Networking :: How Recognize These Two Different Packets

Oct 17, 2010

1) i have to find the source and destination address in the ip and ethernet headers of a packet that go from my machine to the router.2) Then i have to do the same for the packet that goes from the router to my partner's machine.Then I have to answer the above questions but now for the echo replay.How could i see these address?The result could be found in the output of a tcpdump?

[guest@shakti guest]$ sudo tcpdump -en host 128.238.62.101 and 128.238.61.101
tcpdump: listening on eth0
20:27:36.662737 0:4:75:b5:20:bc 0:3:e3:2a:4a:60 ip 42: 128.238.61.101 > 128.238.62.101: icmp: echo request

[code]....

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Networking :: Firewall - Allow Packets Coming From Internet After Authenticating And To By Pass Packets Generated From Internal LAN?

Feb 8, 2010

i have a linux server runnig oracle applications. i need to access this server from putty using ssh through internet. i did by registering my static ip with the dnydns.org and i am able to connect to the server. but now there is no security to authenticate any user as any one knowing the password can login to it.

i thought of configuring the firewall of linux server but the client ip`s are not static and they change continiously. so thought of keeping one more pc between the server and the router which will do the work of authenticating. but i am confuse as how to configure it to allow the packets coming from the internet after authenticating and to by pass the packets generated from internal LAN?

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Programming :: Write A Program In C That Can Sniff Packets From Ethernet And Distinguish RTP Packets From Non-RTP Packets?

Aug 30, 2010

i need to write a program in c that can sniff packets from Ethernet and distinguish RTP packets from Non-RTP packets, i have no idea what should i do

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Networking :: Kernel - Forward Packets From Eth0 To Eth1 And Eth1-to Eth0 As Well As Get A Copy Of These Packets For Analysis

Sep 27, 2010

I have a hardware device with two ethernet ports, eth0 and eth1 running Centos 5. Basically my goal is to forward packets from eth0->eth1 and eth1->eth0 as well as get a copy of these packets for analysis. If I set IP routing to do the forwarding then I won't get a copy of the packets for analysis.

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Networking :: Routing Packets From One IP To Another

Sep 6, 2010

My setup is...I have a wireless access point using laptop as a gateway. The AP is also connected to a switch as is the laptop. So the laptop has two interfaces one wireless and one wired. A third device is using the AP to connect to a server on the internet. The AP sends the packets to my laptop where they are dropped. I've been looking for a solution to this problem without success. Basically is there a way for my laptop to forward all packets it sees from a certain IP address to whatever destination address they have?To clarify, my laptop is just the gateway of the AP and none of the packets are addressed to it at all, it just picks them up using a sniffer or similar tool.

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Networking :: How To Block The Ftp Packets

Dec 3, 2010

using layer 7 filtering how to block the ftp packets?..

In My router i am going to add a below rule.... iptables -A OUTPUT -m layer7 --l7proto tcp --dport 20 -j DROP

above statement will it work in my router?.

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Networking :: Getting Too Many ARP Packets On System?

Feb 15, 2010

I've a ssh server on FEDORA 12. It was going well but now it's overloaded with ARP traffic and is unable to run ssh. normally i'm getting about 150 packets in just 3 second

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Networking :: 2 Isp On 3 Lan Cards / Cannot Get Internet Packets From The Second Isp?

Jun 7, 2011

we are using Red hat enterprise 5.4 for our internet connection with following ip's

eth0: 192.168.1.2 (local lan)
eth1: 114.143.28.240 (static ip address for 1st isp)
eth2: 192.168.100.149 (2nd isp modem connected with lan cable)

first isp i.e tata internet connected to the internet and working very well

now i want 2nd isp to work when the first isp goes down, i had configured all dns in the resolve.conf and squid.conf, when i switch off the 1st isp for checking that failover is working or not i cannot get internet packets from the second isp.

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Networking :: Can't Allowed Incomming Packets?

Jun 10, 2010

my Linux does not workDoes not accept incoming connectionsiptable disabledping is a network but cannot nor at 22 nor at any other connectsHow do I check what is blocking the connection
thnx alot.OS Ubuntu 9.4

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Networking :: Dropped Packets But Only For TCP Connections?

