CentOS 5 Hardware :: SW RAID - Raid Devices Larger Than Total Devices

Dec 7, 2010

I'm working on a server and noticed that the to RAID5 setup is showing 4 Raid devices but only 3 Total devices. It's on a fully updated CentOS 5 system that only has three SATA drives, as it can not hold anymore. I've done some researching but am unable to remove the fourth device, which is listed as removed. The full output of `mdadm -D /dev/md2` can be see below. I've never run into this situation before.Anyone have any pointers on how I can reduced the Raid Devices from 4 to 3? I have tried

mdadm /dev/md2 -r failed
mdadm /dev/md2 -r detached

but neither work and since there is no block device listed I'm not quite sure how to get things back in sync so it's only seeing the three drives.

Version : 0.90
Creation Time : Tue May 25 11:07:04 2010
Raid Level : raid5


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CentOS 5 :: Does The Centos Kernel Support Growing Raid Devices

Oct 16, 2010

I'm setting up a raid 5 on several hard disks with a layer of lvm on top for good measure.I know the recent kernels support growing software raid, but since centos runs 2.6.18, I wanted to make sure it'll work. Does the centos kernel support growing raid devices?

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General :: Raid Devices Not Creating Arrays / Solution For This?

Mar 30, 2010

I have created software raid 5 configurations on the second harddrive its working fine and i have edited fstab file for auto mounting when it reboot but when i reboot the computer raid doesn't work i have to re-create the arrays by typing "mdadm --create" command again and mount again manually ,is there anywhere i can do this once without retyping the commands again after rebooting and i am also using redhat 5

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Server :: RAID 1 Partition Devices Disappear After Upgrade

Mar 3, 2011

I found a workaround of sorts. It looks like this is related to a 9.04 bug [URL] and the loopback workaround brings back the array. It is not clear how I will handle this long term.

Note: before using this technique, I used gparted to tag the partitions as "raid". They disappeared again on reboot, so I had to do it again. I am not sure how this is going to work out long-term

Note: I suspect some of this is related to the embedded "HOMEHOST" that is written into the RAID metadata on the paritions. The server was misnamed when first built and the name was changed later (cerebus -> cerberus) and the old name has surfaced in the name of a phanton device reported by gparted - /dev/mapper/jmicron_cerebus_root

I have a mythbuntu 9.10 system that I have upgraded from 8.10 to 9.04 to 9.10 in the last 2 days. I am on my way to 10.x, but need to make sure it works after every step.

The basic problem is that in its current incarnation, it is not recognizing the underlying partitions for one of the RAID devices, and therefore not happy.

As a 8.10 system I had 2 raid devices:

/dev/md16 -> /dev/sda5 and /dev/sdb5
/dev/md21 -> /dev/sdc1 and /dev/sdd1
/etc/fstab looked like this (in part):
/dev/md16 /var/lib xfs defaults 0 2


I don't *really* want to repartition the drive as there is a small amount of data loss between recent backups and what is on the drive, plus it would take me 2 days to move the data back.

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Fedora Installation :: Boot Failed: Wrong # Of Devices In RAID Set

Apr 13, 2010

I installed Fedora 12 and performed the normal updates. Now I can't reboot and get the following console error message.

ERROR: via: wrong # of devices in RAID set "via_cbcff jdief" [1/2] on /dev/sda
ERROR: removing inconsistent RAID set "via_cbcff jdief"
ERROR: no RAID set found
No root device found
Boot has failed, sleeping forever.

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General :: Gentoo - Ubuntu - Can Preserve My LVM/RAID Devices - Or Do Reformat ?

May 23, 2010

I've got a Gentoo box that I'm interested in switching over to an Ubuntu box.

I currently have the partitions laid out using a mixture of RAID (mdadm) and LVM2, as specified in this document [1].

Ideally I'd like to just wipe out the non /home partition, as it's got data I'd like to keep.

Is it possible to reuse the current setup, or do I need to restart? vgdisplay, vgchange -a y, etc don't yield any results from the Ubuntu LiveCD, and I'm wary to run any commands that might wipe my data.

