Debian :: Comparing Contents Of Two Directories?

Mar 6, 2011

How to compare contents of 2 directories under squeeze?

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Debian :: Comparing Contents Of Two DVDs - No Burning Errors

Apr 28, 2010

How to compare the contents of two DVDs, for example using the MD5-fingerprint, if all data was exact copied and no burning errors?

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Programming :: Simple Script For Comparing Two Directories?

Apr 1, 2011

have a simple script for comparing two directories. I want to list all differences between this directories.

here is my function for compare:

function comp
for i in $1/*; do
if [ ! -e "$2/${i##*/}" ]; then
echo $i


in my script these two files are equal(my script ignored last time modified)

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General :: Comparing Directories To Check All Stuff Copied?

Jul 4, 2010

I have recently backed up all my documents photos etc to an external hard drive. What is the best way to check that everything has copied? I have tried diff but it was not very clear.

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Ubuntu :: Merge Directories - Transfer Contents Of All Folders Into One

May 4, 2010

I recently had to rescue files from a dying hard drive using Photorec. However, it dumped the files randomly in many different directories. Is there a way I can transfer the contents of these directories into one master directory without the file structure. For example, I have folders 1 through 10 as subdirectories in folder X. How can I transfer the contents of all those folders into folder Y while getting rid of the subdirectories 1 - 10?

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Fedora Servers :: Setting Directories (But Not Contents) As Read Only In Samba

Apr 8, 2011

So I finally managed to get my Samba file server working () but now I have a question. On the server I have 4 folders, each being used for a certain topic. How would I set the folders as read only but not the contents, so that way remote users can read/write to the folder but can't delete or rename the folder itself? Also, if I restart the Linux box it will cease to show on the Windows Network unless I delete the Samba share and remake.

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OpenSUSE Install :: Retain Contents Of Other System Related Directories

Mar 1, 2011

My current system ==>openSUSE 11.3 / GNOME 2.30.2

When openSUSE 11.4 comes out i want to
==>Download "Live GNOME"
==>When installing it need to retain contents of "/home/.."

Is this possible?

NOTE:-I don't need to retain contents of other system related directories

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Ubuntu Servers :: Apache2 - Browse Directories In /var/www From Firefox - Error "The Folder Contents Could Not Be Displayed"

Aug 16, 2011

I recently installed Apache on Lucid Lynx (Macbook 1.1) using the following tutorial: [URL] Everything appears to work correct except that when I browse http://localhost/ in Firefox, I cannot see any of the directories. Although, files such as html documents are visible. When I view the /var/www directory using the default graphical file browser, all of its child directories have Xs over their icons. When I attempt to open the directory "js", the following error message displays:The folder contents could not be displayed.
You do not have the permissions necessary to view the contents of "js".

I figured this was preventing Firefox from viewing the directories. So I launched it with the "gksu" command to see if it would help. I still couldn't see directories when browsing http://localhost/ I'm basically trying to achieve functionality identical to the MAMP local server for Mac OS X. I'm about to start a LAMP project for a new client so having this up and running is important!

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Debian :: How To Compare Contents Of Two DVDs

May 1, 2010

How to compare the contents of two DVDs, I mean copy and the original under squeeze?

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Debian :: Delete All Contents Of /var/cache/man?

Feb 13, 2011

I try to build live usb-hdd on my Lenny and get this problem:

# lh_build


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Debian :: Contents Of Directory Gone After Accidentally Copying Symlin / Fix It?

Jan 17, 2011

While doing some tidying up, in the process of moving some directories off my temporary mint kde desktop, I lost the contents of an important data directory on my data partition. Just to try to explain a bit of background, I have been using mint kde4 as a stopgap measure until I got squeeze working again ( i have been having graphics problems) and had a symlink on the desktop to a /data directory on my data partition. As I just got squeeze working again, I was moving stuff that had accumulated on the mint desktop to a directory named /2010 in the /data directory on the data partition, but accidently copied/pasted the /data symlink along with the 3 other directories I had highlighted. So effectively, I was accidentally copying the /data symlink to /data/2010. For reasons I don't understand, the whole of the contents of the /data directory disappeared, and it is now totally empty. I thought, that cannot happen can it? So I opened gparted and sure enough, that partition, which previously had about 70 gb of data in the /data directory was empty apart from /lost+found and an odd text file I had stored there. The /data directory is still there, but empty. I shut down Mint and booted into squeeze, thinking it must be a mistake, but gparted shows it has all gone. How on earth can this happen? I have some of the data backed up but a fair bit of the recent stuff isn't, so I need to recover it. I hoped the file system check that happened when I booted back into squeeze would maybe repair anything that got broke, but it showed as clean during boot.