Oct 1, 2010

One of our RHEL 5.3 servers has trouble about 30% of the time with TCP-based communications, but it does not seem to be firewall issues. From another computer on the same switch, you can SSH to the server sometimes and other times the SSH command will just hang. When it hangs, you can often just Ctrl+C and try it again and it works. Same with HTTP connections. You'll get part of a web page and then FireFox will just hang waiting for the rest and eventually time out. Same goes for communication initiated FROM the server. SSH'ing from the server to any outside server or connecting to any web site works sometimes, but most times not. iptables if off. No other firewalls are running. Tcpdump shows communication gets so far and then stops. It does not matter whether tou run tcpdump on that server or the client connecting to it. Either way you see the connection stops working. MEANWHILE, pinging with small or large packets works flawlessly. 10,000 packets, zero drops.

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Networking :: Dropped Packets On Firewall

Jan 11, 2010

I've recently installed Ubunter 9.10 Server Edition to use as a NAT firewall for the lab I run. I'm using iptables to do NAT forwarding and everything works great except that, occasionally, connections seem to break. Ssh connections close with "Connection reset by peer" and HTTP connections just stall out.I believe this has to do with the firewall's internal network interface occasionally dropping packets.

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Networking :: Route Packets Across NICS's?

Mar 11, 2010

I have two NIC's interfaces on my linux machine(eth1 and eth2). Each have different IP addresses(10.0.0.1, 10.67.7.1). These two interfaces are connected together through hub. Here is the my question?

1) If I 'ping 10.0.0.1', it should go out through network interface eth2 and through hub and enter on eth1 and response also travel through similar direction.

2) If I 'ping 10.67.7.1', it should go out through network interface eth1 and through hub and enter on eth2.

How can setup routing table for this,I have tried setting up routing and iptables, etc.. nothing helped.

If any one good router/networking guy, you should know this one.I am doing a project, I want this way to handle this.

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Networking :: Capture Outgoing Packets Only?

Jun 11, 2009

I have a network like

Node A to Vlan Switch
Node B to Vlan Switch
Node C to Vlan Switch
Node B is set up to be a middle man between A and C.
All nodes have 1 NIC.

They are all linux boxes. Node B can ping Node C. When I try to ping Node C from Node A, the ping just hangs forever.

When I use Wireshark to sniff What's going on with Node B during a ping from Node A to Node C, I can see an ICMP request with src = Node A and dest = Node C. I'd like to know if that ICMP packet was received by B from A or if it is going out. If it's going out, that makes no sense since B knows how to send to C. If B is only getting the requests but not forwarding them, then I know there is something wrong with B's configuration.

So I'd like to be able to sniff incoming packets only, or outgoing packets only. Is there a way to do this?

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Networking :: Intercepting And Forwarding UDP Packets

Apr 16, 2010

I have a legacy application that communicates status to a remote server over UDP. The server app replies back to the client with UDP as well, using the IP address it obtains from the sockaddr parameter of the recvfrom() method.

Code:
[----------------] [----------------]
[ client <->(udp)]<----- Ethernet -----> [(udp)<-> server ]
[----------------] [----------------]

I'm trying to replace the underlying use of ethernet, with a RS232 based radio/modem device - without making any src changes to the legacy apps. i.e. apps would still create and transmit UDP packets addressed to a remote IP address and listening port, and the receiver wouldn't know any difference. I'm relatively new to this level of network programming, but my first attempt has been to write an app that sniffs out outbound raw UDP packets (using pcap), transmit that data over the radio, and re-injects the UDP unchanged on the remote end.

Code:
[----------------] [----------------]
[ client <->(udp)] [(udp)<-> server ]
[ | ] [ ^ ]
[ v ] [ | ]
[ /capture/]<---- Radio XMIT ----> [/reinject/ ]
[----------------] [----------------]

My 'capture' app intercepts the UDP packets just fine when the machine is 'plugged' in, but as soon as I disconnect my network cable to test wireless, outbound packets addressed to a remote IP (ie. the server) are no longer captured (tho local UDP packets are picked up ok). Wireshark also does not report the original outbound packet, but it does show an ICMP packet reporting 'Host Unreachable'. I understand the host isn't reachable, but I'm confused as to why the packet isn't at least making it to the interface/network card. Is there anyway to get the force the kernel to 'transmit' the UDP packet anyway so that my capture app can intercept it? or is there a better/easier solution (again, w/o making source changes to the client/server)?