[1] [url]

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Software :: RAID 5 Array Not Assembling All 3 Devices On Boot Using MDADM - One Is Degraded

Aug 31, 2010

I have been having this problem for the past couple days and have done my best to solve it, but to no avail. I am using mdadm, which I'm not the most experienced in, to make a raid5 array using three separate disks (dev/sda, dev/sdc, dev/sdd). For some reason not all three drives are being assembled at boot, but I can add the missing array without any problems later, its just that this takes hours to sync. Here is some information:


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Hardware :: Amd SB750 Raid And 12 Install - Unable To Find Any Suitable Storage Devices

Apr 17, 2010

The intention is to have this system dual-boot. When i first put it together, i decided to setup a raid5 array spanning 3 sata drives. I installed Windows 7 first, decided i'd get to Linux later. I left 150mb or so at the beginning of the array for /boot, and about 200gb at the end for my linux install. i'm getting to the linux install. My distro of choice is Fedora 12. I start the setup, and at the point where it's time to partition, the installer tells me that its unable to find any suitable storage devices.

I Crtl-Alt-F2 to a console, and fdisk -l. Fdisk reports three individual drives which all have partitions already. All have free space. None make sense. So i turned to google, and found some threads which explain that this chip doesn't run a true raid, rather its what's been referred to as fake raid. Which is that it depends on the windows driver in order to actually present the array to the OS, and that the best way to get by that on linux, is to break the array, and use LVM instead.

That's all well and good, but i lose two things in doing that. First i lose the resiliency of raid 5, and second, well, what does that do to my windows install? I've considered moving all of my data from windows to other machines, and then just starting from scratch, but i'd really much prefer a method of using the chips fake raid in linux. Is there a driver, or module which i can install to make this happen?

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Server :: Fdisk Does Not Like Md Devices On Machine Since Configured A Raid And Made Changes To Main Workstation

Mar 24, 2011

It's been a while since I configured a raid and have been making some changes to my main workstation/server.
fdisk does not like md devices on my machine... always says it has an invalid partition table. While this is said to be normal all over the net, I don't feel warm and fuzzy about that fact. What is best practice these days, to create a non-partitionable md device or a partitionable mdp device?

If I create a partitionable md device, I would imagine it would look good in fdisk. However, I am concerned about growing the array afterward. I would then have to grow the array, redefine the partition, and then grow the file system. The PITA factor goes up. Has anyone worked with both? Pro/Cons? My array was created with:

mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=5 --force --raid-devices=3 /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1

FYI: I have backups. I understand RAID 1 may be a better choice of raid level.

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Ubuntu :: ERROR: Ddf1: Wrong # Of Devices In RAID Set "ddf1_Series1" [1/2] On /dev/sdb No Volume Groups Found

Jul 2, 2011

Adding a kernel parameter to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash nodmraid" (not 100% it should go there grub2 is new to me, but that is another story) I noticed the following error when running update-grub.

ERROR: ddf1: wrong # of devices in RAID set "ddf1_Series1" [1/2] on /dev/sdb No volume groups found

Now I have not a clue where it is getting ddf1_Series1 from.sdf1 is part of a RAID1 group that has mdadm RAID1 > luks > LVM

md6 : active raid1 sdi1[1] sdf1[0]
1465135936 blocks [2/2] [UU]
bitmap: 0/175 pages [0KB], 4096KB chunk

Errors bug me.. as I am new to grub2 was wondering if anyone has an insight into the error / where to investigate Still reading the grub2 / grub manuals.

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Ubuntu Servers :: RAID-5 Recovery (spare/active) / Degraded And Can't Create Raid ,auto Stop Raid [md1]?

Feb 1, 2011

Could any RAID gurus kindly assist me on the following RAID-5 issue?I have an mdadm-created RAID5 array consisting of 4 discs. One of the discs was dropping out, so I decided to replace it. Somehow, this went terribly wrong and I succeeded in marking two of the drives as faulty, and the re-adding them as spare.

Now the array is (logically) no longer able to start:

mdadm: Not enough devices to start the array.Degraded and can't create RAID ,auto stop RAID [md1]

I was able to examine the disks though:

root@ mdadm --examine /dev/sdb2
Magic : a92b4efc
Version : 00.90.00

mdadm --create --assume-clean --level=5 --raid-devices=4 /dev/sda2 /dev/sdb2 /dev/sdc2 /dev/sdd2
As I don't want to ruin the maybe small chance I have left to rescue my data, I would like to hear the input of this wise community.

