bigmem.When I tried to install the program saidar, it surprised me why it does not show my hard drives under 'mountpoint' [URL] <-- Saidar screenshot) as I could when I ran with Debian Lenny with the same kernel, but where the hard drives were formatted in EXT3. My laptop which has Ubuntu 10.04 as OS and the hard drive is formatted in EXT4 can easily show the hard drive in saidar. I also tried to install PHP SysInfo on the Debian computer, but it does not bother to show anything on the hard disks
I tried to check fstab file and I can see that Debian uses UUID to identify the hard drives, but I've tried to change it to something with /dev/sdx, but it did not help either.[URL] (fstab file)
I know that Debian squeeze is very new, but it would be nice if someone could give me a hint what might be wrong, because I am a little tired of all time to use 'du-hs' command To find out how much space is spent on the various drives, since the command is a little slow, since hard disks are well filled.
i had to install oracle in my laptop...it required a certain amount of swap space which i didnt have... i tried to create it using the datadump command... dd if=/dev/zero of=/extraswapf bs=1M count=512 i then rebooted and made the swapfile using: mkswap /extraswap i then made the entry in /etc/fstab as follows "/extraswap swap swap default 0 0" and i used the command : swapon /extraswap the swap space was visible after that... but after rebooting the swap space is not visibille
When i first installed ubuntu about 2 weeks i left about 30gb left for windows vista. I have not used vista at all so i decided to delete it and use the whole hard drive for ubuntu. I got the liveCD out and went into the partition editor on that (i had ubuntu,swap,vista in that order) and deleted the swap space and vista and increased the size of the Ubuntu partition to so there was only 4gb left for swap. I then booted up again from the hard drive and i get this message "one or mounts cannot be mounted" or something to that effect and it talks about the swap partition and offers to boot in recovery mode which does work.Once in recovery mode i go in and try and make swap partition with Disk Utility and i do that and it works. I go to restart Ubuntu to test it out and the same problem happens again, cannot mount swap ect. so i go back into Disk Utility and it now says 4gb Unrecognized instead of swap
a friend of mine recently installed Ubuntu in his Laptop however is running really slow. It's Dell 1520 so I don't think the computer is that slow. I think what the problem is that he doesn't have a swap space. ok, I could use GPARTED to resize the HD and create SWAP space but how can I tell the system to permanently use that space?
I have a rel 5.6 system that we just added more memory to.
1. What is the correct or best way to increase swap? 2. Can I remove the swap space later on? 3. How do you remove it when done?
Our rootvg only has 8G available to it and I want to be sure if i allocate anything out to it I can reclaim when done without having to rebuild the system.
We have to do a lot of data moves so we allocated extra memory to this VM system and now we need to increase swap. I did see several articles in google but they describe using a new swap partition, a swap file and increasing an existing swap space. I am still not sure what is the best way to go knowing this is a temp situation.
Before I start a flame war, I'd like to qualify my question with...I have a boatload of ram and a VERY thin install.(CLI openSuse 11.4-64) If I'm running the most baseline, text-only-install...and the whole system install is like 2GB or less, and I have 8GB of ram (which I could easily upgrade to 16). At install time...do I really need a swap partition at all? What purpose could a swap serve if I have that much ram in such a trimmed down environment?
I had just installed gparted , not used yet.I have a problem , at the time of installation i havent created necessary swap space , my linux partition contains 30GB with ext2 filesystem..I'm fully having this , but my question is with the above mentioned tool can I recreate swap space from this 30GB , like 20GB as user space and rest 10 as swap space . Can I?
When we want to setup a linux system, there is a common a suggestion like set the swap space as twice as big than your physical memory, I want to know why do we need this and how is this suggestion come from?
I have a linux server top reports about 9GB of swap used:But I cannot figure where's it use swap, some google results said that top - O commad follow by p will show swap usage by process. But as shown in the above image, taking a brief sum of the SWAP column shows that > 10GB of swap is used, so where does the 9GB figure for swap usage come from? Top reports that about 96492kb of ram is used by buffers. Is there anything I can do to utilize this, instead of using swap?
I got back to my laptop after dinner and found a blank screen with one line of text saying something about running out of swap space - I tried all kinds of key combinations but nothing worked to bring the desktop back - eventually I pressed and held the power button to shut it down - I suppose this is Ubuntu's version of the "blue screen of death"?I went to System - Disk Utility to make a 2GB free space right after the swap space. Then I tried to make that 2GB free space a swap space partition but it came back with an error
Is there any way to force the system to use swap space instead of RAM? I just upgrade form 512 to 1 gb. And when I installed ubuntu I give the swap space 1gb according to 512mb RAm requirement. Now I have 1 gb. When I use heavy applications i-e firefox, office, any game etc at a time the processing go to 100% and the RAM use 50+% of the memory. No swap memory will be use. Any way to use swap instead of RAM?
I'm a first time installer of Ubuntu. I've run it directly from CD a few times earlier, but I'm installing it from the CD for the first time. I've read some stuff about this from other sites, and have some doubts I hope you geniuses would be able to clarify. Situation : My 80GB Primary HDD is partitioned into what I think is 1 Primary partition [10GB] and 1 extended partition [70GB] which is further divided into three logical partitions.
I don't have to worry about other data, since I've got a 320GB External HDD for that. Now, Ubuntu says that it can squeeze the free space out of the Windows Partition. But my Windows partition is pretty full, and I don't want to re-install it on a larger partition. I've got one logical drive [20GB] free on my Primary HDD. Can it be converted into a primary partition without affecting anything else i.e. my Windows partition and the other two logical partitions remain intact ? Or do I have to format my extended partition and subdivide into a primary and extended partition ?
Q2 - How do I adjust swap space ? Does it have to be a primary partition ? Or can it be a logical partition ? To make a logical partition swap space, do I have to reformat my entire extended partition to squeeze out free space, or can it be kept intact? I'm using Ubuntu Hardy Heron. I know it's a lot to read, but I'm pretty confused right now.
For some reason, if I leave my Linux box running for several days, the swap space and RAM slowly fill up until my system is so slow that it takes around 15 seconds just to open a new tab if Firefox (Iceweasel, specifically). I have 512GB RAM and almost a gig of swap; how on earth does it fill up so much? Even if I close all my programs, there's still over 600MB swap used and all RAM is full. I've included a screenshot of 'top' running just about two minutes after I closed all my running programs.
(Before I closed it, I had only 71MB swap free.) I know that Linux is supposed to make good usage of RAM, but isn't this over the top? Is there a way to force it to use only required memory with no or little extras kept in RAM? Just thought I'd add in the fact that I'm running Xfce as opposed to KDE or GNOME in an attempt to have a smoother running system on my old hardware. Also, what's the "VIRT" column?