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Networking :: Netstat - Dropped Packets Under IP

Feb 13, 2009

I have question regarding netstat? When performing a "netstat -s" I receive the following information regarding dropped packets under IP:

IP:
93978695 total packets received
0 forwarded
0 incoming packets discarded
79472157 incoming packets delivered
65235033 requests sent out
29527 outgoing packets dropped

However if I run a "netstat -i" I have no dropped packets whatsoever: (apologies for the table format):
Kernel Interface table
Iface MTU Met RX-OK RX-ERR RX-DRP RX-OVR TX-OK TX-ERR TX-DRP TX-OVR Flg
bond0 1500 0 34326528 0 0 0 72755307 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond0:1 1500 0 - no statistics available - BMmRU
bond1 1500 0 28605491 0 0 0 20948952 0 0 0 BMmRU
eth0 1500 0 34199550 0 0 0 72755278 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1 1500 0 126978 0 0 0 29 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth2 1500 0 97911 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth3 1500 0 28507580 0 0 0 20948951 0 0 0 BMsRU
lo 16436 0 34094225 0 0 0 34094225 0 0 0 LRU

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Ubuntu Networking :: How To Check Packets Being Sent / Received Through WAN

Jan 14, 2010

I am new to Ubuntu almost installed it after windows showed blue screen 4 ever n ever. However after installing ubuntu whenever I log in windows it doesnt detect any network connection but when I use Ubuntu it automatically does can it be that Ubuntu is causing any problem? And how to check how many packets are being sent and received through my wired network and do I have to install any drivers for my modem in Ubuntu.

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Ubuntu Networking :: Packets DROPPED By Firewall?

Mar 13, 2010

I am using ubuntu 9.10. Configuring my firewall using guarddog. I have setup a rule to allow traffic OUT on port 7078 UDP, and just because i'm having problems i added an IN rule.

# Create the filter chains
# Create chain to filter traffic going from 'Internet' to 'Local'
ipchains -N f0to1

[code]....

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Ubuntu Networking :: Redirect Outgoing Packets To LAN?

Jul 6, 2011

is there any way to point certain packets from my outgoing traffic to a LAN : port ?

can iptables do this ? if yes how ?some like this [URL] ?

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Networking :: Sending/replaying Network Packets?

Dec 10, 2008

I am not a networking expert by any means (in fact I have never taken a networking course), but I have taken several security courses, and generally we wind up discussing replay attacks. For example, the Needham-Schroeder protocol (using symmetric-key cryptography anyway) is flawed because it allows for replay attacks, and I understand why.

I guess my question is actually how someone would perform a replay attack. I know I can sniff network traffic by downloading wireshark. I also have downloaded winpcap and npg on my WinXP virtual machine. I'm trying to use this guide to help me, but I'm quite lost:[URL]What I did was to post a "link" to my facebook profile and I sniffed the traffic using wireshark. What I would ultimately like to accomplish is to copy that packet out of the wireshark output, and then use a tool like npg to transfer the raw packet back to facebook, which should result in a second, redundant post. I just can't figure out how to do that.

I'm pretty sure this should be possible. Facebook only uses an SSL session for authentication during login. After that, the information is just sent in the clear, so I'm pretty sure this should be possible.Can anyone explain how to do such a thing? It would really help my research paper that I'm working on this semester if you can. As of right now the attack we are trying to demonstrate/defend against is using a Windows VM, which is why I'm using winpcap/npg. The attack is actually possible using just about any OS (depending on the exploit used), but our POC is Windows only at the moment

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Networking :: Sending Packets To Localhost Through Another Computer?

Jun 10, 2009

Suppose I have computer A with ip address on eth0 of 192.168.0.1 and ip address on eth1 of 192.168.1.1. If I send packets to 192.168.1.1 from computer A, it automatically uses the loopback interface. Is it possible to modify the routing table some how to send these packets out on eth0 instead and have them route around the network and come back on eth1.I've tried 'route add -host 192.168.1.1 dev eth0' but it seems to completely ignore this entry.

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Networking :: Monitoring Outgoing UDP Packets - PID In Access Log

Oct 11, 2010

On our webhosting servers, where is primary running apache, sometimes starts huge outgoing traffic to random IP addressess (each time of attack is it just one IP). It's always UDP,and according to my investigation tcpdump, it looks like p2p. The problem is in big outgoing traffic, and secondly in filling ip_conntract table /proc/net/ip_conntrack. I think, that one of our webhosting users has some virus uploaded on his FTP, which is time to time ran. I think, that if I can map outgoing traffic to particular process ID, it will be easy to find the PID in access log of webserver and than see what URL it causes.