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CentOS 5 Hardware :: Connect A RAID Box To The Server Via LSI 8880EM2 RAID Controller

Aug 3, 2010

I am trying to connect a RAID Box to the server via LSI 8880EM2 RAID controller.The raid box is FUjitsu Externus DX60 with raid 1 configured.The server is Fujitsu Primergy SX300 S5 with LSI 8880EM2 RAID card.The external raid box is being recognised by the raid controllers bios.

The server runs CentOS 5.5 64bit. I have installed the megaraid_sas driver from LSI website and MegaCLI utility but CentOS still fails to see the box.MegaCLI utility, when launched from CentOS, recognises the raid box, CentOS does not(no mapping being created in /dev).

I have also tried to create a logical RAID0 HDD on one physical HDD(as seen by MegaCLI) with MegaCLI utility in CentOS.The result was success and the new logical drive could have been used, but when restarting the server, the controllers' bios fails with an error (not surprised(one logical RAID0 on one physical HDD)) and configuration is being erased.

Has anyone tried connecting 8880EM2 controller to a raid box with raid configured on the box, running it all under CentOS and what were the results.

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Ubuntu :: Replacing With Larger Drives In RAID 6?

Jun 14, 2011

I have a RAID 6 built on 6x 250GB HDDs w/EXT4. I will be upgrading the RAID to 4 2TB HDDs.

How would one go about this? What commands would need to be ran? I'm thinking about replacing the drives 1 at a time and letting it do the rebuild, but I know that would take a lot of time (which is fine). I don't have enough SATA ports to setup the new RAID and copy things over.

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CentOS 5 Hardware :: RAID Or Non-raid HBA Recommendation?

Dec 10, 2009

I am going to be using CentOs 5.4 for a home storage server. It will be RAID6 on 6 x 1TB drives. I plan on using an external enclosure which is connected via two SFF-8088 cables (4 drives a piece). I am looking to try and find a non-RAID HBA which would support this external enclosure and allow to use standard linux software raid.

If this is not an option, I'd consider using a hardware based raid card, but they are very expensive. The Adaptec 5085 is one option but is almost $800. If that is what I need for this thing to be solid then that is fine, I will spend the money but I am thinking that software raid may be the way to go.

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Ubuntu Installation :: RAID / LVM Cmds To Migrate To Larger Drives?

Sep 27, 2010

how to migrate my whole server to larger hard drives (i.e. I'd like to replace my four 1TB's with four 2TB's, for a new total of 4TB instead of 2TB)... I'll post the output from everything (relevant) that I can think of in code tags below.

I'd like to end up with much larger /home and /public partitions. When I first set up raid and then LVM it seemed like it wouldn't be too hard once this day arrived, but I've had little luck finding help online for upgrades and resizing versus simply rebuilding from a failure. Specifically, I figure I have to mirror the data over to the new drives one at a time, but I can't figure out how to build the raid partitions on the new disks in order to have more space (yet mirror with the old drive that has a smaller partition)... don't the raid partitions have to be the same size to mirror?

Ubuntu Server (karmic) 2.6.31-22-server #65-Ubuntu SMP; fully updated

cat /proc/mdstat
Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10]
md5 : active raid1 sdd5[1] sdc5[0]
968952320 blocks [2/2] [UU]


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CentOS 5 Hardware :: Fake Raid Versus Hardware Raid After A Hardware Failure?

Oct 12, 2010

Recently while using a Highpoint 2310 (raid 5) I lost the mother board and CPU. I had to reinstall Centos and found it needed to initialize the array to function. Total loss of date. Question: If I use a true hardware card (3ware 9650se) and experience a serious hardware loss or the C drive can the card be installed with the drives on a new motherboard and function without data loss even if the OS must be reinstalled.

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Ubuntu :: Mdadm Raid + GRUB = Not Booting - Error: Unsupported RAID Version: 0.91

Jul 18, 2011

I have a raid5 on 10 disk, 750gb and it have worked fine with grub for a long time with ubuntu 10.04 lts. A couple of days ago I added a disk to the raid, growd it and then resized it.. BUT, I started the resize-process on a terminal on another computer, and after some time my girlfriend powered down that computer!
So the resize process cancelled in the middle and i couldn't acess any of the HDDs so I rebooted the server.