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Debian :: File Permissions To See Other Folders And Check The Contents

Jul 17, 2010

I've created a new group and a new user called dftp... Now I wanna do one thing... If 'dftp' connects thru ftp he should be directed to a particular location... and he shouldn't be able to see other folder except for his own including the parent folder that contains that location... I changed dftp's home folder to the location I want. However while connecting thru ftp. user dftp has been given permissions to see other folders and check out the contents of the other folders.

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Debian Multimedia :: Search File Contents From Gnome-Shell

Dec 16, 2014

I have tracker installed, and when I use "tracker-search ..." from terminal, I can find files as expected. In particular, it searches within file contents, not just the titles.

I was hoping to have similar functionality directly from gnome-shell. I've found a number of extensions to do this such as: [URL] .... but none of them work (gnome 3.14, debian Jessie).

How to set up file contents search directly from gnome in Jessie?

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General :: Create A Backup Directory And 3 Directories Within That And Some Files Within The 3 Directories And Then Back Them Up Ot Restore Them?

Dec 19, 2009

i am in need of linux help. iam at college and i need this back/restore script to pass this final part of an assessment. i require a backup script that will not only backup but also restore files to the relevent directories. e.g. users are instructed to store all wordprocessor files in a directory named wp. so i am needing to create a backup directory and 3 directories within that and some files within the 3 directories and then back them up ot restore them. l know i should/have to do this myself by been trying to get/understand info for the last few days and came up with zero.

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General :: Multiple Users To Create Directories Over SFTP So The New Directories Keep The Same Permissions?

May 15, 2011

I want to make a webserver with multiple users allowed to login through SFTP to a specific folder, www.Multiple users are added, lets say user1 and user2, and all of them belonging to the www-data group. The www directory has an owner www-data and a group www-data.

I have used chmod -R 775 on the www folder, but after I try to create a folder test through my SFTP server (using Filezilla) the group of the directory created has only r and x permissions, and I am not able to log in with the second user user2 and create a directory within www/test due to a lack of w permission to the group.

I also tried using chmod 2775 on www directory, but without luck. Can somebody explain to me, how can I make it so that a newly created directory inherits the root directory group permissions?

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Debian :: Get Rid Of Some Xdg User Directories

Oct 16, 2015

I need to permanently delete the following dirs in my home, that I really do not need (want!):


how to do that?

I think I've learned that these directories are 'predefined' and eventually recreated at each login (even when deleted they appear again and over again, pretty annoying indeed...)

[URL] ....
[URL] ....

Now I would like to avoid the default creation of those dirs but I did not understand how to edit the local and global configuration files controlling this behaviour (I think)

Code: Select allgedit ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs

# This file is written by xdg-user-dirs-update
# If you want to change or add directories, just edit the line you're
# interested in. All local changes will be retained on the next run
# Format is XDG_xxx_DIR="$HOME/yyy", where yyy is a shell-escaped
# homedir-relative path, or XDG_xxx_DIR="/yyy", where /yyy is an
# absolute path. No other format is supported.

[Code] .....

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Debian :: Set Home Directories Non-readable To Others?

Feb 16, 2011

I'm setting up a Squeeze system with multiple users. I would like to have it the way that no user is allowed to read other user's files. I have searched the net and the forums here and have found quite a lot of stuff but it's all a bit confusing to me.

Some suggest that one should use
dpkg-reconfigure adduser
and select
But that doesn't do what I'd like to achieve (with a newly created user):
wussy@dorm:/home$ ls -l


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General :: How To Store Files / Directories In Different Different Directories?

Mar 23, 2011

I am writing a script, in that my requirement is, if all the fill types stored in one directory from that we need to separate different different directories based on the file types.

for example in a directory(anish). 5 different types files
1- directory
2- .txt files
2- .sh files

like that and my requirement is the (1- directory is moved to one new directory(dir) which we are given in the script)and (2 .txt files are moved to another new directory(test) which we are given in the script)and ( 2 .sh files are moved to another new directory(bash) which we are given in the scrip)finally the directory anish should be empty..using bash it is possible !!

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Debian Configuration :: Proftpd-mod-mysql And No Listing Directories

Apr 20, 2011

Im having proftpd 1.3.3a standalone on squeeze with mysql backend. It all works fine with one little problem. When i log in to directory, there is nothing in it - knowing there is shed load of files. Directories are simply not being listed. Im logging in as group member and directory permissions are rwxr-xr-x. In addition to that when i try to create new directory connection is being lost and client attempts to reconnect. After successful reconnection, connection gets lost and over and over again until i abort.


i find Failed binding to, port 201: Address already in use. Check the ServerType directive to ensure you are configured correctly.