What I have checked already:

- outgoing UDP connections are not listed in netstat - so cannot get PID from there
- Apache with PHP is in safe mode - cannot exec binaries, cgi is disabled
- I can see tons of records in tcpdump, but from the dump I'm not able to get PID
- In time of attack I was trying to run `lsof`, but nothing to see - didn't found the attacker
- I went through apache access log - I took time of attack -i.e. 02:22 am - grep from access log all hits between 02:20 and 02:29 am and try to call all them again - problem didn't occured
- checked the POST records from access log - nothing
- grepped all php files for keyword 'fsockopen' and 'torrent'
- from iptables --log-uid I have found user nobody (under apache is ran)

I think that the key is able to match outgoing connection to PID, than it will be easy.

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Networking :: Can Sniffed Packets Be Forwarded To A Different Network

Feb 15, 2011

I'm using madwifi linux driver (ath1) in monitor mode to capture some wireless traffic. I can see that all wireless traffic is coming well through the wireless interface (checked using TCPDUMP). What I want to know is how I can forward the captured wireless packets to a different Ethernet interface (e.g. eth2) in the same machine to send those captured packet out to a different computer.

I set 1 for /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

for iptables, I tried this rule: iptables -A FORWARD -i ath1 -o eth2 -j ACCEPT

However, I coudn't read any packet from eth2 via TCPDUMP.

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Networking :: Cannot Receive UDP Multicast Packets From Windows

Dec 10, 2008

I've got an application that compiles in Windows and Linux and is using UDP multicast to communicate. I'm running it on a Windows machine, a Linux machine and a small board (Gumstix) that is running Linux as well. The Windows and Linux machines have no problems sending/receiving packets with each other. The Gumstix and Linux machines have no problems sending/receiving packets with each other. The Gumstix can also send/receive packets with two instances of the application both running on the Gumstix.

But when running on the Gumstix I can send udp multicast packets to Windows, but cannot receive them. (It works if I do point to point with a known IP port#, but not multicast.) I can run tcpdump on the Gumstix and see the packets, but they are not being received on my socket. Here's what tcpdump (running on the Gumstix) outputs when sending the same packet from different sources. Notice the IP header ID and flags (don't fragment) are different when coming from Windows.

WINDOWS to Gumstix
-7:-45:-2.015784 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 15, id 35331, offset 0, flags [none], proto: UDP (17), length: 444) 172.30.42.3.1165 > 239.255.183.180.47028: UDP, length 416

LINUX to GUMSTIX
-7:-43:-38.451991 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 15, id 0, offset 0, flags [DF], proto: UDP (17), length: 444) 172.30.42.13.32771 > 239.255.183.180.47028: UDP, length 416

GUMSTIX to GUMSTIX
-7:-33:-10.955608 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 15, id 0, offset 0, flags [DF], proto: UDP (17), length: 444) 172.30.42.110.1025 > 239.255.183.180.47028: UDP, length 416

I've tried everything I can think of to get this to work but am not getting anywhere. Also I'm pretty inexperienced when it comes to Linux. Anything I could try to be able to receive udp multicast packets from Windows?

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Networking :: Iptables REDIRECTing - All Outgoing Packets ?

Dec 6, 2010

I've been trying to redirect all outgoing packets (destined for a specified ip address) from my slack box back to itself. I thought this could be done with iptables, but if I fire up wireshark I can clearly see that the packets are getting out to the real server and I'm getting responses from it.

So here's what I tried:

All looks good and fine, and then I even try to visit 194.28.157.42 with firefox (by the way I am running a webserver, that is set to show a page when you visit 127.0.0.1) and I get an error page that reads: 502 Bad Gateway.

I ignored this message to see what the program I'm trying to interrupt does, and when I start wireshark and then start the program that is using that website, I can clearly see that the packets make it to the real 194.28.157.42 and get back responses.