Now the problem, the system is not booting up, simple black with a blinking line. Used a rescue CD to boot it up, finised the resize-process and the raid seems to be working fine so I tried to boot normal again. Same problem. Rescue cd, updated grub, got several errors: error: unsupported RAID version: 0.91. I have tried to purge grub, grub-pc, grub commmon, removed /boot/grub and installed grub again. Same problem.

I have tried to erased mbr (# dd if=/dev/null of=/dev/sdX bs=446 count=1) on sda (ide disk, system), sdb (sata, new raid disk). Same problem. Removed and reinstalled ubuntu 11.04 and is now getting error: no such device: (hdd id). Again tried to reinstall grub on both sda and sdb, no luck. update-grub is still generating error about raid id 0.91 and is back on a blinking line on normal boot. When you'r resizeing a raid MDADM changed the ID from 0.90 to 0.91 to prevent something that happend happened. But since I have completed the resize-process MDADM have indeed changed the ID back to 0.90 on all disks.

I have also tried to follow a howto on a similar problem with a patch on [URL] But I cant compile, various error about dpkg. So my problem is, I cant get grub to work. It just gives me a blinking line and unsupported RAID version: 0.91.

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General :: Migrate An Installed Ubuntu System From A Software Raid To A Hardware Raid?

Jun 29, 2011

migrate an installed Ubuntu system from a software raid to a hardware raid on the same machine? how would you go about doing so?

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Server :: How Long Does Hardware Raid Card (raid 1) Take To Mirror 1 TB Drive (500gb Used)

Mar 22, 2011

How long does hardware Raid card (raid 1, 2 drives)take to mirror a 1 TB drive (500gb used)?Is there a general rule of thumb for this?4 hours? 12 hours? 24 hours?

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Ubuntu Installation :: Dual Boot - Win 7 And 10.10 On Raid 0 - No Raid Detect

Nov 26, 2010

I have installed Ubuntu on my m1530 since 8.04 and currently dual boot Win7 and 10.10. I would like to dual boot on my PC, but I have run into a problem. I am not a pro at Ubuntu, but this problem I can not solve by reading forums like I have in the past.

I realize this is a common problem, but I have noticed people having success.

I have a M4A87TD EVO MB with two Seagate drives in Raid 0. (The raid controller is a SB850 on that MB) I use the raid utility to create the raid drive that Windows7x64 uses. I have 2 partitions and 1 unused space. Partition 1 is Windows, partition 2 is for media, and the remaining unused space is for Ubuntu.

I am running ubuntu-10.10-desktop-amd64 off a Cruzer 16GB flash drive that was installed via Universal-USB-Installer-

My problem like so many others is that when I load into Ubuntu, gparted detects two separate hard drives instead of the raid. I read that this is because kpartx is not installed on 10.10. I then went in LiveCD mode and downloaded kpartx from Synaptic Manager. Gparted still reported two drives. I opened terminal and run a few commands with kpartx. I received an error. (Forgive me I didn't write it down, but I believe it said something about a communication error. I will try again later and see.)

Currently I am reflashing the Cruzer with a persistence of 4GB. I am not familiar with this process, but I understand that my LiveCD boot will save information I download to it. I decided to try this method because I was going to install kpartx and reboot to see if this made a difference.

I am looking for any suggestions on a different method or perhaps someone to tell me that the raid controller or some hardware isn't supported. I did install ubuntu-10.10-alternate-amd64 on my flash drive, but fail to get past detecting my CD-ROM drive since it's not plugged in. If this method is viable, I will plug it in. I also watched the ..... video were a guy creates Raid 0 with the alternated CD, but it wasn't a dual boot and didn't use a raid controller from a MB.

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CentOS 5 :: Cannot Get 1M IO With Block Devices?

Nov 19, 2009

I am trying to do 1Meg IO to one of the block devices but I can only get a maximum of 512K IO size. I can use the corresponding sg device to get 1Meg of IO. I was wondering if anyone knows why 1Meg IO to a block device is being broken down into 2 512K chunks? I have increased the /sys/block/sdg/queue/max_sectors_kb to 16384, but it has made no difference.