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Debian Configuration :: Exclude Directories From Bootstrap Copy?

May 24, 2011

I have successfully created an iso of my current running system using live build with the --bootstrap copy option..As expected, the image is gigantic. I would like to be able to use live-build to create copy-of-host iso's, but with specific options to -exclude specific pathways (ie. music folders, picture folders etc). Is there a way to do this? I did run a configuration and build using an option similar to that found in tar (something like -exclude=/home/user/music) and it ran through without any apparent errors, however, there was not any iso image to be found.

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General :: Comparing Resources Using Top?

Apr 6, 2011

Fedora 15 Alpha

3861 user 20 0 904m 128m 33m S 0.7 6.4 1:11.52 xulrunner-bin
1323 user 20 0 1555m 95m 31m S 13.5 4.8 4:06.87 gnome-shell
3494 user 20 0 1028m 50m 21m S 12.8 2.5 1:43.32 evolution

I just wondering what is the difference between RES, SHR, and VIRT.

1) The VIRT always seems to be higher. Is this using the paging file system. (virtual memory on the harddisk, the swap memory)

2) Is the RES memory the actual physical RAM memory?

3) Is shared memory sharing memory with other processes?

4) Just a final question. As I am running on a HP Mini 210, memory and CPU is a resource I don't have a abundence of. So if was to compare for example 2 difference browsers i.e. firefox and midora. What should I brench mark between to 2 to find what one uses less resources?

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Programming :: Comparing Two Files ?

May 7, 2011

I have two files


we have to consider here $5 , $6 , $7 for our search



Here we should take only $2 for comparison. As you can most of the $2 field records has value and some do not have value.

Question:I want to take the fields $5 , $6 , $7 from file 1 and compare it with $2 field from file 2. and the rsult should be like this:


The final output will look like this

Actual file1.txt (before running the code)


FIle1.txt after running the above said condition


So the field $5 , $6 , $7 should get replaced from the matched valued of $1(file1)

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Debian :: Make Nautilus Show Directories In Text Form?

Jun 1, 2010

When I try to view my home folder (for instance), I press the icon on the left of my name (/home/...) and it doesn't do what I accustomed to which is to show the text form of the directory. Is this a bug or am I missing something?

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General :: Comparing Multiple Of Files ?

Mar 20, 2010

I am fairly new to Linux and was needing some help on a comparing more than 2 files. I am try to come up with something that would compare at least 10+ different files to a master file and give me an output of what is missing.

Example would be: a.txt, b.txt, c.txt, d.txt compare each of them to the master.txt file, than output the missing text for each file into new file.

I came across comm and diff commands, am I looking in the right place or is there a much easier way of doing this?

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Red Hat / Fedora :: Searching And Comparing The String

May 18, 2010

I have a file which provide the output of all the applications which started and running successfully. But it doesn't give the Error message of the applications which are failed. For example there are 5 applications (ABC,DEF,NMO,STO,XYZ) and application STO failed so I will get the following output (out.txt). content of out.txt file

Application ABC is Running
Application DEF is Running
Application NMO is Running
Application XYZ is Running

I want to generate the text message based on the information on out.txt that STO application is Failed.

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General :: Comparing Arrays In Bash ?

Jun 2, 2010

Is there a way to compare an array in a while conditions?

I have one array that contains the results of some search and if the script has found all the items, then it should stop, so my idea is to have a while loop � la:


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General :: Comparing Two Fields In Two Files Using Awk?

Jul 12, 2011

I have a file1:


$ cat PF(1).out
Tmp39 PF10271.3 423 ENSP00000326063 488 1.2e-201 41-478
Tmp39 PF10271.3 423 ENSP00000338165 492 1.9e-200 46-479


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Software :: Command For Comparing Files?

Jul 7, 2010

What's the command for comparing files? I think I've used it before, but can't remember it.

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Programming :: Comparing String With Integer?

Sep 19, 2010

If I have a variable, say xvar, which can take both string and integer value and I want to perform an operation in following 2 conditions:1. Either xvar is null2. xvar equals 2[ -z "$xvar" ] || [ $xvar -eq 2 ] && <some-code>Doesn't seem to work if xvar takes string valuesI know that since I have no restriction on xvar, I can get away with string comparison in second test too, ie[ -z "$xvar" ] || [ "$xvar" = "2" ] && <some-code>
But, 'Sams teach yourself shell script in 24 hrs' says that [ expr1 -eq expr2 ], if either is string, it assumes 0 valueIs it true

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Programming :: Differances - Comparing Two Files ?

Nov 30, 2010

I have two text files i want to compare the differances between but i dont wnat all of them, there is only about 30lines of relvent text i want to compare.

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