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Networking :: Iptables Routing Packets On Same Sub-network

Feb 17, 2010

I am running into trouble while trying to set-up a iptables routing policy. I have two machines on the same sub-network (xxx.xxx.153.0). One of the machines is used as a default gw for the other (xxx.xxx.153.250 is a gateway for xxx.xxx.153.142 and xxx.xxx.153.254 is a gw for xxx.xxx.153.250). There is no explanation for why the xxx.xxx.153.250 is in the middle -- xxx.xxx.153.142 can go straight to xxx.xxx.153.254, but is is like that for now.I am trying to find an iptable rule to be executed on the xxx.xxx.153.250 machine to route the packets.

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Networking :: Mark All Incoming Packets On Connection?

Apr 6, 2010

I have a router which makes two ppp connections. PPP0 is my default route and is an uncapped ADSL. PPP1 is a Local Only (South Africa) account which has DNS resolving to its IP. PPP1 allows certain connections in. I want all packets coming in on PPP1 to be marked so that after they have been routed through our local servers they can go back out over PPP1. Both connections use dynamically assigned ip addresses. I want to use PPP0 to make a connection to one of our stores, but when our stores connect to us they will be using PPP1. All packets from these incoming connections will need to be routed back over PPP1.

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Networking :: Multicast UDP Packets Lost In Kernel

Jul 29, 2010

We have a high speed udp multicast connection. There are about 37 multicast groups and average incoming rate via the connection is about 20000 pkt/sec and peak 40000+ pkt/sec. Each packet is about 100-300 bytes. And there are 6 busiest multicast groups generating 80% of the traffic. No significant outgoing traffic via that interface. The problem is that, if our heavy-weight application create 37 sockets for all the groups, the packet loss become quite frequent. but if we create the 6 sockets for the busiest groups, the packet loss drops to 1/10 of the original level. We can confirm that the lost packets DO arrive in our box because a light-weight recorder on another box on the same ethernet segment can see the lost packets when listening to the same groups. If we start another heavy-weight application for the rest groups (31 groups ) on the same box, the packet loss just come back to the original level.

The packet loss happens not only to the heavy-weight application but also the light-weight recorder running on the same system. that is, the loss is system wide. The socket kernel buffer are all 4MB max and did not observe system buffer overflow. It seems the number of sockets listening to the same multicast group have the most negative impact on packet loss. And the higher traffic have a far less impact on packet loss than the number of sockets. It also seems that there is some limit in the kernel that when socket number are reduced under, the packet loss can significantly ease. How can I further diagnose the problem? Our system is RHEL 5.3 32bit i386, Xeon 2.9GHZ 16 Processors, 32GB memory. Two broadcom giga netowrk card and 6 Intel GIGA NIC, and only one interface card has so much traffic.

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Networking :: Packets Go Out One Tunnel / Come Back Another / Then Are Dropped

Dec 5, 2010

I've run into a of a routing issue pertaining to packets leaving a firewall, traversing and IPSec tunnel, hitting the target and then returning via a different tunnel, finally arriving back on the source firewall but on a different interface from where it started. Once the packet has returned to the firewall it is dropped I've been unable to discover the reason for the drop. Two sides to the system, Firewall A and Firewall B. Each firewall provides the default gateway to its respective side and offers a backup IPSec tunnel to the high capacity tunnel handled internally. The Layer 3 Switch uses OSPF and takes care of the bulk of the behind the scenes routing between the sides. In case of failure the Layer 3 switches direct traffic to use the Firewall tunnels to route traffic.

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Networking :: Receiving UDP Packets - Default Gateway

Apr 11, 2010

I have a computer with two interfaces: a fixed connection (eth1) and a modem (ppp0). My goal is to receive UDP packets from both connections concurrently (using the recv() function). The problem is, that the received packets reach the application only when the default gateway is set to that interface's address. For example, if I set the default gw to be in the eth1 subnet, only packets from eth1 reach the application. Other packets are received in the interface (checked using tcpdump), but they seem to be blocked somewhere. The policy defined in iptables is "ACCEPT" for all incoming packets, with no rules at all. I would like to know how to overcome this problem, and anyway how is the default gateway related to incoming UDP?

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Networking :: Routing Locally Generated Packets

Aug 9, 2010

My requirement was to direct certain traffic from various ports down different Internet connections. Basically, for locally generated packets, the OUTPUT chain in the mangle tables is used. You can MARK packets in this chain for ip rule processing.Now the "clear as mud" part. There must be a valid routing decision made without the fwmark, selecting the right source address, even if the gateway ip is invalid.

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