My uname is : Linux virgo 2.6.18-128.el5 #1 SMP Wed Jan 21 10:41:14 EST 2009 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

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CentOS 5 :: How To Delete NBD Devices

Aug 15, 2011

I have created a number of network block devices that I would like to delete, but I have been unable to find any information to do this.

I am using Centos 5.6 and my kernel is 2.6.18-238.el5.

I have been searching the internet for two days now and have noticed some other UNIX systems do have utilities for deleting unwanted devices but nothing for linux.

I created these devices with the vmware supplied PERL script vmware-mount.pl which in turn calls mknod.

The commands would look like:

mknod /dev/nbd0 b 43 0
mknod /dev/nbd1 b 43 1

I have tried deleting them from /dev which works temporarily but they come back when I reload the nbd module i.e.

modprobe -r nbd
modprobe nbd

and also if I reboot.

There is a directory tree for each device under /sys/block and I'm guessing this is how /dev is getting repopulated. I cannot remove the directory trees from /sys/block. I get this when I try:

rm: cannot remove `nbd15/queue/iosched/slice_idle': Operation not permitted
rm: cannot remove `nbd15/queue/iosched/slice_async_rq': Operation not permitted
...... there are 25 lines like this ....

When I do a vgsan I see this:Reading all physical volumes. This may take a while...

/dev/nbd0: read failed after 0 of 4096 at 0: Input/output error
/dev/nbd0: read failed after 0 of 4096 at 2199022141440: Input/output error

and in the messages log I see this:

Aug 15 21:04:06 udon-desktop kernel: nbd15: Attempted send on closed socket
Aug 15 21:04:06 udon-desktop kernel: end_request: I/O error, dev nbd15, sector 0

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Hardware :: RAID - Create RAID 1 Without Deleting Data?

Jul 18, 2009

how can I create RAID 1+0 using two drives (one is with data and second one is new). Is it possible to synchronize data drive with empty drive and create RAID 1+0 ?

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CentOS 5 :: Discover Unrecognized Devices ?

Oct 13, 2010

How can I discover unrecognized devices on centOS? what is the command ?

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Slackware :: Windows Raid-O Install Virtualbox, Will Slackware Install Raid-o Without Raid Driver?

Feb 28, 2011

If I have a windows installed in raid-0, then install virtualbox and install all my linux os,s to virtualbox will they be a raid-0 install without needing to install raid drivers?

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Ubuntu :: Converting RAID 1 To RAID 5 System

Jun 12, 2010

I have two 1TB hard drives in a RAID 1 (mirroring) array. I would like to add a third 1TB drive and create a RAID 5 with the 3 drives for a 2TB system. I have ubuntu installed on a separate drive. Is it possible to convert my RAID 1 system to a RAID 5 without losing the data? Is there a better solution?

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CentOS 5 Networking :: Error - No Network Devices Available - 5.3

May 6, 2009

Right now I have this error

On my top right hand corner. No network devices available.

My distro is Centos 5.3

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CentOS 5 Hardware :: /dev/sda (SATA) Devices Detected As /dev/hda?

May 15, 2009

I have an issue with Hard Drives in GNU/Linux CentOS 5.3I installed linux 5.3 frash copy to new SATA MAXTOR 1000GB Hdd.And see the partitions is SATA MAXTOR 1000GB (NEW INSTALLATION CentOS 5.3)

/dev/sda1 Boot
/dev/sda3 /
(/dev/sda2 is the SWAP)


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CentOS 5 Networking :: Devices Can't Be Found When Boot

Nov 6, 2010

I`ve boot my laptop by centos. then my devices cant be found.

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CentOS 5 :: Best Way Of Specifying Names Of Ethernet Devices In CentOS5.5 Or Later?

Apr 13, 2011

What is the best way of specifying the names of ethernet devices in CentOS5.5 or later? There seems to be at least two ways of doing this: Would the 60_net.rule file override a 010_netinterfaces.rules file because it gets executed later, or would the 010_ net interfaces. rule file set up the info in /sys which would then be used by 60_net.rule?

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